7 votes
Accepted

Term for behaviour of transfering personal problems to other people and trying to solve them there?

There are a couple of defence mechanisms that may fit the bill. Keep in mind that these defence mechanisms typically involve an unconscious denial of the problem - ie, they apply to people who don't ...
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  • 17.9k
5 votes

What do brains do when processing information, that Von Neumann machines cannot (yet?) imitate?

I'm taking your question to be equivalent to "how does the human brain differ from a computer?". Indeed, it's well-established that humans outperform computers in a large number of contexts,...
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4 votes

Is critical thinking associated with IQ?

Critical thinking is an ill-defined concept in the cognitive sciences, so this question most likely has as many answers as there are measures of IQ and critical thinking. An accessible introduction to ...
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4 votes

Term for behaviour of transfering personal problems to other people and trying to solve them there?

You might be looking at cases of psychological projection, which is a method of denial in which people defend themselves from their own negative impulses by attributing them to others. In accordance ...
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3 votes

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

Almost every area of your brain would be involved in learning and understanding such high-level topics, so any perceived inability to learn a specific topic is very unlikely to be due to a particular ...
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  • 981
3 votes

Body temperature increasing when trying to solve difficult problems

The "overheat" (flushing of the skin) you experience is a common-enough reaction to stress, part of the fight-or-flight response. It's not uncommon for people to experince it during exams; generally ...
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  • 9,895
3 votes

What are the characteristics that make complex problem solving complex?

MariaAnt provided a relevant definition of complex problem solving in the answer to the question, "Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking?" based on Frensch and Funke (1995). ...
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3 votes

Relation of confidence and problem solving ability

I think what you are reffering to is known as self-efficacy. Perceived self-efficacy is defined as people's beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise ...
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3 votes

Relation of confidence and problem solving ability

Quick answer: A brief Google search show cases where this occurred. For example, it seems that a study on medical students showed a significant relationship between confidence and ability after ...
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  • 1,263
3 votes

Anger and problem solving

According the the Yerkes–Dodson law, a moderate level of arousal gives energy to the task, improving performance. The Yerkes–Dodson law is an empirical relationship between arousal and ...
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2 votes

Why do programmers work at night?

I answered a similar question some time ago on Programmers SE: Are developers more productive at night? One interesting paper I ran into with a different perspective than the one provided in Justas's ...
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  • 3,461
2 votes

What research exists in the areas of formulating questions and "problem shaping"?

There are no known domain-general ways of formulating good questions and problems—what constitutes a good question or problem formulation depends on the field or domain. A good psychology question is ...
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2 votes

Is there evidence for cross-cultural differences in problem solving skills?

A bit of a broad question as a full answer will really depend on the specifics of the problem being addressed. In short though, yes, cultural factors, and probably to some extent linguistic factors ...
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  • 51
2 votes
Accepted

Does thinking out loud negatively affect one's ability to think internally?

Yes, anti-correlation between extrinsic and intrinsic brain networks may be altered by different practice. I give an example of how meditation affects anti-correlation between extrinsic and intrinsic ...
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2 votes
Accepted

What evidence is there for a correlation between being tightly focused on a problem and only using one part of your brain?

You may find some explanation from the research done for attention. In the most famous experiment done by Simon and Chabris 1999 (see video), participants inhibited irrelevant information that was not ...
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2 votes

Talking about a problem helps (software developing)

Well, first of all, let's briefly discuss the process of thinking. Lone, silent thinking is the internalization of words taught to you at a very young age. Clinical literature suggests that if you ...
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2 votes

Talking about a problem helps (software developing)

I can think two reasons why talking about a problem helps : Explaining your knowledge can reveal gaps and bugs The following extract is from the book Smart Thinking by Art Markman : Talking about a ...
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2 votes

Functional fixedness for defining problems

What you are describing is called mental set. The following extract is from this excelent article. A mental set is a tendency to only see solutions that have worked in the past. This type of ...
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2 votes

Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

This sort of experience is probably better termed a heuristic rather than a bias. The two can be related in some cases (as heuristics can cause bias when the underlying model does not fit the real ...
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  • 5,609
1 vote
Accepted

Isn't fluid intelligence necessarily influenced by crystallized intelligence?

I think you are thinking about the concepts a bit differently than they are intended to be thought about. It isn't like Gc and Gf are completely separate software programs that solve problems, it's ...
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  • 5,609
1 vote
Accepted

What is the name of this common anti-pattern

You could be talking about a number of issues. You could be talking about Freudian defense mechanism repression Distraction Procrastination or Deferring Maybe you are talking about something else ...
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  • 11.1k
1 vote

How can we get rid of the problems of misconception, assumption, and expectation?

All three of these involve unchecked or blind use of heuristics. As such, one strategy is to slow down and formalise the logic chain, using more reflective and less automatic reasoning. Another ...
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  • 788
1 vote

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

Even though it is true that most of the brain is involved in complex tasks, there is some research to suggest that there are specific areas that are more important for problem solving or maths. This ...
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1 vote

What is the modern definition for problem solving?

The definition of problem solving can be different between researchers and regions of the world for various reasons. Frensch & Funke (2014) stated that: researchers adopt definitions that they ...
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  • 11.1k

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