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There's lots of research out there on flash cards and they are a proven, effective study aid. Flash Cards work because of the "Forgetting Curve"; rehearsal and retrieval before you forget an item strengthens the memory before it decays allowing one to optimize encoding into LTM. The paper Optimising learning using flashcards: Spacing is more effective than ...


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Flash cards work for two main reasons: they serve as retrieval practice they force the student to space practice out Both of these reasons have been demonstrated to enhance learning. Retrieval practice, sometimes called the testing effect, has been shown by Roediger and colleagues to promote learning above and beyond additional study. For instance, in a ...


6

A quick Pubmed search shows a couple of potential useful papers. The more promising: Karpicke, JD., & Bauernschmidt, A. (2011) Spaced retrieval: absolute spacing enhances learning regardless of relative spacing J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 37(5):1250-7 Toppino, TC., Kasserman, JE., & Mracek WA. (1991) The effect of spacing repetitions on the ...


4

Just a few words on mnemonics before answering your question. I have been practicing for two years. First because I was impressed how easy it was to remember items using these techniques. My personal best time for learning the order of 52 cards is 1min 40s, which is not really good compared to real competitors, but the point is that practicing 30min a day ...


3

Read "Moonwalking with Einstein" by Foer or watch or listen to transcripts of the world's memory experts, such as Ben Pridmore. You'll notice that they have their own special techniques to make abstract concepts more memorable. These individuals have increased difficulty with less concrete themes, however, and it may be best to process the to-be-remembered ...


1

My first psychology professor always encouraged us to try and relate new concepts to concrete examples (hypothetical or real). When that is not possible, I find that elaboration (adding further information that depends on the idea) is a good way to help remember an abstract concept. Of course, both of these methods can be time and effort intensive.


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