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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Psychological disability and understanding and writing exam university questions

I know there is just one standard for evaluating a pupil in all universities in the western countries. For disabled people, they get extra time or other help. But the exam and quiz and assignment ...
5
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2answers
46 views

Effectiveness of “non-focused” learning

Is anything known how effective is "non-focused" learning. For example when I am focused on something else (watching TV, doing work in the office) while listening to language learning material (words ...
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Will studying formal logic improves logical reasoning?

Reason for asking question: I am looking to see if there is any good empirical evidence or study that shows or suggests that studying former logic or maybe informal logic would actually improve ...
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1answer
39 views

Cognitive Effects of studying for the LSAT?

Is this study/article scientifically valid. http://news.berkeley.edu/2012/08/22/intense-prep-for-law-school-admissions-test-alters-brain-structure/
2
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1answer
31 views

Does similar writing style tell us the writers are similar with respect to some measure/perspective?

Does similar writing style in small texts such as on Twitter or long texts such as articles/novels tell us anything about similarity between "thinking process" OR "personality" OR "writing ...
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1answer
29 views

Why is the theory of mind named as such?

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions,...
3
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1answer
41 views

Emotional energy exchange between bodies?

I'm not sure on which platform to ask this question: Is it possible to exchange emotional energy between two bodies via acts of goodwill? Two examples of acts of goodwill are: Help someone with their ...
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1answer
46 views

How to help an adult that has grown up, but was unloved by their parents?

Is there anything that can be done to support a person that was raised without any love from their parents? Does it help to make them feel loved, or does rather that core hurt need to be tackled? In ...
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0answers
8 views

How come sleeping during the day induces lucid dreaming and sleep paralysis later on at night? [closed]

I've noticed that when I sleep during the daytime (even if it's for as little as 5 minutes), later on that night I won't simply fall asleep normally. I'll begin to fall asleep aware of the entire ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Kinetic synesthesia evoked by abstract thoughts?

Can the experience of movement when mentally visualizing the network/structure of the code of a complex application, and the information that flows through the network as a programmer be a kind of ...
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0answers
27 views

dyslexia and crystallized intelligence

I read somewhere that a higher intelligent person with dyslexia is more likely to overcome their issues (I wish I had my sources sorry). is this because despite damages to the lexical and sub-lexical ...
5
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0answers
35 views

Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...
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0answers
20 views

To what extent is xenophobia not selective?

I read in the The Economist that in most countries, anti-Semitism rises or falls in concert with nationalism and identity politics. David Feldman of the Pears Institute notes the importance of “...
2
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1answer
39 views

What is the learning/memory type which requires active contribution called?

I observed I best memorize information when I actively compile it into meaningful hierarchy. That encompasses creating PowerPoint presentations, explaining the topic to someone or writing summaries. I ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Why do errors such as typos happen?

Why do typos happen? Why do we sometimes type the same word right, and sometimes wrong? For the same reason, why does a player of Flappy Bird for instance crash at pipe 138? Why not any of the 137 ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Where can I find recent research on the role of context effect in perception of similarity?

BACKGROUND. I’m writing a paper on the role of similarity in the theories of concept empiricism developed by the British Empiricists Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, and how the idea of context effect from ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Is there a non-interactive alternative to the concept of SuperMemo/spaced repetition?

I recently wrote an open-source application that lets you practice Chinese writing and the decisions I made about its inner workings were related to my theories of how human memory works. I'm not sure ...
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0answers
29 views

Compendium of questions in the Kahneman/Tversky Heuristics and Biases tradition

It's well known that many of Tversky and Kahneman's studies (and many studies of their followers) involved giving questions of the following general type to subjects. Linda is 31 years old, single, ...
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0answers
26 views

Resources on Cognitive Dissonance?

Not sure how long these are supposed to be, but I'm just curious if there are any highly cited/respected papers out there on cognitive dissonance and its relation to cross-dominance and mental ilness? ...
2
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1answer
16 views

How do I choose the correct sigma when applying a Gaussian filter to a fixation density map?

I am currently analysing some eye tracking data which I recorded in the lab. For my fixation density maps I calculate tables showing the number of times participants made a fixation at a specific ...
2
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0answers
27 views

is the mind naturally conditioned to visualize the worst case to keep the body safe?

Mind has the ability to visualize something dangerous to keep the body safe, I would like to know are humans naturally built in such a way or do we learn to do so as we grow? I have found that ...
1
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1answer
25 views

What's the best way to calculate an index score based on reaction time, variance and accuracy?

Say I have a go/no-go task and my output data includes 3 parameters: average reaction time, variance of reaction time, and number of errors. I want to composite all of the parameters into a single ...
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1answer
29 views

Is it possible getting into vegetative state by yourself? [closed]

Had a very crazy and intense dream last night where I swapped between different stages of dream depth which actually also included dreaming about the actual place where I was sleeping within a dream ...
5
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2answers
66 views

Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
3
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1answer
45 views

What is the bias that arises because a thing is way more common than the rest?

So I have a sentence: Hence this option is free of abundance bias I've made up the phrase "abundance bias" and I want to replace it with the proper scientific term....
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0answers
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Writing the wrong word down? [duplicate]

I’ve noticed I’ve regularly ended up typing words that are completely different to what I meant to write but sound vaguely similar. For example, I’ve don’t it with the word ‘whole’ when I meant to ...
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1answer
291 views

To what extent does AFQT correlate with IQ?

Wikipedia has a pretty non-informative page as to the nature of the (US) Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) as it mostly talks of results ranges etc. What I could descipher from there is it that ...
7
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1answer
492 views

What is the name of the bias that associate a thing as good because it has a relation to another good thing?

A customer buys X from "brand A" and has positive experience with it. "Brand A" also sells Y. Now the customer things it is good to buy Y because of his/her positive experience with buying X from ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Scientific articles linking personal-professional growth

I am writing an allegation letter to obtain funds to enroll in an activity for personal development, although the frame in which I ask for the finds is in "transversal activities related to research ...
7
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2answers
293 views

Does practicing Ravens Progressive Matrices tests inflate your IQ score?

I'm 16 years old and a year ago I got obsessed about IQ. I took a Raven IQ test and scored 115. Then during the autumn and winter of last year I took some more IQ tests using RPM and scored 126 on ...
5
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1answer
64 views

Are there any types of meditation/mindfulness intervention not starting with breathing exercises?

It occurs to me that all meditation/mindfulness practice starts with focusing attention on breathing by either counting breaths or simply feel the sensation of the airflow (Baer, 2003). Eventually, ...
0
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1answer
100 views

What is the neurophysiology of a thought?

PURPOSE 1) To find out if there is evidence in favor of one of Hebb's claim. In is book "The Organization of Behavior" he claimed that cell assemblies are the physiological foundation of thought. ...
3
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1answer
33 views

Research on how problem, presented in practical, real world format, is solved much more easily?

I read a description of this phenomenon in a book (can't remember which one). Basically, if a problem is presented in a dry, academic format, it's MUCH more difficult to solve than a problem ...
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0answers
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Is there a relation between the ability to recognize faces and the number of people one meets daily?

Does the average number of different people one sees daily affect one's ability to recognize faces? Compare a person who lives in a crowded city (and thus sees many different faces daily) with a ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Differences in Cognition, Theory of Mind and their criteria

I´m writing an essay about the ToM in animals. My Problem is that there are a few hints of ToM in animals but there are also some interferences. I tried to set up a conclusion which uses Morgan's Law ...
3
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0answers
24 views

Is there evidence for people being afraid of something they cannot pinpoint?

A recent question here has highlighted a fairly common cliché in entertainment: a purported inability to identify/pinpoint the source of one's fears or anxiety. In psychology there's an somewhat ...
6
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1answer
65 views

Do we know a priori any rules about the world?

1) Is there any set of rules that human beings or, more generally, other sentient living beings know a priori before any learning process? In other words, do sentient living beings always were born ...
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0answers
23 views

How serious is my case and should I get help? [closed]

So I have been experimenting a bit with pshycadelics nothing too much , I did lsd twice in a period of 3 months , inbetween i have done mdma once. Two weeks after my last use of lsd I started noticing ...
5
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1answer
27 views

NEO-FFI vs. NEO-FFI-3: What's the difference?

I just ran out of a large shipment of NEO-FFI booklets, so I went to order more from PARinc. This shipment has lasted since 2014. It seems that the original version of the NEO-FFI that I was using (...
2
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0answers
49 views

I can sometimes 'erase' an active thought - how does that work? [closed]

When I'm trying to sleep but still awake, I sometimes get dream-like thoughts. I still twist and turn in bed, consciously moving (thus not sleeping) and hearing sounds in the room, but these thoughts ...
4
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1answer
62 views

Is there a difference between physiological stimulations and psychological stimulations?

From what I understand, physiological stimulation (or stimulus or sensation) "refers to sensory excitation, the action of various agents or forms of energy (stimuli) on receptors that generate ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Is the belief that a consultant knows more than the team a form of cognitive bias?

I've noticed that many people assume that consultants know more than they themselves do and/or more than their team does. That is, when a team is stuck on a problem, some people believe that a ...
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0answers
13 views

What are the other “first cognitive tools” beside analogy?

In the paper The Analogical Paradox: Why Analogy Is So Easy In Naturalistic Settings, Yet So Difficult In The Psychological Laborator, Dunbar says: Analogy is one of the first cognitive tools that ...
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0answers
60 views

How the Brain Does Garbage Collection in Real Time [duplicate]

When we read a sentence we don't "pay attention to" each letter and the structure of each letter and the placement of the letter and color and lighting and all that. We just "end up with" the meaning ...
3
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0answers
57 views

Carl Jung Psychology Analysis Book

I am Computer Engineer, but i feel strong partiality towards Jungian Psychology. I would like to find the Analysis research book on Carl Jung about The Process of Individuation Shadow I seem to ...
3
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1answer
28 views

Acceleration of subjective time with age [duplicate]

I came across this online paper, entitled Subjective Time vs. Proper (Clock) Time by Ronald P. Gruber, Stanford University, in which the following statement can be found: The shorter the latency of ...
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1answer
52 views

What does science say about feeling appreciated/loved/valued?

I believe firmly that people who feel appreciated/loved/valued will (generally) experience all kinds of benefits for themselves and the people around them. Think about: Being more healthy Experience ...
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0answers
13 views

Is there a name for when you indefinitely support your own argument? [duplicate]

So I do debating through school and half of the rounds are improvised (meaning we only get 1 hour to prepare) One thing I've noticed with these rounds is that given that hour of thinking of arguments ...
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2answers
68 views

Lottery question, why do we people think this is logic?

For a project we did a small survey, one of the questions was about the following scenario. Last week the lottery was won by a ticket with the numbers x x x, this week you can make one choice. Pick ...
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1answer
13 views

Names of branches of neuroscience and related fields dealing with hunger, taste, attachment, and digestion, and their relationship to other perception

I would like to know what the branches of neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, and psychiatry related to what happens when the tongue touches and other possible related mouth sensors, touch, ...