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15 votes

Why does the brain skip over repeated "the" words in sentences?

A study by Rainer et al. (2011) has shown that words are skipped and apparently filled in mentally quite often (in the order of 8 to 30% of times). Two important factors that increased skipping rates ...
AliceD's user avatar
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7 votes

Early foreign language experience and ease of learning foreign languages

This is an interesting question. Language development is a fascinating topic! There are two types of language learning: 1. Learning a natural language (a language that is learned without any ...
Liz D.'s user avatar
  • 385
7 votes
Accepted

How does the brain generate answers to questions?

The task you're referring to is called the Verbal Fluency Test. In "A Biologically Constrained Model of Semantic Memory Search" by Kajic et al. wherein a neural model of this task is described. The ...
Seanny123's user avatar
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6 votes
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Does language learning improve or worsen the ability to remember and process information?

What I do not quite understand is: What is (according to Syka) "useless information" and how should we "avoid" this kind of information? Let me try and answer this as follows: During our lifetime, ...
Maria K's user avatar
  • 296
4 votes

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

First some linguistic theory background. Noam Chomsky has hypothesized that language developed internally to facilitate certain aspects of human cognition. According to Chomsky's hypothesis, human ...
John Yetter's user avatar
4 votes

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

This is not quite your question, but it's the closest thing I know of. There's a significant amount of work suggesting that purely morphological attributes can shape conceptualization: looking at the ...
Krysta's user avatar
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4 votes
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What are ERP components such as N400?

The semantic N400 and syntactic P600 are some of the most well established ERP components in the literature. They were discovered decades ago and the results have been replicated hundreds of times in ...
Alxmrphi's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is language an abstract concept that is voiced out though a national tongue?

While there appears to be ongoing research and debate on the nature of language in the human mind, some pertinent theories relate to the question here. At the earliest level of linguistic learning, ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 845
3 votes

Looking for literature on detailed developmental milestones (and their prerequisites) for a child of a given age

A good resource for psychological development is: Sigelman, C. K., & Rider, E. A. (2017). Life-span human development 9th Edition. Wadsworth Publishing. A sample can be viewed at https://read....
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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3 votes
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What are the different theories about how the brain processes speech?

This question is quite broad and since it seems to be basically a reference request, I will suffice by giving some prominent theories of speech perception with sources and references. Speech ...
AliceD's user avatar
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3 votes

Does the brain generate identical words in different languages similarly?

Here's an article talking about exactly what you are asking: EEG decoding of spoken words in bilingual listeners: from words to language invariant semantic-conceptual representations I can say that ...
aiwyn's user avatar
  • 503
3 votes

What makes something relevant to an argument and how can people improve in determining relevance?

The Wikipedia article on relevance references a couple of books and a few journal articles. The Wikipedia article says Cognitive science and pragmatics Further information: Relevance theory ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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2 votes

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

Natural language understanding systems can be based on discourse representation theories, which represent the meaning of English sentences as first-order logical predicates. Attempto Controlled ...
Anderson Green's user avatar
2 votes
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Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

There is this quote from a cognitive linguistics book. Evans & Green (2006) Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction. p. 102 we introduced the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: the idea that language might ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 631
2 votes

What are the different theories about how the brain processes speech?

Factors to be considered in speech processing: Serial versus parallel processing (ie, whether processes are carried out sequentially or processes occur simultaneously). Ascending vs. descending ...
hexadecimal's user avatar
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2 votes
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What can be learned from a persistent typing or writing error that happens frequently?

Questions about typing or writing errors come up on the forum from time to time (see example provided in comments). Posters are usually interested in: Term for describing the error. Frequency of ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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2 votes
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Impaired verbal communication, but normal reading and writing skills?

Just a reminder that Stack Exchange is not an appropriate place to get a diagnosis; a vague description of symptoms may indicate a variety of possible outcomes. See a doctor instead. That said: One ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Books to understand autism?

I'm no expert, but I found Jennifer Cooke O'Toole's The Asperkid's (Secret) Book of Social Rules helpful in understanding parts of autism. It has cheatsheets that may be helpful.
blank's user avatar
  • 36
1 vote

Books to understand autism?

Temple Grandin is an academic researcher in animal husbandry, on the Autism spectrum. While she is not doing research on autism per say, she has published various books to explain autism to a public ...
J..y B..y's user avatar
  • 809
1 vote

Is cognition a zero-sum phenomenon?

Baddeley's (1992) theory of multiple component working memory may offer a way to think about this. Baddeley, Hitch, & Allen (2009) demonstrated that secondary tasks disrupted executive attention. ...
Koriyama's user avatar
1 vote

how does our brain know how to provide the right instructions to pronounce words?

Children experiment and practice. They produce sounds and then listen to their own sounds as well as those produced by others around them. Part of this experiment and practice is the stage of language ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,425
1 vote

What are ERP components such as N400?

Just for reference, I'm an undergrad but I'm doing an N400 study currently. As for your latter questions, since I think the former have been answered really nicely(it is kinda a harder concept, data ...
M. Erickson's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Auditory Processing Speed

A concept has the property of depth, which is basically how much background understanding must be recruited to interpret it. The deeper the concept, the more understanding is required. Sheldon talking ...
Aesthir's user avatar
  • 126
1 vote
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How am I able to distinguish between Chinese and Japanese when I don't speak either language?

Japanese is not very tonal, is spoken very fast, and has relatively few phonemes. Consonants are often followed by a vowel. Chinese on the other hand is highly tonal and is spoken relatively slowly, ...
forest's user avatar
  • 125
1 vote

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

"Blue" exists in a context of blue. If the mind presented itself with the linguistic expression (word) "blue" at every perception of the colour blue, then the world is limited to the expression. The ...
oneblackline's user avatar
1 vote

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

Another explanation for this is that the centers for speech and singing, respectively, are located in different parts of the brain. People with speech impediments, and even severe brain damage from ...
Tim Burnett - Bassist's user avatar

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