Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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24 views

How are related self-confidence and self-esteem?

What is the difference between self-confidence and self-esteem? Is it that self-confidence is more about feeling secure concerning one's own capacity to address problems, while self-esteem is more ...
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20 views

What is the difference between recurrent and feedback synapses?

In the paper proposing recurrent convolutional neural networks (RCNN), "Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network for Object Recognition", it is stated that "recurrent synapses typically ...
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44 views

What is meant by “serotonergic” in “serotonergic psychedelics”

"Serotonergic psychedelics" is apparently a sub-class of psychedelics. Now, I believed that the pharmacological definition of psychedelics is that they all agonise 5HT receptors, especially ...
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30 views

Difference between temperament and nature?

Is there any difference between "nature"and "temperament"? Although both appear to be same ,but former(nature) appears to be permanent while latter(temperament) isn't? Is my ...
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Does the “learned” in “learned helplessness” refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
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terminology for certain type of negative character trait

I'm trying to read up on a certain type of character trait. But I already fail to find the right terminology and thus literature about it. What do you call a person who always implies the negative in ...
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89 views

What are higher-level and lower-level brain functions?

The human brain can be described as a "Russian nesting doll" in the sense that the most ancient areas of the brain responsible for lower functions are located at its centre while newer ...
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Term/theory of psychological effect: asking for counter-arguments without (ever thinking of) considering them in decision [duplicate]

Is there a known psychological effect or theorie that describes and explains this phenomenon: Someone facing a (buying)decision asks another person about the cons of buying, but instead of evaluating ...
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Term for inability to relate to struggle due to privelege?

Is there a word or term that identifies the inability of those who have lived a privileged life to relate or understand those who have had to struggle to get where they are?
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41 views

What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
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43 views

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
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1answer
35 views

When a person is unable to recognize their own emotions, what is the name for it?

What is the name for inability to recognize one's own (not other's) emotions?
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What is the medullary bulb transition?

Does "medullary bulb transition" make sense in neuroanatomy internattionally or is it a Brazilian invention and there is no term like that in English? What is then the difference of the &...
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226 views

Is Type A personality and being an alpha (male) the same thing?

The question in final jeopardy tonight was "(What is) type A personality". My response was "alpha (male)", which I maintained was the same thing. Later, when I typed in "...
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Name for the tendency of people to believe authority has more control than they do?

Given an authority figure that in reality is not in control of whatever domain they're supposed to be in control of, some people have the tendency to ignore the evidence that the authority figure is ...
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Term for the implication of the existence of additional entities?

I am looking for the name and description of some psychological process I've observed - having two steps assuming the implication of third. For example - when I sometimes think "A is better then ...
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66 views

How would you explain the relationship between “ideas”, “beliefs”, “mental images” and “thoughts”? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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35 views

Using rationalisations to fit your specific, unconscious beliefs - how is that process called?

Introdution: Sometimes we build our reasoning and decisions on more or less rational reasoning which consists of logical steps of thought. Let's say, it basically follows this path: problem >> ...
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1answer
22 views

Term for emotional distancing?

Is there a medical/psychological term for changing one's vantage from 1st person to 3rd person? An example would be focusing one's eyes on an object while working out to partly distract them from the ...
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15 views

name of the phenomenon: accepting accusations and transformation of a character into the accused one

I am looking for the general name or literature examples of the following fictionally common (but not sure of its reality) psychological phenomenon, its nomenclature: When someone is accused of ...
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Definition associated with being attached to your own decisions, even when they are proven bad [duplicate]

There is a psychological effect I read about that I'm trying to remember the name of regarding people being overly attached to their decisions as being the best, because they made that decision, even ...
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1answer
20 views

Definitions of the alpha wave in the revised glossary by Clinical Neurophysiology Practice?

I am a novice in EEG, and also not a native speaker of English. I am reading through the article A revised glossary of terms most commonly used by clinical electroencephalographers and updated ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the condition called when someone believes that robots should be treated as though they are human?

There is a movement calling for the "humanitarian treatment of robots" where robots must not be "sexually molested", must be spoken to with kind words and be treated, generally, like sensitive humans. ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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Avoidant behaviour and ego boosting

Amateur here. Let's suppose I know a person who is an expert on a certain subject, say history. Since I like history myself, I will ask him/her a number of questions on subjects that I know only ...
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Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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1answer
68 views

Special treatment of youngest member of a group

In the German language, there is a term for the youngest member of a family: "Nesthäkchen". Unfortunately, on Wikipedia I can't find any more details - only the book/film with the same title has a ...
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Why are core beliefs often phrased as opposites?

I was reading about core beliefs (here and here). While I get the definition, the examples seem very simple to me. For example "I'm ugly" vs "I'm beautiful". Don't most people accept that things exist ...
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46 views

Seeking a standard term for the “Where's Waldo?” effect

Here is a commonly observed effect: Some things are very hard to find because they're embedded in surroundings where they don't stand out, but after you've found one, it's easy to find it again—and it'...
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Inabilty to integrate

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!
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57 views

Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
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Cingulate cortex vs Limbic lobe are they same or slightly different?

I've read the wikipedia article on Cingulate cortex and the article about limbic lobe. Also did web search but it is not clear to me whether they are synonymous or there are slight differences in the ...
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Is there a neutral term for people who tend to avoid face-to-face or video/audio communication?

Imagine a person who: Mostly prefers written communication (email, instant messaging) to making phone/video calls or seeing face-to-face Hardly ever watches videos on the internet. Prefers reading At ...
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2answers
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Cognitive bias believing you are good at the things you are bad at, as successes are more vivid?

What is the name for this cognitive bias? Scenario I am bad at socializing with people. For 95% of the time I talked to people, I was very awkward. Yet, mostly only 5% of the opposite time stuck to ...
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What is the name for this form of “influence”?

I have found that people are often "roused to action," activism and even zealotry by attributing either extreme of "nobleness" or "despicability" to their self or group ...
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How is the term “affect” different from “emotion”?

I have encountered a vast variety of definitions for affect, each of which contrasts it with the term "emotion" in a whole different way. Here are a few: Affect denotes the visible/objective ...
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1answer
79 views

Myelin and Myelin Sheath

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002261.htm Why is Myelin used as a term to mean the Myelin Sheath as opposed to the proper term? It is apparent to me that Myelin is the substance itself ...
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Is there a name for the natural human guilt complex?

Humans tend to have guilt complexes, which prevents them, for example, from taking too many samples from Costco. Is there a name for this phenomenon?
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How could you define this variable?

The procedure of one experiment includes the next sequence: The anagram is presented for several seconds; The "special word" is presented for 90 ms; The same anagram is presented again; The anagram ...
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What to call variables that measures human's random preferences to select a given experimental stimuli?

I understand that in some cases, given a set of objects, human subjects asked to randomly select one will tend to favor one over others. We all know the situation where "37" will be favored when ...
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223 views

Term for remembering the location/position of text on a page as part of the memory recall process?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of remembering the position on a page or location in a book as part of the process of recalling a memory? For example, knowing that something was on the left side ...
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136 views

What term is used to define long duration sexual intercourse addiction/hunger?

Sexual need between partners/couples often grows time to time. Sometimes it crosses the usual duration like it takes more than an hour to satisfy and it may grow more as they continue. But that ...
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Phrase for: Something needs a name before it can be perceived

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for the phenomenon that after something (that is often more or less complex, mostly abstract) has a name, it becomes recognisable and usable? An example where this ...
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191 views

What does it mean to “accept my shortcomings”?

The need to accept one's faults and shortcomings; or accept oneself in whole, with all faults and shortcomings; or self-acceptance is being repeatedly stressed by psychologists. However, I've always ...
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888 views

What is the difference between “target” and “foil” in experimental design?

What is the difference between "target" and "foil" in experimental design in psychology? And how is a foil different from a distractor?
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Which psychological word describes this situation best?

A few years ago, I’ve heard that people have to be in the center if they want to truly enjoy something. For example, when someone really want to enjoy a concert, he or she needs to go to the center of ...
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Does there exist a theatre effect?

In a lecture by a Chinese CEO with a consulting background, I learned an effect called 剧场效应 (can be transliterated into 'theatre effect' in English) and I can explain that a bit in the following story:...

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