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Questions tagged [learning]

For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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2answers
46 views

Effectiveness of “non-focused” learning

Is anything known how effective is "non-focused" learning. For example when I am focused on something else (watching TV, doing work in the office) while listening to language learning material (words ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Cognitive Effects of studying for the LSAT?

Is this study/article scientifically valid. http://news.berkeley.edu/2012/08/22/intense-prep-for-law-school-admissions-test-alters-brain-structure/
5
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1answer
42 views

What determines whether sensitization or desensitization occurs?

I am familiar with desensitization. For example, if you are afraid of driving, driving every day will eventually reduce your fear, desensitizing you. But today I came across another concept, that of ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Can't we teach other intelligent animals “complex” languages?

I assume I'm not the first person to think about this, but I find this idea very useful, and if it works it would really be a major breakthrough (IMO, more important than getting to space). Animals ...
2
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0answers
23 views

Can you teach an old human new tricks? [closed]

I'm not sure if this is on topic here, but, there's a common phrase 'You can't teach an old dog new tricks'. This is commonly used as an observation about human behaviour, in that you can expect ...
2
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1answer
39 views

What is the learning/memory type which requires active contribution called?

I observed I best memorize information when I actively compile it into meaningful hierarchy. That encompasses creating PowerPoint presentations, explaining the topic to someone or writing summaries. I ...
2
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1answer
67 views

What can be the causes of the difference in performance?

The box-plot above represents the number of programming tasks performed correctly in 30 minutes during an experiment by me. Each box represents an age group: p1 = 6 - 7 years old p2 = 7 - 8 years old ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Is there a non-interactive alternative to the concept of SuperMemo/spaced repetition?

I recently wrote an open-source application that lets you practice Chinese writing and the decisions I made about its inner workings were related to my theories of how human memory works. I'm not sure ...
4
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1answer
36 views

Is there research to prove that humans achieve more when challenging ourselves or when we challenge others?

Given that there is a single player game, let's say, Tetris. I play the game for 5 days and my friend is also playing the game for 5 days. At the end of the 5 days we would like to see who has the ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Scientific articles linking personal-professional growth

I am writing an allegation letter to obtain funds to enroll in an activity for personal development, although the frame in which I ask for the finds is in "transversal activities related to research ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Is there any evidence for the cell assembly?

What is a cell assembly? In Principles of Neural Science Eric Kandel, and colleagues wrote: After this strengthening has occurred, a group of three neurons that are strongly coupled by excitatory ...
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0answers
11 views

How do children learn the grammatical rules of counting?

Up to the number twelve it is simply a case of learning a sequence. "one, two, three, ...,twelve" From 13..19, it's adding the word "teen" after a number but sometimes with certain changes e.g. "...
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2answers
5k views

Is there a mental condition that makes people unconditionally gullible?

The last several years in my country there has been a string of fraud that involves people, claiming to be police, asking citizens to contribute large sums of money to aid "police investigation". The ...
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0answers
20 views

Rubik's Cube and building 3D visualization abilities

I recently picked up a Rubik's Cube, intending to refine my ability to mentally work with three-dimensional representations. But it seems there are two ways of solving the Cube: just play and play ...
6
votes
1answer
65 views

Do we know a priori any rules about the world?

1) Is there any set of rules that human beings or, more generally, other sentient living beings know a priori before any learning process? In other words, do sentient living beings always were born ...
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0answers
18 views

How does the brain learn and execute causal reasoning for short-term and long-term planning?

What does state-of-the-art neuroscience research say about the way the brain learns and performs causal reasoning when it has to come up with short-term and long-term plans in order to achieve a ...
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0answers
8 views

How to increase transference on the classroom

During the last times I've been quite interested in the phenomena of transference, which in the context of teaching means transference of knowledge. More than anything, the change of times mainly ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Hermann Ebbinghaus and spaced repetition algorithms

I was reading about Hermann Ebbinghaus. He became interested in experimental psychology which led him to conduct memory experiments on himself which then resulted in the publication of his book: "...
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0answers
26 views

Has the optimal learning speed been studied?

My question is whether learning at "supernatural" speeds has been studied, in particular in relation to content retention and what are some research papers on this topic. To clarify, one example of ...
3
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2answers
84 views

Research on teaching / learning methods for personality types

I was reading research on learning approaches and the big five personality traits, and was wondering if anyone can recommend existing research on the most effective learning methods for each ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Why do I perform better at rhythm games after a long period of not playing?

Every once in a while I decide to play Phase Shift (very similar to Guitar Hero). I might go weeks or months between plays, but when I return, I often break a high score within the first few songs I ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Resources for learning how best to learn fine motor skills

I am interested in learning how best to learn a fine motor skill, in this case, playing a musical instrument. Presumably there are more or less effective ways to go about it. Possible factors that I ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Importance of colors in learning process?

I am starting a graduating project that is an interactive software for learning programming with an animated interface. To be more specific, it's a software that should help students learning how to ...
3
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0answers
26 views

If demyelination doesn't typically occur, what happens when a musician doesn't practice for a month?

In "The Talent Code," the author makes this statement: What's the simplest way to diminish the skills of a superstar talent? The answer: don't let them practice for a month. Causing skill to ...
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0answers
7 views

Mirror neurons in different ape & child rearing

Somewhere in the the past I saw a study talking about a type of ape that raises it's young in creches, unlike chimpanzees which at most carefully choose occasional babysitters. The study made the case ...
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0answers
20 views

Modeling of Interpersonal Violence by Mass Media and Video Games [duplicate]

Does modeling of interpersonal violence in mass media and video games facilitate violence in real life? I have been thinking about this during the last week. I even queried the APA as to whether ...
5
votes
2answers
287 views

Why is conditioned taste aversion an example of classical conditioning (rather than operant)?

The internet seems to be in complete agreement that conditioned taste aversion is an example of classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. My (admittedly limited) understanding of classical conditioning is ...
3
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0answers
47 views

What are the differences between Cognitive, Psycho-linguistic, and Behavioral approaches to learning?

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around cognitive, psycholinguistic, and behaviorist learning acquisition methods in the context of second language acquisition. I don't really understand their ...
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0answers
14 views

How to balance the common learning techniques in self-study?

Barring the fact that every individual has varying needs, have we studied, and can we weigh the various learning techniques in terms of importance (e.g. recall, testing, reading, review, note-taking, ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Why is Biological plausibility in Machine Learning important?

I have found that many authors of machine learning papers, that employ the Hebbian learning rule, refer to the biological plausibility of it, as one of the arguments to use it instead of the well ...
45
votes
2answers
9k views

If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

Let’s say that two or more babies/infants from the age of 0 were put in an environment without the affection of adults to teach them how to speak. Would the babies after 13 or so years develop their ...
6
votes
1answer
77 views

Does white noise impair studying, reading, recall/memory or learning?

I recently have been trying to look into whether or not white noise works as a means to block out external sounds so I can concentrate. However, I want to know whether it actually impairs studying and ...
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0answers
25 views

What is the term covering psychology disorders and language acquiring?

I have a research article aimed for popular audience, whose bibliography contains: 3 works on borderline personality disorder 1 works on language (Hirsh, David, and Paul Nation. “What Vocabulary Size ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Classical or Operant Conditioning?

I'm working on a conditioning experiment for my psychology class in which I tap my finger three times on a table and then ask my friend to sharpen a pencil for me. If she finishes the task I give a ...
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1answer
41 views

Do children learn to play musical instrument more easily than adults?

People say that it is harder for adults to learn to play instrument, because their muscle became stiff. Is there evidence for this claim?
5
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1answer
56 views

Can One Have a Temporary Manifestation of Dsyslexia? [closed]

I have a friend who said he was taking a test in college that involved many calculations (similar to a math test). He inexplicable mixed up numbers, for example, he switched 16 to be 61. Although he ...
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0answers
52 views

Consequences of the eureka effect

Sometimes, the ability to solve a problem of a given type - measured as the reciprocal time it takes to solve the problem (measured in minutes or seconds) - increases constantly and smoothly over time ...
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2answers
56 views

What is there in learning to ride a bicycle? [closed]

Why do we need to learn to ride a bicycle? We just need to pedal and move the handle. I don't think balancing needs to be learnt. What is the thing we need to learn to ride a bicycle or is it just ...
6
votes
1answer
310 views

Does mindful meditation inhibit diffuse thinking (aka default mode network), creativity and make studying less effective?

Barbara Oakley's "Learning how to Learn" and "Mindshift" courses claim that having some break time in which diffuse mode thinking (afaik it's the same as default mode network) is active between study ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Learning In Retina

Most of the sources studying retina seem to suggest that retinal connectome is hardwired and species dependent (like specialized vertical movement detector in small rodents). I couldn't find a single ...
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0answers
35 views

Discovery Learning vs. Inductive Learning vs. Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning [duplicate]

Discovery learning: Novak and Cañas (2008) define discovery learning as a type of learning in which the "individual discerns patterns or regularities in events or objects and recognizes these as the ...
3
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1answer
107 views

What is the best time-effective study technique? [duplicate]

What is the most effective way to study? For instance, assume a student has the following 4 classes in parallel: 1- C++ & Data-structure 2- Logic Design 3- Linear Algebra 4- Integration Should ...
5
votes
1answer
584 views

Implicit Learning vs. Latent Learning

Sawyer (2005) defines "Implicit Learning" as: Implicit learning refers to situations in which complex information is acquired effortlessly (without a conscious effort), and the resulting knowledge ...
1
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1answer
136 views

The Art of Teaching: What are the most effective & proven methods for successfully imparting a concept/idea to another

I'm aware this is a bit of a general question & subjectively broad. It's that way on purpose. It felt like cogsci was the best place for this question and I couldn't find anything really like it ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Why does paraphrasing result in failure to obtain the spacing effect?

Dempster, F. N. (1988). The spacing effect: A case study in the failure to apply the results of psychological research. American Psychologist, 43(8), 627 explains that: One implication of this ...
6
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1answer
82 views

Is there a limit on the rate at which incoming information can be comprehended?

I recently started a course on "Speed Reading", which aim is to read faster whilst holding the level of comprehension constant (so not to its detriment, but not aimed at improving comprehension either)...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning

I have seen both of these in different research publications, but after searching for a while, I was not able to find the difference. I'll appreciate it if you explain the difference and give me some ...
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0answers
29 views

Which is more true about learning? [closed]

I think / guess using multiple sources for education / learning is much better than using one source; I mean by source, visual, auditory, etc... So at best I could learn from a person face-to-face, ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

I have difficulties to understand fear as a response to a stimuli. In my view fear occurs as a anticipation of a possible threat in the (nearby) future. Fear prepares the organism so that it can react ...
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0answers
273 views

Is the order of stimulus pairings in second order conditioning relevant? [closed]

In second order conditioning next to a CS1 + US also a CS2 + CS1 association is learned so that also CS2 will cause a CR. Is the order in which the stimuli associations are learned (CS1 + US and CS2 + ...