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Questions tagged [cognitive-modeling]

For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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Which are the arguments for asserting mental life/consciouness happen only in the cerebral cortex?

I've read many articles / researchs and they are hard to follow. Several times concepts are hard to understand, it would seem certain concepts such as "cognition" are fuzzy terms and they become part ...
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14 views

How are schamata represented in Cognitive Load Theory

I come across papers that say things like "if the new information is compatible with the schema, it is accepted". I'm not clear on how schemata are represented by theorists in order to make this ...
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25 views

Trying to remember the name of an Agent-Based Model

Out of curiosity- I used to read a Wiki page of a scientist (sadly I don't remember the name) who were the developer of an agent-based model. Diagram had another entity class named similar to "...
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1answer
36 views

What tasks is Spaun 2.0 able to perform?

According to "A Large-Scale Model of the Functioning Brain" by Eliasmith et al., Spaun 1.0 was able to perform 8 distinct cognitive tasks: Copy Drawing: Given a randomly chosen handwritten digit, ...
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1answer
57 views

How is memory structured (from a modeling perspective)?

My understanding is that memory is neither purely associationist (fully connected graph with weights) nor purely hierarchical (tree). What structure does biological evidence point towards? I'm ...
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29 views

What is an appropriate background for cognitive modeling?

Awhile back, I picked up Cognitive Modeling by Thad A. Polk (published in 2002 by MIT Press - and yes, before anyone points it out, I do realize that that's probably somewhat out of date at this point ...
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1answer
29 views

What is a effective and interactive exercise to demonstrate cognition to a class

I'm new to this site so I may mess up here and there with the question process. I need to come up with an interactive exercise for a class to demonstrate cognition. The problem is, I find cognition ...
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16 views

How can negativity be part of a national self-image?

I'm trying to figure out how a certain component in English culture is compatible with psychological and sociological processes, but my question requires a bit of background. Please bear with me. A ...
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40 views

Why are young girls writing love letters to the Parkland shooter?

Nikolas Cruz, now widely known as the shooter responsible for killing 17 students in Parkland, Florida and injuring another 17, is according to both CNN and the Sun Sentinel receiving piles of love ...
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36 views

Rat between two walls viewed as a product in a category

I'm reading the book "A New Foundation for Representation in Cognitive Brain Science - Category Theory and the Hippocampus" by Jaime Gómez-Ramirez (a terrible book, if you ask me). On p. 164 the ...
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2answers
144 views

Can people act randomly? [duplicate]

Let's imagine an experiment. We will tell N normal people that they need to act randomly in the Rock–paper–scissors game (in this game Game Optimal Strategy is to choose an action with uniform ...
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1answer
118 views

Evidence and arguments for and against bounded rationality?

Can anyone point me to a couple prominent papers on Simon's concept of bounded rationality (i.e., that human rationality is shaped by limitations in our ability to ingest and process information)? ...
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Effect of overtime hours on morale / retention at a job?

I'm unsure if this is the place to ask, but I'm curious as to if there have been any studies on the effect of overtime hours worked and how it affects morale and possibly retention at a job? ...
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2answers
75 views

Theorem of uncertainty in cognitive science

Recently, reading one book I have come across such paragraph: ...
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1answer
158 views

By which neuronal mechanisms does music make us happy or sad?

There are brain regions (X) that show stronger activation for joyful music, regions (Y) that show stronger activation for sad music, and regions (Z) that show similar activation for both. Assuming ...
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79 views

(Ekmans' Atlas of Emotions) What meaning (if any) can be deduced from the geometry of the “mountain” depicting a given emotion?

I have recently discovered that the Atlas of Emotions may be a useful tool in a research project I am working on. While lovely to look at, the Atlas seems to lack any description of the data encoded ...
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2answers
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How to prime gammatone filters?

A set of gammatone band-pass filters are often used to model the filtering performed by the human inner ear. For example, "BatSLAM: Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Using Biomimetic Sonar" Jan ...
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28 views

Calculating chance behavior and behavioral strategies in delayed response paradigm [closed]

I am looking for more thoughts on appropriate ways of calculating chance behavior and subsequently calculating behavioral strategies for the following two types of tasks. Both have two types of errors ...
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1answer
40 views

Does this rdists package provide actual (predicted) response time for each observation?

With the help of other packages, I've estimated Drift Diffusion model parameters of my data. Now, I want to estimate the predicted (or actual) response times for each observation with the help of ...
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1answer
197 views

How does the neocortex distinguish between perception and imagination?

From my understanding, the neocortex performs both perception and imagination/planning within the same hierarchical structure. During perception, an area of the neocortex receives current input from ...
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1answer
93 views

Why is PES biologically plausible?

The NEF puts great emphasis on biological plausibility. However, I'm not clear on why the Prescribed Error Sensitivity (PES) learning rule, used in many NEF-based models, is considered to be ...
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1answer
140 views

Why Bayesian Cognitive Modeling?

Recently i read an article on Bayesian Program Synthesis. It says that Bayesian cognitive modelling would help AI systems to learn from few examples in comparison to deep learning. But i was not able ...
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1answer
49 views

How to get started with the glba R-package?

I am struggling with getting started using the glba package in R. Often, the program will not fit the data at all. It immediately converges, but not really, and then instead of estimating it gives ...
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1answer
303 views

Does the split brain disprove a materialistic mind?

According to materialism, the conscious mind is the product of the brain. Thus, if the brain is split in half such that the two hemispheres cannot communicate with each other, then there are three ...
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1answer
54 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
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218 views

Non-computational models of cognition

There is a question on this site that asks a somewhat related question, whether there are non-physical models for cognition. However, that question still assumes a computational paradigm for the non-...
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1answer
52 views

Is there a central collection of information about the often called right brain phenomena? [closed]

There are mental states that some have termed right brain e.g. "Drawing on the right side of the brain" but which may be incorrectly described. Is there a site that specializes in information on ...
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11answers
360 views

What experiment in a simple decision task should we run to obtain one million trials?

Context: Models of cognitive processes require very large datasets to be fitted. Sadly, it is difficult for a single laboratory to achieve this alone. I propose that we work collectively and ...
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293 views

How sound is the psychology of Westworld?

Disclaimer: I am very much a layman in these areas of research, so please do amend the question in order to conform to conventional usage of terminology and definitions thereof. In the series ...
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2answers
284 views

How often are complex networks and graph theory useful in computational neuroscience?

Complex networks and graph theory seem like they would be important for computational neuroscience, but they don't come up in the literature as often as I would expect. I'm wondering how frequently ...
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0answers
152 views

Which is more important for computational neuroscience: differential equations or linear algebra? [closed]

I know that they are both used in computational neuroscience. However, I am trying to optimize my studying, so it might be useful to know which to focus more time upon, at least in the beginning.
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2answers
470 views

What is the scientific definition of Introversion/Extroversion?

Personally I believe introvert and extrovert are one of the most thrown around and misused words. I would go as far to say as what they mean in common everyday English is not the same as what they ...
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0answers
28 views

Brain cell temperature [closed]

Given: a brain cell has an average temperature, T. If: perpetual brain activity pattern, X ; has an average conductive resistance, R; Therefore: Could it be rationally assumed that activity ...
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0answers
50 views

Are cognitive maps still widely studied within psychology? Why or why not?

Cognitive maps refer to mental representations of physical spaces. It seems like the work on this concept dropped off significantly in the 1990s but I’m not in the field, so I can’t say for sure. Are ...
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44 views

Advantages of Nengo for memory related tasks [closed]

What are some of the advantages Nengo offer as a framework for modeling memory related cognitive processes?
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1answer
560 views

How does the brain structure 3D visual data?

Adobe Illustrator has taken over five minutes (and counting) to render a vector 2D image rotated 18° in 3D on my computer. And yet, I and nearly anyone else can easily visualize the subject rotated ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
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1answer
41 views

How does the brain encode order of information in sentences/stories?

When memorizing a sentence or a full story: then, how does the brain encode the order of the words of the sentence or the sentences in the story?
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1answer
34 views

I need good introductory texts/publications on brain networks and functional integration/segregation

I am a soon to be graduating applied mathematician interviewing for a research position soon in a lab considered with neurological imaging and association of brain networks with things like aging, ...
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29 views

What cognitive architectures out there combine multiple sensor streams?

It seems like most cognitive architectures are evaluated on toy problems that do not challenge more than one sense (usually the visual one). What neuronal cognitive architectures were evaluated in the ...
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1answer
88 views

How to interpret neuron spiking models one comes across in literature?

Background I'm in high school currently conducting research (obviously it is relatively rudimentary compared to what is being done in the labs, etc.) in computational neuroscience. I'm dealing with ...
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1answer
50 views

Neuronal differences of linguistic statements [closed]

Assuming that the brain (structure) is only constructed using neurons and synapses, then what is the difference between the following linguistic statements from a 'mechanical point of view'? Bob is a ...
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36 views

Thinking about something vs. doing something [duplicate]

In computer programming, when a program analyzes itself, we call it "reflection" or "introspection". Example: A program has several features. When the program runs, it can analyze itself to determine ...
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How can higher concepts get unrolled with upward and feedback connections differing?

In the neocortex, input patterns are compressed hierarchically. Sensory inputs in the lower levels are combined by higher levels to form abstract concepts. However, there are even more feedback ...
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112 views

Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
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2answers
57 views

Is k-winner a biological plausible model of inhibition?

In the Leabra cognitive architecture, sparse representations are created by simply ignoring all but the k strongest activations, if I understand correctly. In Hierarchical Temporal Memory, instead, ...
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1answer
66 views

How do neuro transmitters interact with neurons in the brain?

I think emotions and hormones frames the overall thinking processes of the brain. However, I'm interested in how this works on a neuronal level. For example, dopamine is some kind of reward signal for ...
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2answers
63 views

How are positions and counts of higher concepts encoded in sparse representations?

I understand that levels in the sensorimotor hierarchy of the brain learn recurring features of their input streams. The results are activation patterns with single neurons firing for the existence of ...
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1answer
54 views

Toolbox for modelling visual search performance

I'm looking for a toolbox to model visual search performance in a singleton search task based on line orientations (you need to find a line that is most different from all others in it's orientation). ...
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2answers
170 views

Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...