Questions tagged [behaviorism]

A school of thought that maintains that behaviors can be described scientifically without recourse either to internal physiological events or to hypothetical constructs such as the mind.

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Why does smiling indicate happiness? Why couldn’t frowning indicate happiness and smiling indicate sadness?

Is there an evolutionary reason behind this? What about raising eyebrows when surprised, or lowering them when angry?
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What Classical Conditioning says about multiple or multimodal stimuli?

I would like to know if classical conditioning somehow predicts/approaches scenarios where multiple or multimodal stimuli associate with a response. I do not have much knowledge on the topic, but it ...
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What does this sentence of Richard Herrnstein regarding learned helplessness theory mean?

In Maier, S. F., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2016), Learned Helplessness at Fifty: Insights from Neuroscience, the authors quote an objection of Richard Herrnstein, a prominent Harvard Skinnerian (...
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Is there a relationship between viewing and committing war crimes

Recently, I’ve been curious if there’s any relationship between someone committing war crimes and previously viewing them. For example, the War in Afghanistan is considered asymmetrical warfare, where ...
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
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In the behaviorism it is argued that we learn behavior, but (how) does this influence our way of thinking?

I'm currently learning psychological approaches and social psychology, and this question popped into my head. The book on the approaches is: Glassman, W., Hadad, M. (20130116). Approaches to ...
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Why is the shoemaker badly shod?

In other words, why are professionals/experts good at doing what they know to do for others but not for themselves ? What is the psychological bias behind this ? Of course this questions comes from ...
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What is the difference between conditioning and learning?

The more I think about the difference between learning and Pavlovian conditioning, the more I'm unable to see how they differ. Even though in theory associative learning is just a portion of learning. ...
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Is there a name for this feeling?

With the intent of being seen as a big shot, a person induces unsuspecting observers to underestimate them by intentionally failing in trivial tasks but then successfully completing more complex tasks....
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I am looking for the name of a phenomenon where people blindly follow others when they sense a threat

So I am composing a post and I am looking for a name of the behaviour among people that they start running when they see two or more people running in opposite direction sensing a potential threat or ...
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Are behaviourist practices and/or principles still valid and useful?

I understand how behaviorism is outdated for not considering the brain processes and cognition as ultimately responsible for memory and learning. Nevertheless, after reading Learning Theories: An ...
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Is there a protocol to cluster observed behaviour data? [closed]

I have observed a number of users in 3 public parks during the course of 2 months and have identified 60 different types of uses. I can't find a protocol to classify similar uses (not users) into ...
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Do we still not know whether violent video games negatively affect players?

As per the answer to the 2018 question on this site about the same topic, we did not know whether there was a causal link between exposure to violent video games and aggressive behavior because the ...
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What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy?

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy? I am especially interested why this outside-in word was used but please provide me a wider context of this type of therapy. ...
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Punishment v.s Negative Reinforcement

Consider the following scenario: Every time I do the groceries with my son he constantly asks for a packet of lollies. I find this constant asking for lollies very annoying, so I always end up ...
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What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving

What is the medical term for semi-mindless activities to help reduce anxiety? ... such as gardening, mowing, cleaning... perhaps driving. I recall that, maybe, the word asynchronous was part of the ...
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Is there any significance to the way Trump spreads his hand from each other?

Is there any significance on how President Trump constantly spreads apart from each other his hands while talking? I postulate that this falls under some sort of sub-conscious (or conscious) body ...
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Are reaction time and memory physiological measure or behavioral observation?

I think that the choice made by a subject in a choice task should be behavioral observation. But I am not sure about reaction time and memory, which is more about ability instead of intention.
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Is it possible to effect both positive and negative reinforcement through the same action?

Consider the following scenario: a rhesus monkey is being put under severe duress somehow (isolation, sense of physical threat, whathaveyou). It is desired that a behavior, like pressing a lever, is ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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In a class room setting, why do people look at you when you are asking a question?

Picture this scenario: You are a student enrolled in a large class You arrived slightly late to the class, so you are sitting at the back of the class You raise your hands to ask the teacher a ...
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What is the fastest way to make an intermittent reinforced behavior become extinct?

Let's suppose I trained my dog to touch a button and win a prize in random sequences. Now I want to make this behavior become extinct. What is the fastest way: Not allow my dog to see the button ...
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Need to define observation/phenomenon in order to study it, same replies to same political topics, different individuals

I was wondering if anyone could help me define my observation, in order to read some literature on the subject. I have some Cog. Psych. background but have never encountered this during my studies. It ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What's a simple definition for reactive attachment disorder?

I read an article on Reactive Attachment Disorder. Here's what I know so far Reactive means to react in response to something. Action = reaction. Attachment is the act of bonding or connecting with ...
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2 answers
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Can you get addicted from using topical or local anaesthetics to ease pain?

I've been wondering if there was such a thing as developing some kind of physical or psychological dependence on things that relieve pain. While we often hear about opioid addiction, which is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
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What happened to self-administered aversion therapy (with a rubber band in particular)?

In the 1970s a great new use for the rubber band was discovered: self-administered aversion therapy. It didn't go so well in some cases, like for "obsessoinal thinking", the outcome being the opposite ...
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What is the meaning of Trump's 'thumb-and-index-pinch' when he speaks?

When Donald Trump speaks in front of a crowd, he often puts his hand at shoulder level, usually far from it, and lets his palm face the crowd and pinches his thumb and index together while either ...
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5 votes
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Do violent videos and video games affect your behaviour?

So I've heard many people say watching violent videos affect your behaviour. But I myself don't observe any change in me. So does it truly affect anyone and if yes how exactly? Some of the sites ...
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How much evidence is needed to support a claim? [closed]

Let's say that I hypothesised that if I behave in a certain way (X) then the people I interact with will respond with behaviour (Y). How much evidence do I need to make such claim ?
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Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

I have difficulties to understand fear as a response to a stimuli. In my view fear occurs as a anticipation of a possible threat in the (nearby) future. Fear prepares the organism so that it can react ...
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1 vote
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Is the order of stimulus pairings in second order conditioning relevant? [closed]

In second order conditioning next to a CS1 + US also a CS2 + CS1 association is learned so that also CS2 will cause a CR. Is the order in which the stimuli associations are learned (CS1 + US and CS2 + ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Comparison of Aversion Therapy to other interventions for nail-biting

A product Pavlock, which is essentially a shock bracelet for Aversion Therapy, markets itself as an intervention for a range of habits, including procrastination and nail-biting. Wikipedia cites the ...
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Effectiveness of aversion therapy for procrastination

Pavlok is a product which is essentially a shock bracelet for Aversion Therapy. It markets itself as an intervention for a range of habits, including procrastination and nail-biting. Is there any ...
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Cognitivism over Behaviorism [duplicate]

While reading up on the differences between cognitivism and behaviorism, I came across this: Cognitive science, however, overcomes Behaviorism’s main faults, particularly that reflexes and ...
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Can someone please help me find this ancedote / experiment?

I have a faint memory regarding an ancedote/experiment conducted for a certain psychological behavioral recognition. My memory recalls: It has something to do with a University experiment which ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What do chimpanzees do with fire in the wild, and can they be trained to manipulate burning objects?

It seems that most animals run away or avoid fire at all costs. This is especially apparent during wild fires. Humans, obviously, have figured out how to use fire as a tool. Are we the only known ...
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Why is solitary confinement used so widely?

Prison isolation is likely so hard for inmates because people are sociable creatures. Yet, isolation is still used in prisons ('supermax prisons'), in mental hospitals, but also as a strategy to ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Scientific way to prove you are ambidextrous, right handed or left handed?

I grew up in a country where my grandmother's generation used to believe that left handed were related with the Devil, so I know many friends that have been "corrected" when kids and now they are ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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While spoting a liar, whether observing the verbal cue or observing the non-verbal cue helps?

While spotting a liar,is it paying attention to verbal cues such as pauses in speech and speech disturbances, including "ahs," stutters, and incomplete sentences that weighs more or is it paying ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Is hand-writing analysis used for analysis of a person's behaviour or anlayzing a person's character?

Does the handwriting analysis of a person predict only his/her behavior or only his/her character or both?
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Can personality be measured without self-report or peer-report?

There's lots of evidence on personality correlating to various behavior, like speed when talking, words used, walking pace, types of books owned, reactions to situations, colors on clothing, +++. Is ...
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Disprove that Humans are selfish

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is the current approach to AI learning essentially behaviourism?

AI, to the level that we attempt to create it these days, involves creating neural networks that learn from stimulus (experience, data) and reinforcement. A higher score such as in a Go game, or a ...
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1 vote
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The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Why some people do not perform well with ambiguity and uncertainty?

I've recently read an article about Generation Z, early 20 year olds born after 1995 in the workforce (similar to this one). The article suggests that unlike previous generation, where ambigious goals ...
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Are there studies about religious belief similar to the ones about superstition among animals? [closed]

In this question they talk about how animals can develop rituals that they thing have some influence in a particular outcome, when in reality there isn't a real connection whatsoever between the ...
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How does an animal learn what a predator is?

A while ago I heard the following anecdote: "On some tropical island, explorers infested the island with rats that wrecked the native ecosystem. To get rid of rats, people introduced cats that ...
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3 votes
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Conditioning and Contingency

I've learned, that spatiotemporal neighborhood among the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli is a presupposition of conditioning (classical or operant). A second presupposition is called "...
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What is the difference between a biological and behaviorist perspective in psychology?

I was recently reading through a textbook and was unable to clearly identify the differences between the two due to a vague definition of both. Can someone provide an in-depth explanation of the two ...
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Why do people behave better when observed?

Why does it seem that people behave like they are supposed to when they are being observed? For example. If you place a fake security camera on an employee, they would behave better (or at least ...
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