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Questions tagged [performance]

Questions relating to the enactment of tasks within society and how this reflects on our internal characteristics. Tests and other assessments can act as measures of performance.

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Is there a technical term for performing belief you do not genuinely hold?

Is there a technical term in psychology for people acting like they believe something they do not? As an example, consider people who acted like they didn't believe Obama was born in the US. I know ...
Anna Sylvester's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Which of IQ or personality traits best predict job performance?

IQ seems to be an important predictor of job performance (close to 0.6 correlation coefficient), see here. It is said that: "Evidence from more than 100 y of research indicates that ...
Starckman's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
77 views

Are unannounced tests unexpected by participants?

I was looking into whether unannounced (memory) tests were actually unexpected by participants, and if the benefits accredited to unannounced tests are well-founded. Considering that students are ...
rlamesch's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

How does social interaction affect the decrease in performance when multitasking?

A well known effect of multitasking is that if you have to switch to do another one, then your performance of both will decrease, in compared to the performance when you do them separately. FYI: ...
Ooker's user avatar
  • 1,781
4 votes
1 answer
313 views

Pygmalion effect and negative expectations

I've been reading about the Pygmalion effect. From what extracted, it means positive expectations positively influence performance. Now I'm curious to know this... does the Pygmalion effect also apply ...
Bárbara Peres's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
912 views

Pomodoro Technique vs Flow

Pomodoro technique and entering into flow states are two commonly mentioned productivity techniques used by people studying or doing creative work. I have used these two techniques and I feel more ...
Abdelrahman Hamdy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
58 views

Motor skill: Let speed come naturally?

I've commonly heard that when practising a motor skill, one should start slow with correct form and one shouldn't force speed. Rather, let speed come naturally. I believe this but I can't find a ...
NiteCyper's user avatar
  • 446
1 vote
1 answer
28 views

What is the field that deals with observing an individual's fitness within a system called?

Foreword: Perhaps this question is better suited for statistics.stackexchange.com, but I'm deeply interested in studying about both the living thing and the statistics side of things. Everything in ...
Daniel M's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
283 views

Are there positive/negative effects of new/repetitive music in work performance?

I work the weekend closing shifts at a local supermarket. There are many stores in the chain, and they all have the same soundtrack - consisting mostly of 70's music - which is played on repeat ...
Cardinal System's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
353 views

Why do I always screw up when people are watching?

I’m wondering why people are more likely to fail when they know people are watching and or counting on them. For example in a football game where there is 2 seconds left in the game, and team A has ...
Cotton Headed Ninnymuggins's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
36 views

Becoming an expert with accumulative hours of practice much less than the average expert?

Anders Ericsson's work is famous for creating the idea of "deliberate practice" and its creation of experts, but Anders also talks about how long hours are inevitable in becoming an expert. Let's ...
Gooby's user avatar
  • 179
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

Mental fatigue and recovery schedule

(Complete novice here) I am looking for some research or publications that would tackle the question of how much rest is required for good mental performance / productivity and is there a schedule ...
Konrads's user avatar
  • 179
3 votes
2 answers
84 views

If 10 words are presented at the same time, is it still considered a 'free recall' test?

I'm a little bit confused about the definition of a free recall test. According to Wikipedia: Items are usually presented one at a time for a short duration, ... If 10 items are presented at the ...
user3242742's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
256 views

What is the evolutionary advantage of being embarrassed?

What I am trying to understand is why do I feel embarrassed in certain situation. E.g. when I'm talking to people, why do I think about being judged or sounding stupid that would result me in ...
Zammy Page's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
136 views

Is there a basic mathematical relationship between IQ and learning speed?

Is there a basic mathematical relationship between IQ and learning speed? ... such as linear, exponential, etc? For example, if some number of people with an approximate IQ of 100 (95-105) take X ...
Randy Zeitman's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
58 views

Predicting workplace performance of job applicants? [closed]

As an employer who interviews engineering candidates, I'm interested in using the state of the art findings in psychometrics/psychology to predict which candidates are the most likely to be successful....
James's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why do I perform better at rhythm games after a long period of not playing?

Every once in a while I decide to play Phase Shift (very similar to Guitar Hero). I might go weeks or months between plays, but when I return, I often break a high score within the first few songs I ...
Kendall Frey's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
194 views

Efficiency of multitasking depending on task difficulty

How does the efficiency of multi-tasking differ by task type? My understanding is that multitasking impairs efficiency for cognitively challenging tasks. Does this apply to trivial tasks as well?
user16520's user avatar
  • 141
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

Is there an inventory to measure competence in the workplace? [closed]

I'm currently doing a study where I chose to have HR management practitioners view a sample of resumes from applicants, and then have them give a competence score. I'm just not sure what kind of ...
Ign_nz's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

A framework for modeling tasks, behaviors and characteristics [closed]

I'm doing my master's thesis on evaluating startup team dynamics from an investors's perspective. To construct and argue the methods that I'm suggesting, I'd like to build a simple model of most ...
Waiski's user avatar
  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
155 views

Could the knowledge of the construct of self-efficacy affect the student's aptitude to a certain task?

I am a tutor for children with learning disabilities and i have read that they have lower levels of perceived self-efficacy than students without this learning disabilities. I decided to deepen the ...
Fil's user avatar
  • 1,524
1 vote
1 answer
474 views

Yerkes-Dodson Law and Drugs

According to the Yerkes-Dodson Law, there is optimal point of arousal and performance. Suppose a person takes a stimulant such as Adderall. This would increase his arousal. However, it may increase ...
guest1234's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
484 views

For an average adult, in general, if one knows they will wake up in the middle of a cycle--is it better to go to bed later?

Let us say that one consistently goes to sleep at the same time every day, and sets an alarm for the same duration of sleep 7 hours and 45 minutes (e.g., 10:45pm to 6:30am). One day, they get caught ...
adamaero's user avatar
  • 390
3 votes
0 answers
149 views

Interaction between caffeine intake and biorhythm on alertness

Throughout the day, people's wakefulness and attentiveness varies, as modulated by one's circadian biorhythm. Whereas in the morning people are less awake, just before noon and around 15:00 people ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
194 views

Grit — is it distinct from correlates of success?

There's been quite a splash in the field of psychology around the concept of grit introduced around 2007 (Wikipedia article). For example, the associated TED talk has been viewed more than 10 million ...
Evgeni Sergeev's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
481 views

Can you practice and improve physical activities only by thinking?

By physical activities I mean any kind of task, work, sport, you have to use your body. Not always have the time to do some task or even the possibility (need some equipment, not great situation). I ...
lois6b's user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
1 answer
189 views

Models of barriers to "Flow" (being in "the zone")

This Wikipedia article is an excellent overview to the concept of Flow. The problem is, from personal experience, in one specific area, I think it's incomplete. To quote: Schaffer (2013) proposed 7 ...
Jodes's user avatar
  • 175
3 votes
1 answer
641 views

How is "being in a flow" explained cognitively?

When wathcing the European Championship athletics, I hear many people talking about being in a "flow". Flow is defined as follows: Flow is an optimal psychological state that occurs when there is a ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
58 views

Does the meta-analytic literature overestimate the relationship between conscientiousness and job performance?

There are quite a few meta-analyses of the relationship between personality and job performance (for a review, see Barrick & Mount, 2012; and specific meta-analyses: Barrick & Mount, 1991; ...
Jeromy Anglim's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
23 views

Are there studies that compare the accuracy of forecasters that are asked to state probabilities vs. forecasters that are asked to state odds?

The Good Judgement project asks it's forecasters to estimate the likelihood of events occurring by asking them for probabilities (20%, 60%...). Sport betting usually communicates the odds of an event (...
Christian's user avatar
  • 896
6 votes
2 answers
98 views

Provable ROI for call center rest periods?

Think you can help make life better for a nation of call center workers? At a large insurance company, I used to work in the call center for both Auto Claims and then Homeowner Claims, before I was ...
RJB's user avatar
  • 183
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to interpret intelligence test scores for an individual who has taken a test multiple times in quick succession?

Specific context: A test subject took the same Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices IQ test three times and first scored 115, then 107, and finally 143. The same test was taken three times within 3 ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 162
5 votes
1 answer
633 views

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance?

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance? If some were to, for example, wake up one morning at 12:30PM, would a sleeping pill help obtain better sleep required for that performance the ...
Bozo Vulicevic's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
51 views

Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
Ankit's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
0 answers
26 views

Standardizing sales data with dollar market data within USA [closed]

In the study of performance... One approach to standardizing sales data across different regions of the country may be to adjust for the relative wealth/purchasing power of the clientele in a given ...
GoldenPandas's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
308 views

Sleep deprivation and task performance

Case: In case of an adult, the average adult sleep time required is 7.5 to 8 hours. Suppose the person (aged between 23-29) has slept only 6 hours, or less than the average time (7.5 to 8 hours). ...
New one's user avatar
  • 333
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

Do ADHD drugs harm the brain?

Particularly, the amphetamine "vyvanse". If one was to take a 30mg dose once a day for 50+ years, would it damage brain function at all? Would the brain simply get used to the drug and become 100% ...
Kelsey's user avatar
  • 211
3 votes
1 answer
86 views

Performance of children at school in the morning

Our local council are changing the school day to 9:30 - 15:00 for my youngest son, my eldest in a different school starts at 8:20 and finishes at 15:20. I believe that children are more productive in ...
PMC's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
0 answers
82 views

Writing system, its future and social importance [closed]

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
Mikhail V's user avatar
  • 167
2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Does expecting to be in a safe situation elicit unsafe behavior? [closed]

When the traffic light is red you are aware that a car might comes rushing in. So you are extra careful and always check the street before you actual cross the street. But one the other hand if you ...
user3461075's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
994 views

Why can't we use 100% of the brain in a certain moment?

I know it's a myth that we only use 10% of our brain, but the point is that we use less than 10% in any given moment; only by using different parts of our brain for various tasks over time do we ...
user2638180's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
120 views

Are hot-streaks in athletics real, and if so, is there a known psychological basis?

It is common to refer to an athlete who is enjoying a sustained period of success (e.g. a long consecutive game hitting streak in baseball) as being "hot", suggesting that something about their ...
Josh's user avatar
  • 5,904
4 votes
0 answers
103 views

Does military background enhance personal productivity? [closed]

Is there any research investigating the effect (or correlation) of a military background of a person on his productivity, effectiveness and other characteristics? It is often casually claimed that a ...
vprisivko's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
76 views

Efficiency drop when joining and splitting teams

What will happen when a team is either split or joined with another team? After reading about Tuckman's stages of group development, I understand that the new team will probably start at the beginning ...
Stian Standahl's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
3k views

What are the cognitive effects of increasing testosterone levels in men?

I've recently became interested in the effects if testosterone on the cognitive function in men, but cannot find much hard scientific evidence on the subject. What are the cognitive effects of ...
Alex Stone's user avatar
  • 9,390
3 votes
2 answers
228 views

Does the time required to read a word grow linearly with the number of characters?

I recently installed a speed reader on my tablet. Now I wonder how the minimal time needed to read an $N$-letter word grows. There was this previous question on the relationship between sentence ...
draks ...'s user avatar
  • 1,828
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does law of attraction have psychological basis? [closed]

A common claim in business and self-help seminars is that optimists are luckier. Is it true that optimism leads to greater success in life? If so, what part of the brain support this so called "...
user4951's user avatar
  • 691
6 votes
2 answers
154 views

Is it good to take playful breaks at work?

I read this Washingon Post article about groups that are trying to encourage play in "workaholic" adults. I'm curious if anything is known on the psychological effects of taking playful breaks at work....
half-pass's user avatar
  • 273
4 votes
1 answer
77 views

How is attention involved with the performance drop associated with multi-tasking?

Multi-tasking lowers productivity. What influences on attention cause the productivity of a multi-tasking person to be low? An example of multi-tasking is that a person is working on his assignment ...
abc's user avatar
  • 53
2 votes
0 answers
64 views

Identifying Overly Complex Tasks

It seems to me that societies frequently construct systems that may be too complicated for any individual to operate competently within. For example, the tax system, the legal system, the medical ...
Elliott's user avatar
  • 161