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Q1 — Your Main Question — Why is almost all therapy done as one-hour sessions weekly? The studies Two studies attempted to observe the effects of session frequency in routine practice of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Both relied on retrospective evaluations by patients after completing therapy, and on naturalistic data regarding session frequency and dose. ...


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Haldol (haloperidol) is mainly known for its antipsychotic properties to treat schizophrenia. It's an aged antipsychotic with a lot of side effects. Because of this, haloperidol is nowadays mostly replaced by the atypical antipsychotics, such as clozapine as first-line treatment. Haloperidol's primary mechanism of action is believed to be related to its ...


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Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) is part of the energy psychology movement which draws on various forms of alternative medicine to stimulate meridian points of the body (Gaudiano, 2000). At the moment it is considered pseudoscience because it has no effect beyond the placebo-effect in clinical psychology (Bakker, 2013). This is an excerpt from a study by ...


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TLDR: EMDR seems to be equally efficacious to other therapies. Davidson & Parker, (2001) conducted a meta-analysis. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), a controversial treatment suggested for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other conditions, was evaluated in a meta-analysis of 34 studies that examined EMDR with a variety of ...


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Wikipedia often provides references to scientific studies and the Wikipedia article on Mindfulness is no exception. The main section of the article has ...Studies have also shown that rumination and worry contribute to mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety,[13][14] and that mindfulness-based interventions are effective in the reduction of both ...


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Short answer: Not a debugger, but possibly a control flow override. Long answer: This is a common fallacy known as the introspection illusion: The introspection illusion is a cognitive bias in which people wrongly think they have direct insight into the origins of their mental states. ... In certain situations, this illusion leads people to make ...


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What is CBT? As I stated in my answer to a previous question on CBT, The basic concept of CBT Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) was developed by Aaron Temkin Beck, and as mentioned before, CBT is a combination of behaviourism and behaviour therapy, and cognitive theories and their application in therapeutic settings (Reeves, 2013). CBT helps to ...


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Short answer The cause of depression is thought to be one of neurochemistry, resulting in depressive thoughts. Background I think the general consensus is that depression is a psychological disorder with neurochemical causes. In particular, the serotonin hypothesis of depression has received much attention, basically due to the success of the serotonin-...


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Johns Hopkins did stop doing gender reassignment surgery and one of their psychiatrists apparently says that The suicide rate among transgendered people who had the surgery is 20 times higher He also apparently says that transgenderism is a “mental disorder” that merits treatment, that sex change is “biologically impossible,” and that people who ...


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You asked: Is there a way to compare treatments for medical vs psychological issues? I would say no because we aren't looking to compare medical treatments to psychological treatments. It isn't possible to do so and there isn't any real world application for such a process, i.e., it doesn't tell us anything useful. The question I think you're getting ...


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The article you linked to (Holmes, 2018) is talking about both senarios. The therapist must not be a friend before or during therapy sessions. Dual relationships can interfere with the efficiency of the therapy due to the fact that it can create transference and counter-transference issues. Transference Transference as a psychological concept refers to ...


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Some types of meditation (when successful) can bring about states that can certainly be used for debugging purposes. One of the key factors is the ability to relax enough while maintaining sufficient focus to be able (a) to see why you are thinking or reacting in a certain way and (b) to stop immediately in your thinking tracks and choose a different path. ...


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TL;DR: There's many studies which point to better mental health outcomes as a result of treatment, such as hormones and surgery, of transgender individuals. It's also important to consider that there's a range of gender identities and a range of treatments which are tailored to the individual. There's a lot of factors to consider. WPATH Standards of Care ...


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From a 2014 review article on procrastination that doesn't mention aversive therapy at all, but has this to say about treatment(s) of procrastination in general: Even though procrastination can contribute to many adversities among those afflicted, research concerning treatment interventions is currently scarce. (Pychyl & Flett, 2012) In terms of ...


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Low self-esteem can be the result of severeal things, implying depression and other mental disorders, past experiences (harassement for example). We can "fix" low self-esteem through non-drug therapy, but sometimes we can't. There is no fixed answer, it varies from person to person. My personnal experience : I am a schizoaffective and asperger person, for ...


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Short answer Transference is often related to feelings felt toward parents, but not always. Background Transference (Hughes & Kerr, 2000) is the phenomenon whereby we unconsciously transfer feelings and attitudes from a person or situation in the past on to a person or situation in the present. The process is at least partly inappropriate to ...


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Out of the basically four possible ways to change behaviors, your rubber band lies at one extreme, being an example of positive punishment, which works by presenting an aversive stimulus after an undesired behavior is exhibited, making the behavior less likely to happen in the future. There is also the lesser negative punishment when a certain reinforcing ...


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First off, I am not familiar with this therapy. There seems to be 251 hits on Scholar (excluding citations and patents) at the time of this writing with a search for "Havening Technique'. Of these 251, there seems to be one single journal article from Gursimran et al. (2015). The publisher of this 'journal', i.e. the Health Science Journal (Insight Medical ...


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I cannot find a defined "Gold Standard" within the US, but there is ISO27001:2013 here in the UK and the European Union. More can be found from this IT Governance website. There is also suggestion that you should also follow ISO27018:2014 if you are storing data in public cloud systems. In absence of any defined "Gold Standard", you can ...


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I suspect we adopt irrational positions when we have an implicit choice available and our frame of mind, owing to biological factors such as stress hormone levels, favors rapid choices over thoughtful reflection on the circumstances we face. Dual process theory provides a decent framework for thinking about this. There is a remarkable body of literature ...


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Reading the answer from @HallsofJustice, the report from Gaudiano & Herbert JD (2000) was a Skeptical Inquirer report, and as the name suggests, their reports contain the extreme end of skepticism. For most of its existence, the Skeptical Inquirer (SI) was published by the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, widely ...


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The meta-analysis on anxiety referred to by Church, D. et al. (2018) was performed by Sebastian & Nelms, (2017) was published in a questionable journal. This critique by Ferrara found that four studies suffered from two fatal flaws: they had a small number of participants, and EFT was compared to waitlist controls that did nothing. These studies ...


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There is strong evidence for EFT for depression. A metaanalysis Nelms & Castel (2016) found 20 studies including 12 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and 8 outcome studies. 461 participants were studied in the outcome studies with over 398 in the RCTs. There were significant reduction in depressive symptoms found in this meta-analysis across multiple ...


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Here are some reasons I collected that can explain why we have wrong ideas: Naïve realism Egocentrism Illusion of transparency Self-conscious emotions


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The state of the art in EMDR research (if not yet in practice) supports a "working memory" (WM) explanation of the therapy that does not support earlier "bilateral stimulation" hypotheses of the method. A particularly salient summary from M.A. van den Hout et al. in Behaviour Research and Therapy 49 (2011) p.93: Traditionally, during EMDR, eyes are moved ...


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In a very elementary and basic way Cognitive Behavioral Therapy focuses on mental schemas and behavior modification techniques. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_(psychology) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_behavioral_therapy In the formulation of the case the professional analyzes how attitudes, behavioral dispositions, behavior and the ...


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Short answer: Negative thoughts in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are both a cause and a consequence in depression. In fact if these thoughts are produced by schemes this theory considers as a specific factor of vulnerability that predisposes to depression in certain events. Long answer: First of all we should consider the considerations in terms of schemes ...


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The first thing I must say is that if you are not a psychology or psichiatry professional, you should not face such a task, because you will undoubtedly underestimate the difficulties of this task. You ask about what to say or what not to be cir but to get to that ... With regard to self-help groups there are many elements to take into account: To begin ...


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Aaron Beck is an psychiatrist and psychotherapist. He is considered the founder of classical approaches to cognitive psychotherapy. One technique that he suggests is the cognitive technique that generally consists of some steps. N.B. These steps may change depending on the problem, depending on the therapist and depending on the patient-therapist alliance. ...


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The problem with procrastination when it comes to aversion therapy or Pavlok is that it isn't a specific behavior that you're grappling with but a specific series of behaviors that contribute to procrastination. Much of these behaviors are probably under the radar of your conscious awareness and have been going on for a long time. That's not saying that ...


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