Questions tagged [reward]

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Are food rewards a good long term learning strategy?

This could be a question for parenting SE, but I am looking to understand the mechanism, so I am looking for a core answer from a psychological perspective; without all of the cultural noise that ...
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Is there a name for how connections permeate to reinforced decision making? [closed]

Is there a name for the process by which certain decisions come to be reinforced by the reward center in the human brain? In more complex situations I would like to understand how economic incentives ...
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What do we know about actual limits of wire heading in humans?

Reward hacking, or wireheading, is a recurring theme in the Reinforcement Learning and Artificial General Intelligence literature, where an agent learn to exploit the system to maximise reward. What ...
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recommendations for good books focusing on the reward system, motivation and addiction

As the title states, I would like to get recommendations for some good reads about the brain's reward system, motivation and addiction. In particular I'm looking for a book that assumes no ...
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Dopamine is released in anticipation. What chemial is released when the reward is actually recieved and complete the feedback loop?

The figure shows Twice as much dopamine was released when there is a 50/50 chance of getting the reward vs 100%. So brain releases dopamine in anticipation of reward. But how does the brain confirm ...
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What's the importance of reward on acquiring expert level skill?

I've been reading into Anders Ericssons work on expertise and as made popular by Malcom Gladwell(though quoted incorrectly) is the requirement of accumulating large amounts of "deliberate practice"(...
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1answer
423 views

Beyond CBT and MBI, what are effective behavioral interventions for modern lifestyle addictions during their engagement?

Some modern activities exploit the primitive mammalian reward areas in the brain. They include immediate access to social media, video games, music, sugar, pornographic material, gambling etc. Worse, ...
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2answers
161 views

How much pleasure can brain endure?

As of 2018, is it possible to induce pleasure in humans by some intervention like sending electrical signals? I've read that it's been done on mice. If not, it's quite imaginable that it will become ...
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1answer
624 views

Why our brain can't fool itself to constantly produce dopamine?

There are experiments [1] showing that our brain tries to maximize amount of dopamine. At the same time it is the brain who controls the dopamine level, because the reward system is located in the ...
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0answers
415 views

What causes passion, psychologically and chemically, and how does it last? [closed]

I recently finished reading "Habits of a happy brain", which discusses the role of oxytocin, serotonin, endorphin, dopamine, and cortisol in seeking behavior. The book argues that we evolved to ...
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What neural mechanism is responsible for our identification with a group? [closed]

Why do we need to identify ourselves with a group? Is there naturally a hormone/neurotransmiter reward? Or is it based on more complex mechanisms like finding the "deeper" meanings of our actions?
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1answer
78 views

How does timing of pleasure / dopamine / reward influence the formation of positive association? [closed]

Suppose the following idealized experiment: Setup: A pill/medication which simply induces pleasure. Perhaps something like a perfect dopamine antagonist with no side-effects. Call it P A task which ...
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Are we trying to motivate ourselves by combinating safe stressful situations with pleasure regards? [closed]

When there's a stressful situation with no real danger like we need a hug or we stress-eat. Are we trying to develop in our brain networks a fear of actually dangerous situations instead of fear of ...
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32 views

Which mechanisms are hypothesized to change synapses in the cortex in response to signals from the mesolimbic pathways?

The mesolimbic pathways appear to be involved in signaling both factual and counterfactual reward prediction errors (regret and relief). In which ways are these signals believed to affect neurons in ...
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0answers
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How does one internalize the delayed reward of exercise?

For the past few years my target has been to work out every morning (resistance training). On average I have only made it to the gym around 2 out of every 5 mornings. On days on which I do make it, I ...
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2answers
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Is the amount of learning modulated by reward transmitters?

The human brain is a signal processing system. Input streams contain sensory, motor, reward and possibly more signals mixed. I wonder if neuro transmitters associated with reward increase or decrease ...
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1answer
93 views

How do reward signals strengthen synaptic connections in the human brain?

In a vast simplification, the mid-brain sends reward signals (for example through dopaminergic neurons) that tell the rest of the brain whether it succeeded at fulfilling the needs of the organism. If ...
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2answers
1k views

Is gaming more addictive than watching movies or tv shows?

Are there studies that demonstrate that gaming is more addictive than watching movies or tv shows? There's this article that talks about dopamine and rewards. It makes sense, but are there similar ...
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40 views

What happens in the brain upon a subsequent exposure to a desired stimulus within a short time?

I'm trying to understand what happens within a person's brain when a focus on an object of desire is temporarily disrupted by an outside event. In particular, what happens when the person focuses on ...