Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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What is the difference between "avolition" and "abulia"

The Wikipedia articles are confusing especially the first one https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abulia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avolition If you google "abulia avolition" the first entry (&...
Hey's user avatar
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What exactly does "single trial" mean in neuroscience research?

I am new to neuroscience (coming from a data science background), and I'm a little bit confused about the terminology used in many of the resources I have come across. Many studies mention "...
Brzoskwinia's user avatar
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Is there a special name for expert explanations cognitive biases? [duplicate]

Is there a special name of cognitive distortion, when a number of things seem obvious and elementary to an expert, although in reality they are counterintuitive and complex? And therefore his ...
Arseniy's user avatar
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What is it called when manipulating the body, such as with a smile, triggers emotion?

Normally we smile as a consequence of being happy, but psychologists have, over the years investigated the idea that smiling itself can cause happiness. So, we have the concept of a physical act ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
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What is the term for the inability to see past one's own current emotional state?

I'm looking for a specific latin or greek word that describes something like the inability to empathize with emotions that are not in line with one's current affective state. It could probably be ...
Lucubrator's user avatar
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Does intention matter for positive reinforcement?

What makes something positive reinforcement: The intention or the outcome? I have two examples I'm trying to understand. First, if I am teaching my dog a trick and I give her a treat whenever I say &...
sklearning's user avatar
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2 answers
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Term for how one's self-image improves when something they associate with, like a sports team or politician, does well?

I'm trying to understand the phenomenon of how one's self-image, self-confidence, or personal regard goes up because something they affiliate themselves with "does well." For example, ...
mark1000's user avatar
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Is there a proper term for describing when a person gives up?

Ive come across apathy, learned helplessness and "give up itis". The last of which is exactly what Im looking for, however it seems to invariably involve death. Is there a psychological term ...
Jim stoke's user avatar
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Under which sub-field of neuroscience can this project be best classified?

Under which subfield of neuroscience does a project that develops a deep learning model to study long-term brain scans of Alzheimer's caregivers and draw a correlation between staying in the proximity ...
user202004's user avatar
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Is there a psychological effect when you speak badly about a person to another person and then that inadvertently reflects back on you?

Suppose one person (Person A) were to speak badly of another person (Person B) in conversation with Person C. For example if Person A says that person B is a bad person and that person B is ...
Subtubes's user avatar
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What are the reasons for human curiosity?

Accordingly to Maslow's pyramid, a good answer, in my opinion, in order to justify our behavior of "exploration/curiosity", could be in terms of the "physiological needs" step. But,...
M.N.Raia's user avatar
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Are binary relations the same as "1-dimensional"?

Halford et al. (2010) claims discusses binary relations and that humans can process up to a quaternary relation. Are these equivalent to "0-dimensional," "1-dimensional" ...
Azor Ahai -him-'s user avatar
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Why Is It Still Called Schizophrenia?

Schizo = Split Phrenia = Mind The word schizophrenia translates as splitting of the mind, its use was intended to describe the separation of function between personality, thinking, memory, and ...
weg's user avatar
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Term for how anxiety makes people think abnormally?

For a paper I'm writing, I want to make a point about how anxiety changes the way people think - i.e., the same person in the same situation might think differently depending on whether or not they ...
Jim stoke's user avatar
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Term for this Manipulation tactic -- saying "we" instead of "i"

The term is for when a manipulator keeps saying "we" this, "we" that, when really they should be saying "I". It's a form of manipulation I believe is called "forced&...
Trevor's user avatar
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Wisdom of crowds vs group polarization

I'm having a hard time understanding two concepts: wisdom of crowds and group polarization, at the same time. Wisdom of crowds states that aggregation of information or prediction, in groups, are ...
Maul Seil's user avatar
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is there a well recognized bias towards observations that can be measured?

It seems that people and orgnaizations have a tendency to make decision that will improve a measurement when the downsides of this decisions cannot be measured or (alternatively) can be measured but ...
Itay Maman's user avatar
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What is the difference between reminiscence and nostalgia?

Both reminiscence and nostalgia refer to thinking about the past, but where is the line between them? I am looking into how reminiscence affects meaning in life and have found that most research ...
Amy's user avatar
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Is thermoception part of the sense of touch in the 5 human senses or is it a 6th separate sense?

In an answer provided by DavidCian, it is mentioned that thermoception is separate to the 5 human bodily senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste). Yet, I would have thought it would be part of ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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Is there a name for this emotion or emotion-related effect?

This is about a positive emotion or "wibe" (I call it here "an emotion-related effect") that a person may feel in their chest/heart in certain cases. This feeling can appear at any ...
user100487's user avatar
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Term for expectation of early defection in a collusion situation?

My background is in economics, so my apologies if my description here is unclear. In a paper, Dong (2019) mentions that: On the other hand, the anticipated costs of collusion could decrease if firms ...
Phil Nguyen's user avatar
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Isn't fluid intelligence necessarily influenced by crystallized intelligence?

In this article, it is said: Conversely, Gf [general fluid intelligence] represents the ability to employ a type of mental operation to independently reason and solve novel problems; it does not ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
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What is the name of this bias or phenomenon?

He lied. You changed your mind. I reconsidered my decision. What is the name for this type of cognitive bias where you are easier on yourself when you describe your behavior, but harder on the second ...
tinkerr's user avatar
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What is the name of the cognitive bias about groups of people with the same beliefs about others?

Last year I read an interesting magazine article about some papers on a cognitive bias about group beliefs. The papers highlight the fact that we tend to judge in a stronger way the same behavior if ...
pgiacome's user avatar
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"Polysemous heuristics": people trusts Tesla Inc more if they already trusted Nikola Tesla, even though those two are unrelated

For example, because of massive number of films and online short videos, the population is convinced that Tesla is a great inventor. The population is more likely to give a positive opinion (or ...
High GPA's user avatar
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Name for the effect where people cause others to fulfill their expectations

I recall hearing a social cognition lecture a number of years ago in which the lecturer described a particular idea that centered around the role of self-fulfilling prophecies in relationships. For ...
EJoshuaS - Stand with Ukraine's user avatar
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Is there a term/name for the feeling you get when trying to pat your head and rub your tummy?

I often hear the phrase "It's like patting your head and rubbing your tummy/belly" when referring to trying to perform two seemingly simple actions that inexplicably conflict with each other,...
Paul's user avatar
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Relation and differences between Awe, Aha moment and Flow [closed]

Relation and differences between Awe, Aha moment and Flow? From my reading, Awe is defined as 'Awe refers to an intense emotional response people may have when they encounter an object, event, or ...
Wong's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is it called when the brain creates an alternative reality?

I recently heard of a phycological phenomenon where someone's brain can create its own ongoing reality. someone can go through a traumatic situation and their brain creates a whole new life without ...
Ruin's user avatar
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What is it called, when people lean forward in the real world while moving forward in a Virtual Environment?

A test subject wears a Virtual-Reality-Headset (like the HTC-Vive). When the test subject moves forward in the virtual world and stands still in the real world, the subject tends to lean forward in ...
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Is Mark Manson's meta-feeling table based on any theory?

Mark Manson from the article Fuck Your Feelings introduces this table of what he calls "meta-feelings": Feeling Bad About Feeling Bad (Self-Loathing)Excessive self-criticismAnxious/Neurotic ...
Ooker's user avatar
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Is losing faith the same with learned helplessness?

According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of Lose Faith In is: to no longer believe that (someone or something) can be trusted For example: lost faith in government, in love, in humanity, in ...
Ooker's user avatar
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Effect of having false confidence because of confusion of familiarity and knowledge

What is the name of the effect which causes one to skip information that feel familiar during learning due to the confusion of familiarity and knowledge?
Probably's user avatar
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Is there a clinical definition for the psychological disorder/personality disorder for people who like to get under people’s skin?

I have noticed in my 50+ years of life that there are people who take joy (sometimes great joy) out of “getting under” another person’s skin. Is there a clinical definition for this behavior? ...
tale852150's user avatar
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Is the displacement of frustration a studied phenomenon?

I'm currently looking into frustration-aggression theory. There is a lot of ancillary research on the displacement of the aggression generated via this theory, but I'm trying to find research on the ...
H Huang's user avatar
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2 answers
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Bias distrusting area of expertise while implicitly trusting other domains?

I've run across descriptions of this bias before, but cannot find it right now... I checked Wikipedia's list of cognitive biases to no avail. Basically, people working in some domain and having ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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How are related self-confidence and self-esteem?

What is the difference between self-confidence and self-esteem? Is it that self-confidence is more about feeling secure concerning one's own capacity to address problems, while self-esteem is more ...
Starckman's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the difference between recurrent and feedback synapses?

In the paper proposing recurrent convolutional neural networks (RCNN), "Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network for Object Recognition", it is stated that "recurrent synapses typically ...
David Cian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
91 views

What is meant by "serotonergic" in "serotonergic psychedelics"

"Serotonergic psychedelics" is apparently a sub-class of psychedelics. Now, I believed that the pharmacological definition of psychedelics is that they all agonise 5HT receptors, especially ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
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5 votes
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
Ooker's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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What are higher-level and lower-level brain functions?

The human brain can be described as a "Russian nesting doll" in the sense that the most ancient areas of the brain responsible for lower functions are located at its centre while newer ...
Prithvi Ramrucha's user avatar
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Term/theory of psychological effect: asking for counter-arguments without (ever thinking of) considering them in decision [duplicate]

Is there a known psychological effect or theorie that describes and explains this phenomenon: Someone facing a (buying)decision asks another person about the cons of buying, but instead of evaluating ...
Madamadam's user avatar
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Term for inability to relate to struggle due to privelege?

Is there a word or term that identifies the inability of those who have lived a privileged life to relate or understand those who have had to struggle to get where they are?
polar's user avatar
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3 answers
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What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
user1934212's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
163 views

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
choXer's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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When a person is unable to recognize their own emotions, what is the name for it?

What is the name for inability to recognize one's own (not other's) emotions?
user31264's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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Term for the tendency to relate events that occurred in proximity?

What is the correct scientific term for the tendency to wrongfully relate arbitrary observations to a significant event, just because they occurred in temporal or spatial proximity? Most recently I ...
user1934212's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
64 views

What is the medullary bulb transition?

Does "medullary bulb transition" make sense in neuroanatomy internattionally or is it a Brazilian invention and there is no term like that in English? What is then the difference of the &...
George Ntoulos's user avatar
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1 answer
3k views

Is Type A personality and being an alpha (male) the same thing?

The question in final jeopardy tonight was "(What is) type A personality". My response was "alpha (male)", which I maintained was the same thing. Later, when I typed in "...
TRS-80's user avatar
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How would you explain the relationship between "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts"? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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