5

'Short' answer The way people respond to the prisoner's dilemma strongly depends on how the experiment is set up. In a repeated game, where the same 'prisoners' meet each other multiple times, the tit-for-tat strategy seems to be favored. This, because contenders learn the other's behavior and start anticipating the choice from their opponent to manipulate ...


5

I don't think there's an official term for this kind of bluffing specifically, that's widely used. But Nixon's approach to the Soviet Union, to act in an exaggerated irrational manner to deter them from provoking the US, is sometimes referred to as the "Madman Strategy".


5

You are correct in that these terms are very close in definition, but terminology is not just about identifying a concept. Terminology is also about identifying the perspective from which you will look at the concept and the community to which you, as the researcher, belong. Here, free-riding and social loafing have very different histories. Social loafing ...


4

To add gaming element to education, you have two options: Look at currently successful examples of products that gamify learning Check most successful mobile games (short engagement times) Here are a couple examples of language learning products that gamify learning (Duolingo and ChineseSkill) They use: Very short lessons which produce instant sense of ...


3

There are some mentions of Evolutionary Game Theory in this Behavior & Brain Sciences (BBS) article by Andrew Colman (2003). The main article itself only has a brief section on EGT. However, like all BBS articles, there are short commentary articles after the main article. A few of these deal directly with EGT. I was able to find the relevant articles ...


3

Bystander Effect The Bystander Effect could be your answer. The more people, the less personal responsibility. Person gets assaulted and mugged on a crowded street in broad daylight, nobody calls the cops. Software bugs slow company productivity almost to a halt, many employees, nobody reports the problem. Tragedy of the Commons The tragedy of the ...


3

This question seems to arise out of a slight terminological confusion. Empirical studies of human decision-making in particular are not covered by decision theory. Decision theory is the mathematical study of strategies for optimal decision-making between options involving different risks or expectations of gain or loss depending on the outcome. These ...


2

Science in general refers to ecological validity as the degree to which materials and settings in a study approximate the real world that is being examined. Therefore, such limitations could be referred to as limitations to ecological validity. Often, such limitations are inherent to running an experimental study, as opposed to studying the real world. ...


2

I'm imagining a system that chooses the computer's response not in a stochastic manner, but chaotically. Suppose you have some chaotic mapping function from the [0,1] interval to the {heads, tails} set. Choosing any real number in the set will get you some deterministic mapping to heads or tails. This mapping equation should be quite complex, but made ...


1

I like the theory put forward of madman strategy but I would say that if someone is co-operative with an irrational person, they are agreeing with parts of the irrational person's thinking. What you seem to be asking about to me is where a "rational" person goes with the irrational behaviour to prevent further irrational behaviour which to a degree would be ...


1

Indeed in the game of chicken appearing "insane" is actually a good strategy Pre-commitment One tactic in the game is for one party to signal their intentions convincingly before the game begins. For example, if one party were to ostentatiously disable their steering wheel just before the match, the other party would be compelled to swerve.[12] This ...


1

The question seems to ask for reviews; well, a Google Scholar search on... one-shot + game + review ...yields: Credibility and Policy Convergence in a Two-Party System with Rational Voters (Alessina, 1988) Game-theoretic analysis of cooperation among supply chain agents: Review and extensions (Nagarajan & Sošić, 2008) Game theory and human ...


1

In this question are mixed different topics that are not very well categorized, to find documents or specific tests is better to adapt certain topics, is not usually talk of cooperative versus competitive activities, but individual versus group activities. In research on the judgment or solution of group problems, the hypothesis is implicit that the ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible