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The concept of "outside-in" within the context of the article involves looking at how your environment is affecting your mental health. In other words, how the world around you (people you see, people you talk to...) is causing or worsening the depressive feelings and work on changing those things first. There are a lot of articles online concerning ...


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These studies investigated the abilities of participants to guess peoples' personalities from photos of their faces. Extraverts' faces were judged as more extraverted by participants. Ian S. Penton-Voak, Nicholas Pound, Anthony C. Little, and David I. Perrett(2006). Personality Judgments from Natural and Composite Facial Images: More Evidence For A “...


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Peterson & Park (2010) provided a commentary on Kenrick et al (2010) whereby they pointed out that although the revision makes an important contribution by grounding the hierarchy in modern evolutionary thought, it may be premature to remove self-actualization from the hierarchy by reducing it to other needs associated with status and reproduction. We ...


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First off, I'm not an expert, but the oddball paradigm was initially developed for use in event-related potential (ERP) studies (basically EEG measures) (source: Wikipedia). Hence, because of historical reasons, you see this paradigm pop up especially in ERP studies. However, the task has been used in purely psychophysical experiments as well, without EEG or ...


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Glutamate availability in the brain is strictly dependent on de novo synthesis of glutamine in astrocytes. This process requires the enzymes pyruvate carboxylase and glutamine synthetase to form glutamine, which is then converted into glutamate by deamidation via phosphate-activated glutaminase in a reaction that also yields ammonia (Schousboe et al., 2014)....


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Operant Conditioning The general topic you are referring to is called operant conditioning. Positive/negative refers to whether you are adding something or taking it away. Reinforcement/punishment refers to whether you are causing a behavior to increase or decrease. Positive punishment is adding (positive) a bad thing (punishment) like yelling at or ...


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