Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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44 views

Assertiveness - should I have feeling that someone need to do something for me

I have seen a assertiveness training videos and there is said that the person should show assertiveness with "I" statements. For example : I feel seed due to the way you just spoke to me. My problem ...
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Perception Cardinality

While reading a science fiction book, Calculating God by Robert J. Sawyer, I came across the following lines: “Well, if I showed you one object - one rock, say - you would not have to count it. You ...
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Are psychopaths capable of counterfactual thinking?

Psychopaths are commonly known to have a decreased ability to plan, which lead me to research counterfactual thinking. I believe that psychopaths are impaired in their ability to think ...
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What happens neurologically and chemically when an individual is confused?

For example, trying to understand a mathematical problem and its solution, or abstract reasoning, but in the process get lost even have no clear idea of what part is 'not understood'
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Are perceptual defense and cognitive avoidance still recognized as existing mechanisms in psychology?

"Perceptual defense" is supposed to be a tendency to switch attention away from stimuli with negative valence; perhaps a kind of "cognitive avoidance". While doing a literature review on these two ...
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1answer
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Has there been any research on the visual uniqueness (in terms of brain activity) of numerals from 0 to 9?

I need to carry out EEG experiments with stimuli being images of 5 digits between 0 and 9. In order to select these 5 digits, I wanted to know if there has been any research work that measures ...
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2answers
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Where can I study cognitive science - long distance program?

Just recently discovered the field of cognitive science. The more i read, the more I discover how complex this is. I would love to study this and be able to find out that specific segment for me and ...
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is there any psychological condition that fits what I describe?

I was observing some condition. most people (that I observed), if they do something (mentally) to someone, they will tend to have the same feeling like 'the someone' is doing the same to them. ...
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Is there a known reason why people feel a bit bad after other people do something for them?

There's an Thai word: kreng jai (the feeling of not wanting to disturb/inconvenience another person, or feeling uneasy due to your own request of someone) Likewise in Burmese the word "anade" which ...
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How does Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) work?

There is mounting evidence that EFT, a form of therapy which combines cognitive, exposure therapy along with acupuncture point stimulation is effective - EFT for PTSD question What are the biological ...
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How do we differentiate auditory-sequential/visual-spatial processing from IQ?

Are these processors simply categories within IQ? Are there only rough overlaps? Is auditory separate from sequential? Does auditory, etc. have differentiable subcategories as well? Thanks!
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Comorbidity of Neurodevelopmental Disorders between them and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3416662/ OCD being an anxiety disorder and OCPD being a personality disorder it is entirely possible that these two can be present on the same patient. ...
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Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Cognitive Function and Causing someone to Learn

Children may elicit, either through active engagement or some feature of their personality or appearance, a response from their environment that might protect them from deprivation-related risk either ...
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How neurons and mind can be related? [duplicate]

As we know neurons are matter . But mind is not matter .You can see a brain but can't see a mind . Why from outside brain is full neurons , but when it's inside you , it starts to create mind, visions,...
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The relationship between semantic memory and concepts/procedures

I try to analyse my memory and cognition while learning coding and generally interacting with a computer to develop more meta cognition. I found many times that I remember the words and some ...
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If people recall a specific word earlier among 10 words in free recall, what does it mean?

Lets assume a case of free recall tests that 10 words are presented at the same time" and subjects are asked to recall them later. The words are presented in two different conditions (A and B). If ...
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Imagining unreal stuff [closed]

This is probably the most adequate stackexchange for this question. Is it possible to imagine something that does not exist, explicitly or implicitly, in our universe? Exclude things such as a ...
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An Example of Negative Reinforcement?

In trying to understand the origins of test anxiety, a thought came up. Consider an individual who has in the past performed badly in university assessment tasks. In an attempt to do better ...
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What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy?

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy? I am especially interested why this outside-in word was used but please provide me a wider context of this type of therapy. ...
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Are personality characteristics correlated with certain underlying features of the facial expressions of a person?

For instance is it possible to determine with some degree of accuracy if a person is ranks high in openness to new ideas by some photos of the person?
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1answer
45 views

Kendrick et. al version of Maslow's Hierarchy

The above reinterpretation of the hierarchy by Kendrick et. al (2010) is straightforward enough. I am trying to see if there is any work done on generalizing the top portion there beyond peaking out ...
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Is Charisma innate gift or it can be learned?

There is a strong belief in psychology that revolves around whether, charisma is some innate quality or characteristic. You either have it or you don't? or its a learned process from experience? https:...
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Do plants feel emotional pain as humans and animals do?

I have a question in mind regarding about plants. I remember there is an experiment where plants raised in good environment with compliments tends to flourish and grows bigger compare to the plants ...
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how do Transcendental Meditation and mindfulness differ in terms of dealing with individual's anxiety?

I want to know how these two forms of approaches differ in terms of guiding a person's anxiety and helping them heal. there has been no research done using these two forms of meditation together on ...
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1answer
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May somebody use oddball paradigm solely for psychophysical studies?

I'm an undergraduate linguistics student with a strong interest in cognitive psychology of visual attention. Nowadays, I'm studying on an undergraduate research project in which I'm planning to use ...
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1answer
22 views

Relation between L-glutamine supplementation and risk of schizophrenia

There is the glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia. Which tells you that excessive levels may increase the risk of obtaining schizophrenia. L-glutamine turns into glutamate directly. Does this mean ...
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Punishment v.s Negative Reinforcement

Consider the following scenario: Every time I do the groceries with my son he constantly asks for a packet of lollies. I find this constant asking for lollies very annoying, so I always end up ...
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Could a failure of condensed inner speech be linked to slowed cognition?

Could a failure of "condensed inner speech" be linked to slowed cognition? It is a type of inner voice, and as conceptualized by Fernyhough it involves the capacity to think in terms of pure ...
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2answers
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Effects of subliminal messaging

From what I've read up thus far, subliminal messages do have some sort of 'influence' over our decisions or atleast our thought process, to some extent. To what extent if any is the human mind or ...
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Why aren't cognitive deviations used in diagnosing say schizophrenia or Cluster B Personality Disorders?

I've read that when it comes to some cognitive functions, Borderline Personality Disorder is more closely correlated with problems than Schizophrenia, yet I think there is no significant reference to ...
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How do we imagine a mammal? [duplicate]

Say we have a sentence like, "Yesterday, I saw a giant mammal." Or, "The monkey ate a piece of fruit". These things are impossible to visualise. Because, for example, a mammal could be a big yellow ...
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28 views

Is thought disorder directly treatable with pharmacotherapy?

Thought disorder is usually secondary to psychosis or schizophrenia. But there are those that have some form of thought disorder without any positive psychotic symptoms. Is there any medication ...
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How can I learn Integrated information Theory

I'm looking for a syllabus for Integrated Information Theory that could help a non-scientists learn all the fundamental concepts required to fully understand IIT It looks like it involves statistics, ...
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24 views

Psychology of guessing number of objects

Someone I know is a pretty good guesser. One day we had a guessing contest, and went around the house guessing how many objects were in different containers. I was surprised that I was outperformed ...
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Can you prevent your biases from swaying your logic if you're aware of them?

As in the title. Assuming you are aware of all your biases,and how they interact with your ideas, can you foresee how your biases will warp your judgement or logic, and stop that from happening? ...
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Should I make all my decisions standing up?

Does the brain work better: ...sitting rather than lying down. ...standing rather than sitting. ...walking rather than standing. I have found this research, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/...
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Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
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1answer
59 views

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one?

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one? Is there a name for this phenomenon and research supporting it?
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69 views

Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind”?

Theory of Mind involves understanding another person's knowledge, beliefs, emotions, and intentions and applying that knowledge to navigate the social world.
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What is it called when you imagine what other people would say or do in a certain situation?

For example, some Christians say that to know how to act, we just need to "imagine how Jesus would act in this situation." The same goes for people we know personally, as in: "What will my boss say ...
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60 views

Will acquiring a second language improves the person's general intelligence and reading?

According to this information will acquiring a second language improves the person's general intelligence and reading, even if the individual started learning and have learned it after the age of 18? ...
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If 10 words are presented at the same time, is it still considered a 'free recall' test?

I'm a little bit confused about the definition of a free recall test. According to Wikipedia: Items are usually presented one at a time for a short duration, ... If 10 items are presented at the ...
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1answer
42 views

Mental stress inducing task

Mental arithmetic stress test is used widely to induce mental stress in laboratories. Can this test induce stress to those who are really good at mental calculation or enjoy mental math?
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111 views

What is the evolutionary advantage of being embarrassed?

What I am trying to understand is why do I feel embarrassed in certain situation. E.g. when I'm talking to people, why do I think about being judged or sounding stupid that would result me in ...
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Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
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Analysis of accuracy data?

I have accuracy data, where every subject gives a correct, i.e. 1 or wrong, i.e. 0 answer. However every subject performs 190 trials in each session, with 10 sessions in total. To analyze the data I ...
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3answers
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What is the term for the rhetorical, “How hard could it be?”

I looked through the wikipedia page listing cognitive biases looking for a bias that describes the tendency to assume a poorly understood problem must be simple. Planning fallacy is kind of in the ...
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How to improve working memory in adults?

Think Better on Your Feet: How to Improve Your Working Memory in: A Man's Life, Money & Career Brett and Kate McKay • September 20, 2016, Last updated: October 17, 2018 https://www.artofmanliness....
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Is there a specific term for the notion of storing “algorithms” in human memory?

It seems to me that there is a pretty sharp distinction between storing a "fact" like "Chickens are birds" and storing an algorithm or routine like "how to multiply two 3-digit numbers". I find the ...
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34 views

Ritalin for treating attention and lack of focus in depression

I’d like to know if there’s research about the use of ritalin for treating attention deficit in Major Depression Disorder.