Questions tagged [social-psychology]

For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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Why do people believe in the notion of karma, or a just world (cf. 'belief in a just world', 'the just world fallacy')?

Is there any good explanation for why this kind of belief is so widespread? I've been reading about it, but what I have found so far has been somewhat elaborate descriptions, and some proposed ...
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Why does smiling indicate happiness? Why couldn’t frowning indicate happiness and smiling indicate sadness?

Is there an evolutionary reason behind this? What about raising eyebrows when surprised, or lowering them when angry?
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cross-cultural explanations of the Christian conception of a "sin organ"? [closed]

In Christian and especially Protestant philosophy there seems to be an implied notion that humans possess some ability to "sense" moral right and wrong. When one performs or contemplates an ...
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The bystander effect depends on various variables, most of which don't necessarily require the present of other people. Why is it defined so?

From Bystander effect - Wikipedia: The bystander effect, or bystander apathy, is a social psychological theory that states that individuals are less likely to offer help to a victim when there are ...
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Is "mutual abuse" a meaningful psychological concept?

The motivation for this question is that, in the recent libel trial between Amber Heard and Johnny Depp, the couple's psychologist referred to their relationship dynamic as "mutually abusive.&...
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How did the very rapid nature of Russian industrialisation/collectivisation affect peoples capacity for abstract thinking?

I am sure I read once about research conducted on villagers who were pushed very very quickly from very basic, premodern agrarian structures into collectivised, quota-driven, management-structure ...
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World Value Survey, trust, and China

The World Values Survey includes information on trust. My question is thus: how the heck is China measured that high? Experts on China view China as a low-trust society, people are always suspicious ...
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Is the lack of eagerness to contribute to the group's goal a cause for diffustion of responsibility?

From Wikipedia: Diffusion of responsibility is a sociopsychological phenomenon whereby a person is less likely to take responsibility for action or inaction when other bystanders or witnesses are ...
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What are the benefits of cultural diversity in a workplace?

Common sense says diversity creates barriers as people have trouble finding common ground, since by definition they’re as different as possible. Yet, the corporate world insists that forcing cultural ...
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Will long term high stress generally inhibit attraction or interests in new romances?

Regarding the sort of long term stress that makes a person tense and unhappy on a daily basis for months, and how this affects that persons interest in new social connections. I have read several ...
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Term for this Manipulation tactic -- saying "we" instead of "i"

The term is for when a manipulator keeps saying "we" this, "we" that, when really they should be saying "I". It's a form of manipulation I believe is called "forced&...
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Can EXTREME distress push a person who already suffers from General Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder into a more severe mental condition?

I recently finished reading Man's Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl which explores some of the psychological explanations behind surviving something as horrific as concentration camps. I would like ...
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wisdom of crowds and group polarization

I'm having a hard time understanding two concepts, wisdom of crowds and group polarization, at the same time. Wisdom of crowds states that aggregation of information or prediction, in groups are often ...
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The desire and expectation to see a situation escalate

Does this phenomenon have a name? When there is a diagreement or conflict or scandal, sometimes instead of wanting the issue to be solved and left behind I want it to escalate and expand. This can be ...
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What are the eventual consequences of being a narcissist?

A close question to what I am trying to ask is Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?. I was wondering what are the eventual consequences of being a narcissist? Is there any ...
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What is the difference between reminiscence and nostalgia?

Both reminiscence and nostalgia refer to thinking about the past, but where is the line between them? I am looking into how reminiscence affects meaning in life and have found that most research ...
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Human/social behavior when one emphasizes their own superior achievements over others'

I'm looking for a name/category/definition of (personality?) disorder(s) that can be described with the following traits in one's (imaginary person) social/human behavior: this person brings up and ...
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Why memory studies was a strong area of research during 90's?

Memory studies seemed to have flourished during nineties - particularly early nineties. Not only in Psychology, but in neuroscience, in social sciences, in History, there was a period in which a lot ...
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Reference for a particular anecdote about the cultural basis of the ethics of homicide

I recently had a conversation with a friend about the psychology of ethics, and it reminded me of an anecdote that I read perhaps 10-15 years ago. The anecdote supposedly originates in the ...
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gender related activism scale

I'm looking for a self-report measure that assesses involvement and interest in activism that centers around gender equity, including (but not limited to) topics like gender equality, segregation and ...
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Asking for reference of specific meaning of "group polarization"

I am a finance student. Today I read a paper of Cinelli,2021 and face the phrase "group polarization theory" From this link, I found an idea that Those who don’t initially agree with that ...
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Is there any similar concept of "evolutionary predominance" in psychology?

"Evolutionary predominance" is that people who adopted a trading strategy are more successful, causing this strategy to become more prominent and causing others to also follow that strategy. ...
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What does "psychology of salience" mean?

Han et. al., (2021) documented that Motivated by the psychology of salience, we also make a second key psychological assumption that receivers attend more to extreme outcomes I am wondering what ...
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What is the name of phenomenon that people state their initial opinion more firmly after discussion in group polarization? [closed]

In reading "group polarization", " that a person tends to shift to a more extreme opinion when in a group setting than what his/her original opinion might have been" So, in the ...
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What is the relation between "homophily indices" and "group polarization" level?

Homophily is the tendency of individuals to associate and bond with similar others (Murase,2019). I expect that there is a measure of homophily level, called homophily indices. Group Polarization is ...
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Why the definition of homophily in two papers are almost contrast?

Homophily is the tendency of individuals to associate and bond with similar others. Murase, 2019 says that Social tie formation includes focal closure and cyclic closure. The difference between these ...
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What is the link between descriptive norm & informational social influence? When the descriptive norm doesn't appear to be "correct"?

I'm a first-year psychology student and this week I'm learning (from a crappy lecturer) about social norms, specifically injunctive vs descriptive norms, and normative vs informational social ...
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What is the name of the cognitive bias about groups of people with the same beliefs about others?

Last year I read an interesting magazine article about some papers on a cognitive bias about group beliefs. The papers highlight the fact that we tend to judge in a stronger way the same behavior if ...
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Hyperperception model psychology?

Is hyperperception model related to Psychology or communication studies? I have read articles like (Carpenter & Spottswood, 2021) but still wonder which Psychology is it related to or is it just a ...
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3 votes
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Chronic ostracism/social rejection epidemiology

I recently came across a paper (Wesselmann, et al. 2015) about chronic ostracism. It seems a relatively new area of research and I'm sure it has its flaws as a model. Anyway, I had no luck finding an ...
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Is parasocial love a romantic relationship?

Is parasocial love is a form of romantic relationship? I have read about some articles about parasocial love and have come across the term "parasocial romantic relationships" is this the ...
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A good book on the fundamentals of psychology [duplicate]

I'm studying in a field that relates a lot to Psychology but I don't know anything about psychology. So, I face some challenges. I would like to read a book written in simple phrases explaining the ...
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Do people prefer to see an image similar to themselves in advertisements or rather an ideal model?

Introduction: Imagine an advert depicting the usage of the product being advertised by a customer - for example, an advert of an automobile brand, showing a person driving the car. Let's assume the ...
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What makes it funny when someone is making an absurd lie?

As stated, why is it sometimes funny when someone is making an obvious lie, but they really want you to believe it? They are not saying it in a humors purpose, however, a lot of people find it very ...
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Learn Cognitive Empathy

I recently stumbled upon some psychology sites and learned more about the 3 types of empathy. Since I want to understand everyone better, I want to improve my skills at empathy. I found a lot of ...
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Psychometric scales of gender

I have never read any study that has used a psychometric scale to find out the respondent's gender identity, sexual orientation or both. This makes me wonder if there are such scales or not, or if ...
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What is 4 circular question technique or questions of it to keep conversation going from psychology or psychiatry research papers?

Once i found some profesional questions, that i tried just for talking with friends. I found them in research paper when looking, googling maybe for ADHD but i think i was googling PTSD coping ...
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Is there any evidence for a link between religiosity and belief in conspiracy theories?

I've heard claims made that more religious individuals were more likely to fall for various conspiracy theories. I've personally been able to find studies linking religiosity to belief in qanon ...
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What is the psychology of abusing the victim during burglary and robbery?

I've studied a physiological phenomenon where, during a burglary or robbery, the one who robs constantly abuses the victim, either verbally or physically, even though that wouldn't lead to any gain. ...
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Name for the effect where people cause others to fulfill their expectations

I recall hearing a social cognition lecture a number of years ago in which the lecturer described a particular idea that centered around the role of self-fulfilling prophecies in relationships. For ...
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2 votes
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Psychologist with different language and culture

Is it better to find a psychologist who is from the same culture, same language, same country .., so he/she will easily understand the problems we'll be speaking about ? I'm Algerian, living in France,...
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What are the true signs of haters?

What are the real signs of haters? The reason I asked this question is that I encountered people who treated me badly with criticism now and then. I suspected that they hated me, but I cannot find any ...
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What makes us feel that one person is more beautiful than the other? [duplicate]

What makes us feel that one person is more beautiful than the other? What makes some facial features attractive but some unattractive? Why a sharp nose, smallmouth, blue eyes, bright complexion, ...
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Does the cohesion of groups stem from the need to be observed?

Morpheus is a fictional AI prototype appearing in the videogame Deus Ex. Interestingly, during in-game conversations, Morpheus says: "The need to be observed and understood was once satisfied by ...
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Is the Stanford Prison Experiment considered valuable by modern psychologists?

The Stanford Prison Experiment (see also the Wikipedia article) is taught to many psychology students because of its infamy and the media coverage around it at the time of the experiment. There have ...
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3 votes
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Lunar cycles linked with mental health issues?

From what I can find... Anecdotally, my mother used to work in nursing homes for the elderly and found that around the full moon, patients slept less and were more agitated. Anecdotal evidence ...
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4 votes
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Can a person be persuaded to become gay?

Can a person become gay? Can a person be persuaded to become one? I heard that gayness is correlated with some genetic characteristics so, I figured, laws against "gay propaganda" (e.g. in ...
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Do humans identify groups using music like birds do?

Some species of birds recognise members of their family by the specific songs they sing. Similarly this may be true with other animals such as whales. I wonder, does this explain social phenomena such ...
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The effect of putting up a social media post of a sad event on the person's mental conditions

I know I have included a lot of sub-questions. So any partial answer addressing only parts of the question is also appreciated. After seeing a recent post, I came to wonder the possible effects of ...
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1 vote
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What could measuring the N400 response to stimuli of inconsistent stereotypes tell us?

I'm working on a project proposal for a class on intergroup relations and thought this might be interesting to observe. Participants would be shown consistent stereotypical video clips (e.g. Asian's ...
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