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7

If I understood correctly, you are talking about "false memories" in the context of the following definition in (Johnson, M. K., 2001) "A false memory is a mental experience that is mistakenly taken to be a veridical representation of an event from one's personal past. Memories can be false in relatively minor ways (e.g., believing one last saw the ...


6

I would hazard a guess that some type of motor system interference is taking place when you visualize the movement versus visualizing an abstract shape. For example, Kilner et al. (2003) found that actions that are observed can interfere with incongruous executed actions. They had subjects make arm movements that were either similar or dissimilar to those ...


6

The article by Ranganathan et al (2004) provides some relevant information. The authors discuss how it can be increased by two main factors, neural adaptation and muscle growth. They note how the motor skill acquisition literature supports the use of visualisation as an adjunct to actual practice as a means of improving performance: Research on motor ...


6

It has been theorized that it has to do with "visualizing" dreams, but the movements themselves are by virtue of the pattern of electrical activity as the waves travel between the Pons (in the brainstem), Geniculate nuclei (in the thalamus), and Occipital lobe. From PGO Waves PGO waves and REM sleep PGO waves are an integral part of rapid eye ...


6

It's difficult to tell. Dreams are very hard to analyse scientifically since they can't be objectively measured, only self-reported. Dreams are notoriously difficult to recall after waking, so it's almost impossible to tell for certain. There are some self-report studies which do assert that some proportion of dreams are in black and white, but this pattern ...


4

Visual masking has quite a few variations, and the source you've linked is by far the worst explanation I've seen. In forward masking an early stimuli takes hold over consciousness (resulting in top-down activation) that prevents a later stimuli from overshooting the selective attention threshold, thus the latter remains subliminal (limen is threshold in ...


4

You asked for an article that discusses the latest discoveries about how visualization, specially colors and moving images are important in the process of learning....It would be nice to know about a good book about it, but for now I need to start the project and I need an article in first place. There is one free open access article by Lindelani Mnguni (...


4

This question cannot be answered in the form in which you asked it both because of the limits of current neuroscientific theories and methodologies when it comes to determining the structures of complex neural representations (although we have made headway in a few cases such as place cells and grid cells), and because neural representations are not really ...


3

There was an interesting study that compared practice by imagining a movement to practice by executing ot and found an increase in strength of ~35% for imagining it, compared to ~55% for actually doing it; additionally, they found an increase in cortical potentials corresponding to the increase in strength. They concluded that mental imagery alone ...


2

Yes, you can train your memory to be better at certain tasks, such as remembering numbers. For example Ericcson et. al. (1980) describe a university student who practiced memorizing numbers several times per week for twenty months and could then memorize and recall more than 70 digits reliably. I would not recommend such however if you are looking for ...


2

There are many such illusions. It mostly belongs to pattern-recognition and gestalt psychology. From German it means "shape", "form", "essence". To answer your question, I think, here there are illusory contours (when you watch and understand an illusion) and lateral inhibition (when you have got new understanding of the picture and compare it with previous ...


2

You might want to take a look at jsPsych, which is an open-source JavaScript library for building experiments. There is an example of running a visual categorization task in the documentation for the library.


2

Before I give the answer to your question, I must point out that pursuits into recalling past events through hypnosis etc. can lead to mixed results. You can be lucky and gain true insight into a past event previously forgotten, but it cannot generally be relied upon in legal and forensic terms due to the risk of false memories being inadvertently implanted....


2

Short answer No. Background The definition of synesthesia is generally as follows: ... a perceptual condition of mixed sensations: a stimulus in one sensory modality (e.g., hearing) involuntarily elicits a sensation/experience in another modality (e.g. vision). Likewise, perception of a form (e.g., a letter) may induce an unusual perception in the same ...


1

Short answer In normally sighted people visual thinking is the dominant mode of thinking and may be intimately associated even with verbal thinking and hence difficult to root out completely. Background Human thought can be generally divided into visual and verbal thinking. Visual thinking is mediated by visual imagery, where imagery visual ...


1

I wrote Vexed Texts a long time ago. Since then I have asked the same question and found no research on it, so I did my own research as my doctoral thesis. You can find the results if you want to in my published thesis (I received my PhD from Victoria University in Wellington New Zealand). The title is: The Effect of Illustrations on the Ability of Children ...


1

I've been developing an online platform to run HTML5/Javascript experiments, recruit participants via email, facebook, or twitter, and collect and evaluate results in real time. The platform itself is not open source but many of the experiments are right now and more will be soon. You may also add your own experiments if you are comfortable developing HTML5/...


1

Here are some open-source software for you: PsychoPy OpenSesame PEBL


1

Binary processes may be observed at various stages of intuitive and deliberative thought, which may in some cases plausibly be modelled as categories, but you’ll want to consider that on a case-by-case basis. Many of the relevant processes are binary simply because like formal logic, they involve toggle switches (true/false). Heuristics The simplifying ...


1

Retaining a large number Can you hold the number 7859385 in your head for an extended period without the image of the number becoming distorted at any point? Long term memory of a single long number: Obviously a large proportion of people remember a few phone numbers that are at least as long as the number you mention. So for long term recall there are ...


1

As you mentioned, data visualization and visual stimulation in general, trigger a primitive brain response, which results in an easier comprehension and engagement/rejection process - a process more trivial than sensing and comprehending symbols. Thus, numerical information such as percentages, distributions, and relativistic data in general, immediately get ...


1

Maybe this paper would shed some light on your question : 5-HT and motor control: a hypothesis. The author has done some experiments on Serotonin systems within a cat's brain (Raphe Nuclei), and argues that Serotonin system is primarily involved in locomotion and (voluntary?) movement. Here's an interesting diagram from that paper: the firing pattern of the ...


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