12 votes
Accepted

Can hypnosis stop cigarette smoking?

Green and Lynn (2000) conducted a meta analysis of 59 experiments investigating the efficacy of hypnosis on smoking cessation. Their conclusions were: There is mixed, inconclusive evidence for ...
  • 5,854
9 votes
Accepted

Can music be addictive?

According to the article "Addiction to Music Has Biochemical Basis" on Softpedia News by Tudor Vieru, which reports on findings by Robert Zatorre and Valorie Salimpoor (Salimpoor & ...
7 votes
Accepted

Are there any types of good addiction

As I pointed out in Technical term for "hidden addictions", the term addiction is defined as not having control over doing, taking or using something to the point where it could be harmful ...
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6 votes

Is it possible to become addicted to sleep deprivation?

Possibly of interest: 2011 study from Berkeley, published in the Journal of Neuroscience: Pulling an all-nighter can bring on euphoria and risky behavior: https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/03/22/pulling-...
6 votes

Is "Emotional Pain Addiction" real?

There are 2 phenomena that you could be referring to here. One is negativity addiction, and the other is general negativism. While psychoanalysis is considered by some here to be pseudoscientific, ...
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5 votes

Brain and General Sections

It depends on the type of addictive substances (i.e., opioid, amphetamine, LSD, etc). Different types bind to different sets of receptors of neurotransmitters (i.e., dopamine, serotonin, GABA, etc.) ...
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5 votes

How addictive is Heroine?

"The United Nations World Drug Report 2013 estimated that approximately 16.5 million people worldwide aged 15 or older used heroin or opium. Of these users, approximately 23% are estimated to develop ...
5 votes
Accepted

Why do people get addicted to things like TV, Facebook, games?

At least two phenomenons can be found here : The drive to wath the TV series is higher than the drive to study. The TV series are structured in such a way to attract and hook viewers. I will try to ...
5 votes
Accepted

Can someone be healed from a long-held addiction or compulsive disorder in an instant and without therapy due to a dramatic spiritual experience?

The answer to this question is indeed: We don't know - as @ChrisRogers correctly explained. However, let me mention some related research that may help shed some light on the question. Recently, ...
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5 votes

Why are there substances that give positive psychological effects but become unhealthy addictions?

Short answer The brain with its reward centers did not evolve with purified plant-based stimulants (nicotine, cocaine) or synthetic variants ((meth)amphetamine and other designer drugs) around. ...
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4 votes

Childhood IQ and pattern of drug use in adulthood

I don't know how reproducible those findings are, but this study (Schretlen, van der Hulst, Pearlson, & Gordon, 2010) found a moderate association between fluid intelligence and openness to ...
4 votes

Childhood IQ and pattern of drug use in adulthood

First, thank you bringing that White et al. (2009) paper to my attention -- I am currently accumulating a whole bunch of cohort studies focusing on cognitive epidemiology, or health outcomes ...
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4 votes

Is there a technical term for someone being burnt out on something they enjoy?

There is no specific term for this entire phenomenon because there is more than one psychological theory playing a role in your overindulgence or "binge". Fatigue from repetitiveness, durability bias, ...
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4 votes
Accepted

Why is Internet Addiction Disorder not listed in the DSM-5 manual?

There's debate over whether Internet addiction is it's own disorder or a symptom of an underlying psychosis. See this essay by the first man to publish the term: https://theconversation.com/is-...
4 votes

Does the Minnesota 12 steps model really produce an effective change in the treatment of drugs addictions?

Grønbæk and Nielsen (2007) conducted a randomized, controlled study of the Minnesota model for treating alcohol dependence in Denmark. 148 alcohol dependent individuals participated. The study ...
4 votes
Accepted

Is there a formal name for the compulsive and recurrent urges to pick one's nose in order to remove perceived imperfections?

Excoriation disorder (ED) formerly known as dermatillomania, and more popularly as Skin Picking Disorder (SPD): a mental disorder characterized by the repeated urge to pick at one's own skin, ...
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4 votes

Dopaminergic basis for gambling addiction

Gambling disorder (GD) as a type of behavioral addictions has different mechanism compared with neuroadaptive addictions caused by substance use disorder (SUD). Wikipedia source on operant ...
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3 votes

How addictive is Heroine?

Short answer Addicition is defined as: repeated involvement with a substance or activity, despite the substantial harm it now causes, because that involvement was (and may continue to be) pleasurable ...
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3 votes

Brain and General Sections

Whereabouts in the brain gets triggered/switched on when an addictive substance is ingested/taken. Irrespective of their particular pharmacology, the one thing that all drugs of addiction have in ...
  • 1,227
3 votes
Accepted

Why does an addict always remain one?

Short answer, which is one of many: One interesting hypothesis about this is the "reward hijacking" model. Essentially, when somebody becomes addicted their reward circuits become hypersensitive to ...
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3 votes

Best meditation techniques to overcome Behavioral Addictions?

Several years ago, I was unsuccessfully searching for a study that evaluates the efficacy of many different interventions in the context of addictions. However, I did find a cognitive behavioral ...
3 votes
Accepted

Can one become addicted to learning?

Any form of excessive secretion of dopamine, can not be good, be it drugs, learning, sex etc. workaholism is a form learning addiction, workaholism is said to be as an addiction very similar to ...
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3 votes

Do lonely people get addicted more easily than social counterparts?

First of all, the rat experience is not so relevant to a great extent to the question. Animals can't reason (they can't have their own belief system and plan for the future). However, there is some ...
  • 301
3 votes

Is gaming more addictive than watching movies or tv shows?

To answer your question directly, there are so much different factors involved in addiction to games and movies, that I don't believe any study could cover the whole thing. We can, though, try to ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Why do we like stories?

I'll try to roughly answer your question. It's not an easy one, and by no means does it have a narrow answer. Scientists have suggested, like you mentioned that stories show a lot about the basis of ...
  • 1,172
3 votes
Accepted

Is tianeptine addictive?

The internet is flooded with anecdotal reports of 'Tian' relating to the drug's addictive potential after recreational use, for example here, here and here. Often, though, these reports come from ...
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3 votes

To what extent is control over when a substance is used relevant to addiction?

This is a tough question to answer definitively. I won't address heroin specifically but rather drugs of abuse more generally since a lot of the addictive patterns are the same and heroin is less ...
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3 votes

Long term cocaine use and personality change - Scientific references?

I couldn't find a longitudinal study on this, which would be direct evidence, but it seems plausible due to circumstantial evidence: Just taking a dose to lowers the perception of facial sadness (...
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3 votes

Can someone be healed from a long-held addiction or compulsive disorder in an instant and without therapy due to a dramatic spiritual experience?

I haven't got half an hour at the moment to sit and watch this video at the moment, but there can be many reasons someone with religious convictions may be able to abstain from addictive behaviours. ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Are there cases of drug addict that "forget" their addiction after some brain damages?

I'm not aware of truly "forgetting" as in amnesia, but there have been reports that brain damage can disrupt the behavioral pattern of addiction which I think qualifies as what you describe ...
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