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Questions tagged [behaviorism]

A school of thought that maintains that behaviors can be described scientifically without recourse either to internal physiological events or to hypothetical constructs such as the mind.

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Are reaction time and memory physiological measure or behavioral observation?

I think that the choice made by a subject in a choice task should be behavioral observation. But I am not sure about reaction time and memory, which is more about ability instead of intention.
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Is it possible to effect both positive and negative reinforcement through the same action?

Consider the following scenario: a rhesus monkey is being put under severe duress somehow (isolation, sense of physical threat, whathaveyou). It is desired that a behavior, like pressing a lever, is ...
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Effect of the number of lever presses required to obtain known reward on response rate

Let's say I have the following 2 systems: System 1: Pressing a lever drops a transparent box which contains a random amount of reward, and the amount of effort required to open that box is ...
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In a class room setting, why do people look at you when you are asking a question?

Picture this scenario: You are a student enrolled in a large class You arrived slightly late to the class, so you are sitting at the back of the class You raise your hands to ask the teacher a ...
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What is the fastest way to make an intermittent reinforced behavior become extinct?

Let's suppose I trained my dog to touch a button and win a prize in random sequences. Now I want to make this behavior become extinct. What is the fastest way: Not allow my dog to see the button ...
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“Give me a child…” Quote from Skinner?

B.F. Skinner has been quoted all over the place on the internet (e.g. PsychologyDegreeGuide) to say Give me a child and I'll shape him into anything I am starting to think he didn't as I am yet to ...
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Need to define observation/phenomenon in order to study it, same replies to same political topics, different individuals

I was wondering if anyone could help me define my observation, in order to read some literature on the subject. I have some Cog. Psych. background but have never encountered this during my studies. It ...
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What's a simple definition for reactive attachment disorder?

I read an article on Reactive Attachment Disorder. Here's what I know so far Reactive means to react in response to something. Action = reaction. Attachment is the act of bonding or connecting with ...
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Can you get addicted from using topical or local anaesthetics to ease pain?

I've been wondering if there was such a thing as developing some kind of physical or psychological dependence on things that relieve pain. While we often hear about opioid addiction, which is ...
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139 views

Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
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What happened to self-administered aversion therapy (with a rubber band in particular)?

In the 1970s a great new use for the rubber band was discovered: self-administered aversion therapy. It didn't go so well in some cases, like for "obsessoinal thinking", the outcome being the opposite ...
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What is the meaning of Trump's 'thumb-and-index-pinch' when he speaks?

When Donald Trump speaks in front of a crowd, he often puts his hand at shoulder level, usually far from it, and lets his palm face the crowd and pinches his thumb and index together while either ...
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Do violent videos and video games affect your behaviour?

So I've heard many people say watching violent videos affect your behaviour. But I myself don't observe any change in me. So does it truly affect anyone and if yes how exactly? Some of the sites ...
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How much evidence is needed to support a claim? [closed]

Let's say that I hypothesised that if I behave in a certain way (X) then the people I interact with will respond with behaviour (Y). How much evidence do I need to make such claim ?
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Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

I have difficulties to understand fear as a response to a stimuli. In my view fear occurs as a anticipation of a possible threat in the (nearby) future. Fear prepares the organism so that it can react ...
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Is the order of stimulus pairings in second order conditioning relevant? [closed]

In second order conditioning next to a CS1 + US also a CS2 + CS1 association is learned so that also CS2 will cause a CR. Is the order in which the stimuli associations are learned (CS1 + US and CS2 + ...
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Comparison of Aversion Therapy to other interventions for nail-biting

A product Pavlock, which is essentially a shock bracelet for Aversion Therapy, markets itself as an intervention for a range of habits, including procrastination and nail-biting. Wikipedia cites the ...
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203 views

Effectiveness of aversion therapy for procrastination

Pavlok is a product which is essentially a shock bracelet for Aversion Therapy. It markets itself as an intervention for a range of habits, including procrastination and nail-biting. Is there any ...
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186 views

Cognitivism over Behaviorism [duplicate]

While reading up on the differences between cognitivism and behaviorism, I came across this: Cognitive science, however, overcomes Behaviorism’s main faults, particularly that reflexes and ...
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Can someone please help me find this ancedote / experiment?

I have a faint memory regarding an ancedote/experiment conducted for a certain psychological behavioral recognition. My memory recalls: It has something to do with a University experiment which ...
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Behaviorist Approach to Cognitive Science (seems a dichotomy, it's not) [duplicate]

I'm taking an intro to psyc course now and we've spent some lectures discussing the learning theory. Now while these theories do provide some insight, the foundational perspective of behaviorism is no ...
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1answer
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What do chimpanzees do with fire in the wild, and can they be trained to manipulate burning objects?

It seems that most animals run away or avoid fire at all costs. This is especially apparent during wild fires. Humans, obviously, have figured out how to use fire as a tool. Are we the only known ...
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Why is solitary confinement used so widely?

Prison isolation is likely so hard for inmates because people are sociable creatures. Yet, isolation is still used in prisons ('supermax prisons'), in mental hospitals, but also as a strategy to ...
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468 views

Scientific way to prove you are ambidextrous, right handed or left handed?

I grew up in a country where my grandmother's generation used to believe that left handed were related with the Devil, so I know many friends that have been "corrected" when kids and now they are ...
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While spoting a liar, whether observing the verbal cue or observing the non-verbal cue helps?

While spotting a liar,is it paying attention to verbal cues such as pauses in speech and speech disturbances, including "ahs," stutters, and incomplete sentences that weighs more or is it paying ...
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Is hand-writing analysis used for analysis of a person's behaviour or anlayzing a person's character?

Does the handwriting analysis of a person predict only his/her behavior or only his/her character or both?
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Can personality be measured without self-report or peer-report?

There's lots of evidence on personality correlating to various behavior, like speed when talking, words used, walking pace, types of books owned, reactions to situations, colors on clothing, +++. Is ...
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Disprove that Humans are selfish

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
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Is the current approach to AI learning essentially behaviourism?

AI, to the level that we attempt to create it these days, involves creating neural networks that learn from stimulus (experience, data) and reinforcement. A higher score such as in a Go game, or a ...
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The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
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352 views

Why some people do not perform well with ambiguity and uncertainty?

I've recently read an article about Generation Z, early 20 year olds born after 1995 in the workforce (similar to this one). The article suggests that unlike previous generation, where ambigious goals ...
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Are there studies about religious belief similar to the ones about superstition among animals? [closed]

In this question they talk about how animals can develop rituals that they thing have some influence in a particular outcome, when in reality there isn't a real connection whatsoever between the ...
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How does an animal learn what a predator is?

A while ago I heard the following anecdote: "On some tropical island, explorers infested the island with rats that wrecked the native ecosystem. To get rid of rats, people introduced cats that ...
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Conditioning and Contingency

I've learned, that spatiotemporal neighborhood among the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli is a presupposition of conditioning (classical or operant). A second presupposition is called "...
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What is the difference between a biological and behaviorist perspective in psychology?

I was recently reading through a textbook and was unable to clearly identify the differences between the two due to a vague definition of both. Can someone provide an in-depth explanation of the two ...
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Why do people behave better when observed?

Why does it seem that people behave like they are supposed to when they are being observed? For example. If you place a fake security camera on an employee, they would behave better (or at least ...
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2k views

Is there a part of the human brain responsible for triggering imagination, fantasy and coming up with unusual stories?

I'm trying to understand if there's a specific process or part of the human brain which, when activated, causes the person to daydream, engage in fantasy or come up with ideas that are far from common ...
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Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

The reasons for behaviourism as a philosophy and school of psychology to have fallen out of favour are well known and documented. However, when Newton's view of gravity was replaced by general ...
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What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Recently I've been reading about the subject, and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two. What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?
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When does anchoring improve our judgement?

Anchoring is the behavioral pattern where the first piece of information we receive about a situation is what all other data points are compared to. For example, the price of the first menu item we ...
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301 views

Why do we rely on others in dangerous situations?

*This question is based on my observations. Q: What is the reason people trust their peers implicitly in extreme (or not) situations? Example: I am walking with a friend, and I am telling him ...
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475 views

What is the extent of social grooming in humankind?

Is it mostly intellectual (correcting people's pronunciation, explaining errors in their logic) or physical (fixing their clothing, letting them know about flaws they may be unaware of ("your shirt's ...
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Why does not everyone avoid peak hour rushes? [closed]

We all want/wish to avoid heavily crowded places. There are a few such places we daily encounter - office closing hours traffic, heavy rush at the food counter at lunch time, bank closing hours, ...
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67 views

Law and its formula that says: more time organism working the slower (or less precise) the movements

What is the name of the law and the equation that says that "the more time an organism is working the slower (or less precise) its movements." ? I read once that there is a law in behavioral science ...
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Difficulty of having profound scientific discussions with more than 2 or 3 people?

I am a physicist and the other day, a friend of mine pointed out something that I had never noted explicitly before. This is an empirical observation, but it seems true to me, and it may raise a lot ...
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3answers
876 views

Is a person with a psychopathic disorder aware of it?

A (former) friend of mine shows lots of symptoms of a psychopathic disorder. Years later after we both met the last time, I'm still not sure whether he is/was aware of this disorder or not. So my ...
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Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of ...
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Are our brains just energy conserving systems? [closed]

Is the brain a purely energy conserving system that creates behaviours for conserving the energy distributed to the brain, based on the input of sensory information that our bodies take in?
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How to achieve homeostasis and cognitive closure, while living with more infinite unanswered questions and concrete explanations?

In this question we learn, curiosity (and scientific research in general) is a cycle that arises when one connects dots when analyzing new answers, which most of the time leads to more unanswered ...
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A good place to start learning Behaviorism for a Newbie?

I've developed an interest in Behavioral Psychology. I don't have any background and I'm not taking any Psychology course or anything. I just want to learn. I was wondering if there's a good "...