Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Does cognitive psychology define motivation in terms of information processing?

I recently asked a question on the biology.stackexchange.com that if an amoeba showed "avoidance" behavior which this constitute a "motivation" to avoid something. Within a biology ...
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How does one overcome negative subconcious beliefs?

Let's say for instance there is some topic $Y$, and maybe one has some negative feelings about it. And, one doesn't feel good that they feel negatively about $Y$, so they make a concious effort to ...
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Is there a proper psychological term to describe "integrity" i.e. acting according to ones convictions/values?

Im trying to find out (for a paper) if there is a link between not being able to act according to ones own values, due to abuse or other factors, and depression. My issue is that the only term I can ...
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How to choose the correct tool for cognitive assessment?

As a part of my research project, I would need to screen for cognitive dysfunction among outdoor patients in my hospital. (I am new to this field) If anyone could suggest (&why) the most suited ...
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How does psychological exhaustion work?

Let's say I am studying a subject X. I believe as the time spent on the subject X increases, the marginal rate of knowledge gained per unit time decreases to almost nothing. This reduce is associated ...
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Should the noise stimulus in 2IFC task be same or different in each single trial?

Consider a 2-interval forced-choice task with noisy background stimulus, for example, detecting a particular feature in a noisy image, or detecting coherent motion in randomly moving dots. The goal is ...
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Are there efficient CBT apps?

Recall that CBT is an abbreviation for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, one of well recognised and common therapies, used to treat depression among other things. While reading the well known CBT self-...
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Is there a proper term for describing when a person gives up?

Ive come across apathy, learned helplessness and "give up itis". The last of which is exactly what Im looking for, however it seems to invariably involve death. Is there a psychological term ...
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What kind of statistical analysis is suitable for this simple but unresearched data?

The data is regarding the perceived roundedness of given word stimuli (n=36). Each participant (n=44) rates each stimuli on two scales, roundedness & familiarity (both from 1-7 not round (sharp)/...
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Simulating accuracy according to a predictor variable? (R)

I'm trying to illustrate a proof-of-concept by simulating some data in RStudio, but I'm not totally sure how to go about the first part of the simulation -- modelling response accuracy. Basically: I ...
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What causes people to over-estimate small proportions and under-estimate large proportions?

I don't think this is a duplicate of What causes systematic under- or over-estimation of general knowledge quantities?, as the accepted (and only) answer doesn't answer this question. YouGovAmerica ...
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Recent cognitive science research on ambiguity and learning mathematics?

I am taking a graduate cognitive science course, but cognitive science is not my main area of focus. The methods I primarily use to study mathematics learning/education are within the realm of ...
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Can some people be selectively psycopathic/sociopathic towards a specific race/ethnicity of people?

Psycopaths tend to display remorselessbess while normal people don't. But imagine 18th century USA, where Slaves were considered lower than animals. Or consider, a modern day college group, where ...
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What are the psychological mechanisms that make lonely/people with weak identity etc more at risk to radicalisation/abuse

Im wondering what psychological mechanisms are at play here? Why are these people more receptive to being bullshitted and mistreated because they have a weaker sense of identity? Prior research: ...
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Does psychological health relate to cognitive ability?

I think every person is in a state between depressed and happy. Sometimes due to life experience swinging from one side to another. My question is, does cognitive ability change based on one's ...
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Are there any studies/theories or papers that address a link between novel environments and psychological well-being?

I've been trying to find a reference supporting that new environments without familiar stimuli can cause psychological distress. And prolonged staying in said environment can put a person at risk of ...
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What is dissociation?

When searching the internet for a definitive description of what dissociation is, I get a mixture of results which confuses. Wikipedia states: Dissociation, as a concept that has been developed over ...
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Proxemics - In search of a paper

Hello I am looking for a paper related to Proxemics study That show that we pay more attention of sudden movements that are closer, than the sudden movements that are far away I've already searched ...
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Has neuroscience yet proved that antisocial humans think in terms of anything resembling moral circuitry when targeting their victims? [closed]

Popular philosopher Frederich Wilhelm Nietzsche hypothesized and theorized that there are two core languages of moralities, rather than 'morality'. These languages are the master morality, and the ...
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Why do we feel inclined to doodle on paper when talking over the phone but not when talking in person?

Introduction: Revisiting an earlier theme about "mind complementary activities", as I would call them, it dawned on me that the classical example of how doodling on paper complements talking ...
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Are unannounced tests unexpected by participants?

I was looking into whether unannounced (memory) tests were actually unexpected by participants, and if the benefits accredited to unannounced tests are well-founded. Considering that students are ...
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E-Prime Adaptive Stop Signal

I was wondering if someone had an E-Prime program for the adaptive stop signal task (i.e., the ability to adaptively change the stop signal delay depending on participant responses). Unfortunately the ...
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How seriously is the hedonic treadmill taken among psychologists?

To me the notion seems somewhat counter intuitive to suggest a person who lives a normal life, is then placed in a situation where for example theyre subjected to constant abuse and fear, would adapt ...
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Doubt about diffused mode

Is the diffuse mode (the default mode network) basically mind wandering mode(daydreaming mode) recruits neurons within the prefrontal cortex in addition to the cingulate, joining them to the ...
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Is there any reference on how accurately people can answer comparison questions?

Have any lab experiments taken place on how accurately people answer comparison questions such as "Do you prefer A to B? or "Which one do you prefer? A or B?"
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Why does music resonate with everyone? [duplicate]

Why do humans have a predisposition to finding meaning in listening to music? One would imagine this not to be the case since we evolved as visual animals with a natural inclination to reading facial ...
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Helping out someone related to the field

I'm a complete layman when it comes to psychology, but I've just thought about this: is it more difficult to help someone who's knowledgeable in psychology and is suffering from mental issues? PS I ...
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Is it better to having a mixed response or polarized response for behavior change?

Suppose there is some sort of behavior by a person which is linked to judgement by a large number of people, for example: Engaging in a stack exchange site Engaging in a public play/ speech Creating ...
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Self improvement with psychological poisoning?

In the movie Taxi Driver, Travis Bickle is potrayed to go into a state where he becomes very disciplined and motivated but at the same time losing his sanity (he is doing this to kill someone). This ...
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How does curvature of our eye affect our perception of the world?

The front part of the eye which can allow light to enter is a bit curved, so shouldn't this cause us to see a curved distorted version of reality when it is really not there? Is there any way to ...
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New methods of treatment of psychological trauma?

Classical methods of psychological treatment of trauma help many people, but there is always a percentage of the patients those are can’t be healed with classical methods like Drug interventions, ...
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in this attentional blink experiment why is the second letter visible when the lag is low but not when the lag is high

this image is from the book Consciousness and the Brain by Stanislas Dehaene the book describes the image as follows : The attentional blink illustrates the temporal limitations of conscious ...
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How to get rid of certain thoughts?

A popular claim is that "intrusive, unwanted thoughts rebound, or reoccur when suppressed" ... That's not the case for me most times. I wonder if there is an opposite side that argues ...
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Is there any validity to the correlation between fluid intelligence and frequency of hand gestures in verbal communication?

Question: Is there any conclusive research showing any significant correlation with the above pair of variables? If there is a correlation, what other more significant covariate could perhaps be ...
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Default Mode Network and: hyper-connectivity, hypo-connectivity, interconnectivity and intraconnectivity

I have been reading into DMN and its relationship to psychopathology. However, in some papers I have noticed terminology that mentioned hypo-,hyper-,inter-, and intraconnectivity. While I understand ...
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Are correlations between intelligence domains expected to increase or decrease over childhood and adolescence?

I've been reading a lot of different theories about how intelligence develops over childhood and adolescence, and I'm wondering about one specific aspect of it: The change or stability of the ...
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What are the models/theories concerned with different in thinking types?

I have heard of the differences between analytical, synthetic and integrated thinking, often brought up as the qualitative differences correlated with IQ ranges, as opposed to the otherwise ...
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Given unlimited time can any Raven's Matrix Reasoning problem be solved by anyone?

I know untimed tests exist, but they're still under the constraint of testing people that have lives to get to. People have jobs, loved ones, classes to go to, lives to live, and as such even untimed ...
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Are psychological phenomenon real? [duplicate]

The symptoms that characterizes one as having a particular psychological phenomenon relies on a subjective analysis of a set of variables, e.g., imposter syndrome, it is not clear what constitutes &...
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Why are we more averse to negativity?

There is a tendency for humans to be more sensitive to negative emotion rather than positive — something very positive will generally have less of an impact on a person's behaviour and cognition than ...
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Is there any evidence that symbols are used for deductive reasoning?

A school of thought proposes that humans use symbolic representations (abstraction) for deductive reasoning. Others claim that abstraction is emotion-centric and that there is no plausible evidence ...
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What is the causal relationship between Adaptability and long term life success? [closed]

Adhering to the Big Five: Plasticity, being comprised of openness to experiences and extraversion, involves dispositions toward exploration, flexibility, adapting to novel situations, questioning ...
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Identifying cause of differing drive in similar situations

I am a software developer. I absolutely love what I do and I am very good at it. I have a strong work ethic. When I go to work, I work the full time, I am highly productive and engaged for the entire ...
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How reliable is this self-administered Mensa IQ test?

I found a Mensa challenge test, which can be taken for free on the Mensa website and involves answering 35 problems within 25 mins. They do mention that it is only for entertainment purposes, but ...
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Does subtask repetition lessen cognitive overhead?

I'm looking for a source to cite. I'm working on mathematical expressions that re-use the same subexpression multiple times. Intuitively someone reading such an expression only needs to understand a ...
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Are there results on the null hypothesis of the "surgeon operating on my son" question?

There is a common question used to demonstrate the power of implicit assumptions about gender roles in our society. Including it here for reference: A man and his son had a terrible car accident and ...
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Can our dreams tell us anything useful about ourselves?

This question is related to What is the current "accepted" science behind dream interpretation?, but here I am asking something more specific. Dream reports, also known as sleep mentation ...
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What do experts consider best mental techniques to avoid succumbing to temptations?

The Internet offers conflicting advice on how to resist temptations. For example, this article stresses the importance of willpower: Animals appear to obey their appetites in the moment; people — at ...
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Why do Many People Tend to Think That Natural Things are Better than Artificial? [closed]

It is common for some people to think that natural things and products are better while many artificial products are seen as bad. Why are many people subjects to this fallacy? What in our psychology ...
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Why do people dislike something? [duplicate]

Suppose a person sees a guy wearung red Tshirt and a pink trouser. At a first glance he disliked that combination of outfit, while another person beside him liked the combination. So why did this ...
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