Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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If a person with Parkinson's disease is young at 20 years of age [closed]

If a person with Parkinson's disease is young at 20 years of age, what should he do to get rid of it and what are its causes?
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Why is rumination bad for purely obsessional OCD?

If ruminating eventually leads to someone systematically being able to explain to him/herself (to a reasonable degree) how every scenario may turn out if the intrusive thought happens / is true to the ...
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“First page of google” phenomenon: What’s this called?

First, I’d like to preface by saying I’m not sure if this is the proper place to ask this question. This was the best place I could think of. If its not or if there is a better stack exchange site to ...
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What could measuring the N400 response to stimuli of inconsistent stereotypes tell us?

I'm working on a project proposal for a class on intergroup relations and thought this might be interesting to observe. Participants would be shown consistent stereotypical video clips (e.g. Asian's ...
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In an experiment with animated stimuli, should I accept answers during Animation Time and count it into the Response Time?

In an experimental task where the response time is an important variable to compare two groups with different conditions, and there are animated stimuli (movement), should the response be accepted ...
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Effect of having false confidence because of confusion of familiarity and knowledge

What is the name of the effect which causes one to skip information that feel familiar during learning due to the confusion of familiarity and knowledge?
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Does nostalgia contribute to overrating past experiences?

We all have something in our lives that we are sentimental about, and even a glimpse of that object/idea can bring back happy memories. And nostalgia makes the remembrances of those experiences feel ...
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Is a neurocongitive test invalid if self administered

Assuming the test was not designed to be self administered, could bias be introduced in such a way as to make the results invalid? Would the results be biased upwards or downwards or simply impossible ...
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Do people promote conditionals to counterfactuals if they disbelieve the premises?

This is a claim from philosophy/logic intro textbook, but it is making factual statements about how people process conditionals when the premises contradict their beliefs: ‘It’s not the case that, if ...
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Can we comprehensively know other humans purely from internet and book?

When we were kids, even a fellow kid from next neighborhood seemed to be mysterious and awe inspiring to us, especially if we had some hunch that he or she was rich. But as we grew up, we learnt so ...
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Why do we need to know why something is needed or relevant?

I have been doing some research for my thesis and one of the subjects I am researching is motivation. Something that I've generally noticed is that if we do not find something relevant or needed for ...
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Can the administration of self-report measures of craving prompt participants with addiction to experience craving during the experiment?

My research focuses on measuring the neural correlates (through resting-state EEG) pre-post an improvisational music therapy session (MT sessions) in clients with substance misuse. One of my variable ...
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Gestalt Principles of Perception

I have studied that Gestalt Principles are principles/laws of human perception that describe how humans group similar elements, recognize patterns, and simplify complex images when we perceive objects....
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Is there a cognitive bias that makes people consider information coming from someone they don't like as more likely to be wrong?

Frequently I noticed this happening with people. When A dislikes B, A tends to think B is wrong all the time. And it seems to be persistent, even when B is proven correct multiple times, it doesn't ...
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Memory Retention of [submininal] information

How effective is memory retention of [subliminal] information when specifically focusing your attention on a different focal point? I.e... If I attempt to retain information from a lecture by playing ...
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About Tracking the psychological defense mechanism

I am searching to find about the method of understanding the reason of being unconsciousness of the psychological defense mechanism, as described here: In psychoanalytic theory, a defence mechanism (...
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How does loneliness impair intelligence?

With the appearance of covid-19 and the measures that many governments have took to decrease the infection rates of their governing populations loneliness has become more common. I myself find it ...
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How does twitter allow certain people to perform mass manipulation?

Recently we have seen many billionaires doing mass manipulation with the use of twitter. Is there any line of research of the categories of manipulation these people are doing on twitter?
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Can someone get mentally retarded suddenly?

Can someone, after having anger to a large level or anxiety to a large level, develop mental retardation? In simple words, can someone being normal and mental sound, become mentally retarded in just a ...
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What is the best online therapeutic intervention, in psychological support in higher education?

With the threat of COVID-19, many jobs became home office and in many universities the teaching had to be readjusted to the online universe. Advances have been achieved in terms of digital ...
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What are Frameworks for emotions?

I have been fascinated by Pultchicks wheel of emotion and how it puts emotions into polar opposites and gives ways to combine emotions to derive others or break down a particular emotion to its ...
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How far into the future can humans accurately predict a periodic event?

I know the question is ambiguous, so let me elaborate: imagine that you're given a task (e.g., read a text) while subjected to a series of auditory stimuli, e.g., a train of noise bursts of the same ...
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Losing self-control during drug rehab

Is there any research or theories which can prove that exercising too much self control can lead to losing one's self-control regardless the work or activity a person engages into? From an article in ...
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Why do we use relative signals and not absolute signals with EEG?

Most EEG machines use a system based upon differential amplifiers to enhance the signal, a basic differential amplifier has 2 inputs and one output. the device takes 2 signals and outputs the ...
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1answer
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Do people have an innate preference to take matters into their own hands?

People usually want to make their own decisions. Those looking for spouses often listen to their inner romantic instincts and reject advice from more experienced people. Drivers are skeptical about ...
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How does understanding happens

What are the psychological basis of understanding a subject. I have observed cases where a person inanxiety reads a chapter of a book and doesn't grasp anything after 1 hour. The same person was given ...
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Is Eratomanic delusion just a type of Grandiose delusion?

Our professor taught us about these two delusions and upon further thinking I feel that Eratomania may just be a sub-part of Grandiose disorder. If this is the case then why are these studied as ...
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Which area of psychology studies false beliefs?

Imagine a person has some false beliefs, which are also reflected then in his actions: I don't want to interact with people because I don't trust them and 90% of time they will betray me If I form ...
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Convenient CBT Questionnaires

I have recently done CBT and I am finding a lot of value in the ABCD detective method for myself https://www.cci.health.wa.gov.au/-/media/CCI/Consumer-Modules/Back-from-The-Bluez/Back-from-the-Bluez---...
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Practical Suggestions for Ambiguous Stimuli for Categorization Experiment

Does anyone have a suggestion of the kind of stimuli I could use for a categorization experiment that needs a range of clearly defined and a range of ambiguous stimuli? I need to produce both a range ...
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Educational Resources on construction of Unstructure/Information Integration categorization experiments?

I am currently trying reproduce, for learning purposes only, an experiment on the procedural learning of unstructured categories[1]. I have read the article reporting the experiment and some other ...
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What is the difference between Cognitive Bias and Cognitive distortion?

I was asked by my professor to give a presentation on the topic "Cognitive biases and distortions" and during my prep I had this question. Could anyone please shed some light? I tried ...
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What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
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Name of the psychological effect that make us see correlation that may not exist

After 51 years, the "Z-340" cypher text from "Zodiac" serial killer has been solved: https://edition.cnn.com/2020/12/11/us/zodiac-killer-cypher-340-code-trnd/index.html Now that we ...
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Does the brain possess mechanisms to spot a feedback loop of self-induced negative sensation and relief?

Imagine a person has random psychosomatic itching and applies an ointment which brings relief. Could their brain wrongly assosiate the process that causes the itching as good as it brought relief? As ...
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Is it possible to feel an emotion and simultaneously observe it? Are there studies regarding this, and terms related to it?

I’ve been thinking about this in regards to empathy, or trying to understand someone. You have to put yourself in that person’s position and imagine yourself going through that same experience. But it ...
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In the behaviorism it is argued that we learn behavior, but (how) does this influence our way of thinking?

I'm currently learning psychological approaches and social psychology, and this question popped into my head. The book on the approaches is: Glassman, W., Hadad, M. (20130116). Approaches to ...
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What is the difference between “nudge theory” and “priming”?

I'm doing a minor in psychology and during my lesson in both psychological approaches and social psychology, this question popped into my head. For as far as I know nudge theory is about altering the ...
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Are there any ways to naturally speed up my reaction speed without any drugs?

I play a lot of video-games and did some research online and came to the conclussion that a certain set of things are linked to an above average reaction speed and an general improved cognitive ...
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Name of the experiment in which participants are asked to express “I have three apples for every five plums” as an equation?

The point of the experiment is to study the, in some sense, counter-intuitive nature of equations. The correct answer would be 3p=5a, where p describes the number of plums and a that of apples. ...
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Why are most psychological studies not controlling for IQ and personality scores of their respondents?

Consider for exemple the stereotype threat, of which a recent meta-analysis can be found here. People try to assess how can a stereotype might explain a difference between two groups. However, they ...
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Sleep/Dream and Logical Decisions

I discovered that sleep tends to mitigate the 'stress' that one gets by trying to deal with logical problems like work related tasks and general daily life tasks. Does sleep do this by removing the ...
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To what extent are testimonies of “spiritual experiences” reliable?

After reading/watching hundreds of testimonies of people sharing their own personal spiritual experiences, and after analyzing how different skeptics react to these testimonies, I've come to the ...
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Is there a neurological explanation of o reference point in prospect theory?

Let me explain. In prospect theory, the reference point is important: people are risk averse above it and risk seeking below it. From a purely mathematical perspective, such a reference point seems ...
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How to monitor our own cognitive state

How can we assess our own mental state? For example, in the morning I always thought I am awake but I can always be more alert by showering. How can my brain tell if it's at a sub-optimal state? ...
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Diagnosis and treatment for Concentration Deficit Disorder?

Sluggish cognitive tempo, sometimes known as Concentration Deficit Disorder, is a syndrome related to (but distinct from) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Question: What are the best ...
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What is the current status of mental models vs mental logic controversy?

From what I understand there is (or was) a controversy whether humans reason deductively by constructing mental models and surveying them or by following built-in inference rules of mental logic (...
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Is it possible to become less reliant on emotional reasoning?

This article in Psychology Today discusses problems associated with 'emotional reasoning'. The article also proposes the use of several psychological therapies intended to overcome and/or reduce the ...
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Is there a reading comprehension theory that suggests simple reading questions are best solved via simple text analysis, and vice versa?

My main field is not Linguistics/reading comprehension so what I am asking might sound a bit silly or not make a lot of sense. My question could certainly be better-phrased. Is there a theory in ...
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Experience organised by concepts - relevant science?

It seems like experience is organised by the abstract concepts or categories that we know - the more we know, the more we perceive. The world is an undifferentiated whole, and we use concepts and ...

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