20 votes

Is psychology a science?

"Science" refers to a methodology for obtaining knowledge, and often to the knowledge itself as well. Science is often confused with another term "technology", that refers to the application of such ...
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16 votes
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Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Short answer Brain waves are not electromagnetic waves. Long answer Measured brain activity, as you already mentioned, is the result of individual neurons firing. The activity exists, in fact, of two ...
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15 votes

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are mathematical constructs, originally designed to approximate biological neurons. Each "neuron" is a relatively simple element --- for example, summing its inputs ...
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13 votes

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

In speaking to constructs vs. measures, I believe that the difference is clear and implied in your background: constructs are that which cannot be directly measured (but we assume exists), where ...
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  • 1,263
12 votes
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What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

Ironically enough, Wikipedia does offer as meaningful a distinction as any of the answers here so far: The term sociopathy may have been first introduced in 1909 in Germany by biological psychiatrist ...
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  • 9,274
11 votes

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

I'm studying computer science at KIT (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany) specializing in Machine Learning and a minor in Mathematics. I am not a biologist. An artificial neural network is ...
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11 votes

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Short answer Brainwaves are typically associated with the electroencephalogram, which is a signal mainly composed of potential differences generated in the superficial layers of the brain. Potential ...
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  • 19.6k
10 votes

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

Apologies in advance for the long answer. I tried to narrow down the scope by focusing on only a single construct, and only a single aspect of validity, and it still turned out like an essay... Let'...
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9 votes
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What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Short answer: Behaviorism treats the human brain/mind like a black box whose internal processes cannot be known. As such, behaviorists claim that it only makes sense to study the association between ...
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9 votes

How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

I'm not sure about children recalling memories of their ancestors, but there is such a thing as Genetic Memory. In one study mice who were trained to fear a specific smell passed on their trained ...
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  • 2,396
9 votes
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Is there a term for not recognizing that other people think differently, or projecting your thought patterns on others?

Interesting question! Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states, motivations, etc. to others and recognize that others have separate intentions, states, and motivations from his or her ...
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9 votes
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Is there a specific term for false justifications?

I think the examples refer to a variety of possible terms. In cognitive science, there is much interest in cases where justification is triggered unconsciously. The general tendency to justify one's ...
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9 votes
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What is the difference between Avolition and Laziness?

Robin Kramer gave a good starting point in his comment. As he said, the difference between laziness and avolition primarily come from the causes of each behavior. Laziness is common among ...
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  • 368
8 votes

Is there a term to describe an inability to express emotion or feelings?

Perhaps you are looking for blunted affect? Wikipedia's definition goes like this (article has been updated since): Blunted affect is a clinical term to define a lack of emotional reactivity (...
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  • 181
8 votes
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Name of a cognitive test assessing whether a child can think independently

The first one is a test if a child has understood conservation of matter. It is an example of a conservation task. These belong to the tests used in the framework of Piaget to test what stage of ...
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  • 2,414
8 votes

Is "Schizophrenic" considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

You never know what's gonna offend someone...That being said, "hallucinations in people with schizophrenia" does seem the safer option, but "schizophrenics" (not capitalized) is used plenty often. ...
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  • 9,274
8 votes

Is cognitive science a concentration of psychology?

It's the other way around: Psychology is a discipline within Cognitive Science, which includes Artificial Intelligence, Neuroscience, and possibly Philosophy of Mind. Research work in Psychology ...
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8 votes

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

No, intuition is not related to ESP in modern cognitive science. A modern view on intuitive thinking While ESP certainly retains its pseudoscience status (e.g., Rouder and Morey, 2011), intuition and ...
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8 votes

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

If "brain waves" produce a time-varying electric potential as shown on the EEG, then as far as I know electromagnetic waves are present. I was taught that you cannot have a time varying electric ...
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  • 97
8 votes
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What is the difference between affect and feeling?

According to constructionists (e.g., Russell & Barrett, 1999), affect (or "core affect") is a composite of valence and arousal, which underlies all emotional experience. So when I feel good and ...
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  • 4,256
7 votes
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Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Déformation professionnelle is probably the closest match: Déformation professionnelle is a French phrase, meaning a tendency to look at things from the point of view of one's own profession rather ...
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  • 9,274
7 votes
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Why is the order of brainwaves not labelled "alphabetically"?

They are ordered based on when they were discovered/named (as pointed about by Ana's comment). Alpha and beta waves were among the first signals observed in EEG data. From Wikipedia: Alpha waves ...
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7 votes
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What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

The two concepts are analogous and mutually illustrative, but empirically refer to different levels of analysis: behavioral and neural. Habituation Habituation is a form of non-associative learning, ...
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7 votes
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Term for behaviour of transfering personal problems to other people and trying to solve them there?

There are a couple of defence mechanisms that may fit the bill. Keep in mind that these defence mechanisms typically involve an unconscious denial of the problem - ie, they apply to people who don't ...
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7 votes
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What is the name of the "Things are more visible once you learn about them" phenomenon?

The scenario you describe is sometimes called the Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon. Baader-Meinhof is the phenomenon where one stumbles upon some obscure piece of information—often an unfamiliar word or ...
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  • 3,471
7 votes
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Term for when the more you invest yourself in something, the less you agree to drop it

Not certain this is what you are thinking about, but this sounds a lot like the idea of "sunk costs", which is a form of loss aversion. Sunk costs means that you tend to overvalue the effort you have ...
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  • 5,814
7 votes

Is there a neutral term for people who tend to avoid face-to-face or video/audio communication?

I agree with @AlwaysConfused that this sounds very like someone with Asperger's. However, if you want a more "neutral" term, would Introvert help? Such a person - an ...
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