Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Are there surveys and results on degree of support for different theories of consciousness with correlations to demographic or other characteristics?

I am looking for two things that I an unable to find. A "survey" or "quiz" that attempts to determine the degree one's support for various theories of consciousness. I could ...
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How can we measure the levels of Frustration?

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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What are some activities that can help me improve my self esteem? [closed]

I constantly struggle with maintaining healthy levels of self esteem. I exercise once a week, go to school, read books, listen to music, and do other things that make me happy, but I can't ever seem ...
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Is there a type of verbal paraphasia where you say the total opposite of what you mean? [closed]

When I'm stressed out or anxious while trying to get words out, I have the tendency to use opposite words, sometimes without even realizing that I said the opposite word (ex: "good" and &...
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System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
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Progressing Emotional Regulation through the 4 stages of competence

As you activate the parasympathetic nervous system through meditation your overall emotional regulation drastically improves. But as you activate the PNS in this aspect are you accelerating your ...
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What are common ideas to resolve a cognitive dissonance in which the belief is realistic but causes problems for “coping with the world”?

If we assume that there is no extrinsic meaning in life (objectively speaking), it follows that one needs to have intrinsic values to make one's life meaningful. However, an objective observation of ...
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The right mindset?

Me and Person X differ in many ways, i'm not sure which mindset I should follow. Which is considered right or is a winning mindset? When going for a run, X sets a goal of 10km, once X completes 10km, ...
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1answer
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How action potential is generated while dreaming

I would like to know what generates the action potential in the brain areas that is relevant to dreaming, since our sensory nervous systems don't work (or do they?). What else can generate the action ...
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How do I complete and report a Generalised Linear Mixed model from SPSS into APA?

I'm trying to learn how to do GLMM for my phd in psychology. I was intending to do a mixed model ANOVA, but the GLMM allows me to consider more variables simultaneously and so I have decided to go ...
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29 views

Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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Is the symbolic meaning of dark/black and light/white innate in humans?

Dark/black and light/white have symbolic meanings(1, 2). Dark/black represents, among others: Grief, evil, mystery (often with hidden threats), lack of knowledge, etc. Light/white represtents, among ...
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Revenge attitude: is it innate or acquired in human

I am trying to understand what is the root cause for revenge? I understand anger is caused by the gap between expectation/anticipation and the reality. But as to revenge, I am not satisfied just with ...
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1answer
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Relationships Between Specific Behavioral Characteristics Associated With Clinical Diagnosis of Narcissists & Sociopaths

In the past 3½ decades, I've discussed, read, and studied a significant number of mental health practitioner claims, random anecdotal experiences, and clinical study abstract summaries & reports ...
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How can we make the most of a cramming session?

While spaced repetition would be ideal, if we are forced into a situation requiring cramming, how can we maximize the short term benefit? Consider a hypothetical scenario: I am locked in an isolated ...
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2answers
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Why does the Elaboration Likelihood Model not account for truthfulness of the message?

This is a sample problem with the answer I am stuck on: Question: According to the elaboration likelihood model, which of the following does NOT predict whether a message will be persuasive? A....
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Why is self-deception necessary to better deceive others?

Robert Trivers argues that we deceive ourselves in order to better deceive others, in part because self-deception can reduce unconscious body signals of lying (von Hippel & Trivers, 2011). On ...
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1answer
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Sublimation & Cathexis

I was aware about a term called Sublimation. Recently, I came along a word called Cathexis. After looking for its meaning in the dictionary, I realised, that it is not the synonym of Sublimation ...
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Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Have there been any studies or are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in ...
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Question about the left-brain interpreter characteristic

I got to know the concept that the left hemisphere of the brain has the ability to infer conclsions about the world, even if the information on which it relays is not necessarily valid, from ...
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1answer
47 views

Can Someone Explain How Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence was Discovered?

How do we eve know that fluid and crystallized intelligence exists? It's a proposed framework of how our mind works that was proposed by Raymond Cattell in 1963 and further developed by his student, ...
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Why are the sensations from different senses perceived joint? [duplicate]

Why are all the sensations from different senses all perceived joint and not everyone separately? Obviously, all the sensations are in the same physical classical system, if not, when we die, ...
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1answer
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Is there any formal understanding of how humans perceive humanity/vitality in other entities?

When humans watch animations which contain human-like characters in them, we seem to imagine that the animated individuals, whether they be photorealistic or mere stick figures, are human, or at least ...
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1answer
29 views

Predisposition toward organizing information in a hierarchical manner?

I understand someone why we like hierarchical social structures today. They are present across virtually all cultures and we've used them for a very long time. However, it appears we also gravitate ...
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1answer
24 views

Bias caused by the opinion of a famous person on matters they are not well-educated on?

What is the name of the bias caused by the fame of a person on subject matters they are not experts on? E.g: If a celebrity they like talks about climate change, people might tend to read, discuss, ...
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133 views

Name of cognitive bias that causes experts to overestimate their ability in other areas?

Is there a name for a cognitive bias that causes people who have been successful in one area to be overconfident in their level of knowledge / ability in another unrelated area? It's related to the ...
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Long term effects of speaking & reading aloud while cutting yourself off from the auditory input

What are the long term effects of reading and talking out loud and while you can't hear the actual sound? Reading aloud increases your memory retention via the the production effect. But that ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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Are there any distinctions in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits?

Are there any epistemological differences in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits? Meaning, are there any justified distinctions concerning the usage of these words in ...
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177 views

What psychological methods exist for dealing with uncertainty?

Curious in finding out if there have been any psychological studies done on uncertainty & what the results of those studies have been. Have there been any frameworks or methodologies on combating ...
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1answer
32 views

Can eye tracking be used as a form of biofeedback?

I'm an occasional meditator and I've noticed that conceptual thought often produces eye movements, and I'm curious if anyone has tried using eye movements as a form of biofeedback. The Muse headset ...
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1answer
56 views

Humans don't understand the accumulation of small numbers - what is this phenomena called?

I find that if you tell someone to give you 20$ vs. giving you 1$ everyday for 20 days - people react differently. Similarly ...
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1answer
55 views

Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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1answer
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What is the name of inattention/autopilot phenomenon that results in 'swapping out' errors

Suppose I am doing the laundry while simultaneously taking out the trash, so am carrying a bag of dirty clothes in one hand and a bag of rubbish in the other. I might be on autopilot where I lift up ...
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Beginner Psychology book recommendation [duplicate]

Iam looking for a way to find out if psychology would be the right topic for my studies. While I talked to alot of people and feel like it would be for me I want to start learning about the topic at ...
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1answer
36 views

Why does an image seem smaller or larger through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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1answer
27 views

How to assess the effect of individual difference measure on quadratic fit of a within-subject factor?

In my task, there are 8 levels of a within-subjects/repeated measure factor. The overall relationship that this factor has with the DV is in the shape of an inverted-U, such that their DV scores at ...
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~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as “others”?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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In extremely stressful or high-pressure situations, how can people remain calm and complete the task at hand proficiently?

Interested to see studies completed regarding the question asked. Considering the question, there are two situations in mind. Where the particular stressful event is of a very short timespan, ...
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12 views

Why does an image seem smaller through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Is “Do X, not Y” worse for memory than simply “do X”?

I'm curious if saying "Do X, not Y" or "Don't do Y, do X" can introduce an extra hurdle into remembering which one to do, rather than just saying "Do X". If later you're trying to remember "Did he say ...
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23 views

How does number sense develop in blind people?

From what I understand about number sense and numerical cognition, the visual system is heavily involved in the approximate number system and the object tracking system, which are at the root of ...
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14 views

What are the cognitive abilites required for strategy games?

I assume that the cognitive abilities required for most strategy-centric games are more or less same. It is also observed that they have certain intersection with cognitive abilities required for some ...
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25 views

Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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28 views

Can talking therapy help with severe delusions?

A delusion is a firm and fixed belief based on inadequate grounds not amenable to rational argument or evidence to contrary, not in sync with regional, cultural and educational background. I ...
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25 views

Effects of psychologist's language in therapies of personal disorders

Is there a dominant opinion about the positve or negative effects of explicitly naming the diagnosed disease and the observed symptoms (in the language of the psychologist) in the therapy of ...
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1answer
41 views

Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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What is some proofreading meme that shows we cannot detect the double words?

I had once seen a meme about proofreading that clearly demonstrates our brain cannot detect the double words and it also took several times of reading to realize it. I wonder if someone having that ...
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Reducing smoking and mental health benefits

Recently I noticed improved mental health (better mood, better cognition? more energy) after reducing smoking.Is it backed up by research? I know stopping smoking is, but reducing? http://www....

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