Do children from bilingual families learn two languages faster than children from monolingual families learn one language? In other words, I'm wondering if there's a language learning advantage to growing up in a bilingual home. If that is the case, what about for families that speak 3 languages or more?
Do bilingual children learn two languages faster than monolingual children learn one language?
1$\begingroup$ Not every child growing up in a bilingual family ever becomes a "productive" speaker of both languages involved, not even if each one of them is exclusively used by one of the parents when speaking to the child, while both parents understand a shared language, possibly the preferred one when they speak to each other. Fairly often the child develops into an active speaker of the "shared language" and receptive (passive) speaker of the other one. How, then, do you define when exactly a particular language was "learned"? $\endgroup$– Jirka HanikaNov 1, 2014 at 20:44
I think it's all about passion for languages. I have bilingual children and my first was having difficulties with my native language compared to the second one. It's all individual...So the answer is
in my opinion I think there is no advantage over the children from monolingual. Children from bilingual families take 2 different languages as one. So in some sense there are still monolingual...
here is some paper:
Because a key expectation parents have is for their child to perform well in school, it is important for parents to know that bilingual children and monolingual children develop their learning abilities at different speeds. Children learning two languages learn each language more slowly than monolingual children learn their native languages. It is easy to understand why -- children have a limited amount of time with which to dedicate to listening and reading language; if a child is bilingual, he will split that time between the two languages, which slows his learning speed. This often affects the academic performance and communication skills of bilingual children, which can cause stress in the family. In a sense, the average school is set up to go at a monolingual speed, which might outpace bilingual children.
Bilingual 12-year-olds perform worse at school than their monolingual peers, a researcher at Sweden's Örebro University has found.
1$\begingroup$ Could you name some research papers backing this up? $\endgroup$– JoachimNov 3, 2014 at 16:07
$\begingroup$ bilingual children have disadvantage in learning...everydaylife.globalpost.com/… $\endgroup$– GrasperNov 3, 2014 at 16:25