Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Attention, working memory and goal management. What are the sub-components?

I recently read an article on the distracted mind. It spoke of cognition falling under different categories. Those categories of cognitive control were: The three major faculties: (1) attention, (...
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Are there any distinctions in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits?

Are there any epistemological differences in the definitions of quality, personality, characteristics, and traits? Meaning, are there any justified distinctions concerning the usage of these words in ...
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What psychological methods exist for dealing with uncertainty?

Curious in finding out if there have been any psychological studies done on uncertainty & what the results of those studies have been. Have there been any frameworks or methodologies on combating ...
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Can eye tracking be used as a form of biofeedback?

I'm an occasional meditator and I've noticed that conceptual thought often produces eye movements, and I'm curious if anyone has tried using eye movements as a form of biofeedback. The Muse headset ...
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Humans don't understand the accumulation of small numbers - what is this phenomena called?

I find that if you tell someone to give you 20$ vs. giving you 1$ everyday for 20 days - people react differently. Similarly ...
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Independent t-test with d-prime [duplicate]

I am posting again as the original question was on a guest account so I cannot edit it, improve it or comment on it because I do not have high enough reputation, 50 I think? Rather than deleting this ...
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Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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What is the name of inattention/autopilot phenomenon that results in 'swapping out' errors

Suppose I am doing the laundry while simultaneously taking out the trash, so am carrying a bag of dirty clothes in one hand and a bag of rubbish in the other. I might be on autopilot where I lift up ...
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Beginner Psychology book recommendation [duplicate]

Iam looking for a way to find out if psychology would be the right topic for my studies. While I talked to alot of people and feel like it would be for me I want to start learning about the topic at ...
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1answer
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Why does an image seem smaller or larger through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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How to assess the effect of individual difference measure on quadratic fit of a within-subject factor?

In my task, there are 8 levels of a within-subjects/repeated measure factor. The overall relationship that this factor has with the DV is in the shape of an inverted-U, such that their DV scores at ...
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~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as “others”?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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In extremely stressful or high-pressure situations, how can people remain calm and complete the task at hand proficiently?

Interested to see studies completed regarding the question asked. Considering the question, there are two situations in mind. Where the particular stressful event is of a very short timespan, ...
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Why does an image seem smaller through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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Is “Do X, not Y” worse for memory than simply “do X”?

I'm curious if saying "Do X, not Y" or "Don't do Y, do X" can introduce an extra hurdle into remembering which one to do, rather than just saying "Do X". If later you're trying to remember "Did he say ...
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How does number sense develop in blind people?

From what I understand about number sense and numerical cognition, the visual system is heavily involved in the approximate number system and the object tracking system, which are at the root of ...
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What are the cognitive abilites required for strategy games?

I assume that the cognitive abilities required for most strategy-centric games are more or less same. It is also observed that they have certain intersection with cognitive abilities required for some ...
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Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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Can talking therapy help with severe delusions?

A delusion is a firm and fixed belief based on inadequate grounds not amenable to rational argument or evidence to contrary, not in sync with regional, cultural and educational background. I ...
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Effects of psychologist's language in therapies of personal disorders

Is there a dominant opinion about the positve or negative effects of explicitly naming the diagnosed disease and the observed symptoms (in the language of the psychologist) in the therapy of ...
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1answer
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Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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What is some proofreading meme that shows we cannot detect the double words?

I had once seen a meme about proofreading that clearly demonstrates our brain cannot detect the double words and it also took several times of reading to realize it. I wonder if someone having that ...
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Reducing smoking and mental health benefits

Recently I noticed improved mental health (better mood, better cognition? more energy) after reducing smoking.Is it backed up by research? I know stopping smoking is, but reducing? http://www....
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Psychological term for using out of scope arguments in a discussion

What would be the psychological term when a person counters an argument using logical and relevant to some degree, but yet out of scope argument believing that he or she made a successful claim. an ...
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What is mental process?

Wikiquote has defined it as "the things that an individual can do with their mind". It defines mind as "collective aspects of consciousness".But according to Wikipedia"consciousness is one of the ...
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Can willpower be trained?

Is willpower a well defined psychological concept? If yes, can it be trained? Clearly we can train willpower for some certain case, such as long distance running by say, distracting and ...
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Is there a link between confirmation biases and a tendency to subscribe to religions?

I've just read Rolf Dobelli's The Art of Thinking Clearly, as well as Mark Manson's Everything is F*cked, which I stumbled upon the concept of cognitive biases. In the books they mentioned how ...
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Using the Brain too much?

The question is under what conditions can we overuse our brain? To be concrete lets focus on mental tasks like coding and math problem solving. Q1: How many hours of "fun"(i.e. stressfree) problem ...
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How would I know if I've been brainwashed?

Thinking about the "re-education" camps in parts of the world. They attempt to replace one idiology in you head with another and is considered brainwashing. On the other hand, the first idiology got ...
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Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment with women

In the (in)famous experiment by psychologist Zimbardo at Stanford, also called the Stanford Prison Experiment, my understanding is that only males were selected. Is there any other analogous ...
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Cybernetic control theory

E points to S’s left index finger and asks “On which letter does this finger rest on the keyboard?”. E then asks S to imagine typing a particular letter. Which prompt does S respond faster to?
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Paying attention: are we free to do so?

I got confused a bit after watching these two short videos: 1, 2 . In first one it seems author suggests that: we aren't in much control on what to pay attention to? Did I get it correctly? Or maybe ...
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Detailed schedule of World Memory Championship 2019

I would like to get the detailed schedule of the World Memory Championship 2019 event. I am interested particularly at what date/time a player has participated. I don't find that information in the ...
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Number of core feelings?

In Emotional Intelligence 2.0 it is stated: We have so many words to describe the feelings that surface in life, yet all emotions are derivations of five core feelings: happiness, sadness, ...
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Is AFQT geared towards estimating crystallized intelligence?

In a few papers I have read claims that AFQT is geared largely (mostly?) towards measuring crystallized intelligence. However, https://study.com/academy/popular/difference-between-the-asvab-afqt....
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What are the basis for developing envy and/or resentment?

Why do some people develop envy or resentment toward others, and other people with the same experiences do not? Is there a way to learn to let the envy and/or resentment go. Example would be someone ...
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How would you differentiate “self hate” from “insecurities?” [closed]

Don't insecurities arise from self hate? For example if we are insecure about our face aren't we hating our face - hating ourselves?
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Do modern personality traits exist with native people

I am wondering if there is any evidence of personality traits like intro versus extroversion existing in native people without any contact with modern society, or if they are a result of modern life.
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Why do our brains act in such a evil way sometimes that hurts other people?

I have seen some real evil acts. And I almost lost confidence in humanity. Why do we become so evil sometimes that hurts other people? I guess everybody knows the Renaissance novel Les Miserables by ...
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1answer
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What is the psychological explanation for the phenomena that a person sees the solution to a problem as “simple” once it has been found?

Is there in psychology an explanation and/or term that describes the phenomena that exists where people perceive a solution to a problem as “simple” after the solution has been found? I have noticed ...
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What can reduce the cognitive abilities in a common workplace? [closed]

There are many types of work that mainly create benefit by thinking, often called desk jobs. The output is based on the cognitive abilities of the person. It typically happens in an environment we ...
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Is there anything we can salvage and recycle from Learning Styles theory?

We know that the theory of Learning Styles has been debunked by cognitive research for some time now. Nevertheless, if we thought about learning styles not as some sort of sense-specialised teaching ...
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Are behaviourist practices and/or principles still valid and useful?

I understand how behaviorism is outdated for not considering the brain processes and cognition as ultimately responsible for memory and learning. Nevertheless, after reading Learning Theories: An ...
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How does intelligence or general cognitive ability vary with level of CO₂?

The cognitive ability of humans is varies with the concentration of CO₂ in breathing air. But how does it vary? A very high concentration causes sleepiness, and sleepiness is a state of reduced ...
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Is Contagious Yawning a Result of Brain Electromagnetic Waves Transmission?

Do there is a possible electromagnetic wave transmission between two individuals' brains that may cause contagious yawning?
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How to learn how humans behave? [closed]

I have decided to study psychology as a hobby. I want it to understand better people that I am interacting with. Specifically, I want to know: Why humans talk / behave in certain ways? How they think ...
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How can I find literature about the connection between proprioception and thinking?

This is a seek for hints or references. Feel free to delete the question if it is not suitable to the rules in here. I have heard people saying that our inner spacial perception is an important ...
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1answer
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What's the human behaviour called that often makes us warp realities to appease another?

Whenever people experience specific medical symptoms, they might research it online and find out that there is a possibility of a certain cancer being the culprit, they then might see that the chances ...
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does the fact that Psychology Today take neurolinguistic programming seriously delegitimize the magazine?

According to Wikipedia, Neurolinguistic Programming is a pseudoscience and dismissed by most experts. However, Psychology Today, a popular magazine, appears to not thoroughly reject it. Does this fact ...

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