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Questions tagged [reading]

For questions about the psychological or neuroscientific basis of learning to read, reading comprehension in children or adults, or deficits/disorders of reading ability.

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Linguistic & cross-cultural perceptions of typography

I have moved this question over from ux.stackexchange in the hope that it is a better fit for this forum and will get a few answers There is a great deal of information that one can find on the web ...
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28 views

Improving reading speed for complex material for already high comprehenders by eliminating mental vocalization?

I'm a heavy reader, but my reading is limited primarily to non-fiction and scientific material. I find that my speed is becoming a real hinderance and is starting to discourage consumption. ...
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0answers
39 views

Which is easier for human perception: type of variable before or after its name?

In some programming languages type of variable goes before it's name. In another - name goes first and then type. For example if I declare string: ...
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1answer
88 views

Does white noise impair studying, reading, recall/memory or learning?

I recently have been trying to look into whether or not white noise works as a means to block out external sounds so I can concentrate. However, I want to know whether it actually impairs studying and ...
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3k views

Omitting word(s) when typing

[Reraising a recently asked question that was closed here, but in more cogsci fashion, I hope.] Some people are more inclined than others to omit a word when typing, but still be unaware of its ...
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1answer
108 views

Why does paraphrasing result in failure to obtain the spacing effect?

Dempster, F. N. (1988). The spacing effect: A case study in the failure to apply the results of psychological research. American Psychologist, 43(8), 627 explains that: One implication of this ...
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1answer
85 views

Is there a limit on the rate at which incoming information can be comprehended?

I recently started a course on "Speed Reading", which aim is to read faster whilst holding the level of comprehension constant (so not to its detriment, but not aimed at improving comprehension either)...
3
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1answer
414 views

What makes a book easier or harder to read?

I am interested in books by academics that examine the following. How to Read a Book: The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading is the only relevant one that I found. Suppose a reader to be deciding ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Why I read by hearing the words?

This question requires very little background: 1. English is my second language and I find myself thinking mostly in it 2. I tend to listen more than to read it When I read a book from the computer ...
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1answer
111 views

What is the optimal contrast ratio for best readability?

I have asked the same question half a year ago on Graphic Design but received no useful answer. According to the W3C (and another question on this site), the contrast ratio between body text and text ...
4
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2answers
878 views

Why can't we understand text without subvocalizating it?

I wonder why can't we understand text the same way we understand pictures? Everything we see but text we understand without the inner voice, we don't subvocalize/describe a forest, a street or ...
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2answers
206 views

Why do we need to break down long sentences to understand them?

Why do we need to break down long sentences that won't immediately scan? Is it an attention thing? Working memory, executive function? For example: Studies show that if there are many stimuli ...
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0answers
70 views

Does reading a word without mentally vocalizing it inhibit your ability to comprehend?

In speed reading, people are taught to read much faster by avoiding the common habit of mentally vocalizing the words in our heads. Is mental vocalization an unnecessary habit that can be scraped ...
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1answer
5k views

Why does the brain skip over repeated “the” words in sentences?

For example, in this sentence by the the time you are done reading you will have already skipped over the double "the". I have searched this on the internet a little, but I have found nothing that ...
6
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1answer
129 views

Can reading a non-fiction book with great curiosity account to taking a break?

In our day to day life, especially at work(in Office say a software company), due to the nature of work, it requires a lot of attention and deep involvement in the system/code. It is popular belief ...
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3answers
5k views

Why is it easier to see black text on a white background?

I'm wondering why it's easier to see black text on a white background than it is to see white text on a black background. I say that it's harder based on life experience (Hate webpages with black ...
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0answers
33 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
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0answers
36 views

The NART as a measure of premorbid IQ in serious mental illness

How reliable is National Adult Reading Test in estimating premorbid IQ in schizophrenia? Is it compromised if the difference between current IQ and the NART is a standard deviation or more?
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0answers
41 views

What skills or mental proceses improve understanding of longer written sentences? [closed]

This question concerns only written sentences, and presumes that longer sentences are more difficult to understand, a presumption which consists with the formula behind the Flesch–Kincaid readability ...
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0answers
49 views

Is it easier/faster to recognise digits or written words?

Is there any peer-reviewed evidence which suggests whether it is faster and/or easier for a native English speaker to recognise digits (1, 2, 3, 4) vs. full written English word equivalents (one, two, ...
7
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1answer
943 views

Do the deaf read faster?

Assuming that a person is born deaf and has never heard spoken language, as they learn to read, do they on average read faster than people with healthy hearing who learn to read the usual way? The ...
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2answers
1k views

What does the death of a fictional character mean?

Aristotle approached the question of story and meaning in this way: Why is it, he asked, when we see a dead body in the street we have one reaction, but when we read of death in Homer, or see it in ...
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4answers
169 views

Does being read to improve reading speed?

So my girlfriend is not what you would call a fast reader. She understands completely what she reads, but she reads rather slowly. I'm trying to be a good boyfriend and help her out with this, but the ...
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1answer
129 views

Reading words without pronunciation

I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
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1answer
95 views

What did Jung's patient find out?

I'm reading Dreams by Carl Jung, and I couldn't understand a specific paragraph. Maybe I'm missing something so obvious that he didn't bother to write. It is the entry numbered 542: What did the ...
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0answers
68 views

Writing system, its future and social importance [closed]

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
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1answer
148 views

Is there a name for reading things how you meant to write them?

I'm sure many of us have this experience: When I'm proofreading my own writing I will pass over it multiple times, but miss mistakes since I read what I intended to write (what's "in my head") and ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
4
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1answer
132 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't "...
6
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1answer
6k views

Reading vs. watching a lecture: which activity results in higher knowledge retention?

I teach calculus to freshmen and currently spend most of the classroom time lecturing. To make classes more interactive I'd like to shift this phase of "knowledge transfer" outside of classes. Either ...
3
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2answers
154 views

Does the time required to read a word grow linearly with the number of characters?

I recently installed a speed reader on my tablet. Now I wonder how the minimal time needed to read an $N$-letter word grows. There was this previous question on the relationship between sentence ...
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2answers
336 views

How does syntax highlighting affect the learning of a new programming language?

What impact does syntax highlighting have on students' progress in learning a new programming language? I'm looking for studies along the lines of the following hypothetical experiment, which ...
5
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1answer
214 views

At what age do children typically reach adult reading speed?

A kid who just started to read puts a lot of effort in processing sentences. These efforts will decrease as he/she gets older and, at some point (around 12, 15?), will read as fast as an adult. Is ...
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3answers
8k views

Why don't people read instructions?

Some people are very careless when reading instruction on a work task they've been given or in reading any other kind of text. They would skip some of the sentences, not get deep into other and ...
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3answers
257 views

Is reading from the screen more difficult than reading from paper and how can screen reading be made easier?

I've noticed that as a student when reading material, there is a choice between reading from the screen or reading from paper. When reading from paper I find that I concentrate more and that ...
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2answers
227 views

As for future mind control/reading technology, can humans fight it?

As of recent times, rats have communicated through wireless brain implants, from across the globe. Also, recent fMRI technologies have allowed prediction of movements (or intention), and the ...
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3answers
511 views

What psychological factors account for code readability?

Readability is often intuitively synthesized. If you see some piece of code, you just know whether it is readable or not. But what are actual psychological, scientific explanations for this? There ...
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3answers
5k views

Training for the corpus callosum?

Since reading is done in the left hemisphere of the brain, does reading text in the left visual field train the corpus callosum? For instance, I am interested in knowing whether training may lead to ...
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1answer
576 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
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0answers
115 views

In what ways can someone increase their brain function while reading [closed]

On Facebook, someone posed the following question: In what ways can someone increase brain function while reading? I like to read but have problems retaining information. Sometimes I get a ...
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3answers
6k views

What is the scientific support for Einstein's claim about the negative effects of reading too much?

Einstein once said: Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of ...
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1answer
568 views

What is the effect of not sub-vocalizing on reading comprehension?

Sometimes when reading, text segments are not so important or relevant, when that happens I tend to read between lines in a visual manner, without sub-vocalizing or pronouncing the words in my mind. ...
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1answer
219 views

Are dice and domino dot arrangement conventions related to readability?

I noticed dice and dominos both use the same convention for dot placement. Is there a reason for this? Is there any research on how to layout dots so that they are most readable?
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2answers
578 views

Is sub-vocalization when reading and writing merely a symptom of lack of fluency?

In reading & writing, I for one, find myself subvocalizing the statement to myself. This behaviour is language-independent. However, the effort and subvocalization involved is greater in any ...
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1answer
139 views

Judgments of similarity between samples of writing

I was thinking last night about the possibility of an experiment that investigates the factors contributing to peoples' judgments of 'stylistic similarity' between two samples of writing. For example, ...
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1answer
219 views

Are some methods of teaching reading “bad”?

I have a young daughter who I am teaching to read, and I was given a "Your Baby Can Read" DVD set by a friend. When discussing it with friends, several of my teacher friends frowned upon the use of "...
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4answers
3k views

How long does it take to read a sentence with X number of characters?

How does the time needed to read a sentence scale with the number of characters? Or does this time scaling depend on something more than just character count? For example, let $X$ be the number of ...
14
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1answer
6k views

How to get rid of subvocalization?

When I read a text written in latin alphabet and I want to understand what it means I usually transform each word into spoken word (internal speech) and then I transform it into meaning. I can't get ...
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2answers
3k views

Effect of words highlighting on reading comprehension

I'm interested if there are studies dealing with text understanding and POS (part of speech) coloring, or coloring syntactic/semantic information. The studies should solve the questions like: Which ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible to improve reading speed and visual comprehension by doing exercises?

Background I'm trying to capture detailed information from the images in my visual memory, mainly text. My daily life requires reading many documents on varying topics. I want to increase my reading ...