Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given statement/conclusion. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

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13 views

Has there ever been a split brain pianist?

Has there ever been a split brain pianist? I was thinking about this yesterday and it occurred to me that a split brain pianist might have an advantage over a non-split brain pianist; they could ...
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34 views

Psychometric scales of gender

I have never read any study that has used a psychometric scale to find out the respondent's gender identity, sexual orientation or both. This makes me wonder if there are such scales or not, or if ...
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Where to begin with Political Psychology literature?

I am a law and public policy scholar, and I'm currently developing a civics curriculum for YouTube. As a phd, I'm (perhaps to an unhealthy degree) concerned with being able to cite good science ...
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28 views

List of replicated studies in Psychology & Neuroscience [closed]

In the light of the Replication Crisis in social aciences, I have recently enjoyed reading Plomin et al. (2016). Abstract In the context of current concerns about replication in psychological science,...
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32 views

Risk of mental disability from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome without a postpartum diagnosis

My wife and I are considering adoption of a child whose mother binged alcohol during pregnancy. Part of this very complex and emotional decision for us is understanding the risks that the child will ...
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46 views

Non-binary scores for backward digit span (BDS)

A common test of memory span is to display or utter a sequence of numbers and then request that a candidate being assessed repeat that sequence of numbers in reverse order. Typically, the candidate's ...
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18 views

The effect of putting up a social media post of a sad event on the person's mental conditions

I know I have included a lot of sub-questions. So any partial answer addressing only parts of the question is also appreciated. After seeing a recent post, I came to wonder the possible effects of ...
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2answers
143 views

Is there scientific evidence that IQ tests measure intelligence? [duplicate]

IQ tests are quite popular, but they seem to be lacking a scientific proof confirming their accuracy of measuring ones intelligence. No matter how hard I've searched I haven't been able to find a ...
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26 views

Background and cron jobs running in the unconscious? [duplicate]

Personal example: Hofstadter, in "Fluid Concepts...", throws the anagram "ucilgars" at me. (Note I'm a German, I would probably solve a comparable riddle fast if in my mother ...
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936 views

Cannot find a journal paper on a study on caffeine, even though it is registered at clinicaltrials.gov

Can somebody help me find the following study: Effects of Low Doses of Caffeine on Mood, Physiology and Mental Function, listed under trial identifier NCT00487227 on ClinicalTrials.gov. It's a very ...
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21 views

Is there any formal documentation and explanation of why people tend to lose curiosity as they age?

Anecdotally, there seems to be overwhelming evidence that people become less curious as they age. Is there formal, systematic evidence for this? Further, are there any theories/mechanisms that explain ...
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53 views

Using Vagus Nerve Stimulation to treat Depression

I came across an article written recently concerning the use of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) to treat difficult-to-treat depression (DTD) and other mood disorders (Sackeim, et al. 2020). However, ...
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Need to conduct Exploratory Factor Analysis when using already established questionnaire for Big 5

I am working on a study where I plan to conduct Structural Equation Modeling with the Big 5 factors affecting another variable. For Big 5 I am using a questionnaire that has earlier been used by ...
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1answer
104 views

Has there been research on the impact of gay parents on the sexual orientation of adopted children?

Disclamer: I am not interested in personal views on whether gay parenting is a good or bad thing. I would like to understand whether there has been serious research on the upbringing consequences for ...
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22 views

Does lack of social-economic opportunities for self-realisation and personal growth explain homophobia (at least partly)?

There is strong correlation between acceptance of LGBT in countries and the economic prosperity of the respective countries. As far as I have checked the literature then the mainstream research trend ...
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1answer
46 views

Has the labelling and overshadowing effect from the Hannah Experiment been replicated?

"The Hannah Experiment" (Darley & Gross 1983) is cited as an example of labels biasing evaluation. This is described in "Drunk Tank Pink by Adam Alter" which I've paraphrased ...
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What's the proposed mechanism of action of Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation (TNS) for ADHD? (And is there some neuroimaging in support of it?)

Last year the FDA approved the first medical device for ADHD, a Trigeminal Nerve Stimulator, a sort "pacemaker" that is used every night on the head of the patient. I'm trying find what's ...
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1answer
62 views

Does the brain possess mechanisms to spot a feedback loop of self-induced negative sensation and relief?

Imagine a person has random psychosomatic itching and applies an ointment which brings relief. Could their brain wrongly assosiate the process that causes the itching as good as it brought relief? As ...
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Reliable sources for society trust score?

It seems like that the general public [1,2,3] and some academics [4,5] believe that China is an exemplar society of low-trust. Most of my friends share the same beliefs. However, one data source ...
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3answers
607 views

Does the mind create the body?

Everything we perceive is through the 5 senses. That means the body which is perceived through sense of feeling and seeing is also formed as an image in mind or brain? Is it correct that it is either ...
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1answer
44 views

What branch of psychology deals with the Framing Effect?

What branch of psychology deals with the framing effect (Tversky and Kahneman, 1981)? Any notable related literature? Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1981). The Framing of Decisions and the ...
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64 views

How to view or download an open access article from ARVO journals?

I would like to read or download this ARVO Journal's article, but I just cannot find any button on the website with this functionality: https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2139676 I ...
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38 views

Does reading sentences one by one contributes to better comprehension of the text?

Does reading sentences one by one beside a picture (as shown in this video of this project) contributes to better comprehension of the text, due to better readability, focus and other factors? In ...
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2answers
53 views

Psychology of Friendship

What psychological constructs best model friendships, and what are some common classic and contemporary academic literature on the subject?
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58 views

A Collective Unconscious That's Alive? [closed]

I'm currently conversing in the context of Carl Jung's concept of collective unconscious and Rollo May's concept of Dasein (Ratner, 2019). I frequently notice that some social contexts are very ...
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1answer
27 views

Starting academic textbook/survey article for the field of persuasive communication?

I am quite interested in this topic and trying to find rigorous academic sources. The Wikipedia link of persuasive speech https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persuasive_speech is not relevant to this ...
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33 views

Are there mathematical models for multi-utility satisfaction?

In several places I have seen reference to the law of diminishing returns with regard to satisfaction. A common toy example is eating cookies. The first cookie gives some amount of satisfaction, the ...
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38 views

System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
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3answers
120 views

Reliable channel or method for self-study of Psychology

Out of interest, I've been reading some psychology topics online recently (I have zero background in psychology). For example, Maslow theory in depth. On and off, I come across terms that sound like ...
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2answers
54 views

Are there any definitions of the perception & JND of the colour of light approximately like how the Weber Law defines it for the brightness of light?

As I understand it, the greater light levels are the more we require in order to detect a difference. I've also read this holds true for colour saturation. However, I can't seem to find any ...
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1answer
89 views

Short form of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory questionnaire

Recently I have been reviewing several articles related to psychopathy outside the forensic area and I have observed that a very popular questionnaire in a college setting is the Psychopathic ...
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57 views

How strongly does IQ correlate with intelligence as it's commonly understood?

What is the strength of the correlation between IQ and intelligence where by intelligence I mean the "performance of brain" - the general efficiency of solving mental tasks?
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194 views

Feynman's Cargo Cult Science: Young's Rat Experiment Study

In the book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman, the physicist Richard Feynman tells a great short story about bad science being done by scientists who should know better in Cargo Cult Science (which is ...
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Which paper was it that defined addiction as a release?

I read somewhere that a psychologist in 1949 (or somewhere around that) described sexual addiction as a release. I don't remember the author's name nor the title of the paper. The gist of that ...
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53 views

What recreational drugs have especially negative interactions with bipolar disorder?

I'm trying to find out which recreational drugs have the biggest negative interactions with BD (bipolar disorder types I and II) but haven't been able to find strong research. I especially ...
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23 views

Do we humans have an innate perception of what are secure behaviors? If yes, to what extent?

Recently, I heard in a podcast that people enjoy booths or corners in restaurants because we have a natural preference for spaces we deem more secure (e.g. in this case, we can see the rest of the ...
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18 views

~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as "others"?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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35 views

Is there any categorization of cognitive abilities based on brain structure and biology?

I'm pretty sure that the answer to the following question is yes : Is there any categorization of cognitive abilities based on brain structure and biology? However, because I'm a newbie, I'm kind of ...
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41 views

Whole brain death diagnosis and false positive

In view of the increasing need for organ transplants( possibly because of the greater ability of the surgeons and physicians to both execute the transplant, prevent a rejection, and/or diagnose the ...
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21 views

How well is biofeedback understood?

From an answer to the question Research suggesting conscious control over brain region activation? I have learned: »[S]ubjects become better at up-regulating or down-regulating activation in ...
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20 views

Functional neuronal units that occupy the same brain region

[Thanks to Bryan Krause's advice, I edited the question.] Definition: Let two functional units be two sets of neurons, A and B, such that the probability of being connected (synaptically or by ...
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1answer
53 views

Neurotransmitters by neuron types

I'm looking for a concise overview table of all types of neurons (whose number is at least in the hundreds) indicating which neurotransmitters they use pre- and post-synaptically (of which there are ...
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43 views

Accuracy of visual distance and size perception

Generally speaking it is known that human observers’ perceptions of distances in depth are generally inaccurate. I guess that the accuracy is sometimes a very large degree. To be more specific I am ...
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1answer
38 views

List of research paper meta information sites

Note: So-called "big-list" questions are occasionally tolerated here; I'm hoping this one will pass muster. I'm looking to compile a list of existing post-publication meta-sites. These would be ...
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145 views

Reason for experiencing electric current flowing through body during sleep from top to bottom [closed]

I know about sleep paralysis and there is several information about it, available over literature. Sleep paralysis is a temporary inability to move or speak that occurs when you're waking up or ...
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2answers
90 views

What is the state of the art research of the consciousness level for high-level cognitive activity?

Everybody knows situations where activities requiring concentration and high level consciousness can over time become a "background" task. For example: you read a text aloud but think about other ...
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84 views

Neuralink in depression treatment

In this article there is a statement that Neuralink can help people with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and depression by promptly sending electric pulses into the areas responsible for their ...
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39 views

Balanced Introduction to CBT and the Science Behind It

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a solid introduction to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - i.e. what it is and the science behind it. I'm having trouble finding anything that isn't written by ...
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1k views

Is Jordan Peterson correct when he states that "as societies become more egalitarian, personality differences across genders maximize"?

There are many videos (for example, here, here, and here) where Jordan Peterson claims that as societies become more egalitarian, personality differences across genders increase. He is often stating ...
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25 views

Papers/Resources on the source/process of shame and empathy

I am an economist, and almost all work on shame (very little work has been done on empathy in economics, we typically just jump to some form of altruism) has simply been on observed outcomes. That ...

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