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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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How is fear different from disgust?

We know that what we consider as unfavorable for us, we learn to avoid through conditioning. Things we are afraid of, and things we are disgusted by are both unfavorable at the core. Why are they then ...
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1answer
29 views

Yes-No question in 2AFC staircase test

I understand the task of a 2AFC test is to select one of the two stimuli presented (e.g. the stronger one), whereas in Yes-No test there is only one stimulus presented. But is it ok to ask a Yes-No ...
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The minimum time between two stimuli in divided attention studies?

I am conducting a study on divided attention. I set the time between two stimuli to 16 ms. However, I have to base it on the literature. How many milliseconds can be reacted to a task that requires ...
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How true are Jordan Peterson's claims on IQ tests?

Disclaimer: I am aware that this topic has the potential of becoming high political, but I have asked it nevertheless in order to receive some clarification on the subject. Please back all of your ...
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Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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Averaging a linear or nonlinear function treatment

In a hypothetical PET study, my sample consists of a clinical population which exhibit brain hypermetabolism. I divide my sample into two homogenous groups. One receives a treatment whereas the other ...
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43 views

Does framing effect have to have something to do with decision making?

For example, in this paper, the researchers manipulate the framing of the question asked (e.g. tell me the extent that this symbol means something good vs. bad) and obtained different results when the ...
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1answer
41 views

Volition v.s. Cognitive Control v.s. Motivational Salience

The concepts of volition, cognitive control, and motivational salience, seem quite similar. From the perspective of layman, they all seem to mean "the extent to which your goals influence your ...
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how can I improve my memory? [duplicate]

I am a computer science student and I recently started to self-study. I completed a book on data structures and another on algorithms and I pretty much remember and understand everything that I have ...
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1answer
42 views

Why fear is the opposite of desire and not disgust?

Wikipedia page on desire has the following passage: A 2008 study by the University of Michigan indicated that, while humans experience desire and fear as psychological opposites, they share the ...
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22 views

Why do we dream? [duplicate]

Most of the people have their own imagination and most of them dream about many things and some time dream about those things which they have never seen, so how we will define the fact that why do we ...
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People who only believe what they personally experience

I read a lot of science articles / threads, and occasionally conspiracy theorists will jump in and state how they can't believe some amazing aspect of the universe because they haven't experienced it. ...
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1answer
49 views

Early foreign language experience and ease of learning foreign languages

I've been wondering recently about the factors that affect the process of learning foreign languages. Specifically, whether early contact and experiences with a foreign language can have any impact on ...
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1answer
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how to train our brain to always use left part for thinking & deciding things?

how to train our brain to always use left part for thinking & deciding things? How do I not take emotional decisions
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When reading a handwriting, is cognitive ease only based on the difficulty to read the letters or it also depends on how pretty they are?

In other words, does a pretty handwriting cause more cognitive ease on the reader than an ugly one even if the ugly one is easier to understand? What has a bigger influence on cognitive ease when ...
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Term for being able to do deep thinking when performing menial, repetitive tasks?

What is the term (acronym) for the ability to focus on a thought or think up an idea when doing tasks like washing the dishes or showering?
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64 views

relative achievement reinforcing views on self-efficacy

What is the impact of relative achievement in a topic on self-efficacy in that topic. For example I have the same self-efficacy in two subjects X and Y and sit tests in both. I get more questions ...
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2answers
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System 1 and 2 thinking and unconcious

Research says there is system 1 and 2 thinking. My question is how is system and and 2 thinking related to unconcious mind? Can we say for example system 1 thinking is unconcious mind?
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2answers
66 views

Effectiveness of “non-focused” learning

Is anything known how effective is "non-focused" learning. For example when I am focused on something else (watching TV, doing work in the office) while listening to language learning material (words ...
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101 views

Will studying formal logic improves logical reasoning?

Reason for asking question: I am looking to see if there is any good empirical evidence or study that shows or suggests that studying former logic or maybe informal logic would actually improve ...
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1answer
45 views

Cognitive Effects of studying for the LSAT?

Is this study/article scientifically valid. http://news.berkeley.edu/2012/08/22/intense-prep-for-law-school-admissions-test-alters-brain-structure/
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1answer
38 views

Does similar writing style tell us the writers are similar with respect to some measure/perspective?

Does similar writing style in small texts such as on Twitter or long texts such as articles/novels tell us anything about similarity between "thinking process" OR "personality" OR "writing ...
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1answer
45 views

Why is the theory of mind named as such?

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions,...
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1answer
55 views

Emotional energy exchange between bodies?

I'm not sure on which platform to ask this question: Is it possible to exchange emotional energy between two bodies via acts of goodwill? Two examples of acts of goodwill are: Help someone with their ...
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1answer
57 views

How to help an adult that has grown up, but was unloved by their parents? [closed]

Is there anything that can be done to support a person that was raised without any love from their parents? Does it help to make them feel loved, or does rather that core hurt need to be tackled? In ...
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How come sleeping during the day induces lucid dreaming and sleep paralysis later on at night? [closed]

I've noticed that when I sleep during the daytime (even if it's for as little as 5 minutes), later on that night I won't simply fall asleep normally. I'll begin to fall asleep aware of the entire ...
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1answer
33 views

Kinetic synesthesia evoked by abstract thoughts?

Can the experience of movement when mentally visualizing the network/structure of the code of a complex application, and the information that flows through the network as a programmer be a kind of ...
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39 views

dyslexia and crystallized intelligence

I read somewhere that a higher intelligent person with dyslexia is more likely to overcome their issues (I wish I had my sources sorry). is this because despite damages to the lexical and sub-lexical ...
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43 views

Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...
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26 views

To what extent is xenophobia not selective?

I read in the The Economist that in most countries, anti-Semitism rises or falls in concert with nationalism and identity politics. David Feldman of the Pears Institute notes the importance of “...
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1answer
48 views

What is the learning/memory type which requires active contribution called?

I observed I best memorize information when I actively compile it into meaningful hierarchy. That encompasses creating PowerPoint presentations, explaining the topic to someone or writing summaries. I ...
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1answer
42 views

Why do errors such as typos happen?

Why do typos happen? Why do we sometimes type the same word right, and sometimes wrong? For the same reason, why does a player of Flappy Bird for instance crash at pipe 138? Why not any of the 137 ...
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1answer
52 views

Where can I find recent research on the role of context effect in perception of similarity?

BACKGROUND. I’m writing a paper on the role of similarity in the theories of concept empiricism developed by the British Empiricists Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, and how the idea of context effect from ...
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2answers
84 views

Is there a non-interactive alternative to the concept of SuperMemo/spaced repetition?

I recently wrote an open-source application that lets you practice Chinese writing and the decisions I made about its inner workings were related to my theories of how human memory works. I'm not sure ...
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30 views

Compendium of questions in the Kahneman/Tversky Heuristics and Biases tradition

It's well known that many of Tversky and Kahneman's studies (and many studies of their followers) involved giving questions of the following general type to subjects. Linda is 31 years old, single, ...
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34 views

Resources on Cognitive Dissonance?

Not sure how long these are supposed to be, but I'm just curious if there are any highly cited/respected papers out there on cognitive dissonance and its relation to cross-dominance and mental ilness? ...
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1answer
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How do I choose the correct sigma when applying a Gaussian filter to a fixation density map?

I am currently analysing some eye tracking data which I recorded in the lab. For my fixation density maps I calculate tables showing the number of times participants made a fixation at a specific ...
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0answers
30 views

is the mind naturally conditioned to visualize the worst case to keep the body safe?

Mind has the ability to visualize something dangerous to keep the body safe, I would like to know are humans naturally built in such a way or do we learn to do so as we grow? I have found that ...
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1answer
30 views

What's the best way to calculate an index score based on reaction time, variance and accuracy?

Say I have a go/no-go task and my output data includes 3 parameters: average reaction time, variance of reaction time, and number of errors. I want to composite all of the parameters into a single ...
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1answer
33 views

Is it possible getting into vegetative state by yourself? [closed]

Had a very crazy and intense dream last night where I swapped between different stages of dream depth which actually also included dreaming about the actual place where I was sleeping within a dream ...
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2answers
115 views

Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
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1answer
56 views

What is the bias that arises because a thing is way more common than the rest?

So I have a sentence: Hence this option is free of abundance bias I've made up the phrase "abundance bias" and I want to replace it with the proper scientific term....
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Writing the wrong word down? [duplicate]

I’ve noticed I’ve regularly ended up typing words that are completely different to what I meant to write but sound vaguely similar. For example, I’ve don’t it with the word ‘whole’ when I meant to ...
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1answer
459 views

To what extent does AFQT correlate with IQ?

Wikipedia has a pretty non-informative page as to the nature of the (US) Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) as it mostly talks of results ranges etc. What I could descipher from there is it that ...
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1answer
500 views

What is the name of the bias that associate a thing as good because it has a relation to another good thing?

A customer buys X from "brand A" and has positive experience with it. "Brand A" also sells Y. Now the customer things it is good to buy Y because of his/her positive experience with buying X from ...
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1answer
72 views

Scientific articles linking personal-professional growth

I am writing an allegation letter to obtain funds to enroll in an activity for personal development, although the frame in which I ask for the finds is in "transversal activities related to research ...
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2answers
735 views

Does practicing Ravens Progressive Matrices tests inflate your IQ score?

I'm 16 years old and a year ago I got obsessed about IQ. I took a Raven IQ test and scored 115. Then during the autumn and winter of last year I took some more IQ tests using RPM and scored 126 on ...
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1answer
66 views

Are there any types of meditation/mindfulness intervention not starting with breathing exercises?

It occurs to me that all meditation/mindfulness practice starts with focusing attention on breathing by either counting breaths or simply feel the sensation of the airflow (Baer, 2003). Eventually, ...
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1answer
105 views

What is the neurophysiology of a thought?

PURPOSE 1) To find out if there is evidence in favor of one of Hebb's claim. In is book "The Organization of Behavior" he claimed that cell assemblies are the physiological foundation of thought. ...
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1answer
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Research on how problem, presented in practical, real world format, is solved much more easily?

I read a description of this phenomenon in a book (can't remember which one). Basically, if a problem is presented in a dry, academic format, it's MUCH more difficult to solve than a problem ...