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Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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Is it necessary to wait for 1 week between two sessions in cognitive therapy?

From what I understand, the reason to set 1 week as the time between two therapy sessions is for the clients to do homework, which can be: take notes on recursive thoughts and emotions, remember ...
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0answers
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How is illusory superiority reconciled with the false-consensus effect?

On one hand, people often seem to exhibit various forms of illusory [self-]superiority, perhaps the best known example of that being the Dunning–Kruger effect. On the other hand, the false consensus ...
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20 views

What is the psychology behind epiphany?

What are the neural precursors that lead up to the epiphany? How can one, have more creative insights? How this affects our psyche? What's the psychology behind it? The word "epiphany" has a deep, ...
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12 views

Models of complete internal world of human cognition?

Are there models of complete internal world of human cognition? Allow me to explain this with more details. The artificial intelligence considers the BDI (beliefs-desires-intentions) agents and ...
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2answers
27 views

Getting upset from the creation of your own imagination [closed]

Lets say I got angry at someone who did/said something wrong. Even after this angry interaction with this person is finished, I noticed I continue to express my negative reaction in my head creating ...
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10 views

Which neurodevelopmental disorders constitute learning disabilities?

I am actually looking at DSM-5 but I cannot find any exhaustive or otherwise comprehensive list or explicit association of which neurodevelopmental disorders are also learning disabilities.
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72 views

How are desires explained by molecular biology? [closed]

This question is mainly about neurochemistry and molecular neuroscience! Clarification supposedly suggested by Arnon Weinberg. I thoroughly and extensively read Philosophy, Neuroscience, Psychology, ...
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1answer
85 views

What does White guilt feel like, how does it socially manifest itself & is it treatable?

White guilt would appear to be a genuine phenomenon which only White people can ever experience - and yet many people deny that it exists, at all, or that it is a form of phoney Liberalism or, worse, "...
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What is the definition of cognitive behavioral therapy? [duplicate]

I have been trying to understand Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, and I felt the best way to start was by understanding what it is. However, I cannot seem to find an agreed upon definition of cognitive ...
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1answer
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Is there any research of spelling errors from a dual-process theory perspective?

Checking the rather comprehensive but somewhat dated 2008 review of Evans on dual-process theories, I didn't see anything about [mis]spelling. But it seems to me an obvious thing to investigate ...
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30 views

Is there some cognitive test besides (visual) working memory in which some animals are superior to humans?

Assuming the research of Matsuzawa et al. (2007) (see also BBC video (2013)) isn't misleading, are there any other cognitive areas where chimpanzees (or other primates) have been observed to surpass ...
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In what contexts is loss aversion least controversial?

Loss aversion (and related phenomena like the endowment effect) are somewhat controversial, it seems; from Wikipedia: Recently, studies have questioned the existence of loss aversion. In several ...
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Operant Conditioning for reducing Rumination

Has operating conditioning been a useful tool for extinguishing rumination? If so, what is a typical training procedure for extinguishing rumination? I'm looking for something like, first train the ...
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1answer
63 views

How do you predict a cognitive bias theoretically using dual process theory?

Disclaimer: I am a complete layman in psychology, with no education in the field whatsoever. This question was prompted by my reading Kahneman's "Thinking Fast and Slow", in which he discusses the ...
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1answer
26 views

Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome

According to HealthLine, Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome, known clinically as Pycnodysostosis (PYCD) can cause difficulty with mental processes, though intelligence is not usually affected GARD also ...
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0answers
29 views

What are the neuroscience research findings on the importance of breaks in cognitive function and specifically learning?

When I say breaks I mean breaks between periods of the same course, breaks between two distinct courses, single days of, weekends, couple days of, few days of, longer periods of holidays of duration ...
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What questions can I ask someone to help them overcome the negative belief “whatever happens to me is going to be a big turmoil”? [closed]

Suppose a person has a strong negative belief that whatever happens to his life is going to cause him a big turmoil. Then this person interprets all events from the view of this belief. The result is ...
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1answer
51 views

Why does THC or CBD give me a mental boost?

Studies have shown significant reduction in seizures in babies to adults when taking marijuana. I would call that amazing but what does it do in improving cognitive abilities in normal people? I ...
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Is there any evidence that the Dunning-Kruger Effect applies to self-appraisals of soundness or reasonableness of judgement?

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the peculiar phenomenon wherein those with the lowest ability also have impaired metacognition, resulting in a peculiar overestimation of their ability e.g. stupid person ...
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0answers
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Was one my subtest score on a test battery invalid? [closed]

I realise this may be an unusual case, but long story short I managed to get hold of an intelligence testing software often used for job screening etc. Its called the MAB-II its modelled after the ...
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0answers
8 views

Set of uncorrelated cognitive tests for self quantification and tracking

I self track partly to optimize intelligence and productivity. Cognitive tests are good proxy of both. I tried all the tests in "time of day" experiment at quantified-mind and many seem to test the ...
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0answers
38 views

Are there any career(s)/career fields that are advantageous for people with Asperger's in “theory”?

What is the psychology/cognitive validity of this post reply for this question on Quora? "Most certainly, professions involving creating automation for processes that seem random. Hence, ...
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0answers
7 views

is interference control responsible for sensory sensitivities?

In practice, reduced interference control looks like difficulties with screening out background noise, visual distractors etc. does this account for sensory sensitives found in e.g. ASD? Or is that a ...
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0answers
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Falling back/relapse how come?

Is anything (a term perhaps) in psychology which explains the quick backsliding or reverting into old, learned and familiar habits, ways, behaviour (traits), relapse-type situations? How come we we'...
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0answers
25 views

In the dual process theory, how are the two systems interact with each other?

From my understanding about cognitive psychology and social psychology, the whole route from when people meet new unknown thing to when they making judgement about it is like this: First people ...
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0answers
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Have there been any right-hemisphere-dominant split-brain-patients?

Do any case studies of right-hemisphere dominant individuals who have undergone a severance of the corpus callosum exist? Thanks.
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1answer
44 views

Does mindfulness work for people with inattention?

Mindfulness practice requires extensive concentration for a prolonged period of time (e.g., attending to breath/body sensation for above 5 minutes). It is natural to assume that it might be ...
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1answer
67 views

Does the Rubik's Cube increase mental ability?

Does becoming efficient in the cube help build your brain to be able to do other tasks better? What tasks and how?
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47 views

Bouba/Kiki effect - computer-generated 3D shapes

I have seen a research project, where the subjects were presented with shapes to classify in two categories. The shapes were 3D models, some that were "pointy" and some that were "rounded". The ...
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35 views

Stress vs. Testing

I was reading somewhere and found that there are various levels of stress depending on time. It said that when under stress for 30 mins, memory is not as efficient. So I have two questions here. A- Is ...
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1answer
53 views

Bottom up thinking - what is it?

Mlodinow has book Elastic thinking, which sounds interesting and where he mentions bottom up processes/thinking; which he equates with elastic thinking. I have watched numerous videos about it, and ...
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0answers
34 views

How many moving objects can a person count (on average)?

I wonder if experiments in perceptual or cognitive psychology have been performed following these considerations: Standard experiment: Present small numbers of simple items to a test subject, for the ...
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3answers
992 views

What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? … such as gardening, mowing, cleaning… perhaps driving

What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving. I recall that, maybe, the word asynchronous was part of the ...
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2answers
64 views

What are existing theories on competing wills in the mind?

To clarify a little further, I've read in different places that our brain could be composed of mini minds, that preform all sorts of actions. Assuming this is valid I'd think that of these minds, ...
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1answer
24 views

What is the term for learning to group objects

I've been googling this for a few days now but haven't come across what I'm looking for. Scenario: A child has to learn how to identify species. When first learning, they might mistake a cat for a ...
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51 views

Can extrinsic rewards successfully sustain habits in the long-term?

With 2019 right around the corner, I've been reading about forming successful habits. Many non-academic sources (and Charles Duhigg's popular book The Power of Habit) have advocated for pairing a cue ...
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37 views

Cognitive ability and possible careers

I have a couple of times read articles saying something like "If you have an IQ of 130 you can become a physician, high school math teacher or lawyer. If your IQ is 95 you can work at a kindergarten, ...
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1answer
34 views

Are cognitive flexibility and interference control the same thing?

Interference control requires being able to inhibit irrelevant stimulI ie shift flexibily from something you are doing and back into it in the presence of competing stimulus. Is it the same as ...
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28 views

Possible applications of the big five personality traits testing in human resource departments

I am a multimedia artist who is interning in a human resources department of a casino resort. In the department we have daily meetings to discuss updates to both the orientation and the performance of ...
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1answer
55 views

Yes-No question in 2AFC staircase test

I understand the task of a 2AFC test is to select one of the two stimuli presented (e.g. the stronger one), whereas in Yes-No test there is only one stimulus presented. But is it ok to ask a Yes-No ...
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How true are Jordan Peterson's claims on IQ tests?

Disclaimer: I am aware that this topic has the potential of becoming high political, but I have asked it nevertheless in order to receive some clarification on the subject. Please back all of your ...
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49 views

Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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0answers
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Averaging a linear or nonlinear function treatment

In a hypothetical PET study, my sample consists of a clinical population which exhibit brain hypermetabolism. I divide my sample into two homogenous groups. One receives a treatment whereas the other ...
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1answer
88 views

Volition v.s. Cognitive Control v.s. Motivational Salience

The concepts of volition, cognitive control, and motivational salience, seem quite similar. From the perspective of layman, they all seem to mean "the extent to which your goals influence your ...
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1answer
103 views

Why fear is the opposite of desire and not disgust?

Wikipedia page on desire has the following passage: A 2008 study by the University of Michigan indicated that, while humans experience desire and fear as psychological opposites, they share the ...
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0answers
23 views

Why do we dream? [duplicate]

Most of the people have their own imagination and most of them dream about many things and some time dream about those things which they have never seen, so how we will define the fact that why do we ...
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1answer
52 views

Early foreign language experience and ease of learning foreign languages

I've been wondering recently about the factors that affect the process of learning foreign languages. Specifically, whether early contact and experiences with a foreign language can have any impact on ...
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1answer
53 views

how to train our brain to always use left part for thinking & deciding things?

how to train our brain to always use left part for thinking & deciding things? How do I not take emotional decisions
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0answers
141 views

relative achievement reinforcing views on self-efficacy

What is the impact of relative achievement in a topic on self-efficacy in that topic. For example I have the same self-efficacy in two subjects X and Y and sit tests in both. I get more questions ...
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2answers
93 views

System 1 and 2 thinking and unconcious

Research says there is system 1 and 2 thinking. My question is how is system and and 2 thinking related to unconcious mind? Can we say for example system 1 thinking is unconcious mind?