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Questions tagged [learning]

For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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Which role does memorization play in mathematics?

What is the scientific consensus on the role of memorization in subjects like mathematics? I'm not interested in calculation based mathematics but rather proof based mathematics here. How does a ...
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Which neurodevelopmental disorders constitute learning disabilities?

I am actually looking at DSM-5 but I cannot find any exhaustive or otherwise comprehensive list or explicit association of which neurodevelopmental disorders are also learning disabilities.
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72 views

How are desires explained by molecular biology? [closed]

This question is mainly about neurochemistry and molecular neuroscience! Clarification supposedly suggested by Arnon Weinberg. I thoroughly and extensively read Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, ...
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Does studying multiples subjects in parallel effect performance?

Researches shown that multitasking is really bad. But, does studying multiple subjects in parallel comes under it? Is it okay to switch between the subjects (mathematics, physics, biology, ....) In ...
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2answers
83 views

Is “Incremental learning” pseudo-science?

I've recently come across the following article: http://www.super-memory.com/help/il_full.htm The author makes the claim that "Incremental learning" is the best way of learning and goes as far as to ...
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29 views

How does the brain manage to find its own training examples to train itself to see? [closed]

In computer vision is very common to use supervised tasks, where datasets have to be manually annotated by humans. Some examples are object classification (class labels), detection (bounding boxes) ...
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1answer
18 views

Is there a reliable memory-retention guidance chart?

As discussed here reliability of some charts are dubious. I would like to use such a chart for studying purposes and am looking for something peer-reviewed or as factual as possible. Does it exist?
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1answer
69 views

Is there a proper name of learning by experience (i.e. feeling something subconsciously)?

We all know about these two ways of learning: Rote learning (by mechanically repeating something to remember it). Learning by understanding (by understanding the logic behind something). But I ...
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1answer
46 views

In which way does what you do right after class affect knowledge retention?

For example going for a walk in the woods right after the class sounds like a much better idea than to binge watch 5 Rick & Morty episodes... but why? In which way do your right-after-class ...
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1answer
38 views

Is practice more effective if spaced over time?

Example: Say Alice and Bob want to learn to pride a bike. Alice practices for an hour every day. Bob practices for 7 hours each saturday. They are both getting the same amount of practice. Which of ...
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1answer
67 views

Does the Rubik's Cube increase mental ability?

Does becoming efficient in the cube help build your brain to be able to do other tasks better? What tasks and how?
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56 views

Do we think in language?

Can we think i.e. process the input data without relying on linguistic structures? All knowledge between human is either spoken or written. When we see something, it contributes towards the ...
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51 views

Can extrinsic rewards successfully sustain habits in the long-term?

With 2019 right around the corner, I've been reading about forming successful habits. Many non-academic sources (and Charles Duhigg's popular book The Power of Habit) have advocated for pairing a cue ...
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1answer
117 views

Is is possible to “delete” a memory permanently?

If cognitive memory is compared to computer memory, then is it possible to purposefully and permanently forget a specific memory, using known technologies and methodologies?
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Since we know the 5ht2a receptor impacts learning efficiency why has stimulating it not been tried for alleviating learning disabilities?

If you go on wikipedia or do a search on Google you can quickly find a bunch of articles on the importance of serotonin for impacting the efficacy of learning. Experiments have been run in mice for ...
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1answer
101 views

Can one learn not to panic? How?

It's always impressive to listen to the professionalism of a commercial pilot communicating in a crisis situation, apparently remaining calm and in control in terrifying circumstances, with terrible ...
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2answers
204 views

How are the brains of mathematicians different from typical people?

As a biomedical sciences student who also minors in Mathematics, I am often amazed by some of my classmates who really appear to be born for Mathematics (with regards to both their abilities and ...
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How will the pet therapy aid the child with autism?

As a Special Education Teacher at ACCEL, behaviors of individuals with autism has been remarkably consistent over time with the help of ABA therapy services, which include pet therapy and ...
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46 views

Is the perception of drawings an acquired skill?

Most descriptions of visual perception explain how our brains interpret incoming visual stimuli (via feature detection, monocular depth cues, etc.). They then assume that the same process works for ...
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2answers
74 views

Why can't we learn what we don't like?

The school system as we know it, is & has been shaping students to fit the system which they live in and throughout this process, the students are forced to learn(mostly memorize) subjects which ...
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0answers
21 views

Scientific evidence about studying and learning strategies [duplicate]

As many of you, I'm trying to improve learning strategies. I've tried mnemotecnics, breaking study-time into small chunks, and going for a walk when stuck with maths, physics or chemistry problems. ...
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2answers
82 views

Effectiveness of “non-focused” learning

Is anything known how effective is "non-focused" learning. For example when I am focused on something else (watching TV, doing work in the office) while listening to language learning material (words ...
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1answer
55 views

Cognitive Effects of studying for the LSAT?

Is this study/article scientifically valid. http://news.berkeley.edu/2012/08/22/intense-prep-for-law-school-admissions-test-alters-brain-structure/
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2answers
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What determines whether sensitization or desensitization occurs?

I am familiar with desensitization. For example, if you are afraid of driving, driving every day will eventually reduce your fear, desensitizing you. But today I came across another concept, that of ...
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1answer
76 views

Can't we teach other intelligent animals “complex” languages?

I assume I'm not the first person to think about this, but I find this idea very useful, and if it works it would really be a major breakthrough (IMO, more important than getting to space). Animals ...
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Can you teach an old human new tricks? [closed]

I'm not sure if this is on topic here, but, there's a common phrase 'You can't teach an old dog new tricks'. This is commonly used as an observation about human behaviour, in that you can expect ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the learning/memory type which requires active contribution called?

I observed I best memorize information when I actively compile it into meaningful hierarchy. That encompasses creating PowerPoint presentations, explaining the topic to someone or writing summaries. I ...
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1answer
70 views

What can be the causes of the difference in performance?

The box-plot above represents the number of programming tasks performed correctly in 30 minutes during an experiment by me. Each box represents an age group: p1 = 6 - 7 years old p2 = 7 - 8 years old ...
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2answers
138 views

Is there a non-interactive alternative to the concept of SuperMemo/spaced repetition?

I recently wrote an open-source application that lets you practice Chinese writing and the decisions I made about its inner workings were related to my theories of how human memory works. I'm not sure ...
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1answer
45 views

Is there research to prove that humans achieve more when challenging ourselves or when we challenge others?

Given that there is a single player game, let's say, Tetris. I play the game for 5 days and my friend is also playing the game for 5 days. At the end of the 5 days we would like to see who has the ...
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1answer
76 views

Scientific articles linking personal-professional growth

I am writing an allegation letter to obtain funds to enroll in an activity for personal development, although the frame in which I ask for the finds is in "transversal activities related to research ...
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1answer
104 views

Is there any evidence for the cell assembly?

What is a cell assembly? In Principles of Neural Science Eric Kandel, and colleagues wrote: After this strengthening has occurred, a group of three neurons that are strongly coupled by excitatory ...
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0answers
13 views

How do children learn the grammatical rules of counting?

Up to the number twelve it is simply a case of learning a sequence. "one, two, three, ...,twelve" From 13..19, it's adding the word "teen" after a number but sometimes with certain changes e.g. "...
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39 views

Rubik's Cube and building 3D visualization abilities

I recently picked up a Rubik's Cube, intending to refine my ability to mentally work with three-dimensional representations. But it seems there are two ways of solving the Cube: just play and play ...
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1answer
68 views

Do we know a priori any rules about the world?

1) Is there any set of rules that human beings or, more generally, other sentient living beings know a priori before any learning process? In other words, do sentient living beings always were born ...
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29 views

How does the brain learn and execute causal reasoning for short-term and long-term planning?

What does state-of-the-art neuroscience research say about the way the brain learns and performs causal reasoning when it has to come up with short-term and long-term plans in order to achieve a ...
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24 views

How to increase transference on the classroom

During the last times I've been quite interested in the phenomena of transference, which in the context of teaching means transference of knowledge. More than anything, the change of times mainly ...
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141 views

Hermann Ebbinghaus and spaced repetition algorithms

I was reading about Hermann Ebbinghaus. He became interested in experimental psychology which led him to conduct memory experiments on himself which then resulted in the publication of his book: "...
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29 views

Has the optimal learning speed been studied?

My question is whether learning at "supernatural" speeds has been studied, in particular in relation to content retention and what are some research papers on this topic. To clarify, one example of ...
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2answers
311 views

Research on teaching / learning methods for personality types

I was reading research on learning approaches and the big five personality traits, and was wondering if anyone can recommend existing research on the most effective learning methods for each ...
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1answer
98 views

Why do I perform better at rhythm games after a long period of not playing?

Every once in a while I decide to play Phase Shift (very similar to Guitar Hero). I might go weeks or months between plays, but when I return, I often break a high score within the first few songs I ...
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1answer
40 views

Resources for learning how best to learn fine motor skills

I am interested in learning how best to learn a fine motor skill, in this case, playing a musical instrument. Presumably there are more or less effective ways to go about it. Possible factors that I ...
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2answers
76 views

Importance of colors in learning process?

I am starting a graduating project that is an interactive software for learning programming with an animated interface. To be more specific, it's a software that should help students learning how to ...
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31 views

If demyelination doesn't typically occur, what happens when a musician doesn't practice for a month?

In "The Talent Code," the author makes this statement: What's the simplest way to diminish the skills of a superstar talent? The answer: don't let them practice for a month. Causing skill to ...
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Mirror neurons in different ape & child rearing

Somewhere in the the past I saw a study talking about a type of ape that raises it's young in creches, unlike chimpanzees which at most carefully choose occasional babysitters. The study made the case ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is conditioned taste aversion an example of classical conditioning (rather than operant)?

The internet seems to be in complete agreement that conditioned taste aversion is an example of classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. My (admittedly limited) understanding of classical conditioning is ...
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134 views

What are the differences between Cognitive, Psycho-linguistic, and Behavioral approaches to learning?

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around cognitive, psycholinguistic, and behaviorist learning acquisition methods in the context of second language acquisition. I don't really understand their ...
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1answer
191 views

Why is Biological plausibility in Machine Learning important?

I have found that many authors of machine learning papers, that employ the Hebbian learning rule, refer to the biological plausibility of it, as one of the arguments to use it instead of the well ...
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2answers
11k views

If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

Let’s say that two or more babies/infants from the age of 0 were put in an environment without the affection of adults to teach them how to speak. Would the babies after 13 or so years develop their ...