Questions tagged [cognitive-modeling]

For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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90 views

A primitive model or way of describing the "functionality" of intelligence

I spent quite a bit of time philosophizing about what intelligence actually (as in function-wise is) and I came to the conclusion that it consists of two (or so) properties Number of operations per ...
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1answer
45 views

Is cognition a zero-sum phenomenon?

In other words, are cognitive resources finite? Let's say, hypothetically, our mind is only processing 2 tasks: word retrieval and executive decision-making. If I have to dedicate cognitive resources ...
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Gestalt Principles of Perception

I have studied that Gestalt Principles are principles/laws of human perception that describe how humans group similar elements, recognize patterns, and simplify complex images when we perceive objects....
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1answer
40 views

Memory Retention of [submininal] information

How effective is memory retention of [subliminal] information when specifically focusing your attention on a different focal point? I.e... If I attempt to retain information from a lecture by playing ...
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1answer
79 views

Why do psychologists often not use mathematical models to express their theories?

I come from an economics background where people often written explicit mathematical models for their theories. To be clear, the vast majority of economic models are not useful quantitatively — the ...
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1answer
303 views

What is the difference between Cognitive Bias and Cognitive distortion?

I was asked by my professor to give a presentation on the topic "Cognitive biases and distortions" and during my prep I had this question. Could anyone please shed some light? I tried ...
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1answer
62 views

Does the brain possess mechanisms to spot a feedback loop of self-induced negative sensation and relief?

Imagine a person has random psychosomatic itching and applies an ointment which brings relief. Could their brain wrongly assosiate the process that causes the itching as good as it brought relief? As ...
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22 views

What is the current status of mental models vs mental logic controversy?

From what I understand there is (or was) a controversy whether humans reason deductively by constructing mental models and surveying them or by following built-in inference rules of mental logic (...
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7 views

Stimulus evaluation depending on attribute strength of a second attribute

I am looking for a theory (or research direction) to describe the following phenomenon: When I have two attributes of a stimulus, my evaluation of it might depend (non-additively) on the different ...
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36 views

Using rationalisations to fit your specific, unconscious beliefs - how is that process called?

Introdution: Sometimes we build our reasoning and decisions on more or less rational reasoning which consists of logical steps of thought. Let's say, it basically follows this path: problem >> ...
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5answers
234 views

Which function to use for fitting learning curves?

Background I am fitting learning curves for cochlear implant (CI) users. These folks get a CI, and then need to start learning to understand speech again. They keep on improving for years. Along the ...
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1answer
29 views

Is there any formal understanding of how humans perceive humanity/vitality in other entities?

When humans watch animations which contain human-like characters in them, we seem to imagine that the animated individuals, whether they be photorealistic or mere stick figures, are human, or at least ...
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15 views

Is a New Software Library to Simulate Natural Processes like Hunger Needed?

This sort of dovetails off a question I asked on the AI Exchange: Is There A Need For Stochastic Inputs To Mimic Real-World Biology And Environment? I figured this site would give more insight on ...
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37 views

"Being of the same mind" as a scientific concept

Folk psychology knows and uses the concept of "being of the same mind" that often is supposed to explain why two people find themselves sympathic or like (or even love) each other. "Being of the same ...
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35 views

Is there any categorization of cognitive abilities based on brain structure and biology?

I'm pretty sure that the answer to the following question is yes : Is there any categorization of cognitive abilities based on brain structure and biology? However, because I'm a newbie, I'm kind of ...
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30 views

Is there a mathematical model for the "strength of your emotional reaction" to the effect of SMBC Comics's formula?

SMBC Comics (Emotion) presented the formula $$ \text{strength of your emotional reaction} = \frac{\text{emotional power of an event}}{\text{your distance from the event}}. $$ It feels intuitively ...
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1answer
34 views

Principles of grouping neurons

This is an overview question. I wonder which principles of grouping neurons into higher units are there, and which principles I have overseen. neurotransmitter systems: all neurons that release or ...
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3answers
604 views

Predicting the individual effects of psychotropic drugs

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/23796468/ I have searched the national library of medicine but I could not find any papers about predicting both the therapeutic and adverse effects on the ...
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2answers
182 views

Does the brain use the minimax algorithm?

The minimax algorithm is the basic way an AI can decide which move to make in a game. The idea is that might be paraphrased as "prepare for the worst". It seems such a fundamental way to decide ...
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2answers
329 views

Hobbies / interests correlated with Big 5 scores?

Are there any established treatments (I'm going to leave the exact terms a little bit vague because my understanding is vague) of which hobbies and interests are most likely to be attractive to ...
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1answer
122 views

How do I find Computer Science-Focused Cognitive Science Labs for Research?

I'm applying for Master's in Computer Science programs with the goal of gaining research experience and moving into the field of Cognitive Science to one day get my PhD. I'm trying to find labs and ...
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30 views

How can I learn Integrated information Theory

I'm looking for a syllabus for Integrated Information Theory that could help a non-scientists learn all the fundamental concepts required to fully understand IIT It looks like it involves statistics, ...
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1answer
288 views

What is it called when you imagine what other people would say or do in a certain situation?

For example, some Christians say that to know how to act, we just need to "imagine how Jesus would act in this situation." The same goes for people we know personally, as in: "What will my boss say ...
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300 views

What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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1answer
44 views

Open data for behavioral psychology experiment?

I have a model I'd like to compare to the Drift Diffusion model, which is commonly used to model response times and error rates in two-alternative forced-choice tasks. Lots of publications use the ...
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14 views

What questions can I ask someone to help them overcome the negative belief "whatever happens to me is going to be a big turmoil"? [closed]

Suppose a person has a strong negative belief that whatever happens to his life is going to cause him a big turmoil. Then this person interprets all events from the view of this belief. The result is ...
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23 views

How are schamata represented in Cognitive Load Theory

I come across papers that say things like "if the new information is compatible with the schema, it is accepted". I'm not clear on how schemata are represented by theorists in order to make this ...
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33 views

Trying to remember the name of an Agent-Based Model

Out of curiosity- I used to read a Wiki page of a scientist (sadly I don't remember the name) who were the developer of an agent-based model. Diagram had another entity class named similar to "...
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1answer
91 views

What tasks is Spaun 2.0 able to perform?

According to "A Large-Scale Model of the Functioning Brain" by Eliasmith et al., Spaun 1.0 was able to perform 8 distinct cognitive tasks: Copy Drawing: Given a randomly chosen handwritten digit, ...
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1answer
85 views

How is memory structured (from a modeling perspective)?

My understanding is that memory is neither purely associationist (fully connected graph with weights) nor purely hierarchical (tree). What structure does biological evidence point towards? I'm ...
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38 views

What is an appropriate background for cognitive modeling?

Awhile back, I picked up Cognitive Modeling by Thad A. Polk (published in 2002 by MIT Press - and yes, before anyone points it out, I do realize that that's probably somewhat out of date at this point ...
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1answer
42 views

What is a effective and interactive exercise to demonstrate cognition to a class

I'm new to this site so I may mess up here and there with the question process. I need to come up with an interactive exercise for a class to demonstrate cognition. The problem is, I find cognition ...
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57 views

Why are young girls writing love letters to the Parkland shooter?

Nikolas Cruz, now widely known as the shooter responsible for killing 17 students in Parkland, Florida and injuring another 17, is according to both CNN and the Sun Sentinel receiving piles of love ...
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1answer
66 views

Rat between two walls viewed as a product in a category

I'm reading the book "A New Foundation for Representation in Cognitive Brain Science - Category Theory and the Hippocampus" by Jaime Gómez-Ramirez (a terrible book, if you ask me). On p. 164 the ...
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1answer
345 views

Can people act randomly? [duplicate]

Let's imagine an experiment. We will tell N normal people that they need to act randomly in the Rock–paper–scissors game (in this game Game Optimal Strategy is to choose an action with uniform ...
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1answer
253 views

Evidence and arguments for and against bounded rationality?

Can anyone point me to a couple prominent papers on Simon's concept of bounded rationality (i.e., that human rationality is shaped by limitations in our ability to ingest and process information)? ...
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27 views

Effect of overtime hours on morale / retention at a job?

I'm unsure if this is the place to ask, but I'm curious as to if there have been any studies on the effect of overtime hours worked and how it affects morale and possibly retention at a job? ...
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2answers
114 views

Theorem of uncertainty in cognitive science

Recently, reading one book I have come across such paragraph: ...
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1answer
205 views

By which neuronal mechanisms does music make us happy or sad?

There are brain regions (X) that show stronger activation for joyful music, regions (Y) that show stronger activation for sad music, and regions (Z) that show similar activation for both. Assuming ...
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0answers
86 views

(Ekmans' Atlas of Emotions) What meaning (if any) can be deduced from the geometry of the "mountain" depicting a given emotion?

I have recently discovered that the Atlas of Emotions may be a useful tool in a research project I am working on. While lovely to look at, the Atlas seems to lack any description of the data encoded ...
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2answers
41 views

How to prime gammatone filters?

A set of gammatone band-pass filters are often used to model the filtering performed by the human inner ear. For example, "BatSLAM: Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Using Biomimetic Sonar" Jan ...
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40 views

Calculating chance behavior and behavioral strategies in delayed response paradigm [closed]

I am looking for more thoughts on appropriate ways of calculating chance behavior and subsequently calculating behavioral strategies for the following two types of tasks. Both have two types of errors ...
3
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2answers
61 views

Does this rdists package provide actual (predicted) response time for each observation?

With the help of other packages, I've estimated Drift Diffusion model parameters of my data. Now, I want to estimate the predicted (or actual) response times for each observation with the help of ...
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1answer
297 views

How does the neocortex distinguish between perception and imagination?

From my understanding, the neocortex performs both perception and imagination/planning within the same hierarchical structure. During perception, an area of the neocortex receives current input from ...
3
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1answer
496 views

Why is PES biologically plausible?

The NEF puts great emphasis on biological plausibility. However, I'm not clear on why the Prescribed Error Sensitivity (PES) learning rule, used in many NEF-based models, is considered to be ...
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1answer
166 views

Why Bayesian Cognitive Modeling?

Recently i read an article on Bayesian Program Synthesis. It says that Bayesian cognitive modelling would help AI systems to learn from few examples in comparison to deep learning. But i was not able ...
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1answer
70 views

How to get started with the glba R-package?

I am struggling with getting started using the glba package in R. Often, the program will not fit the data at all. It immediately converges, but not really, and then instead of estimating it gives ...
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1answer
482 views

Does the split brain disprove a materialistic mind?

According to materialism, the conscious mind is the product of the brain. Thus, if the brain is split in half such that the two hemispheres cannot communicate with each other, then there are three ...
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1answer
67 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
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358 views

Non-computational models of cognition

There is a question on this site that asks a somewhat related question, whether there are non-physical models for cognition. However, that question still assumes a computational paradigm for the non-...