5 votes
Accepted

Are a lot of highly logical people (such as mathematicians) prone to depression?

Overall, based on my limited research it appears there is no evidence that people who are more logical are more likely to experience depression. There is a theory that people who see the world more ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Is there any evidence of a relationship between learning music and increased ability in Mathematics?

There is a clear association between musical ability and mathematical ability, perhaps best recognised in savantism in people with developmental disabilities. There are limited domains in which ...
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  • 376
4 votes
Accepted

Why are some people good at algebra and bad at geometry and vice versa?

In short, algebra and geometry are different type of cognitive abilities. Geometry is more spatial and algebra more verbal-logic. Kestenbaum, C., Williams, T. D., Handbook of Clinical Assessment of ...
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  • 1,816
4 votes

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more to their infants and toddlers?

Dimensions of Human Behavior: The Changing Life Course By Elizabeth D. Hutchison Chapter Language skills Hoff, E. (2006). How social contexts support and shape language development. Developmental ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Evidence for gender-based math ability differences?

It is generally understood that girls develop a small to moderate deficit in math abilities, compared to boys, over the course of schooling, as measured by mean school grades or test scores (Hyde &...
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  • 2,414
3 votes
Accepted

What is the evidence that mathematicians are more likely to have autistic traits than the rest of the population?

No. I can't seem to find a specific study into professional mathematicians or graduate students so far, the studies always seem to group the occupations together. However, Baron-Cohen's team has ...
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  • 1,019
3 votes

How are the logical and mathematical skills of people with ADHD?

How do the rationality and logical thought processes those with and without ADHD compare? Please explain the source of this difference. Is the difference thought to be caused by dopamine, serotonin or ...
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2 votes

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

Some master mathematicians have written on the process of mathematical invention and on some methods of plausible reasoning in mathematics. Here are some references: Jacques Hadamard. An Essay on the ...
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2 votes

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think it is important here to be clear about what John is really capable of doing. If all he is able to do is manipulate the axioms of S correctly, this actually does not get him very far, for at ...
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  • 176
2 votes

How do children understand the concept of number size?

Short answer It has been argued that infants are born with an ability to recognize, distinguish and even operate on small numbers. Background Speaking from experience (n = 2 :-) toddlers learn to ...
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  • 19.7k
2 votes

Memorization of incorrect math facts

The idea that long term memory cannot be ever changes is absolutely wrong, for sure some thing that is learnt and practice for a long time while being a child has a difficulty to change after while, ...
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2 votes

Effect of compactness of notation on cognition?

Your hypothesis is not quite true. Even if we restrict discussions to numbers only, conciseness (the term used in literature for your "compactness") is not the greatest for the Western system; the ...
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  • 9,915
2 votes

To what extent is maths talent innate?

Intelignece is a combination of nature and nurture, like most human attributes. The exact percentage is not possible to measure, at least with todays knowledge. Extract from the article by Neill, J.T....
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2 votes

Why are some people good at algebra and bad at geometry and vice versa?

I'm one of those people who was good at Geometry, but bad at Algebra. Eventually I caught up and was good at both. The question why did bother me for a long time, and it's good to see that I'm not ...
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  • 9,302
2 votes

What is the relationship between mathematical ability and autism?

It can range from savant-like skills to extreme dyscalculia, some are very mean or average. The savant stereotype is caused mostly by many Western films which is applicable only for a small fraction ...
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2 votes

math problems which become easy when given to social processing part of brain

AFAIK recent computational neuroscience research shows that there are no specialized brain areas, but rather activity levels coupling certain brain areas, while these couplings have not yet been ...
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  • 205
1 vote

At what age does logical reasoning typically develop?

A study (1) found that while 10% of 6-year old children used the conditional proficiently, 50% of 8-year old children not only could use it proficiently but also understood what the conditional meant. ...
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1 vote

Must researchers pay to use items (but not scoring) from standardized tests?

If the test/questionnaire is proprietary, one way to use the items would be to pay. Another way would be to ask the authors for permission to use the items for your project free of charge (which they ...
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1 vote

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

This website http://www.aboutdyscalculia.org/causes.html provides answers to some of the questions you posed, although I am not sure it is the most up to date information. I would always advise one to ...
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1 vote

Number of exercises and the learning of some subject?

Learning is a very complex process, do not expect to find precise answers like “5 exercises are required to learn a new subject”. There are many factors that affect learning, just to name a few: Your ...
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1 vote
Accepted

Is speed up of arithmetic calculations as a result of memorisation?

I asked this question back when I was building a neural model of progression through counting strategies [1]. The quotes in this answer are taken from that publication. Psychologically, there is some ...
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  • 8,783
1 vote
Accepted

What makes some things difficult or easy to understand?

Firstly lets define criteria for what difficult learning material is. My interpretation of the matter states that the task of developing mastery or competency in understanding and applying difficult ...
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  • 476
1 vote

What makes some things difficult or easy to understand?

Part of it has to do with the ability to construct a model of reality. Every developer can relate to that. Visible, concrete things are easy to deconstruct in pragmatic terms. But once you get into ...
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  • 443
1 vote

Is the mathematician's activity psychologically healthy?

Simon Baron-Cohen developed a relevant tool for this question: the autism-spectrum quotient (AQ). A test is available here. Here are the abstracts of two papers of Baron-Cohen et al.: "The Autism-...
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1 vote

Does associating a color with numbers improve math learning?

Trying to calculate with a sequence of colours is not any easier than calculating with a sequence of digits. There are alternative explanations for the high prevalence of synesthesia in mathematical ...
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