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10 votes

Is there any evidence that fluid intelligence is malleable?

Is there any evidence of malleability of fluid intelligence? In the downward direction, definitely yes. There are many ways you can directly pull fluid intelligence downwards. Things like being ...
Eff's user avatar
  • 700
6 votes

In the digit span test, why do some strategies work and others don't?

Chunking leverages long-term memory for the chunks, i.e. we recognize and remember much easier the familiar chunks, sometimes algorithmically. This is much easier explained in the domain of letters/...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What is a Good Working Memory Test Online (or overall if none)?

it will be tricky to study your own improvement in working memory and I wouldn't suggest it! There is substantial research showing that although training can improve performance on specific cognitive ...
pep's user avatar
  • 569
5 votes
Accepted

Opposite of White Bear principle?

Short answer Over-thinking Background Unconscious recall of information can be more effective than conscious recall of that same information. Disruption of the activity of the dorsolateral prefrontal ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.7k
4 votes

Does night-sleep-deprivation have any effect on cognitive performance?

According to this article, yes it does have various symptoms including cognitive deficiencies that make us more prone to errors and less efficient : Circadian rhythms biologically program us to ...
DesignerAnalyst's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

How to improve working memory in adults?

IQ is not the same as working memory (either visual or non-visual). IQ is deprecated in favor of the term general intelligence (g). Education improves g, but not by much; only about one point per ...
Cameron Brick's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Why do we sometimes forget the retrospective component of a particular task?

I must begin by stressing that while this is an interesting question, it is also very complex (much like memory itself). Similar to other areas of Cognitive Psychology, depending on which expert you ...
Doctor David Anderson's user avatar
3 votes

Link between visual-spatial + verbal working memory and intelligence/academic achievement?

Work in progress - What is the relationship between the different types of working memory or short-term memory and other types of reasoning abilities (non-working memory reasoning tasks including ...
faustus's user avatar
  • 1,247
3 votes

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

Engle has published extensive papers about this topic and if you are interested I suggest looking him up. In 2001 Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle (In Engle, 2002) attempted to directly measure ...
queenslug's user avatar
  • 2,416
3 votes

Will Our Brain Speed Reduce As Our Memory "Mail Boxes" Fill Up?

There is research showing that Black Cab taxi drivers while training with 'the knowledge' (2 months on a moped with an A-Z, learning every road/route in London) grew larger areas of brain grey matter ...
JessH's user avatar
  • 51
3 votes

What is a formal word or term for forgetting what you were doing or saying while doing or saying it?

I think "brain fart" is the best choice of word and no better one exists. Some may call it an executive dysfunction rather than an STM loss. example 3. easily distracted. Anecdotal I am ...
Tony Stewart EE75's user avatar
2 votes

Is working memory equivalent to fluid intelligence?

I would not go as far as saying that working memory (WM) is equal to g factor (gf). WM only accounts for 38% of variation in gf performance whether is no time pressure, this is not insignificant but ...
Comte's user avatar
  • 1,196
2 votes

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

Working memory (WM) and attention are interrelated, as a precondition for WM to operate is attention. In addition to attention we need awareness. The general view is that WM is explicit - conscious - ...
noumenal's user avatar
  • 628
2 votes
Accepted

How long could Henry Molaison keep his memory of the present?

The original paper describing Patient HM is available online, and makes for fascinating reading: Scoville, W. B., Milner, B. 1957. Loss of recent memory after bilateral hippocampal lesions. J Neurol ...
MrRedwood's user avatar
  • 326
2 votes

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

There does not seem to be any research on your exact question on: the effect of "low attention tasks" and "high attention tasks" on the comprehension and memory of speech modality ...
shivams's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes

What is the term for the "knowing what you think but can't explain it" phenomenon?

TOT: tip of the tongue phenomenon. There are several hypotheses to explain it and some neuroimaging has been done as well.
Kevin's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
Accepted

What is the term for the "knowing what you think but can't explain it" phenomenon?

Mental block A mental block is an uncontrollable suppression, or repression of painful or unwanted thoughts/memories. Also can be an inability to continue or complete a train of thought, as in the ...
Ooker's user avatar
  • 1,781
2 votes

Is there any reason why chunking the digit span test would not help?

As far as I know the effectiveness of chunking depends on (1) test speed and (2) amount of practice. At low speed simple techniquest benefit almost everyone a little, even with virtually no practice. ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
2 votes

What caused psychologists to be so wrong about the size of working memory?

In the TED talk he's making a joke ("memory used to be X, now it's Y!"). Likely referencing the "good ol' days" trope where one talks about how things used to be different when the ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,481
2 votes

relationship between mood and working memory

Welcome to the community Dalek! Emotional states can guide the actions and decisions we make in our everyday life through their influence on cognitive processes such as working memory. I would like to ...
GAUSH's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes

The relationship between semantic memory and concepts/procedures

You are right, procedural memory is defined as implicit. Semantic memory on the other hand is part of explicit memory. It includes declarative knowlegde (knowledge of facts or ideas) that can be made ...
Halls of Justice's user avatar
2 votes

How move Working Memory (WM) span task into a VR?

I just searched for "working memory virtual reality" and the first result was a recently standardized virtual reality assessment of attention and working memory in adults (https://doi.org/10....
pep's user avatar
  • 569
2 votes

Improving backward item retention

If it is a 30-digit number recited at once and you have to recall the longest range of subsequent digits you can recall in reverse order, it would be better to listen more carefully to the ones at the ...
Raghavendra Singh's user avatar
2 votes

Why can I sometimes retrive memories when not thinking actively about it but can't when actively thinking?

Motor tasks like key pressing are a form of procedural memory. This is an unconscious form of memory that doesn't require awareness in your conscious mind. Even if you start with a conscious ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,481
1 vote

Improving backward item retention

Working memory has a span length of 7 +- 2 (Miller, 1956) digit. So I will suggest you remember the numbers as a bigger one. E.g if you hear 3, 8, 9, 4 ... you can pair them in 38, 94. This will mean ...
SerenaD's user avatar
  • 167
1 vote
Accepted

Memory Retention of [submininal] information

I'm very doubtful that this will really help you learn anything about the lecture. Subliminal information can prime you and influence your subsequent behaviour but I don't think you'll be able to ...
hkflyer's user avatar
  • 26
1 vote
Accepted

Is short-term memory theoretically possible to with spiking neurons?

While we don't entirely know how all aspects of working memory operate, experiments show that a subset of cells in the brain exhibit persistent activity during working memory tasks. Here's an example ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,481
1 vote
Accepted

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

Short answer The game you describe is a textbook example of one relying on working memory. Background The game you describe is an example of one that taxes working memory. Working memory can be ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.7k
1 vote

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

Short-term memory capacity is very limited (How much can users hold in their short term memory), and that seems to be a fundamental property of short-term memory (Can working memory actually be ...
RedGreenCode's user avatar

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