Questions tagged [learning]

For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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What part of brain learns/controls finger motion?

I am learning instruments and am sometimes amazed at how hard a seemingly simple thing like raising two different sets of fingers after one another can be. I wonder how the brain learns this? Is it ...
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Alternative metrics to assess test validity/reliability

I have two versions of calculating a score for a test (which assesses how well they perform a task). One takes into account the difficulty of the items, the other does not. These tests are ...
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2 votes
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Can people learn without examples? [closed]

When learning various topics (math comes to mind as a good example), to what extent is information retained/understood affected by whether or not examples of the concept or process are provided? For ...
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How reliable is this self-administered Mensa IQ test?

I found a Mensa challenge test, which can be taken for free on the Mensa website and involves answering 35 problems within 25 mins. They do mention that it is only for entertainment purposes, but ...
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After focusing for a long time, why do certain activities have the effect of refreshing or rejuvenating your mind?

If you've been studying or otherwise engaging in mental work, there are certain activities which are often recommended to "refresh your mind" when you are tired. Here are some common ...
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Has criminal-related research been conducted regarding critical childhood experiences/adverse turning points for individuals who commit murder?

I've conducted some basic research regarding criminology and the work of criminal psychologists. From what I've concluded, the focus of these studies are primarily related to determining why specific ...
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On Hebbian learning rule's weight update

I'm trying to program a Hebbian learning rule for a simple fully connected deep neural network (DNN), which is structured as: $$z_i = W_iy_{i-1}+b_i$$ and $$y_i = g(z_i)$$ Based on Hebbian learning ...
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Is there a correlation between long-term memory and academic success in STEM?

There are underlying fundamentals and first principles, especially in STEM that continue to be built upon but can get neglected and forgotten over time without practice. Obviously having a great ...
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1 vote
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At what age does logical reasoning typically develop?

Mathematics appears to be almost entirely neglected in early childhood learning. As both a mathematics teacher and father home-schooling his four-year-old daughter, I am particularly focused on ...
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Is there any white noise available while learning?

I personally found that it may be useful to use white noise while studying. Although there are many available white noise over sever websites in internet. I can't access their credibility. Is there ...
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How does social interaction affect the decrease in performance when multitasking?

A well known effect of multitasking is that if you have to switch to do another one, then your performance of both will decrease, in compared to the performance when you do them separately. FYI: ...
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Is there anything short I can read on the difference between learning something as an adult vs as a child?

Is there anything short I can read on the difference between learning something as an adult vs as a child? Learning a language, or mathematics, or facts, whatever.
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Where and why would "skill" not increase monotonically with time invested?

I'm a fan of games and activities with steep learning curves and high skill ceilings, and very precarious lines between success and failure. Such success may not be strictly linear or predictable (e.g....
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A self-motivational technique - authorization of results - looking for origins

I have recently read an article that describes a technique called "authorization of results". The technique suggests a particular protocol of self-reviewing any achieved result of a ...
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Effect of having false confidence because of confusion of familiarity and knowledge

What is the name of the effect which causes one to skip information that feel familiar during learning due to the confusion of familiarity and knowledge?
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What is "required reading" in training that describe mechanisms behind learning?

I've previously studied spiking neural networks in the context of machine learning applications and I'm interested in gaining a better understanding of the biology of the brain. My goal is to ...
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Why do we need to know why something is needed or relevant?

I have been doing some research for my thesis and one of the subjects I am researching is motivation. Something that I've generally noticed is that if we do not find something relevant or needed for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why is the last part(transmit) of the Feynman learning technique optional?

I read some articles about The Feynman Learning Technique but I don't know why the fourth part, transmit, is optional? From my perspective, the implementation part should be more important because the ...
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Fluid Intelligence vs Crystallized Intelligence

I understand that there are two kinds of intelligence, and I had figured that out even without learning about it in Psychology. One that you pick-up or learn from your experiences and education etc......
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Is there any relevance of diet on learning?

I'm curious about the current research and literature on the effects of diet on learning. Cause myelin is supposed important for myelination, which is relevant for learning according to "The ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
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How does understanding happens

What are the psychological basis of understanding a subject. I have observed cases where a person inanxiety reads a chapter of a book and doesn't grasp anything after 1 hour. The same person was given ...
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When learning a subject by working on a problem set, what is the optimal amount of time to spend on a problem?

In STEM courses, students solve problems in problem sets, as a way to learn through practice. Answers are often provided for some problems (e.g., the odd numbered problems in a textbook) and not for ...
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Is there a neurological explanation of acquired tastes?

People acquire tastes through exposure. This includes the "mere exposure effect" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mere-exposure_effect). Also, music heard more often are more likely to sound ...
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Are food rewards a good long term learning strategy?

This could be a question for parenting SE, but I am looking to understand the mechanism, so I am looking for a core answer from a psychological perspective; without all of the cultural noise that ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Motor skill: Let speed come naturally?

I've commonly heard that when practising a motor skill, one should start slow with correct form and one shouldn't force speed. Rather, let speed come naturally. I believe this but I can't find a ...
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Is there a Brain Mechanism for Reluctance of Studying?

For example, it could be the case that a person has less Acetylcholine, a key hormone that enables/helps to establish connection between neurons, so, the person has to go through more hardship to ...
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Does reading sentences one by one contributes to better comprehension of the text?

Does reading sentences one by one beside a picture (as shown in this video of this project) contributes to better comprehension of the text, due to better readability, focus and other factors? In ...
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What is the difference between conditioning and learning?

The more I think about the difference between learning and Pavlovian conditioning, the more I'm unable to see how they differ. Even though in theory associative learning is just a portion of learning. ...
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Applying the "easy to difficult" approach in car driving lessons

I've been wondering, why isn't the "easy to difficult" approach the norm in car driving lessons. For example, first learning all that can be learnt on a car simulator, then driving a ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Is survival instinct trained from pain or born with?

So are instincts such as not touching fire or don’t touch sharp points trained out because we felt pain from them first (or heard it’ll bring pain from other)? Or are those instinct born with us?
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How to keep a highly active mind satisfied? [closed]

How can you keep a highly active mind satisfied? Even more specifically: when one has tried many ways to learn but seemingly runs out of new things to learn about or do, at an older age, After ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Personality at Birth

What factors determine the personality of a newborn baby? Do all newborns exhibit identical behaviour? If not, are genetics responsible for the differences? References consulted so far: Is ...
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Can Krashen's Input Hypotheses be applied to areas other than Language Acquisition?

Background Stephen Krashen and Tracy Tarrell have given an interesting approach to learning new languages which they call Natural Approach. In this approach, they bring the naturalistic approach of ...
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Alternative hypotheses to Hebb's rule

I was reading on wikipedia that there are exceptions to the hebbian rule, and I was curious about the possibilities of other hypotheses of how learning occur in the brain. So I would like to know: ...
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7 votes
5 answers
394 views

Which function to use for fitting learning curves?

Background I am fitting learning curves for cochlear implant (CI) users. These folks get a CI, and then need to start learning to understand speech again. They keep on improving for years. Along the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
141 views

Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the neuroscientific difference between learning/memorizing and understanding in the brain?

I'm trying to understand how our brains - neurons or other chemical processes work in regards to learning/ memorizing and understanding. I found a lot of "theoretical" discussions on the topic- e.g. ...
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Is it possible to convince a group of people that they master something, when they in fact don't?

Is it possible to prove that a bunch of individuals were (or could be) convinced to be good at something (even really difficult), but it was in fact their illusion of knowledge? Here's a bit more ...
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Which are some good books to research spaced repetition and long term memory?

I am developing an application to help students remember what they learn. But I need deeper and more grounded research in topics of: Spaced repetition / Revision Forgetting Curve Long term memory ...
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1 answer
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Predisposition toward organizing information in a hierarchical manner?

I understand someone why we like hierarchical social structures today. They are present across virtually all cultures and we've used them for a very long time. However, it appears we also gravitate ...
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What happens to a nueron on a cellular level when stimulated by an electrode?

Considering Elon Musk's new Nueralink, the original Utah Array, and what happens to an individual nueron with long term potentiation, what happens to a nueron on a cellular level (and consequently ...
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Neocortical potentiation vs slow wave memory consolidation in narcolepsy

Activity in the neocortex of the brain is significantly reduced during slow wave sleep. The general theory is that during that during this period of time memory consolidation occurs. Individuals with ...
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4 votes
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Can any person develop an interest in anything?

As a more specific version of my previous question, I'd like to know if an interest in anything can be developed in any person. Let us assume the person has the following: Sufficient motivation to ...
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1 vote
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Are there psychological traits that predict that a person will be good at acting?

I'd like to know if there are psychological traits that predict that a person will be good at acting. And, if psychology can say something about this , which aspects of acting can mostly be taught and ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Why would someone state that "self-esteem doesn't exist"?

In the video "Self-esteem Doesn't Exist, the author Jordan Peterson clearly seems to argue he doesn't believe in self-esteem, given the title of the talk. However, I do not notice him mentioning ...
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Are behaviourist practices and/or principles still valid and useful?

I understand how behaviorism is outdated for not considering the brain processes and cognition as ultimately responsible for memory and learning. Nevertheless, after reading Learning Theories: An ...
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1 answer
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How to learn how humans behave? [closed]

I have decided to study psychology as a hobby. I want it to understand better people that I am interacting with. Specifically, I want to know: Why humans talk / behave in certain ways? How they think ...
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5 votes
1 answer
112 views

Early STEM Education Impact

I'm looking to find studies that examine when STEM education is most critical (e.g. what years of early STEM education have a significant impact on college/uni-level students, as measured by their IQs/...
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1 vote
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Common latent feature among all "memory techniques"

So I've been delving into "memory techniques" and people who compete in memory competitions(memorizing and reciting a poem in a small amount of time, memorizing a deck of cards, memorizing pi, etc). I'...
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