Questions tagged [methodology]

For questions about experimental and theoretical methods, procedures, and tools used while conducting research in the cognitive sciences.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Can some one operate 15 points lower during some part of the day and then return to normal?

Few days back I took an IQ test (online mensa norway) and found my IQ score to be 85. I actually had my IQ professionally tested 16 months ago by a psychologist when I was 18, and found out that I am ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Correlation used as explanatory device in ''The neuroscience of Intelligence'

I am currently reading Dr. Richard Haier's book The Neuroscience of Intelligence. I have a base knowledge of statistics, but I am confused about the following extract from page 80 (chapter 2.4): ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

How can one detect ACC, PCC or any other medial cortical activity with MEG or EEG if it's inside the brain?

Been reading some research involving various brain imaging techniques and it's not my strong point. Really, if the electrodes or SQUIDS measure surface activity, how does one measure what's going on ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Excluding psychometry and interview methods, is there any physical or molecular method that can confirm mild autism?

ASD is a set of very much heterogeneous symptoms with some common characteristics like lack of eye contact, lack of social guesswork, difficulty in learning unwritten social norms or conventions, ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Methods to find patterns or correlations in MEA spike trains

I am looking for methods currently used to analyze micro-electrode arrays spike trains and figure out patterns, as repeated sequences of activation or spacial correlations. I know about ISI ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How to determine which scale to use: Nominal vs Interval?

I am currently working on immersion and how it can be quantified. One of the problems I have run into is how to determine which scale to use? I have performed a literature review but have not ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Is there a list of large-scale, free datasets with psychological variables?

Psychologists are not using large, existing, free data to its potential. We don't know what exists, what it contains, or how to use it without a huge investment. Secondary analysis of large, open ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

May somebody use oddball paradigm solely for psychophysical studies?

I'm an undergraduate linguistics student with a strong interest in cognitive psychology of visual attention. Nowadays, I'm studying on an undergraduate research project in which I'm planning to use ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Averaging features in NetStation

Does anyone know any resources on how to look at the averages of first and the second part of an ERP experiment?
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Books on Statistics in R for behavioral data analysis

Are there any statistics books geared towards teaching behavioral data analysis especially in psycholinguistics?
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

correction for multiple comparison over many ROIs

I would like to know how to correct a p value of a stiatistic when the same test was run over multiple regions of interest. The modality is MEG. So, I have 4 Regions Of Interests, and I ran the same ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

Does anyone have R code for analyzing skin conductance data?

Similar question here Open-source software for analyzing Electrodermal activity But with no R code answers provided, and the online EDA explorer appears to be unavailable now. I am looking for code ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

What time range between 2 measures for test-retest reliability?

How much time between 2 measurements is needed (at least / at most) to be called test-retest reliability? Concrete casus: I am planning a meta-analysis on reliability of various loneliness scales. We ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

What speaker is commonly used for low-latency audio stimulation

We need to purchase a new speaker for audio ERP study, so the sound should be played in lowest possible latency with lowest possible jitter. I have seen quite a few suggestion on the OS/driver/sound ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Is there a specified way to shorten the number of questions in an instrument/questionnaire?

If you have found a fitting instrument that measures your interest and has been validated but is a bit too long, what can you do to shorten it? Edit: How do you reduce the number of questions ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

How to control subject's response bias in 2-interval force choice task

I am using a two-interval force choice (2IFC) task to estimate detection threshold and choose an appropriate signal level for my following experiment, by estimating sensitivity ($d'$) for each signal ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

Fit a psychometric function when the maximum is not 100% (not because of lapse)

I found that currently the form of psychometric function assumes that the proportion correct lies between 0.5-1 given the range of stimulus level, but how to fit a psychometric function when the ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

Getting useful readings out of GSR sensors while moving?

I'm currently thinking about a project that would involve using a GSR sensor and an Arduino (Probably the Grove GSR Sensor) to measure Stress levels in a person. It will not be a research project, ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

How to answer questions that don't seem to be possible to be answered on a Strongly disagree - Strongly agree scale and what's their point?

I'm continuously being perplexed by psychological tests that display a lot of questions that don't seem to be able to be answered in a simplistic ways, but nevertheless simplistic answers are demanded....
2
votes
0answers
20 views

How to crowdsource behaviour across > 100.000 humans while each human only solves a very short task (< 10 sec)

I'd like to carry out a behavioural experiment that involves humans classifying a very simple image into one of two classes and there is no right or wrong answer. For the question of the study it is ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Confidence rating in cognitive experiments

Does a confidence rating included in a post task measure the likelihood of correctness to the answer or likelihood of occurrence of an event. To give an example: participants are given a picture of ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Recommended resources (journals, blogs, etc) for nurturing a background of statistical/methodological rigour in behavioural science research?

Background : There seems to considerable debate regarding the output of psychological research lacking a) appropriate, rigourous statistical treatment of data b) replicability As a second year ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

What's the best way to calculate an index score based on reaction time, variance and accuracy?

Say I have a go/no-go task and my output data includes 3 parameters: average reaction time, variance of reaction time, and number of errors. I want to composite all of the parameters into a single ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Is it okay to use “fixed number of factors” in EFA after contradicting results from MAP test and eigenvalues?

I need help with my data analysis. I am using a non-validated translated questionnaire in my survey. The purpose of it is not to validate the measure in a different language and its construct validity,...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What is the difference between mathematical psychology and quantitative psychology? [closed]

Upon researching this question I realized that there are many graduate programs in quantitative psychology, but not too many for mathematical psychology. If you know of any universities that offer ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

How to report a quasi-experiment in APA?

As one reads the psychology literature (e.g. social psychology), it seems to me, and I hope I'm not wrong, that such a discipline is highly dependent on quasi experiments (correct me if I'm wrong ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

How to design psychology tests for concept formation?

I've read many papers on concepts, but their tests are sparsely described or abstractly mentioned. I want to test for classic, prototype and exemplar theories. How do you approach the problem? Some ...
4
votes
0answers
26 views

Timing accuracy in presentation of videos with different frame rates (with COGENT)

For our fMRI study we want to present videos of 3 seconds duration. The videos have different frame rates: 48 videos were recorded with 50 fps 16 videos were recorded with 25fps 64 videos were ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Somatosensory evoked potentials

I am wondering what the best EEG recording montage is to use for recording of electrically evoked somatosensory evoked potentials after median nerve stimulation?
4
votes
2answers
96 views

Reason for Inter-stimulus-Interval in psychology studies

In many of the studies that I have read or participated in, I have seen that they show a blank screen between two stimuli. For example, in a study by Cohen et al. (2017), a training paradigm was used ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

In general, how does one resolve two competing theories in Psychology?

In looking at a post on twitter from a somewhat well-known psychologist Tal Yarkoni, he references a paper which lists multiple sets of competing theories in Psychology that have not been resolved. ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Raven Progressive Matrix: why's my chosen square wrong?

Source: Intelligence and How to Get It: Why Schools and Cultures Count (2009). pp. 7-8.   The example that the problem-solver must follow is set up by the two figures in the top row of the ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

What does fMRI data look like after pre-processing?

I wish to know what fMRI data looks like after preprocessing. My Understanding My understanding is that fMRI is MRI in time dimension that is we have repeated scans of brain volume. A voxel is a ...
5
votes
2answers
370 views

How do you randomize within a Qualtrics form without breaking timing?

My current survey has a number of blocks. Each of those blocks contains a bunch of questions, each on their own page with a page break, and each with an associated timing question to limit time spent ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

How do Terence Tao's “three stages of rigorousness” relate to cognitive science?

This is an excerpt from There’s more to mathematics than rigour and proofs of Terrence Tao: The “pre-rigorous” stage, in which mathematics is taught in an informal, intuitive manner, based on ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Is it recommendable to put participants in different conditions across trials?

In a pilot study we want to give participants 3 different problems. Those come in two versions, one (supposedly) easier than the other. Participants will randomly be assigned one version of the ...
5
votes
3answers
100 views

Should I look at the data of an experiment before the dataset is complete?

For a research internship I am running psychological experiments online. As it takes a while until the experiment is done (meaning that enough people participated, so that a sufficient sample size is ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How can I take the Token Test?

I want to take the Token Test Is there some website where I can take the test for free? Alternatively, is there some simple guide to how the test works so I can re-create it?
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Is synchronization between the MRI scanner and the stimulus presentation necessary for every trial?

I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated facial emotion expressions. I've seen a lot of studies that synchronize the ...
3
votes
0answers
154 views

PSE with Palamedes or Psignifit

I have used a Cumulative Gaussian function to fit the data I got from a 2AFC experiment. How can I calculate the point of subjective equality using the Palamedes toolbox for matlab or the psignifit ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

How do different emotional intensity ratings within a condition influence the comparison across different conditions in an event-related fMRI task?

I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated expressions. For this, we recorded videos of 4 different actors posing fearful ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the best unobtrusive and objective method to measure mental workload?

What is the current research/industry standard on measuring mental workload using objective measurements (e.g. EEG, eye-tracking)? Do you have any suggestions for specific tools and techniques? Are ...
4
votes
1answer
254 views

How exactly does transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) work?

The method of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) involves the flow of electric charge from a positive electrode to a negative one. This method is not exactly a stimulation method because ...
1
vote
2answers
322 views

Platforms to make online experiments with counterbalancing

There are a number of different interfaces to make an place experiments online, e.g. in questions Software for online psychological experiments that don't require users to download anything or ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

Can a bipolar EEG signal be converted to a monopolar (unipolar) one?

I have bipolar EEG signal of Fpz-Cz of EEG sleep data which I have downloaded from physionet. I would like to have Fpz signal for my sleep study. Is there any way I could convert a bipolar EEG signal ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the most robust method for peer grading?

I intend to provide a group task for 30 people, split into 5 or 6 groups. Ultimately, I want them to assess which group delivered the best result (after presenting results in front of other groups) ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

(Ekmans' Atlas of Emotions) What meaning (if any) can be deduced from the geometry of the “mountain” depicting a given emotion?

I have recently discovered that the Atlas of Emotions may be a useful tool in a research project I am working on. While lovely to look at, the Atlas seems to lack any description of the data encoded ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Gamifying surveys by measuring the ability to discern popular taste

I am working on a crowdsourcing platform where participants are given a set of choices between two items (for instance, books or movies). Out of each pair, they are to select an item which they think ...