Several scientific projects are trying to map the connectome, such as The Human Connectome Project. The connectomes of other organisms, such as C. elegans, have been mapped already.
Having an organism's connectome, what information can we extract from it? And, most importantly, what information will still be missing?
For example, can we extract the following functional information from the connectome:
- Is the synapse connection excitatory or inhibitory?
- Which ions does the synaptic connection use?
- What is the strength of the synaptic connection?
For simplicity, let's assume that we're using the best imaging and data gathering techniques available (including combinations of techniques).