30

Scientists studying the matter generally believe multitasking, and women's superiority at it, to be a myth. Men come out slightly better multitaskers than women but there's not really any meaningful difference. The way it's defined is critical though; it's being able to do two things that typically require focal attention at the exact same time. For ...


22

The short answer: No, sex differences in professions is not a good basis for judging the intelligence of males and females. I would like to address some of the assumptions and misconceptions in the question. First, I would like to deconstruct the question, and then answer it. Deconstructing the question One of the earlier titles of the question was "Are ...


18

Bottom line: No, Josh Pellicer's work is not based on science, not tested, nor peer-reviewed. However, I will qualify this statement slightly below. Many years ago, I listened to a few episodes of the The Tom Leykis Show, yet another highly sexist advice columnnist for men. Josh Pellicer is not the first, and certainly not the last, in a long line of ...


11

In men, Mitchell et al (1998) found that positive mood induced by music affected greater sexual arousal, and that musically induced negative mood affected reduced sexual arousal. In women, Ter Kuile et al (2010) found similar results for women. However, your question is not quite addressed by these studies. Whereas these studies address the effect of mood on ...


8

I think what happens is that researchers often don't report on - or at least don't highlight - uninteresting results, partly because of the difficulty getting uninteresting results published. So given that gender differences in IQ in general are eliminated for validity, a lack of gender differences in IQ amongst a seemingly arbitrary sub-population such as ...


8

The most straight forward ways to quantify people's sex drive, and hence determine if there's any empirical /objective truth to this disparity, are to measure their self-reported interest in sex (usually by asking "how much do you think about sex?") and also the behavior element (e.g. asking about pursuing sex). Though both of these rely on participants self ...


7

Short answer: Yes, but not really... Self-enhancement: Self-enhancement (sometimes referred to as positive illusions) refers to a general preference for positive self-views (in men and women alike). It includes several common strategies, such as: The "above average effect" (aka illusory superiority), self-serving bias, and optimism bias. Optimism bias ...


7

I like to think of multitasking as rapid task switching. See Pashler's (2000) article for the implications of "multitasking." References Pashler, H. (2000). Task switching and multitask performance. To appear in Monsell, S., and Driver, J. (editors). Attention and Performance XVIII: Control of mental processes. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press


7

The inverse of your first question might hold generally true: that desired sexual frequency could influence a woman's actual sexual frequency. Willoughby and Vitas (2012) conducted a study focusing on the sexual desired discrepancy between male and females. They make reference to sexual desire discrepancy (SDD) - difference between one's desired frequency ...


7

This is not my area, but I think the definition of addiction is contentious for many reasons. Addiction often has normative implications; i.e., that addiction is bad. It can imply an inability to not do the act. It doesn't seem useful to me to talk about being addicted to the needs necessary for survival, such as breathing, eating, excreting, modulating ...


7

undergo testing for conditions like Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia or XXY? No. Chromosomal screening is not routinely done according to the recently released Australian guidelines. The issue is whether there is a relationship between transgenderism and intersex conditions and no there is not. If a condition is not higher than the usual population, then ...


6

One meta-analysis of gender differences in cognitive abilities (verbal ability, quantitative ability, and visual–spatial ability): Results indicate that gender differences in all of these abilities were small: For verbal ability, the median ω–2 was .01 and the median d was .24; for quantitative ability, the median values of ω–2 and d were .01 and ....


6

One factor that should be considered is the culture surrounding casual sex and the social judgments that men and women may experience as a result of casual sex. Conley, Ziegler, and Moors (2012) report a series of experiments conducted on an American university campus that show that women who accept offers of casual sex are perceived more negatively on a ...


6

Searching the first three pages of "personality gender egalitarianism" on Google Scholar, I found five studies on this topic. All of them support the view finding of increased gender differences in more egalitarian countries, and I didn't find any that were against. [Edit: added a Falk 2018 as noted in a comment.] Most of the studies analyze the ...


6

Short answer: It might be genetic. Human sexual behaviour, especially where stigma and taboos are involved, is notoriously difficult to study, so the real answer is that we just don't know. However, some evidence suggests that genetic factors may be at play: A 2008 study compared 112 male-to-female transsexuals ... with 258 cisgender male controls. ...


5

Exactly like you, I would like to begin by saying that I have no animosity nor prejudice against anyone. What I am saying below is not meant to be offensive to anyone, it is just an honest account of what the data in my region says. You wrote: "I can only think of 2 possible solutions ... either a difference in psychological predisposition between the ...


4

Most of society can't agree entirely on how to define manliness. Two broad ways come to mind as to how it might be done though. The first way would be to use gender or sex (depending on one's reasons for asking, I suppose) as a criterion variable for exploratory analysis of related variables. A statistical analysis like multiple logistic regression could be ...


4

I imagine there would be a huge literature on this topic. I found one interesting article by Inglehart and Norris (2000). I recommend reading the article. The article reports empirical findings relating to gender differences in voting patterns across countries and over time. It also discusses some of the proposed reasons for these differences. The authors ...


4

This is still a matter of fierce debate between the essentialist and cultural camps. There is little argument that gender differences are shaped by culture, but there is now a growing evidence supporting the hypothesis that gender differences are also partly the outcome of biological disposition. Much of such biological disposition is the outcome of ...


4

I've heard two theories related to genetics. Mental traits are massively polygenic (many genes with tiny effects). Men (XY) do not have a duplicate X chromosome like women (XX), which means that mutations to an X chromosome that disrupt typical gene expression can affect men more than women, driving variance in mental scores. The second theory is related to ...


4

As noted above, evolutionary theories suggest that (heterosexual) females should be more choosy than males, because they typically invest far more resources in raising offspring (men have enough time and sperm that their genes are going to be more successful if they adopt a scattergun approach!). A disclaimer here is that, in humans, research on sex ...


3

Our social constructs play a big role in influencing how we respond. As with most common cognitive mechanisms - confluence of environmental triggers meet a biological predisposition. Regarding belief systems: in many traditions, femininity is guarded due to its relationship to motherhood. Women are thought not to be sexual. Masculinity is sexualized in a ...


3

First of all, I agree that socialization and culture are most certainly the main reasons why today most famous inventors are male. If you are looking for sex differences that may explain further variance, studies have found that the variance in IQ (g) among males is greater than among females: Some studies have identified the degree of IQ variance as a ...


3

Here's the link to an interview to a Stanford researcher, Clifford Nass, where he answers questions about the topic. http://www.npr.org/2013/05/10/182861382/the-myth-of-multitasking Some links to one of his published research papers: http://www.pnas.org/content/106/37/15583.short (I recommend searching in Google Scholar for other papers by him, to the ...


3

I found a fairly recent redo of the "classic" mental rotation by Foroughi et al (2015) which also reproduced the "classic" results (unlike the study in my question): Many studies have found gender differences in mental rotation ability in young adults when completing mental rotation tests on paper and pencil (e.g., Peters et al., 1995; Vandenberg & ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible