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How does one escape learned helplessness?

History Martin E. P. Seligman, has written extensively on the nature, etiology, and significance of learned helplessness, and in 1975, he broadened the scope of learned helplessness from animal ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is it possible to condition oneself to not be bothered by distressing sounds?

Short answer Meditation may be key to block out distracting noise. Background One study has shown that during meditation, expert meditators with over 19,000 h of meditation experience show less ...
AliceD's user avatar
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4 votes

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

There is a lot of research here so there is a lot to cover. Please bear with me. There are what is known as 3 forces of psychology Behavioural Theory (First Force) – (Short & Thomas, 2014, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is it possible to effect both positive and negative reinforcement through the same action?

Yes. In fact, the modern view of positive and negative reinforcement is that they are essentially synonyms. They are different ways of looking at the same thing, like describing a glass of water ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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3 votes
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Can you use harmful addictions to build good habits?

Although smoking is highly addictive and should never be started just because you feel like it enables you to learn something you are not particularly interested in Heishman et al. (2010) note that: ...
CuriousIndeed's user avatar
3 votes

To what extent is control over when a substance is used relevant to addiction?

This is a tough question to answer definitively. I won't address heroin specifically but rather drugs of abuse more generally since a lot of the addictive patterns are the same and heroin is less ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
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3 votes

Why do many people play Candy Crush without ever buying anything while some spend all their money on it?

The economic concept of marginalism comes to mind. Actors will spend money to buy virtual goods if the marginal cost (price) is lower than the marginal (subjective) utility of the virtual good. If you ...
Marius Eidem's user avatar
3 votes

Name of sound-induced-hunger condition

Probably not. The closest thing I am aware of is Mayor et al (2016) [The Effect of Chronic Dieting Goals on Auditory Perceptual Biases] where they propose the existence of “wishful hearing,” which ...
StrongBad's user avatar
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3 votes
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

Wikipedia explains that there's not one theory of learned helplessness but several, some more encompassing than others with respect to what is learned: Research has found that a human's reaction to ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
3 votes

To what degree do fetishes differ from conventional sexual orientation?

By Wikipedia's definition a fetish is "a sexual fixation on a nonliving object or nongenital body part." So, no, it is not 'possible' for anyone to develop a 'fetish' towards a living object.
Steven Jeuris's user avatar
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3 votes

Classical or Operant Conditioning?

This is homework. But it's still interesting. However, I'm not sure if this would be classified as classical or operant conditioning because although it's a voluntary behavior, it's prompted by a ...
faustus's user avatar
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2 votes
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Why is conditioned taste aversion an example of classical conditioning (rather than operant)?

This is an excellent question. The difference between Classical conditioning (also called Pavlovian conditioning) and operant (instrumental) conditioning is subtle for the new student, but can be ...
sometimes_sci's user avatar
2 votes

Why is conditioned taste aversion an example of classical conditioning (rather than operant)?

The conditioning of aversion to taste is part of learning studies in which there is an association between food and flavors with positive reactions such as food preferences or satiety and negative ...
hexadecimal's user avatar
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2 votes

Episodic-memory amnesia preserving fear conditioning

As a sort of partial answer, but since it's too much to add to the question itself... a more encompassing question would be whether fear conditioning can occur without awareness of the conditioning ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
2 votes
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Why do many people play Candy Crush without ever buying anything while some spend all their money on it?

Summary: From the few papers I've looked at, microtransaction-based games tend to work as suspected/designed. That is, games which rely on frustration to get the player to spend money (like Candy ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
2 votes

In operant conditioning, how do you get the subject to "pull the lever" for the first time?

Rats and other creatures are curious and like to explore their environments. When the action is easy, such as a large lever on the wall, most animals will find it quickly, and if the action is ...
Cameron Brick's user avatar
1 vote

Does intention matter for positive reinforcement?

The short answer is that only the outcome matters: These terms are defined by their effect on behavior. ... Positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement increase the probability of a behavior ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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1 vote

punishment vs. negative reinforcement

Actually according to wikipedia source definition of reinforcement of behavioral psychology and operant conditioning, punishment is a subtype of the 4 types of reinforcement: reinforcement is a ...
cinch's user avatar
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1 vote

Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

In 1967 Maier and Seligman first proposed the concept of learned helplessness in their paper Failure to escape traumatic shock. 50 years later they published another paper Learned Helplessness at ...
Ooker's user avatar
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1 vote

Does the brain possess mechanisms to spot a feedback loop of self-induced negative sensation and relief?

Professor Sweeney has expressed the hypothesis that counterfactual thoughts that follow a relief are an example of a such mechanism on the Hidden Brain podcast although it's not something she ...
Probably's user avatar
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1 vote
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What does it mean by "the resulting behavior doesn't produce the consequence"?

The slide is contrasting classical conditioning with operant conditioning. In operant conditioning, you train that a behavior is paired with a reward or punishment. For example, a lever press ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,586
1 vote

Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

Short answer You are almost there. The 5F (fright/flight/fight/freeze/fawn) response to threats is an unconscious reflex which in brief follows as Threat → Fear → Response. A lot of people cannot ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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