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58 votes
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If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

This question would require an experiment that cannot ethically be conducted, but it is interesting. Wikipedia has an article on historical attempts at language deprivation experiments: An ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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10 votes

Does chess enhance cognitive abilities?

Giovanni Sala was concerned by this same question, so he did a meta-analysis of 24 studies in "Beyond the 64 Squares: Does Chess Instruction Enhance Children’s Academic and Cognitive Skills? A Meta-...
Seanny123's user avatar
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10 votes
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Can One Have a Temporary Manifestation of Dyslexia?

The jury is still out on temporary dyslexia, but apparently astronauts can experience it on a temporary basis on return to earth. However, mixing up (anagramming) digits or letters is not dyslexia. ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
8 votes
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What is the ACT-R model of learning?

ACT-R can best be summarized with this (tiny but more recent) graph: ACT-R is a cognitive architecture that tries to explain as much of human behavior as possible with as little rules as possible. It ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
8 votes

If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

While no cases of complete isolation of a group of children seem to exist, idioglossia (language invented and spoken by only one person or very few people) in twins is well documented and appears to ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
7 votes
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What is the name of the "Things are more visible once you learn about them" phenomenon?

The scenario you describe is sometimes called the Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon. Baader-Meinhof is the phenomenon where one stumbles upon some obscure piece of information—often an unfamiliar word or ...
Steven Jeuris's user avatar
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6 votes
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Does language learning improve or worsen the ability to remember and process information?

What I do not quite understand is: What is (according to Syka) "useless information" and how should we "avoid" this kind of information? Let me try and answer this as follows: During our lifetime, ...
Maria K's user avatar
  • 296
6 votes
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How do congenitally deaf and mute people think?

Short answer The inner voice of congenitally (pre-lingually) deaf people who have not received treatment like cochlear implantation, is not sound-based. Instead, it is mainly based on visual images, ...
AliceD's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is there research to prove that humans achieve more when challenging ourselves or when we challenge others?

Generally, being observed raises performance on simple tasks and can hinder performance on complex tasks: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_facilitation For trivia, notice that the experiment ...
Cameron Brick's user avatar
5 votes

What is the easiest way to memorize big amounts of information (a.k.a. learning for exams)?

If you want to learn something then investigating how the brain encodes memory, and looking at methods of enhancing these tasks is the way to go. Pop psychology books do the field little credit and ...
Comte's user avatar
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5 votes
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Is it counter-productive to study while tired?

Yes. When studying sleep is crucial in consolidating memories. Recently a wave of research and opinion has hit around optimizing learning, sleep is always mentioned as key. To prominent authors are ...
Reed Rawlings's user avatar
5 votes
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Cognitive models for transfer of skills

Short Answer A cognitive model is made that decomposes any skill in smaller elements or production rules. These elements (or combinations thereof) are often context independent and can be used for ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
5 votes

Can you practice and improve physical activities only by thinking?

Yes. In one famous experiment,a college basketball team was divided into three groups. Group 1 was supposed to show up to practice shooting baskets for a week on a daily basis. Group 2 was asked to "...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 612
5 votes

Is an avoidance of incest/inbreeding learned or instinctive?

This is not my field, but I gave it a quick search. This article seems to speak directly to this question, summarizing and comparing multiple theories to each other. In light of these theories, the ...
mflo-ByeSE's user avatar
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5 votes

Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning

One of the publications on engaged learning that you provide (the "Engaged Learning: Are We All on the Same Page?" one) seems to answer your question (here is a fuller version of it). The ...
mflo-ByeSE's user avatar
  • 1,283
5 votes

Is there a limit on the rate at which incoming information can be comprehended?

I have tried speed reading myself in the past. From the research papers I have read back then, it seemed like there is no basis or evidence to the claim that with practice, reading speed can increase ...
Bary12's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
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The Art of Teaching: What are the most effective & proven methods for successfully imparting a concept/idea to another

Your question is extremely broad so all I can do is give you an extremely broad answer. More specifically, I'll provide you a study done by John Hattie (2008), who meta-analyzed 800(!!) meta-analyses ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
5 votes
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How are the brains of mathematicians different from typical people?

Psychology The first major source I would go to is the Study of Mathematically Precocious Youth (SMPY). It is a major longitudinal study following several cohorts of mathematically talented ...
Eff's user avatar
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5 votes
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What is the source for Feynman describes the learning technique named by his name?

As noted by Bryan, Feynman didn't coin this technique. It was developed by Scott Young (see the comments section here - https://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/2011/09/01/learn-faster/) and named in honour ...
Malcolm Forbes's user avatar
4 votes

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

There is a lot of research here so there is a lot to cover. Please bear with me. There are what is known as 3 forces of psychology Behavioural Theory (First Force) – (Short & Thomas, 2014, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
  • 12.2k
4 votes

What is the name of the cognitive bias where an expert overestimates the knowledge of others?

Reminds me of (one side of) the Dunning–Kruger effect, where "people of high ability incorrectly assume that tasks that are easy for them are also easy for other people."
JimmyB's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes

Cognitive Science podcasts to follow

Many Minds (https://disi.org/manyminds/)! Always fascinating stuff from an angle you most likely haven't come across before.
user31858's user avatar
4 votes

Cognitive Science podcasts to follow

I enjoy Brain Matters, it's very neuroscience based & full of interesting people
queenslug's user avatar
  • 2,416
4 votes

Cognitive Science podcasts to follow

In addition to what's mentioned above I quite like "Hidden Brain" and I'm starting one myself. It's early days and very high level, introductory stuff, and I'd like to get into the more philosophical ...
Data Distiller's user avatar
4 votes
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Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

Yes, there have been a number of studies on language development in children with congenital profound visual impairment (PVI) over the years. Selma Fraiberg first described differences in early ...
Joe Bathelt's user avatar
4 votes
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How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

Short answer Generally, a few months of active, guided training. Background Based on an article from a guide cane instructor who is a cane traveler himself, I can answer the question as follows: ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.6k
4 votes

How does the brains "focused" and "diffused" modes facilitate learning?

A big assumption here is that diffuse mode is something you can activate at any time. Where as most teachers on the subject view it as a process that activates through inattention (think daydreaming). ...
Reed Rawlings's user avatar
4 votes
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Effect of variability due during motor skill training

According to "Motor Skills Are Strengthened through Reconsolidation" (available through SciHub) adding variability to practice sessions increases learning speed. In the paper, patients were directed ...
Seanny123's user avatar
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