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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Logic (cognition) in the scientific method? [on hold]

How do scientists use logic in the context of the scientific method? For example does Sherlock Holmes use logic to find facts? Or does he gather all the facts, hypothesize and then use logic to ...
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1answer
26 views

Could a failure of condensed inner speech be linked to slowed cognition?

Could a failure of "condensed inner speech" be linked to slowed cognition? It is a type of inner voice, and as conceptualized by Fernyhough it involves the capacity to think in terms of pure ...
2
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1answer
21 views

Effects of subliminal messaging

From what I've read up thus far, subliminal messages do have some sort of 'influence' over our decisions or atleast our thought process, to some extent. To what extent if any is the human mind or ...
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8 views

Why aren't cognitive deviations used in diagnosing say schizophrenia or Cluster B Personality Disorders?

I've read that when it comes to some cognitive functions, Borderline Personality Disorder is more closely correlated with problems than Schizophrenia, yet I think there is no significant reference to ...
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0answers
11 views

How do we imagine a mammal? [duplicate]

Say we have a sentence like, "Yesterday, I saw a giant mammal." Or, "The monkey ate a piece of fruit". These things are impossible to visualise. Because, for example, a mammal could be a big yellow ...
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0answers
12 views

Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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0answers
11 views

How can I learn Integrated information Theory

I'm looking for a syllabus for Integrated Information Theory that could help a non-scientists learn all the fundamental concepts required to fully understand IIT It looks like it involves statistics, ...
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0answers
72 views

How do we get science interested in formal logic as a model of the logic of the human mind? [migrated]

To the extent that deductive logic is thought of as a capacity of the human brain, and to the extent that formal logic is meant to be a model of it, I believe a scientific approach is badly needed. ...
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0answers
22 views

Psychology of guessing number of objects

Someone I know is a pretty good guesser. One day we had a guessing contest, and went around the house guessing how many objects were in different containers. I was surprised that I was outperformed ...
2
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0answers
27 views

Can you prevent your biases from swaying your logic if you're aware of them?

As in the title. Assuming you are aware of all your biases,and how they interact with your ideas, can you foresee how your biases will warp your judgement or logic, and stop that from happening? ...
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0answers
23 views

Should I make all my decisions standing up?

Does the brain work better: ...sitting rather than lying down. ...standing rather than sitting. ...walking rather than standing. I have found this research, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/...
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0answers
22 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
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1answer
43 views

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one?

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one? Is there a name for this phenomenon and research supporting it?
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1answer
53 views

Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”?

Theory of Mind involves understanding another person's knowledge, beliefs, emotions, and intentions and applying that knowledge to navigate the social world.
2
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1answer
51 views

What is it called when you imagine what other people would say or do in a certain situation?

For example, some Christians say that to know how to act, we just need to "imagine how Jesus would act in this situation." The same goes for people we know personally, as in: "What will my boss say ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Will acquiring a second language improves the person's general intelligence and reading?

According to this information will acquiring a second language improves the person's general intelligence and reading, even if the individual started learning and have learned it after the age of 18? ...
3
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2answers
41 views

If 10 words are presented at the same time, is it still considered a 'free recall' test?

I'm a little bit confused about the definition of a free recall test. According to Wikipedia: Items are usually presented one at a time for a short duration, ... If 10 items are presented at the ...
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0answers
21 views

Mental stress inducing task

Mental arithmetic stress test is used widely to induce mental stress in laboratories. Can this test induce stress to those who are really good at mental calculation or enjoy mental math?
2
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1answer
100 views

What is the evolutionary advantage of being embarrassed?

What I am trying to understand is why do I feel embarrassed in certain situation. E.g. when I'm talking to people, why do I think about being judged or sounding stupid that would result me in ...
4
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0answers
27 views

Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
3
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2answers
96 views

Analysis of accuracy data?

I have accuracy data, where every subject gives a correct, i.e. 1 or wrong, i.e. 0 answer. However every subject performs 190 trials in each session, with 10 sessions in total. To analyze the data I ...
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3answers
61 views

What is the term for the rhetorical, “How hard could it be?”

I looked through the wikipedia page listing cognitive biases looking for a bias that describes the tendency to assume a poorly understood problem must be simple. Planning fallacy is kind of in the ...
4
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1answer
53 views

How to improve working memory in adults?

Think Better on Your Feet: How to Improve Your Working Memory in: A Man's Life, Money & Career Brett and Kate McKay • September 20, 2016, Last updated: October 17, 2018 https://www.artofmanliness....
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1answer
56 views

Is there a specific term for the notion of storing “algorithms” in human memory?

It seems to me that there is a pretty sharp distinction between storing a "fact" like "Chickens are birds" and storing an algorithm or routine like "how to multiply two 3-digit numbers". I find the ...
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1answer
22 views

Ritalin for treating attention and lack of focus in depression

I’d like to know if there’s research about the use of ritalin for treating attention deficit in Major Depression Disorder.
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0answers
20 views

In Transactional Analysis, how can one kill or at least voice down the “Critical Parent” ego state?

The Parent ego state is like a tape recorder full of pre- judged, prejudiced, pre-programmed statements. These "taped" statements can get activated while we are in our Adult or Child and then we can ...
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0answers
29 views

How long it would take to form a conceptual framework to justify a belief? [duplicate]

From what I understand, the reason to set 1 week as the time between two therapy sessions is for the clients to do homework, which can be: take notes on recursive thoughts and emotions, remember ...
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0answers
33 views

How is illusory superiority reconciled with the false-consensus effect?

On one hand, people often seem to exhibit various forms of illusory [self-]superiority, perhaps the best known example of that being the Dunning–Kruger effect. On the other hand, the false consensus ...
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0answers
42 views

What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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2answers
43 views

Getting upset from the creation of your own imagination [closed]

Lets say I got angry at someone who did/said something wrong. Even after this angry interaction with this person is finished, I noticed I continue to express my negative reaction in my head creating ...
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0answers
17 views

Which neurodevelopmental disorders constitute learning disabilities?

I am actually looking at DSM-5 but I cannot find any exhaustive or otherwise comprehensive list or explicit association of which neurodevelopmental disorders are also learning disabilities.
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1answer
110 views

What does White guilt feel like, how does it socially manifest itself & is it treatable?

White guilt would appear to be a genuine phenomenon which only White people can ever experience - and yet many people deny that it exists, at all, or that it is a form of phoney Liberalism or, worse, "...
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1answer
19 views

Is there any research of spelling errors from a dual-process theory perspective?

Checking the rather comprehensive but somewhat dated 2008 review of Evans on dual-process theories, I didn't see anything about [mis]spelling. But it seems to me an obvious thing to investigate ...
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0answers
31 views

Is there some cognitive test besides (visual) working memory in which some animals are superior to humans?

Assuming the research of Matsuzawa et al. (2007) (see also BBC video (2013)) isn't misleading, are there any other cognitive areas where chimpanzees (or other primates) have been observed to surpass ...
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0answers
20 views

In what contexts is loss aversion least controversial?

Loss aversion (and related phenomena like the endowment effect) are somewhat controversial, it seems; from Wikipedia: Recently, studies have questioned the existence of loss aversion. In several ...
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0answers
23 views

Operant Conditioning for reducing Rumination

Has operating conditioning been a useful tool for extinguishing rumination? If so, what is a typical training procedure for extinguishing rumination? I'm looking for something like, first train the ...
7
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1answer
96 views

How do you predict a cognitive bias theoretically using dual process theory?

Disclaimer: I am a complete layman in psychology, with no education in the field whatsoever. This question was prompted by my reading Kahneman's "Thinking Fast and Slow", in which he discusses the ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome

According to HealthLine, Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome, known clinically as Pycnodysostosis (PYCD) can cause difficulty with mental processes, though intelligence is not usually affected GARD also ...
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0answers
34 views

What are the neuroscience research findings on the importance of breaks in cognitive function and specifically learning?

When I say breaks I mean breaks between periods of the same course, breaks between two distinct courses, single days of, weekends, couple days of, few days of, longer periods of holidays of duration ...
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0answers
64 views

How to prepare when entering the field of Psychology from a professional UX background?

I come from a Computer Science and professional User Experience (UX) Design background and I'll soon be starting an MSc conversion course in Psychology. My interest is to understand human behaviour ...
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0answers
14 views

What questions can I ask someone to help them overcome the negative belief “whatever happens to me is going to be a big turmoil”? [closed]

Suppose a person has a strong negative belief that whatever happens to his life is going to cause him a big turmoil. Then this person interprets all events from the view of this belief. The result is ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Why does THC or CBD give me a mental boost?

Studies have shown significant reduction in seizures in babies to adults when taking marijuana. I would call that amazing but what does it do in improving cognitive abilities in normal people? I ...
3
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0answers
26 views

Is there any evidence that the Dunning-Kruger Effect applies to self-appraisals of soundness or reasonableness of judgement?

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the peculiar phenomenon wherein those with the lowest ability also have impaired metacognition, resulting in a peculiar overestimation of their ability e.g. stupid person ...
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0answers
19 views

Was one my subtest score on a test battery invalid? [closed]

I realise this may be an unusual case, but long story short I managed to get hold of an intelligence testing software often used for job screening etc. Its called the MAB-II its modelled after the ...
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0answers
10 views

Set of uncorrelated cognitive tests for self quantification and tracking

I self track partly to optimize intelligence and productivity. Cognitive tests are good proxy of both. I tried all the tests in "time of day" experiment at quantified-mind and many seem to test the ...
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0answers
40 views

Are there any career(s)/career fields that are advantageous for people with Asperger's in “theory”?

What is the psychology/cognitive validity of this post reply for this question on Quora? "Most certainly, professions involving creating automation for processes that seem random. Hence, ...
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0answers
7 views

is interference control responsible for sensory sensitivities?

In practice, reduced interference control looks like difficulties with screening out background noise, visual distractors etc. does this account for sensory sensitives found in e.g. ASD? Or is that a ...
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0answers
16 views

Falling back/relapse how come?

Is anything (a term perhaps) in psychology which explains the quick backsliding or reverting into old, learned and familiar habits, ways, behaviour (traits), relapse-type situations? How come we we'...
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0answers
28 views

In the dual process theory, how are the two systems interact with each other?

From my understanding about cognitive psychology and social psychology, the whole route from when people meet new unknown thing to when they making judgement about it is like this: First people ...
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0answers
11 views

Have there been any right-hemisphere-dominant split-brain-patients?

Do any case studies of right-hemisphere dominant individuals who have undergone a severance of the corpus callosum exist? Thanks.