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6 votes

Why is solitary confinement used so widely?

Solitary confinement serves no therapeutic purpose. Two uses of solitary confinement are generally acknowledged, namely as safety measure to protect the individual from themselves or to protect others ...
AliceD's user avatar
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6 votes
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What is the meaning of Trump's 'thumb-and-index-pinch' when he speaks?

Short answer The 'OK pinch' (Fig. 1) expresses precision and control. It stresses particular phrases and shows commitment to his words. Background In an interview with Psychology professor Geoffrey ...
AliceD's user avatar
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5 votes
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What's a simple definition for reactive attachment disorder?

The beginnings of theories based on attachment regarding long and short term interpersonal relationships is Attachment Theory which was started by John Bowlby. Attachment Theory is primarily applied ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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I am looking for the name of a phenomenon where people blindly follow others when they sense a threat

Herd mentality (aka mob mentality) involves people following others without (deliberate) thinking - ie, impulsively or blindly: ... describes how people can be influenced by their peers to adopt ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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4 votes

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

There is a lot of research here so there is a lot to cover. Please bear with me. There are what is known as 3 forces of psychology Behavioural Theory (First Force) – (Short & Thomas, 2014, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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4 votes

Refinements of Rescorla-Wagner model of classical conditioning

I don't think anyone has ever bothered (though Ralph Miller might disagree), since many of the 'failures' are outside of the model's purview. The model expresses as simply as possible the profound ...
sometimes_sci's user avatar
4 votes

Is hand-writing analysis used for analysis of a person's behaviour or anlayzing a person's character?

The professional term for hand-writing analysis seems to be "Graphology" and there is no clear evidence that it could be used to predict a person's behaviour or character. For a starting point see the ...
awakenting's user avatar
4 votes
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What do chimpanzees do with fire in the wild, and can they be trained to manipulate burning objects?

Primatologist Jill Pruetz at Iowa State University in Ames was observing savanna chimpanzees in Senegal and found that chimps there have mastered the first step in controlling fire. However there is ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is it possible to effect both positive and negative reinforcement through the same action?

Yes. In fact, the modern view of positive and negative reinforcement is that they are essentially synonyms. They are different ways of looking at the same thing, like describing a glass of water ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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4 votes

What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving

I have not been able to find any term, medical or non-medical, which includes the word asynchronous, but to add to the answer by @user20460 there is the non-medical term hobbies. Taking part in ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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4 votes
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Are behaviourist practices and/or principles still valid and useful?

Turf war mixed with artificial distinctions. Behaviorism can hardly be considered outdated when the most popular therapies are behavioral: CBT, DBT, ACT. Even modern implementations of mindfulness are ...
Maria's user avatar
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4 votes

What does this sentence of Richard Herrnstein regarding learned helplessness theory mean?

"learning that responding is ineffective" is alluding to a cognitive process, separate from the behavioral process. Put simply, a thought process. While, "animals learn responses" ...
stephan_phd's user avatar
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What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving

I have read it mentioned as grounding- techniques or activities. Activities that pull you into the present, and, if possible, fulfill you by giving you the impression towards achieving a goal.
user20460's user avatar
3 votes
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Is there any significance to the way Trump spreads his hand from each other?

Short answer The open palms are usually seen as a gesture of openness. Background I have answered a related question, and I will use the same source as I used there, namely an interesting interview ...
AliceD's user avatar
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3 votes

In a class room setting, why do people look at you when you are asking a question?

Well, your ears are shaped in a way that is optimized for sound sources in front of you, so it could be that. But my non-expert bet is that probably they're using gaze to signal that they're paying ...
steveLangsford's user avatar
3 votes
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Effectiveness of aversion therapy for procrastination

From a 2014 review article on procrastination that doesn't mention aversive therapy at all, but has this to say about treatment(s) of procrastination in general: Even though procrastination can ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
3 votes
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Scientific way to prove you are ambidextrous, right handed or left handed?

I don't know whether the following has been used to distinguish natural from "corrected" right handers, but following up on the suggestion from @user3169, the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory contains a ...
Justin's user avatar
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3 votes

While spoting a liar, whether observing the verbal cue or observing the non-verbal cue helps?

It is not entirely clear whether you are asking how much weight should we place on different cues (if we want to spot liars) or how much people actually do use these cues. There is a big literature on ...
splint's user avatar
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3 votes
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

Wikipedia explains that there's not one theory of learned helplessness but several, some more encompassing than others with respect to what is learned: Research has found that a human's reaction to ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
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What does this sentence of Richard Herrnstein regarding learned helplessness theory mean?

When we say that Alice "learned that X", X is generally an assertion, and we are saying that Alice now has some kind of representation of the assertion in her head, and knows it to be true. ...
Mark Foskey's user avatar
3 votes

Question about stimulus-response assocation theories

Your second guess is correct. In the stimulus–response model, the "stimulus" typically refers to external stimuli. Internal states such as hunger are not part of the model. As such, Jensen (...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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2 votes

Cognitivism over Behaviorism

let's have a look at the social cognitive theory by Bandura: It says, that behavior can be acquired by simply watching other people act on something. Maybe you have already heard of the famous bobo-...
bucky's user avatar
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2 votes
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Can you get addicted from using topical or local anaesthetics to ease pain?

Short answer Basing an answer strictly on the DSM-V criteria, local anesthetics may, purely hypothetically, be associated with a mild form of addiction. But realistically, I think it is unlikely that ...
AliceD's user avatar
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2 votes
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Punishment v.s Negative Reinforcement

Operant Conditioning The general topic you are referring to is called operant conditioning. Positive/negative refers to whether you are adding something or taking it away. Reinforcement/punishment ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
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2 votes

What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving

What you are describing sounds a lot like aspects of Occupational Therapy (sometimes called Ergotherapy). Occupational therapy can include prescribed activity such as knitting (to meaningfully occupy ...
user2705196's user avatar
2 votes

In a class room setting, why do people look at you when you are asking a question?

Gaze goes a bit beyond merely focusing on the source of sounds. I think it's fair to say that not everyone is going to do this all the time. Context and the person(s) involved matter: Decades of ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
2 votes
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What happened to self-administered aversion therapy (with a rubber band in particular)?

Out of the basically four possible ways to change behaviors, your rubber band lies at one extreme, being an example of positive punishment, which works by presenting an aversive stimulus after an ...
AliceD's user avatar
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2 votes
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Comparison of Aversion Therapy to other interventions for nail-biting

One of the techniques used for nail-biting is the (training) habit-reversal: Developed by Nathan H. Azrin and R. Gregory Nunn (1987) focused on the treatment of nervous habits (although in general, ...
hexadecimal's user avatar
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2 votes

Is there a name for this feeling?

The emotions may include: duplicitousness, slipperiness, artfulness, craftiness, deviousness, wiliness, cunningness, deceitfulness, slyness, sneakiness, crookedness, vanity, haughtiness, ...
Tony Mobbs's user avatar
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1 vote
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Are reaction time and memory physiological measure or behavioral observation?

It may help considering whether the phenomenon is under some control by the participant. Pupil dilation is a physiological measure, but the speed at which I hit a key (reaction time) is a behavioral ...
Cameron Brick's user avatar

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