Questions tagged [cognitive-psychology]

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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40M away is a window with yellowish light on. I have a grid between. Verticals are black, but the horizontal crossing the window is bright red. Why?

Its a wire grid to keep my cats in. I'm Darwinian and this effect is obviously genetic. The photons entering my eye say black for both horizontals and verticals but my brain gives me bight red for the ...
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Name of the experiment in which participants are asked to express “I have three apples for every five plums” as an equation?

The point of the experiment is to study the, in some sense, counter-intuitive nature of equations. The correct answer would be 3p=5a, where p describes the number of plums and a that of apples. ...
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Why are most psychological studies not controlling for IQ and personality scores of their respondents?

Consider for exemple the stereotype threat, of which a recent meta-analysis can be found here. People try to assess how can a stereotype might explain a difference between two groups. However, they ...
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Sleep/Dream and Logical Decisions

I discovered that sleep tends to mitigate the 'stress' that one gets by trying to deal with logical problems like work related tasks and general daily life tasks. Does sleep do this by removing the ...
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To what extent are testimonies of “spiritual experiences” reliable?

After reading/watching hundreds of testimonies of people sharing their own personal spiritual experiences, and after analyzing how different skeptics react to these testimonies, I've come to the ...
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Is there a neurological explanation of o reference point in prospect theory?

Let me explain. In prospect theory, the reference point is important: people are risk averse above it and risk seeking below it. From a purely mathematical perspective, such a reference point seems ...
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How to monitor our own cognitive state

How can we assess our own mental state? For example, in the morning I always thought I am awake but I can always be more alert by showering. How can my brain tell if it's at a sub-optimal state? ...
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Diagnosis and treatment for Concentration Deficit Disorder?

Sluggish cognitive tempo, sometimes known as Concentration Deficit Disorder, is a syndrome related to (but distinct from) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Question: What are the best ...
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What is the current status of mental models vs mental logic controversy?

From what I understand there is (or was) a controversy whether humans reason deductively by constructing mental models and surveying them or by following built-in inference rules of mental logic (...
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Is it possible to become less reliant on emotional reasoning?

This article in Psychology Today discusses problems associated with 'emotional reasoning'. The article also proposes the use of several psychological therapies intended to overcome and/or reduce the ...
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Is there a reading comprehension theory that suggests simple reading questions are best solved via simple text analysis, and vice versa?

My main field is not Linguistics/reading comprehension so what I am asking might sound a bit silly or not make a lot of sense. My question could certainly be better-phrased. Is there a theory in ...
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Experience organised by concepts - relevant science?

It seems like experience is organised by the abstract concepts or categories that we know - the more we know, the more we perceive. The world is an undifferentiated whole, and we use concepts and ...
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any reliable sources or any help for bransford and johnson's laundry experiment?

My classmates and I are conducting a written paper on bransford and johnson's laundry experiment, but we cannot find good reliable sources on the original experiment to provide context and explanation ...
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In the attentional network task (ATN), how do double cue and centre cue differ?

I do not quite understand why people use both centre cue as well as double cue in the ATN task. For instance, some papers hold that Orienting = RT(double cue) - RT(spatial cue), whereas others define ...
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Why is labeling a cognitive distortion? How is it different from categorization?

Is there any difference between label and category? We use categories everyday. Psychiatrists use it too. Aren't psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder just labels that are ...
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Is dreaming the data compression of the brain?

Dreams seem very similar to data compression in a computer like a zip-file. We gather a huge pile of data throughout the day and when we rest, we compress this raw data into chunks of similar data (...
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Can subvocalization during reading be totally done away with?

Speed Reading Tips: 5 Ways to Minimize Subvocalization suggests that " study after study shows that eliminating this habit completely is not possible." Is this true? What are some of the ...
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Cognitive dimensions of sound perception and “tonal space”

I was wondering if there is something similar HSV color-space for representing tonal perception. Also, I'm not sure about which are the psychological dimensions of sound perception. I believe that &...
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14 views

The probability of expecting the 'right' sound?

What is the psychology behind expecting a sound to occur from the action of a particular object? And is this something measured by probability, by taking explanatory variables into consideration such ...
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15 views

Psychology Master (Conversion) distance learning

Ater getting my bachelors degree in communications and working for a few years i discovered Psychology as kind of my hobby and read alot of books and visited some courses. Now I want to get things a ...
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17 views

What happens inside our brain when we concentrate?

What happens inside our brain when we concentrate(meditate) and why a person find difficult to continuously concentrate for a long time I mean why one need break after working/studying for a given ...
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Changing ideas after hearing loud noises?

What is it called when an individual would change what they were initially doing after hearing a loud noise, like a car beep, or alarm? Also, what causes this behaviour to occur?
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Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination?

Why does a person's mind keep imagining situations with problems that do not exist and continue solving those problems in the imagination? This keeps the person generally in absent-mindedness and ...
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38 views

Does reading sentences one by one contributes to better comprehension of the text?

Does reading sentences one by one beside a picture (as shown in this video of this project) contributes to better comprehension of the text, due to better readability, focus and other factors? In ...
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Why does our perception of the photo negative of a snow imprint changes from inside to outside

Some time ago it was quite popular in Holland to put a special kind of picture on the internet. People (mainly young ones) made with their hands or faces, took a photo of it and used the negative ...
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1answer
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Is there a formal name for the effect/cognitive bias of seeing something new

I'm wondering if there is a formal neuroscience or psychology term for the following: We see something new, fresh, and different and as a result pause just a little bit longer to look it over. Imagine ...
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How would you explain the relationship between “ideas”, “beliefs”, “mental images” and “thoughts”? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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29 views

Metacognitive strategy in terms of cognitive science

Everything I can find about term 'metacognitive strategy' or 'metacognition' is related to teaching or learning strategies, but I wonder what does it actually mean in terms of cognitive science.
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Connection between Sperling's partial report paradigm and attentional blink

Why the characteristic duration of Sperling's effect observed in his method of partial reports (200-400 ms) is the same as time at which attentional blink has its peak? How is the attentional blink ...
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PTSD is an internalising disorder or mixed?

I am a bit confused. In an open access article (Caspi, et al. 2020), is the following — under Methods: Assessing Psychopathology (emphasis mine): [...] externalizing disorders (ie, attention-deficit/...
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12 views

Go/No-go advantage for responding to presence

Is anyone familiar with studies showing a go/no-go advantage (in commission errors/mean RT) for responding to the presence of a cue, compared with when asked to hold response for the presence of a cue?...
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Mother Vs Wife competetion

Do mother and the wife of a person always compete with each other for him? The term 'compete' here refers to being dominating and influencing other. Is it a common household psychlogical condition in ...
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Why have we not yet mastered our understanding of the Placebo effect? [closed]

The Placebo effect states that if you and I are both surgeons and we have 10 alike patients each who are in need of knee surgery's, that if you go and do your operations by the book, and I on the ...
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Is the Sagan standard a kind of proportionality bias?

Is the Sagan standard, which says that "extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence", a kind of proportionality bias? Since the proportionality bias is a tendency to believe that ...
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1answer
127 views

Is there a name for this feeling?

With the intent of being seen as a big shot, a person induces unsuspecting observers to underestimate them by intentionally failing in trivial tasks but then successfully completing more complex tasks....
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174 views

Is the concept of the 'inner child' considered to be pseudoscience?

I have seen some text that said some pains in body caused by inner child like this,so i like to know does inner Child is a pseudoscience, so i have seen the Wikipedia, and seen some information : ...
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1answer
34 views

Multiple “levels” of association in classical conditioning?

Sorry if this appears a silly question - If I understand correctly, the objective of classical conditioning, is to pair a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, so the neutral stimulus ...
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1answer
144 views

What is the independent variable in this memory experiment?

I am planning the following memory experiment: Participants study a list of words, a random half of which are followed by an instruction to remember and the other half by an instruction to forget. ...
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36 views

Are there surveys and results on degree of support for different theories of consciousness with correlations to demographic or other characteristics?

I am looking for two things that I an unable to find. A "survey" or "quiz" that attempts to determine the degree one's support for various theories of consciousness. I could ...
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52 views

How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
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33 views

System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
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15 views

Progressing Emotional Regulation through the 4 stages of competence

As you activate the parasympathetic nervous system through meditation your overall emotional regulation drastically improves. But as you activate the PNS in this aspect are you accelerating your ...
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34 views

What are common ideas to resolve a cognitive dissonance in which the belief is realistic but causes problems for “coping with the world”?

If we assume that there is no extrinsic meaning in life (objectively speaking), it follows that one needs to have intrinsic values to make one's life meaningful. However, an objective observation of ...
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20 views

The right mindset?

Me and Person X differ in many ways, i'm not sure which mindset I should follow. Which is considered right or is a winning mindset? When going for a run, X sets a goal of 10km, once X completes 10km, ...
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1answer
45 views

How action potential is generated while dreaming

I would like to know what generates the action potential in the brain areas that is relevant to dreaming, since our sensory nervous systems don't work (or do they?). What else can generate the action ...
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20 views

How do I complete and report a Generalised Linear Mixed model from SPSS into APA?

I'm trying to learn how to do GLMM for my phd in psychology. I was intending to do a mixed model ANOVA, but the GLMM allows me to consider more variables simultaneously and so I have decided to go ...
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1answer
50 views

Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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152 views

Is the symbolic meaning of dark/black and light/white innate in humans?

Dark/black and light/white have symbolic meanings(1, 2). Dark/black represents, among others: Grief, evil, mystery (often with hidden threats), lack of knowledge, etc. Light/white represtents, among ...
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1answer
45 views

Revenge attitude: is it innate or acquired in human

I am trying to understand what is the root cause for revenge? I understand anger is caused by the gap between expectation/anticipation and the reality. But as to revenge, I am not satisfied just with ...
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1answer
39 views

Relationships Between Specific Behavioral Characteristics Associated With Clinical Diagnosis of Narcissists & Sociopaths

In the past 3½ decades, I've discussed, read, and studied a significant number of mental health practitioner claims, random anecdotal experiences, and clinical study abstract summaries & reports ...

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