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12

You have to break down the question in two parts. (1) Is it possible to entrain brain oscillations by presenting oscillating lights or tones? Yes, it is possible to evoke "response phenomena" in the brain by presenting participants with oscillatory stimuli. The technical term for this phenomenon is "steady state evoked potential" and it was demonstrated ...


12

Short answer: Dual-process, mindfulness and flow theory are related by way of attention theory. Two previous posts that may be of interest are "What is the relation between concepts, constructs and measures?" and "How can we realize when a sociological question is impossible to answer?". Commensurability This is an apt example of what Thomas Kuhn would ...


8

I don't think there's any evidence suggesting that mindfulness or meditation are the opposite of self-regulation. In arguing why, it'll be useful to define terms. Meditation and mindfulness First off, meditation and mindfulness are not the same thing. Meditation generally refers to a family of practices for investigating or inducing different states of ...


8

The accepted method of praying the Rosary is to actually complete five (5) decades, each containing the Hail Mary (Ave Maria) repeated 10 times (hence the term "decade"). Each decade is followed by an Our Father (Pater Noster), Gloria, and a Hail Holy Queen, and the announcement of the "mystery" to be meditated upon during the next decade. Each day has its ...


8

As mentioned in Can calmness happen during the fight-flight response?, with looking at the possibility of calmness during stress and trauma, you only have to look at the situation with rape victims and soldiers witnessing severe traumatic events who dissociate (Ellert, et al. 2011)(Waller, et al. 2001) during the event. Dissociation is a psychological ...


6

**Is there any empirical evidence meditation is good for sleep? ** Yes. There is. But it definitely depends on the type of meditation. Some types of meditation increase alertness. A few articles I found mentioned a study based on this, but failed to link properly. The below link is the empirical evidence. Mindfulness Meditation and Improvement in Sleep ...


6

I will split this answer into two parts - first, about sensory immersion as it is defined and scientifically examined. Second, I will try to address specifically what you asked for regarding the effects of sensory overstimulation and overload. Sensory immersion I don't think your definition of sensory immersion is right when you said it's a "deliberate ...


6

I have found several studies which support the general consensus that mediation helps to ease anxiety. Bahrke, M. S., & Morgan, W. P. (1978). Anxiety reduction following exercise and meditation. Cognitive therapy and research, 2(4), 323-333. Krisanaprakornkit, T., Sriraj, W., Piyavhatkul, N., & Laopaiboon, M. (2006). Meditation therapy for anxiety ...


5

Focused attention meditation practices improve focus in the long term. So the improvement is difficult to asses and could probably only be found in a standardized test setting. Physical exercise however has been demonstrated to improve mental abilities in the short term (after recovery of physical exercise) levels of circulating neurotransmitter stay ...


5

The adverse effects of meditation as reported in scientific studies are as follows: relaxation-induced anxiety and panic paradoxical increases in tension less motivation in life boredom pain impaired reality testing confusion and disorientation feeling 'spaced out' depression increased negativity being more judgmental feeling addicted to meditation ...


5

The following is the empirical support I can find Beauchemin, J., Hutchins, T. L., & Patterson, F. (2008). Mindfulness meditation may lessen anxiety, promote social skills, and improve academic performance among adolescents with learning disabilities. Complementary Health Practice Review, 13(1), 34-45. DOI: 10.1177/1533210107311624 Free PDF ...


5

As per the official site: The TM technique is not "one size fits all." It's taught one-on-one and is carefully personalized for you. Only certified TM teachers can instruct you in the authentic TM technique. You could, obviously, perform some form of meditation that you consider equivalent to it. However, you won't be able to claim that you are ...


4

I believe this question is impossible to "answer" because the inherent premises in the question are based on the assumption that there are two discrete dichotomous phenomena, "hypnotism," and "meditation," which can somehow be meaningfully "defined," and, then, "compared." Both "hypnosis" and "meditation" are figuratively vast conceptual collages of ...


4

I found one study that looked at ASMR and the Default Mode Network (DNM). The DMN consists of the medial prefrontal cortex, medial temporal gyri, bilateral inferior parietal cortices, precuneus and posterior cingulate gyrus. In the study, the DMN of 11 individuals with ASMR was compared with 11 controls. The DMN of individuals with ASMR showed ...


4

There are many studies suggesting an increased alpha activity during mindfulness/meditation (Delmonte, 1984). Below is a table from Cahn & Polich (2006) summarizing the recent studies of meditation using EEG methods, not all of them mentioned it's eyes open or not, but the effect of increased alpha power can be long lasting(Davidson & Lutz, 2008), ...


4

With looking at the possibility of calmness during stress and trauma, you only have to look at the situation with rape victims and soldiers witnessing severe traumatic events who dissociate (Ellert, et al. 2011)(Waller, et al. 2001) during the event. Dissociation is a psychological defence mechanism (Cardeña, 1994) which helps the person to get through the ...


4

You can use key words (“body scan” combined with “meditation”) to get specific studies. Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn’s book (titled "Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness”) describes this body-scan meditation and also you should be able to get youtube videos on it. Although it is typically described for lying ...


4

The most up-to-date research I can find at the moment specifically looking at children with ADHD is a systematic review and meta-analysis by Chimiklis et al (2018), and they point out that yoga, mindfulness and meditation should not be considered first-line interventions for ADHD but may help and more research is needed. Considerable risk for bias was ...


3

The Mind of the Meditator may be what you are looking for: https://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v311/n5/full/scientificamerican1114-38.html The image taken from the article gives some good explanation:


3

There are TWO main categories of meditation [Reference: Lutz, A., Slagter, H. A., Dunne, J. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2008). Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation. Trends in Cognitive Science, 12, 163-169.]. One is ‘focused attention meditation’ and this meditation practice is mainly used to calm the mind (note that the mind has the habit of ...


3

Theta and Alpha are the waves associated with meditation (KaKasamatsu & Hirai, 1966; Khare & Nigam, 2000). Owen and Atwater found that: binaural auditory beats in the EEG alpha frequency range may increase alpha EEG production and subjective relaxation Furthermore On et al (2013) found that binaural beats could increase Theta activity: ...


3

[H]ow does one reliably reach this state "on-demand" and how does one maintain it during the endurance of significant nociceptive pain? It seems that activating the gamma wave on-demand is the key to withstand the pain. But how? No one knows. From Koch, The Brain of the Buddha, American Scientific, 2013: Gamma activity in these monks is the largest ...


3

Searching for "meditation" on Google Scholar sorts articles by relevance and provides counts of citations that each has received. From the first page of about 686,000 results, these are the references with over 1000 citations each (I've sorted them by citations, which Google Scholar does not do easily): Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are:...


3

It looks like increased gamma activity is pronounced simply for long-term meditation practitioners. Long-term Vipassana meditators sat in meditation vs. a control rest (mind-wandering) state for 21 min in a counterbalanced design with spontaneous EEG recorded. Meditation state dynamics were measured with spectral decomposition of the last 6 min of ...


2

Akathisia is very difficult to handle. Sometimes akathisia responds to anxiolytic drugs such as benzodiazepines, propranolol, and even red wine. Amantadine, benztropine (for Parkinsonism) might also help. Mostly these are off-label prescriptions. Meditation, exercise, and de-stressing measures are certainly helpful on general principle, though the best way ...


2

I cannot fit this into a comment, so I would post this answer, hoping it may be useful to someone. The affirmation of the form "If I encounter situation X then I will do this." Has been tried by amateurs in the field of lucid dream induction. Lucid dreaming is about realizing that one is dreaming from within a dream. Normally people have very limited ...


2

Main difference is that the meditation is self-induced and with full self-awareness, whereas hypnosis is usually induced by another person (unless is self-hypnosis which is self-induced) and the person is in state of trance, amnesia or unconscious. Hypnosis is defined by the U.S government as "the bypass of the critical factor of the conscious mind and the ...


2

The mindfulness stress buffering account (Creswell, Lindsay, 2014) suggests that mindfulness practice buffers acute stress reactivity, therefore it has more impact on health outcome of a high-stress group than a low-stress group. Creswell, J. D., & Lindsay, E. K. (2014). How Does Mindfulness Training Affect Health? A Mindfulness Stress Buffering ...


2

I'm not sure about what happens in the brain while someone is actually meditating (i.e., the state effect of meditation), but a meta-analysis from last year (Fox et al., 2014) looked carefully at what long term brain changes result from meditation. This is from the abstract: Anatomical likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis found eight brain regions ...


2

Disclaimer: just an opinion of someone on the web, it's not health advice. And I might be wrong. With that said... In my opinion it's wrong. He can't control his ANS just by using his mind. He uses: breathing techniques, exposure to cold and having the right mindset in order to withstand the cold. There's also a Dutch article on the site that says this. ...


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