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Questions tagged [language]

For questions about the psychology and neuroscience of the production and perception of oral and written language.

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1answer
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Is mapping sound frequencies to the vertical axis universal?

Shrill notes are said to be "high", and rumbles are said to be "low". Humans seem to metaphorically map frequency to the vertical axis, and in the cultures that I know of, high frequency is ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Bilingualism and cognitive decline (or dementia risk)

There's apparently a fairly contested research area of bilingualism being neuroprotective against cognitive decline in old age, such as dementia. What are the main points for and against this ...
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0answers
15 views

Is theory of mind formation accelerated by bilingualism?

Kovács (2009) reported that bilingual children were better at solving a false belief task critical to the fully developed theory of mind (ToM). Has this study been replicated or criticized by others? ...
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1answer
62 views

Can't we teach other intelligent animals “complex” languages?

I assume I'm not the first person to think about this, but I find this idea very useful, and if it works it would really be a major breakthrough (IMO, more important than getting to space). Animals ...
2
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1answer
56 views

What happens if you lie to a child during language acquisition?

During language acquisition a child can learn 20 words a day. What would happen if the parent decided to lie to the child during this time so that whenever the child said "what that?" the parent made ...
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0answers
19 views

Other studies of animals with sign language

Dr. Francine Patterson taught a modified form of sign language to Koko, a western lowland gorilla. Much media attention has been focused on Koko, especially after her death, and Patterson herself ...
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0answers
20 views

Is it an issue to use a model for stimulus selection, when the same model is later tested against fMRI data based on those stimuli?

I am planning an fMRI experiment which looks at similarity of human brain activation when prompted with known words. The goal of the experiment is to compare the similarity of activation with ...
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0answers
60 views

How the Brain Does Garbage Collection in Real Time [duplicate]

When we read a sentence we don't "pay attention to" each letter and the structure of each letter and the placement of the letter and color and lighting and all that. We just "end up with" the meaning ...
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0answers
20 views

Are there universal facial expressions for asking questions? [closed]

"Dog." "Dog!" "Dog?" We know the first is a statement. The second a warning maybe. And the third a question. Like facial expressions for emotions. Are there universal human facial expressions or ...
0
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1answer
28 views

neurolinguistics: origin of language

Taking the definition of language a symbolic way to represent an object, is there any explanation for its origin? Is it dependent of any part of the brain? Scientific info about this issue will be ...
3
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0answers
57 views

What are the differences between Cognitive, Psycho-linguistic, and Behavioral approaches to learning?

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around cognitive, psycholinguistic, and behaviorist learning acquisition methods in the context of second language acquisition. I don't really understand their ...
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0answers
77 views

Is there a way for a man to be as sensitive as women in understanding other's thoughts and emotions?

If women are better than men at reading thoughts and emotions by looking at eyes, because they are born for this, then is there a way to make a man to be as sensitive as women? Is it similar to ...
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2answers
10k views

If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

Let’s say that two or more babies/infants from the age of 0 were put in an environment without the affection of adults to teach them how to speak. Would the babies after 13 or so years develop their ...
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0answers
25 views

What is the term covering psychology disorders and language acquiring?

I have a research article aimed for popular audience, whose bibliography contains: 3 works on borderline personality disorder 1 works on language (Hirsh, David, and Paul Nation. “What Vocabulary Size ...
3
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2answers
93 views

What are the different theories about how the brain processes speech?

When we heard speech the brain needs to go through a series of steps to go from the received sounds to a mainly conceptual meaning that follows from the words involved. This involves solving a series ...
3
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1answer
100 views

What is the name of the “Things are more visible once you learn about them” phenomenon?

(Excuse the horrible title of this question. I just can't find the proper (?) words. Please edit as pleased.) It happens many times to me that when I learn about something (e.g. a word, a concept, ...
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0answers
26 views

does speakers exhibit change of behavior when switching from one language to another? [duplicate]

I have a strong belief that being a bilingual or multilingual when we switch from one language to another our behavior change accordingly. For example, my native language is Urdu, I feel comfortable, ...
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0answers
25 views

Polylinguistic Competition [closed]

I'm unsure if there's another exchange that would be more appropriate for this, but I'm curious about my own experiences and wanted to see what this community had to say. Context being that I really ...
4
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1answer
99 views

Can you become “mentally” bilingual after 8?

Is it possible to learn a second language good enough to be able to think in it the same way we think in our first language after the critical language learning period?
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0answers
28 views

What is the basic memory-making algorithm? [closed]

What are the fundamental criteria that determine the hierarchy of saved information in the brain? I've discovered that our languages reflect some of those factors. One of them can be sex ...
4
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1answer
68 views

What makes something relevant to an argument and how can people improve in determining relevance?

Are there any books that examine questions about relevance in general like the following? Relevance Theory seems something else and inapplicable. What makes something (ir)relevant to an argument or ...
5
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1answer
52 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
3
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1answer
46 views

What are the limits of language with respect to communicating the actual reasons that go in making a decision? [closed]

Simon Sinek in his book 'Start With Why' claims how the brain might fail to communicate the actual reasons behind a made decision and instead at best rationalize it in retrospect (post hoc), due to ...
4
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1answer
116 views

Do pictures help young children read (understand meaning) better or does it give them a delayed sense of imagination when decoding information?

I have started to read a book called "Vexed Texts: How Children's Picture Books Promote Illiteracy" by Pamela Protheroe and her belief is that images promotes illiteracy. There seems far too much ...
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0answers
67 views

Do grammatical differences in language affect politics?

I tried very hard to find references on this in Google Scholar and Web of Science, but I fear I don't have enough experience with this area. My partner is great at Spanish, and informed me that in ...
2
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2answers
69 views

Could any kind of learning be framed as learning a language? [closed]

People learn (or actually acquire) languages naturally. As we grow up, we learn also multiple other skills which we then use in everyday life. A lot of these skills are often compared to a language, ...
5
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1answer
43 views

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more to their infants and toddlers?

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more while White parents used adjectives more and had implications for causal and math learning? Please give the citation of the ...
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0answers
83 views

Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
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0answers
19 views

Is there a medical name for transient word recognition problems?

I experience, with infrequency (every year or so), problems identifying specific words as "correct". I will read it, I immediately think it is misspelled, or isn't a word, but then after confirming ...
3
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0answers
404 views

What percentage of people are literal thinkers?

I have been told that only a small percentage of the population think literally but I can find no studies or statistics. This question is not about Lateral thinking (Edward de Bono- solving problems ...
7
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5answers
240 views

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

Philosopher Wittgenstein says that "the limit of my language means the limit of my world". One theory that supports this statement is that people couldn't see the blue colour until they have the word ...
5
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1answer
118 views

Does knowing a word for an emotion cause a person to feel the emotion more frequently?

I am aware of the Frequency Illusion which makes it more likely for us to notice a new word if we just heard about it recently, but I was wondering if this is true for emotions as well. Logically, I ...
10
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1answer
472 views

Does a split brain affect the inner voice?

In the Nature link provided, split brain reportedly alters the processing of sensory input (e.g., an aberrant performance on monocular visual tasks under laboratory conditions), and impairs motor ...
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0answers
73 views

What are the pros and cons of teaching a toddler two languages simultaneously versus sequentially?

Would it cause any speech issues if I decide to teach my toddler English and Spanish at the same time? Or should I teach one language first and then the other one?
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4answers
818 views

Why do people have different personalities when speaking different languages?

Edit: This study is much more relevant in terms of the question. This study suggests (according to article linked below) that a multilingual person can have multiple personalities, each tied to one ...
8
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1answer
4k views

Why does the brain skip over repeated “the” words in sentences?

For example, in this sentence by the the time you are done reading you will have already skipped over the double "the". I have searched this on the internet a little, but I have found nothing that ...
7
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2answers
560 views

What if people understand or interpret words differently in their mind?

Let's think about it, we have all adopted to learn the meaning of words through experiences or emotions. We didn't learn each and every word from a dictionary. What if I understand a word slightly ...
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0answers
32 views

What is the phenomenon where a person inexplicably feels that a word is spelled wrong? [closed]

Sometimes, I get the inexplicable feeling, which also happens to be maddening, that the word why is spelled wrong. In my mind, for a few seconds at least, the spelling doesn't match with the word at ...
9
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1answer
143 views

Does the brain generate identical words in different languages similarly?

Saying (or even just thinking) a word or phrase results from activity in multiple regions of your brain. Of course, we can measure/'map' this activity to some degree; From wikipedia: EEG measures ...
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0answers
31 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
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2answers
52 views

Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
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3answers
809 views

Why do we say, “Oh!” when we are surprised?

I have noticed that I and many of my peers tend to say "Oh!" whenever we are surprised or think of an answer to a question. This "Oh!" is not only prevalent in English, but also in Korean and German. ...
9
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1answer
134 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
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0answers
27 views

Contemporary Resources on Cognitive Science of Typing

[Apologies if this is too general.] I'm doing research on language production during the computer keyboard typing process. There are some great classic articles like Rumelhart & Norman, 1982 and ...
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1answer
41 views

Do subjects with a missing cerebellum have a superior ability to verbalize motion sequences?

Since the function of the cerebellum in patients with cerebellar hypoplasia needs to be taken over by other brain components such as the motor cortex, and since the cortex is the source of language, ...
8
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1answer
414 views

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

From what I have read, stutterers tend to have much less trouble singing than speaking. Do we know why this is the case?
6
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1answer
128 views

Do people low on agreeableness swear more?

Reading through a scientific report on Big 5 characteristics in everyday life, I found a -.28 correlation for Agreaableness and swearing. http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~mehl/eReprints/EARlensmodelJPSP....
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1answer
436 views

How does a language deprived person think?

Question Let us say a person is deprived of language (of any form, including verbal and non-verbal) since birth to an age where normal adult brain functioning would be expected. Then how would they ...
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0answers
79 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending? [closed]

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
2
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1answer
203 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...