Questions tagged [io-psychology]

For questions relating to the application and extension of psychological principles to humans operating within the context of business, industry, and other organizational structures.

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20 views

Components of fairness in income/reward division

I'm looking for any analysis or research on how people tend to see fair division of income or reward for a given task or project. On the market, political interventions aside, it seems to be the ...
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Does performance in management simulation games (SMS-like) generally correlate poorly with WAIS? Does it correlate highly with any other tests?

In a 2006 paper on Strategic Management Simulation (SMS) it is stated that: SMS performance data are collected via a simulated real-world equivalent task where the participant is able to engage in ...
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How Really Effective are the Measures of Psychological Tests in Jobs Interviews and Worker Performance After Inside the Workplace

Hello I work doing smalls gig with datasets and also sometimes I create for myself some infographics and data-visualizations of interesting topics for me. for example football, cryptos, virus, etc. I ...
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State of research in productivity, work fatigue and workplace policies

I am interested in any kind of summary research that links workplace policies, productivity and fatigues. For example, if someone has worked 10 hours one day, will they be as productive the next day? ...
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Do solutions for complicated problems ripe during long breaks? [duplicate]

I often solve complicated problems by thinking about the problem for maybe 15 minutes, then taking a break for one or two hours, and then think for another 15 minutes. This often leads to much better ...
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132 views

Does the concept of employee engagement add anything over and above traditional concepts?

The concept of "employee engagement" is popular in organisational consulting settings. A quick Google for "engagement survey" will yield many results. However, in some respects the concept often seems ...
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1answer
691 views

How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?

Successful leadership appears to depend on the personality of the leader. Judge et al. (2002) found the following correlations with the "big five" personality factors in a meta-analysis: ...
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2answers
361 views

Hobbies / interests correlated with Big 5 scores?

Are there any established treatments (I'm going to leave the exact terms a little bit vague because my understanding is vague) of which hobbies and interests are most likely to be attractive to ...
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2answers
127 views

Does getting any job (no matter how demeaning) builds up one's character?

A certain blogger claims that [if you] Work a shitty job, it builds character [nonetheless]. I'm curious if there are any academic studies relating to this issue. Of course one needs to consider ...
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1answer
63 views

Longitudinal consistency of StrengthsFinder

The StrengthsFinder survey is a personality assessment which finds strengths which an individual can contribute to an organization. What is the consistency of this assessment: When a person takes the ...
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21 views

Choice of Occupation and Negative Childhood Experiences

Is there any evidence to suggest that individuals that were bullied in school as children select occupations that are a means of making people obligated to respect them? For example people that join ...
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2answers
515 views

How does the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument relate to the Big Five?

The Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument (TKI) is apparently quite popular in MBA classes and even in conflict negotiation practice: The TKI is popular beyond the confines of negotiation classes....
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1answer
136 views

Possible applications of the big five personality traits testing in human resource departments

I am a multimedia artist who is interning in a human resources department of a casino resort. In the department we have daily meetings to discuss updates to both the orientation and the performance of ...
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55 views

Definition of dominance (self-assessment manikin)

I'm using the self-assessment manikin to measure valence, arousal and dominance. Valence and arousal is clear to all participants but with the concept of dominance a lot of participants are struggling....
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1answer
98 views

What is restriction of range correction formula when you don't know standard deviation of unrestricted group?

What is the restriction of range formula if you don't know the standard deviation of the unrestricted group is? For instance, you run a selection process, 1st stage is a cognitive ability test and ...
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1answer
253 views

What tools exist to measure work meaningfulness?

Do you know of methods/tools/criteria used (in sociology, social psychology or occupational science) in order to evaluate how meaningful some particular work can be for a particular person? I am not ...
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37 views

Implementing new procedures / guidelines in companies

I'm teaching evidence-based practice and implementation science to midwifery students, i.e. how to evaluate research findings e.g. regarding new therapies and diagnostics and how to plan the ...
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45 views

Predicting workplace performance of job applicants? [closed]

As an employer who interviews engineering candidates, I'm interested in using the state of the art findings in psychometrics/psychology to predict which candidates are the most likely to be successful....
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1answer
84 views

Is there anything comparable to the IPIP for IO psychology, work psychology and the like?

The International Personality Item Pool is a public domain collection of over 3000 items and 250 scales. Is there anything comparable for work psychology and the like?
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2k views

Does individual work performance follow a Paretian distribution?

O'Boyle and Aguinis (2012) wrote a paper arguing that individual job performance follows a Paretian distribution rather than a normal distribution (put simply, a very long tail to the right, rather ...
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41 views

Is there an inventory to measure competence in the workplace?

I'm currently doing a study where I chose to have HR management practitioners view a sample of resumes from applicants, and then have them give a competence score. I'm just not sure what kind of ...
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46 views

A framework for modeling tasks, behaviors and characteristics [closed]

I'm doing my master's thesis on evaluating startup team dynamics from an investors's perspective. To construct and argue the methods that I'm suggesting, I'd like to build a simple model of most ...
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2answers
343 views

Is the concept of "employee engagement" flawed?

In theory, improving business performance by improving engagement makes sense. Yet surveys suggest that since 1991, the workforce is about 30% engaged, 40% disengaged and the remaining 30% actively ...
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1answer
997 views

What is the difference between work engagement and flow?

Work engagement has three aspects: vigor, dedication, and absorption. Flow according to wikipedia "is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a ...
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2answers
111 views

What are ways to assess employability of workers?

Employability is typically defined as the continuous fulfilling, acquiring or creating of work through the optimal use of competences. (Van der Heijde & Van der Heijden, 2006) One's ...
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44 views

Organisation as a factor for safe behavior on the work-place

Many tools exists that allow the investigation of incidents and safe behavior on the workplace, such as the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) or the System Hardware Environment ...
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1answer
203 views

Mental Health Optimisation and the Macro Environment

I'm studying the below questions. I appreciate they're rather broad - the purpose of this post is to get guidance on where I might start. I'm hoping someone can provide more focused examples of ...
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2answers
175 views

How do features of the work environment such as type of pen or color of paper influence productivity and workplace well-being?

Background: Recently I have been doing mathematics a whole lot,and I have noticed that my output varies wildly from many external factors,but mostly it is the enviorment I am working in. Namely one of ...
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1answer
47 views

Intrapersonal drawbacks of landscaped open spaces

Preparing a dissertation, I would be interested in finding studies/articles concerning work conditions in open space offices. Regarding what is expected and advocated by the benefits, I would ...
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35 views

Factors affecting leniency of an evaluator (judge)

I am interested in psychology evidence on determinants of leniency of an evaluator. The evaluator will assess a service that is directly related to them (for example, customer satisfaction, or student'...
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2answers
11k views

What is the most effective maximum work duration per day?

A related question asks about the best work-break schedule for an effective eight hour work day. This question presupposes that eight hours of work per day is a good duration and that all you need is ...
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1answer
3k views

Is there experimental support for John Perry's "Theory of Structured Procrastination"?

John Perry's theory of structured procrastination can be summed up as follows: Some people are inherently predisposed to be procrastinators across a wide range of domains Such procrastinators are ...
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56 views

Has there been a study comparing stress level or burnout between different occupations that provide therapy?

For instance consider psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, clinical social worker, family/marriage therapists, occupational therapists (in some places they can provide therapy), professional ...
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1answer
893 views

How to measure employee ownership, team spirit, and collaborative nature?

We are trying to develop metrics that measure levels of ownership, team spirit and collaboration within our group. The assumption is that these three traits are key to being productive employees. Once ...
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1answer
495 views

What is the difference between two models of situation awareness?

The most famous definition of situation awareness (SA) is the three-level model proposed by Endsley (1995): the perception of environmental elements with respect to time or space [(Level 1 SA)], ...
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1answer
131 views

Standardised test to measure workplace stress

I'm trying to find a standardised test that is used to measure stress in the workplace. So far I've found Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire - COPSOQ II, which looks good. But I want to see what ...
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0answers
84 views

What is the relationship between practice and performance of telephone call centre workers?

I am interested in modelling the relationship between practice and performance both in laboratory tasks and field settings. I was interested in what existing research has examined how the performance ...
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1answer
45 views

Does the meta-analytic literature overestimate the relationship between conscientiousness and job performance?

There are quite a few meta-analyses of the relationship between personality and job performance (for a review, see Barrick & Mount, 2012; and specific meta-analyses: Barrick & Mount, 1991; ...
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2answers
83 views

Provable ROI for call center rest periods?

Think you can help make life better for a nation of call center workers? At a large insurance company, I used to work in the call center for both Auto Claims and then Homeowner Claims, before I was ...
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0answers
60 views

What are the common leadership styles in IT companies?

I am writing a research paper on leadership styles in IT companies in X country. However, I cannot find a western literature on generalization of leadership styles exercised in IT companies, such as ...
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1answer
144 views

Can reading a non-fiction book with great curiosity account to taking a break?

In our day to day life, especially at work(in Office say a software company), due to the nature of work, it requires a lot of attention and deep involvement in the system/code. It is popular belief ...
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1answer
96 views

Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first sight,...
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1answer
206 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
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121 views

What cognitive abilities show the smallest B-W differences in mean scores? [closed]

Traditionally, employee selection tests focus on cognitive abilities such as reading, reasoning, and math. These have large Black-White (B-W) effect sizes (standardized mean score differences). The ...
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1answer
704 views

Theoretical grounding for Agile/Scrum methodologies in software development

Agile and Scrum methodologies are well known and often studied and written about in software development. But these methodologies are about managing the activities and the workplace itself. Are there ...
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3answers
3k views

How do personality tests work that require you to choose one of two statement that applies most to you?

There are different kinds of psychometric tests, I think the numerical and verbal ones are fair enough, I can see their usefulness. However, I cannot understand how the 'soft' psychometric tests work ...
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26 views

Standardizing sales data with dollar market data within USA [closed]

In the study of performance... One approach to standardizing sales data across different regions of the country may be to adjust for the relative wealth/purchasing power of the clientele in a given ...
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1answer
210 views

What psychological or sociological concepts form the basis of Principled Negotiation?

Although the various forwards mention that organizational behavior and social psychology are two of the fields that form the basis for the techniques taught at Harvard Law School's Negotiation and ...
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1answer
302 views

How do the correlations between Big 5 personality change in studies examining "faking bad"?

I have conducted several studies that get participants to complete the IPIP personality test while role play going for a job. A common finding is that the average correlation (i.e., $\bar{r}$ between ...
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1answer
113 views

Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...