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Mindfulness meditation can help reduce the intensity of emotional pain. This study explores this further. Even listening to music may help reduce the intensity of pain. Source Christopher A. Brown, Anthony K.P. Jones. Meditation experience predicts less negative appraisal of pain: Electrophysiological evidence for the involvement of anticipatory neural ...


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Annoyingly, it depends what area of the research literature you happen to find yourself in. In the perception literature, the distinction lies between subliminal and supraliminal. In the memory and learning literature, the distinction lies between implicit and explicit. In dual-process decision-making theories, the distinction lies between automatic and ...


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Short answer: Not a debugger, but possibly a control flow override. Long answer: This is a common fallacy known as the introspection illusion: The introspection illusion is a cognitive bias in which people wrongly think they have direct insight into the origins of their mental states. ... In certain situations, this illusion leads people to make ...


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First we need to define what "subliminal messaging" means. I take it you mean to send a subliminal command and make someone obey that command. Based on that definition, here's some of what I find from googling: Effectiveness The effectiveness in subliminal messaging has been demonstrated to prime individual responses and stimulate mild emotional ...


5

The answer lies in what is known of the conscious, unconscious and the presconscious parts of the mind, with preconscious is the scientific name for the subconscious, however, for the purposes of this answer and because of how the theory of hypnosis is put together, I will refer to the preconscious as the subconscious. When I was learning about the basis of ...


5

Status. If you have a large peer group, you can receive confirmation that the insult is either untrue or irrelevant. You don't need to impress those who are outside your group. Self-worth. If someone calls you "stupid", yet you've received numerous intellectual awards, it can be rationalized that the comment is untrue. Acceptance. If you have a flaw, ...


4

Your question rightly refers to different types of subliminal messaging, and so there is much confusion in this area. This was not helped by James Vicary's fraudulent "Drink Coca-Cola" study. Many people took this at face value and assumed that all forms of subliminal research were stopped in its tracks. In fact, the opposite is true - the controversy ...


4

I'm lucky enough to know a counselor-in-training whose preferred modality is CBT; here's what she suggested. Identifying those core beliefs is indeed the important part. Useful tools include the CBT Thought Record worksheet, which pretty well explains itself, and the downward arrow technique illustrated in this figure: (Trader, 2011). One less-than-self-...


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I have listed several articles below for your reference: (Search terms: "oculometry pupillometry disorders of consciousness" in Google Scholar, nothing special): Grandchamp et al, 2014, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00031 - A primary research article related to consciousness (mind wandering) where the authors investigated various pupillometric responses, among ...


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I only know of one Cognitive Model dividing the unconscious and conscious mind is presented by Paul Thaghard in "Two theories of consciousness: Semantic pointer competition vs. information integration". I explain this model in layman's terms in my blog post. In this answer, I'll compare Thaghard's model to Yate's model you've presented above. Yate's model ...


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Some types of meditation (when successful) can bring about states that can certainly be used for debugging purposes. One of the key factors is the ability to relax enough while maintaining sufficient focus to be able (a) to see why you are thinking or reacting in a certain way and (b) to stop immediately in your thinking tracks and choose a different path. ...


3

Brief periods of sleep-talking (somniloquy), mostly gibberish, are quite common, particularly in children. It is not typically useful to call something a "disorder" unless it is causing a problem. Aside from disturbing others, sleep-talking is rarely problematic by itself, but in combination with other parasomnias (behaviours that indicate arousal during ...


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In order to find such studies, it's a good idea to start off with mapping out what kind of situations would be relevant - that is, in what cases would it even be possible to communicate with someone's unconsciousnes? Then you need to define what kind of communication you are interested in. Here are some ways to find some kind of unconscious communication: ...


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The majority of people who recovered from coma did not report any experiences that occurred while they were in coma (clinically unresponsive, with absent or minimal brainstem reflexes, and with severely abnormal EEG). However, some people who had cardiac arrest or came very close to clinical death but were successfully revived reported later that they had ...


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There is some evidence that thought disorder (also called loose association) arises, at least partially, from increased spreading activation; schizophrenics, for example, often show a greater increase in activation to indirectly related words compared to unrelated words, than do non-thought disordered controls. This is primarily a cognitive mechanism, not a ...


2

Those courses you mention are a part of a much larger "personal development" market that really boomed in the 90s, and keeps going on ever since. There's a book called "Letting go: a pathway of surrender" and the part that really jumped at me is that the author lists dozens of different flavors of that "personal development" ...


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Peter Carruthers argues (2014) that system 1 doesn't quite overlap with unconscious thinking: I shall argue that there is, indeed, a real, scientifically valid, distinction between a set of intuitive, unconsciously operating reasoning systems, on the one hand, and a reflective system whose operations are partly conscious, on the other. But I shall ...


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The evidence in support of binaural beats as a therapeutic tool is sketchy: Is there scientific evidence on the benefits of binaural beats? Given our lack of understanding of if binaural beats can cause entrainment in the brain, never mind how they cause entrainment, it is not possibly to make conclusions about how the binaural beat would affect the autistic ...


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Although we usually refer to memory to describe our ability to consciously remember past experiences, in neuroscience this term is also used to incorporate unconscious influences of our past on our current perceptions and actions. In other words, sometimes/in some instances, we are not aware of the influences of our past on our way to remember things. ...


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You are correct in System 1 being more prone to errors as it relies on emotional experiences in the moment along with stereotypes and frequency of event. System 2 You wouldn’t expect someone to quickly ( in a matter of seconds ) spit out the answer to the question “calculate the mass of this (random) object” if the person has never experienced this object ...


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This broad article introduces theories of what unconscious thought is and how it relates to conscious thoughts: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unconscious_thought_theory . I recommend it. 1) All thinking is preceded by or relies on unconscious processes. Consciousness gives a narrow view of all cognition in the same sort of way that our eyes only see a ...


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Hutchinson, B. (2002), an article in the book Synergy Matters by Adrian M. Castell may help in understanding what is meant by bottom up thinking and the opposite, top down thinking. [T]he term ‘top down’ is used to describe an approach to problem solving where the problem space is defined first. The worldviews of the participants are ...


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The short answer to what the difference between getting high and getting unconscious using general anaesthesia - It simply boils down to a matter of dosage levels and medical supervision! And now to clarify ... When you are put under general anaesthetic the attending anaesthesiologist will be administering possibly multiple drugs that work together to ...


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Another classic distinction was given by Bargh in 1997 that helps show muddling (lack of clear overlap) between the dual-systems concept and how the unconscious is defined by psychologists: Unconscious cognition is more likely to be one or more: outside awareness, not intended, relatively fast, and difficult to control. http://psycnet.apa.org/record/...


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Sleep and dreaming is somewhat of a specialty of mind, so I can comment on the wake-sleep-wake transition. People typically love the feeling of relaxation and warmth associated with sleep. Waking up naturally can feel just as good - imagine lounging in bed on a Sunday morning without having to get out of bed. Waking due to alarm is an abrupt event which is ...


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What do you mean exactly with 'processes'? If you're thinking about actual movements made during editing (i.e. tiping), this science paper might help. Very simply put, they showed skilled typist have two kinds of control processes, one conscious and one unconscious. (Science 29 October 2010: Vol. 330 no. 6004 pp. 683-686 DOI: 10.1126/science.1190483)


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It has been a while, but I've always understood the theory to say that the superego, the internalization of values and rules, can cause us to repress ideas that aren't inline with our values. Basically, as we continue to do things that we 'know' are 'wrong' there is a resultant feeling of anxiety, which we often seek to avoid. There are better ways to ...


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I find the Buddhist approach is born for this very situation. If you haven't get familiar with its concept of emptiness (sunyata), then I recommend watching this lecture first: Introduction to Nagarjuna's Middle View on Buddhism. It's intuitive, and just after 10 minute on it and you will get the gist of it. So if we accept its framework, then we have this ...


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The key method to induce lucid dreams (and I speak of personal experience here) is to train yourself to regularly doubt the "realness" of your environment. F.x. by occasionally just stopping what you are doing and wondering about what makes you so sure that this is not a dream actually ... This new habit also becomes part of your dream self (personally I ...


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