Intuition, as defined by Wikipedia:
Intuition may be defined as understanding or knowing without conscious
recourse to thought, observation or reason.
Intuition is currently understood to be the subliminal processing of information that is too complex for rational thought, e.g. mate choice. The processes that make up intuition are learned, not innate.
No, intuition is not related to ESP in modern cognitive science.
A modern view on intuitive thinking
While ESP certainly retains its pseudoscience status (e.g., Rouder and Morey, 2011), intuition and intuitive thinking has been used in the psychological literature in evolving ways over the years. Outside the heydays of Skinnerian radical behaviorism, the ...
Instinct - a motor response initiated by the body totally controlled by an external stimulus. An instinct is by definition, a behavior.
Intuition - A sudden alignment of neuronal pathways that joins weakly associated concepts, ideas, facts, into a neuronal network that pulls conscious selective attention skills away from current activities. May induce a ...
Mathematics is the
abstract science of number, quantity, and space, either as abstract concepts (pure mathematics), or as applied to other disciplines such as physics and engineering (applied mathematics)
Cognitive sciences are
the interdisciplinary, scientific studies of the mind and its processes
I think that mathematics is a way to achieve ...
Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception' (ESP)? As far as I know, ESP is not accepted by the scientific community but I could not conclude the same about 'intuition'.
You're correct, ESP is not accepted by the community, and presuming, for the sake of argument, it could be true, the scientific experiments should be trivial to be done and ...
Keith Stanovich summaries a school of thought on this debate nicely in his review of Kahneman's 'Thinking, Fast and Slow'.
Essentially, system 1 excels in 'benign' environments, where the cues that system 1 is adept at using are reliable indicators of the true state of the world, and no one else is trying to manipulate you by faking these cues.
System two ...
Affect is a fundamental feature of consciousness and is a mental representation of input from the body to the brain. Affect corresponds to feelings of (un)pleasantness and activation (arousal).
Emotions are conceptualizations (interpretations) of your affect in a given context. You might feel pleasant and highly aroused (an affective feeling) on a roller ...
Another classic distinction was given by Bargh in 1997 that helps show muddling (lack of clear overlap) between the dual-systems concept and how the unconscious is defined by psychologists:
Unconscious cognition is more likely to be one or more: outside awareness, not intended, relatively fast, and difficult to control.
Peter Carruthers argues (2014) that system 1 doesn't quite overlap with unconscious thinking:
I shall argue that there is, indeed, a real, scientifically valid, distinction between a set of
intuitive, unconsciously operating reasoning systems, on the one hand, and a reflective system
whose operations are partly conscious, on the other. But I shall ...
I can recognise similar processes in psychological science as a researcher.
Throughout your life you generate a lay theory of how people work and how human psychology works. The source of all these beliefs are complex and generally not well understood by people.
When you study psychological science, you learn about measurement, statistics, ...
the ability to acquire knowledge without proof, evidence, or conscious reasoning, or without understanding how the knowledge was acquired (Miriam Webster Dictionary; Oxford English Dictionary)
the experience of feeling or emotion. (Hogg, et al. 2010)
any relatively brief conscious experience characterized by ...
The Debunking Handbook provides an excellent guide to construct a myth-debunking article. The message that impacts me most is to focus on the fact, not the myth.
This is to increase the familiarity with the fact rather the myth, but for those who take the myth as their worldview, giving any counter-argument will only lead to by misunderstood or distorted, ...
Our memory act as a very powerful database, being able to store a huge load of data. Thing is, that "instinctive data" you learned someday is still there. It might get erased eventually, but as it is "fetched" and used, it gets stronger.
Memory retrieval act akin to a computational weighted-graph navigation, where once you need to remember something, you ...
Instinct is neither learned nor developmental behavior. Intuition is awareness outside of conscious searching or conscious algorithmic behavior. Autonomous activity is a reflex or heart beating that is automatic (may be a conditioned responding).