Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Is there a word/phrase to describe instances when you meant to write one thing, but write another but read back as what you initially meant to write? [duplicate]

Is there a word/phrase to describe instances when you meant to write one thing, but write another but when you read it back you interpret it as what you initially meant to write? I often find that ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Is Mark Manson's meta-feeling table based on any theory?

Mark Manson from the article Fuck Your Feelings introduces this table of what he calls "meta-feelings": Feeling Bad About Feeling Bad (Self-Loathing)Excessive self-criticismAnxious/Neurotic ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Is losing faith the same with learned helplessness?

According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of Lose Faith In is: to no longer believe that (someone or something) can be trusted For example: lost faith in government, in love, in humanity, in ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Effect of having false confidence because of confusion of familiarity and knowledge

What is the name of the effect which causes one to skip information that feel familiar during learning due to the confusion of familiarity and knowledge?
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a clinical definition for the psychological disorder/personality disorder for people who like to get under people’s skin?

I have noticed in my 50+ years of life that there are people who take joy (sometimes great joy) out of “getting under” another person’s skin. Is there a clinical definition for this behavior? ...
4
votes
0answers
26 views

Is the displacement of frustration a studied phenomenon?

I'm currently looking into frustration-aggression theory. There is a lot of ancillary research on the displacement of the aggression generated via this theory, but I'm trying to find research on the ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Bias distrusting area of expertise while implicitly trusting other domains?

I've run across descriptions of this bias before, but cannot find it right now... I checked Wikipedia's list of cognitive biases to no avail. Basically, people working in some domain and having ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Meaning of “specific restraint form record” in a paper about management of psychomotor agitation

From Figure 3 in Protocol for the management of psychiatric patients with psychomotor agitation: I wonder what the meaning is of Specific restraint form record - is it "record in a specific form&...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

How are related self-confidence and self-esteem?

What is the difference between self-confidence and self-esteem? Is it that self-confidence is more about feeling secure concerning one's own capacity to address problems, while self-esteem is more ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the difference between recurrent and feedback synapses?

In the paper proposing recurrent convolutional neural networks (RCNN), "Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network for Object Recognition", it is stated that "recurrent synapses typically ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is meant by “serotonergic” in “serotonergic psychedelics”

"Serotonergic psychedelics" is apparently a sub-class of psychedelics. Now, I believed that the pharmacological definition of psychedelics is that they all agonise 5HT receptors, especially ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Difference between temperament and nature?

Is there any difference between "nature"and "temperament"? Although both appear to be same ,but former(nature) appears to be permanent while latter(temperament) isn't? Is my ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Does the “learned” in “learned helplessness” refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

What are higher-level and lower-level brain functions?

The human brain can be described as a "Russian nesting doll" in the sense that the most ancient areas of the brain responsible for lower functions are located at its centre while newer ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Term/theory of psychological effect: asking for counter-arguments without (ever thinking of) considering them in decision [duplicate]

Is there a known psychological effect or theorie that describes and explains this phenomenon: Someone facing a (buying)decision asks another person about the cons of buying, but instead of evaluating ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Term for inability to relate to struggle due to privelege?

Is there a word or term that identifies the inability of those who have lived a privileged life to relate or understand those who have had to struggle to get where they are?
1
vote
3answers
43 views

What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

When a person is unable to recognize their own emotions, what is the name for it?

What is the name for inability to recognize one's own (not other's) emotions?
3
votes
2answers
62 views

Term for the tendency to relate events that occurred in proximity?

What is the correct scientific term for the tendency to wrongfully relate arbitrary observations to a significant event, just because they occurred in temporal or spatial proximity? Most recently I ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

What is the medullary bulb transition?

Does "medullary bulb transition" make sense in neuroanatomy internattionally or is it a Brazilian invention and there is no term like that in English? What is then the difference of the &...
0
votes
1answer
583 views

Is Type A personality and being an alpha (male) the same thing?

The question in final jeopardy tonight was "(What is) type A personality". My response was "alpha (male)", which I maintained was the same thing. Later, when I typed in "...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Name for the tendency of people to believe authority has more control than they do?

Given an authority figure that in reality is not in control of whatever domain they're supposed to be in control of, some people have the tendency to ignore the evidence that the authority figure is ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Term for the implication of the existence of additional entities?

I am looking for the name and description of some psychological process I've observed - having two steps assuming the implication of third. For example - when I sometimes think "A is better then ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

How would you explain the relationship between “ideas”, “beliefs”, “mental images” and “thoughts”? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Using rationalisations to fit your specific, unconscious beliefs - how is that process called?

Introdution: Sometimes we build our reasoning and decisions on more or less rational reasoning which consists of logical steps of thought. Let's say, it basically follows this path: problem >> ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Term for emotional distancing?

Is there a medical/psychological term for changing one's vantage from 1st person to 3rd person? An example would be focusing one's eyes on an object while working out to partly distract them from the ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Definition associated with being attached to your own decisions, even when they are proven bad [duplicate]

There is a psychological effect I read about that I'm trying to remember the name of regarding people being overly attached to their decisions as being the best, because they made that decision, even ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Definitions of the alpha wave in the revised glossary by Clinical Neurophysiology Practice?

I am a novice in EEG, and also not a native speaker of English. I am reading through the article A revised glossary of terms most commonly used by clinical electroencephalographers and updated ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the condition called when someone believes that robots should be treated as though they are human?

There is a movement calling for the "humanitarian treatment of robots" where robots must not be "sexually molested", must be spoken to with kind words and be treated, generally, like sensitive humans. ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Avoidant behaviour and ego boosting

Amateur here. Let's suppose I know a person who is an expert on a certain subject, say history. Since I like history myself, I will ask him/her a number of questions on subjects that I know only ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Special treatment of youngest member of a group

In the German language, there is a term for the youngest member of a family: "Nesthäkchen". Unfortunately, on Wikipedia I can't find any more details - only the book/film with the same title has a ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Why are core beliefs often phrased as opposites?

I was reading about core beliefs (here and here). While I get the definition, the examples seem very simple to me. For example "I'm ugly" vs "I'm beautiful". Don't most people accept that things exist ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Seeking a standard term for the “Where's Waldo?” effect

Here is a commonly observed effect: Some things are very hard to find because they're embedded in surroundings where they don't stand out, but after you've found one, it's easy to find it again—and it'...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Inabilty to integrate [closed]

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Cingulate cortex vs Limbic lobe are they same or slightly different?

I've read the wikipedia article on Cingulate cortex and the article about limbic lobe. Also did web search but it is not clear to me whether they are synonymous or there are slight differences in the ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a neutral term for people who tend to avoid face-to-face or video/audio communication?

Imagine a person who: Mostly prefers written communication (email, instant messaging) to making phone/video calls or seeing face-to-face Hardly ever watches videos on the internet. Prefers reading At ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Cognitive bias believing you are good at the things you are bad at, as successes are more vivid?

What is the name for this cognitive bias? Scenario I am bad at socializing with people. For 95% of the time I talked to people, I was very awkward. Yet, mostly only 5% of the opposite time stuck to ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

What is the name for this form of “influence”?

I have found that people are often "roused to action," activism and even zealotry by attributing either extreme of "nobleness" or "despicability" to their self or group ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How is the term “affect” different from “emotion”?

I have encountered a vast variety of definitions for affect, each of which contrasts it with the term "emotion" in a whole different way. Here are a few: Affect denotes the visible/objective ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Myelin and Myelin Sheath

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002261.htm Why is Myelin used as a term to mean the Myelin Sheath as opposed to the proper term? It is apparent to me that Myelin is the substance itself ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Is there a name for the natural human guilt complex?

Humans tend to have guilt complexes, which prevents them, for example, from taking too many samples from Costco. Is there a name for this phenomenon?
3
votes
0answers
32 views

How could you define this variable?

The procedure of one experiment includes the next sequence: The anagram is presented for several seconds; The "special word" is presented for 90 ms; The same anagram is presented again; The anagram ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

What to call variables that measures human's random preferences to select a given experimental stimuli?

I understand that in some cases, given a set of objects, human subjects asked to randomly select one will tend to favor one over others. We all know the situation where "37" will be favored when ...

1
2 3 4 5
7