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Questions tagged [io-psychology]

For questions relating to the application and extension of psychological principles to humans operating within the context of business, industry, and other organizational structures.

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Implementing new procedures / guidelines in companies

I'm teaching evidence-based practice and implementation science to midwifery students, i.e. how to evaluate research findings e.g. regarding new therapies and diagnostics and how to plan the ...
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29 views

Predicting workplace performance of job applicants? [closed]

As an employer who interviews engineering candidates, I'm interested in using the state of the art findings in psychometrics/psychology to predict which candidates are the most likely to be successful....
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2answers
82 views

Does getting any job (no matter how demeaning) builds up one's character?

A certain blogger claims that [if you] Work a shitty job, it builds character [nonetheless]. I'm curious if there are any academic studies relating to this issue. Of course one needs to consider ...
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What is restriction of range correction formula when you don't know standard deviation of unrestricted group?

What is the restriction of range formula if you don't know the standard deviation of the unrestricted group is? For instance, you run a selection process, 1st stage is a cognitive ability test and ...
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35 views

Is there an inventory to measure competence in the workplace?

I'm currently doing a study where I chose to have HR management practitioners view a sample of resumes from applicants, and then have them give a competence score. I'm just not sure what kind of ...
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0answers
16 views

A framework for modeling tasks, behaviors and characteristics [closed]

I'm doing my master's thesis on evaluating startup team dynamics from an investors's perspective. To construct and argue the methods that I'm suggesting, I'd like to build a simple model of most ...
2
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1answer
253 views

What is the difference between work engagement and flow?

Work engagement has three aspects: vigor, dedication, and absorption. Flow according to wikipedia "is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a ...
5
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1answer
29 views

Is there anything comparable to the IPIP for IO psychology, work psychology and the like?

The International Personality Item Pool is a public domain collection of over 3000 items and 250 scales. Is there anything comparable for work psychology and the like?
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1answer
111 views

Mental Health Optimisation and the Macro Environment

I'm studying the below questions. I appreciate they're rather broad - the purpose of this post is to get guidance on where I might start. I'm hoping someone can provide more focused examples of ...
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36 views

Organisation as a factor for safe behavior on the work-place

Many tools exists that allow the investigation of incidents and safe behavior on the workplace, such as the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) or the System Hardware Environment ...
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2answers
94 views

What are ways to assess employability of workers?

Employability is typically defined as the continuous fulfilling, acquiring or creating of work through the optimal use of competences. (Van der Heijde & Van der Heijden, 2006) One's ...
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28 views

Factors affecting leniency of an evaluator (judge)

I am interested in psychology evidence on determinants of leniency of an evaluator. The evaluator will assess a service that is directly related to them (for example, customer satisfaction, or student'...
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33 views

Has there been a study comparing stress level or burnout between different occupations that provide therapy?

For instance consider psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, family/marriage therapists, occupational therapists (in some places they can provide therapy), professional ...
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2answers
179 views

Is the concept of “employee engagement” flawed?

In theory, improving business performance by improving engagement makes sense. Yet surveys suggest that since 1991, the workforce is about 30% engaged, 40% disengaged and the remaining 30% actively ...
2
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1answer
257 views

How to measure employee ownership, team spirit, and collaborative nature?

We are trying to develop metrics that measure levels of ownership, team spirit and collaboration within our group. The assumption is that these three traits are key to being productive employees. Once ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

Standardised test to measure workplace stress

I'm trying to find a standardised test that is used to measure stress in the workplace. So far I've found Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire - COPSOQ II, which looks good. But I want to see what ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

What is the difference between two models of situation awareness?

The most famous definition of situation awareness (SA) is the three-level model proposed by Endsley (1995): the perception of environmental elements with respect to time or space [(Level 1 SA)], ...
2
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1answer
25 views

Does the meta-analytic literature overestimate the relationship between conscientiousness and job performance?

There are quite a few meta-analyses of the relationship between personality and job performance (for a review, see Barrick & Mount, 2012; and specific meta-analyses: Barrick & Mount, 1991; ...
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0answers
35 views

What are the common leadership styles in IT companies?

I am writing a research paper on leadership styles in IT companies in X country. However, I cannot find a western literature on generalization of leadership styles exercised in IT companies, such as ...
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1answer
128 views

Can reading a non-fiction book with great curiosity account to taking a break?

In our day to day life, especially at work(in Office say a software company), due to the nature of work, it requires a lot of attention and deep involvement in the system/code. It is popular belief ...
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2answers
71 views

Provable ROI for call center rest periods?

Think you can help make life better for a nation of call center workers? At a large insurance company, I used to work in the call center for both Auto Claims and then Homeowner Claims, before I was ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Intrapersonal drawbacks of landscaped open spaces

Preparing a dissertation, I would be interested in finding studies/articles concerning work conditions in open space offices. Regarding what is expected and advocated by the benefits, I would ...
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0answers
101 views

What cognitive abilities show the smallest B-W differences in mean scores? [closed]

Traditionally, employee selection tests focus on cognitive abilities such as reading, reasoning, and math. These have large Black-White (B-W) effect sizes (standardized mean score differences). The ...
5
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1answer
88 views

Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first sight,...
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22 views

Standardizing sales data with dollar market data within USA [closed]

In the study of performance... One approach to standardizing sales data across different regions of the country may be to adjust for the relative wealth/purchasing power of the clientele in a given ...
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2answers
132 views

How do features of the work environment such as type of pen or color of paper influence productivity and workplace well-being?

Background: Recently I have been doing mathematics a whole lot,and I have noticed that my output varies wildly from many external factors,but mostly it is the enviorment I am working in. Namely one of ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...
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1answer
120 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
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0answers
76 views

Does military background enhance personal productivity? [closed]

Is there any research investigating the effect (or correlation) of a military background of a person on his productivity, effectiveness and other characteristics? It is often casually claimed that a ...
8
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1answer
540 views

Theoretical grounding for Agile/Scrum methodologies in software development

Agile and Scrum methodologies are well known and often studied and written about in software development. But these methodologies are about managing the activities and the workplace itself. Are there ...
4
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1answer
65 views

Efficiency drop when joining and splitting teams

What will happen when a team is either split or joined with another team? After reading about Tuckman's stages of group development, I understand that the new team will probably start at the beginning ...
3
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2answers
103 views

How to apply different motivational theories to understand career orientation?

"What motivates you towards choosing the career/job orientation you have chosen? Discuss and explain with reference to three of the motivational theories discussed during the course". I'm used to ...
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2answers
115 views

Is it good to take playful breaks at work?

I read this Washingon Post article about groups that are trying to encourage play in "workaholic" adults. I'm curious if anything is known on the psychological effects of taking playful breaks at work....
4
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1answer
174 views

How to create an effective and efficient team - with the same or different cognitive style?

We've all participated in team building activities, where the goal is to get the team working better together in an environment very different from their usual occupation situation. As a team member ...
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3answers
2k views

How do personality tests work that require you to choose one of two statement that applies most to you?

There are different kinds of psychometric tests, I think the numerical and verbal ones are fair enough, I can see their usefulness. However, I cannot understand how the 'soft' psychometric tests work ...
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1answer
91 views

How can you gamify the recruitment of new employees?

We recently had a user on our site ask if they could add game mechanics to their employee recruitment. To be honest, I'm having a little trouble finding solutions for this. I'd really appreciate any ...
4
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1answer
176 views

How can we determine an appropriate rate of decay for our scoring algorithms?

We build scoring algorithms for different customers in an enterprise environment. Typically they tend to measure most goals in either weekly, monthly, or quarterly intervals. We use a scoring ...
6
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2answers
73 views

How can employee anxiety over poor evaluation be avoided by management?

When implementing gamification, what are steps that management can take to prevent a culture of anxiety among employees, when employees feel they are constantly being monitored and begin to worry that ...
4
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2answers
157 views

Can we enter data at the speed of thought?

I have the subjective personal experience that the speed at which I can enter information in a computer through a keyboard is so slow and my thoughts "run" so fast, that I find it an especially ...
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0answers
222 views

How do family conflicts and childhood experiences influence passive-aggressive behaviours in the workplace?

Possibly related but not a duplicate - "How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?" Workplace behaviours and personality traits, e.g. passive-...
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1answer
505 views

How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?

Successful leadership appears to depend on the personality of the leader. Judge et al. (2002) found the following correlations with the "big five" personality factors in a meta-analysis: ...
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93 views

Does winning the Fields medal decrease subsequent research achievement?

I just stumbled on this summary in Slate of a study by Borjas and Doran (2012, FULL TEXT PDF). To quote the summary: According to a new study by Harvard's George Borjas and Notre Dame's Kirk ...
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2answers
8k views

What is the most effective maximum work duration per day?

A related question asks about the best work-break schedule for an effective eight hour work day. This question presupposes that eight hours of work per day is a good duration and that all you need is ...
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2answers
93 views

Why is it difficult for employees to express hatred to their boss?

Suppose Bob hates his boss. Note that Bob is an "average" person. Also suppose that he shouts as loudly as possible "[Curse] my boss" (with nobody else around but him). Why is it so difficult for ...
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4answers
459 views

If people did not have to work, what would motivate them to work?

In industrialized countries around the world, "work" appears to be something that most people try to avoid as much as they can, dreaming of winning a lottery so they will never have to work again -- ...
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1answer
213 views

Coping with Asperger's in the workplace

People with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) are often highly intelligent and are capable to complete their studies and do well in jobs where they can operate solo. Adding a person with AS to a team can cause ...
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1answer
68 views

When rating, is it better to set the expected goal in the middle with hard to reach upper bounds or higher with desired outcomes at the upper bounds?

The actual implementation that I'm interested in is a set of five scores from 1-5 (whole numbers) that are averaged together to compute an overall score (decimal values). However, I prefer to look at ...
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1answer
752 views

How does personality moderate or mediate the relationship between stress and burnout?

My research is on work related stress and burnout amongst healthcare professionals and the role that personality play in either reducing or increasing levels of stress and burnout. I'm using the big ...
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1answer
90 views

Effect of paper type on evaluation of resumes

I heard about an experiment that have shown an effect of the type of paper a resume was printed on, on the evaluation of the resume. If I remember correctly, resumes printed on heavier paper, or ...
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1answer
1k views

How long should I work before taking a break?

I'd like to work as effectively as possible for 8-9 hours a day, whether at work or studying. At some point in completing my major in psych I remember hearing about the importance of taking breaks ...