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Concurring with the comments on the Skeptics question, I am also not aware of a standardized operationalization of "number of decisions" that could be used to produce a meaningful measure for this, and to my knowledge no (serious) research has attempted to calculate a daily tally. This clearly poses little challenge for the numerous references to ...


6

Chunking leverages long-term memory for the chunks, i.e. we recognize and remember much easier the familiar chunks, sometimes algorithmically. This is much easier explained in the domain of letters/words, e.g. we'd recognize USA as substring among random letters. Similarly most would recognize the pattern 1945 (WWII end) by paired association, or 12321 ...


4

According to Wikipedia: As predicted by the acquired brain injury literature, early PET studies have shown the task involves significant activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. However, more recent fMRI studies have shown that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex together with the caudate nucleus may be the regions most important for the ...


3

The approach you would take will depend upon your level of analysis. For instance, one could choose to model an entire individual's behaviour (i.e. with heuristic models), the activity of neural circuits, the activity of a subset of neural populations, etc. By your question including traits such as "impulsivity," I will assume that you are looking to model ...


2

if "chunking" is not used? This answer neatly explains what chunking is Chunking is a strategy for more efficiently storing information by changing the way you encode or process it. Effectively, you're arranging/re-arranging information in a way that makes sense to you. Chunking refers to breaking it up into meaningful lots. For example: Suppose you had ...


2

Sure. I'll update this answer as I come across more papers, but here: Alves, H., Voss, M. W., Boot, W. R., Deslandes, A., Cossich, V., Salles, J. I., & Kramer, A. F. (2013). Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise in Elite Volleyball Players. Frontiers in Psychology Front. Psychol., 4. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00036 The goal of the current study was to ...


2

Currently, the most comprehensive cognitive model of executive functions would have to be the model proposed by Miyake et al. (2000). (It is probably best not to confuse being the most comprehensive cognitive model with being a strong explanation, because the executive functions remain one of the most poorly understood areas of cognition, but it's a very ...


2

A serious answer exists to a sort-of-related question though, you can track the "energy budget" of the brain and see how much glucose/oxygen it's burning. 'Number of decisions' might be a silly way to talk about it, but [metabolic] brain effort can be quantified and it does make sense to ask how high it is and how much it changes over the course of a day. ...


1

Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is a popular approach to managing thoughts (cognitions) encompassing "temptation", however there are others. Here is an interesting case study that applies CBT to manage temptation to steal among those exhibiting kleptomania.


1

The original author is not making a claim one way or another for logical AND or logical OR within this context. The statement the pre-supplementary motor area (preSMA), which in turn receives inputs from the basal ganglia and the prefrontal cortex is referring only to inputs to the preSMA; it is not making any strong statements about which inputs are ...


1

I would argue that they are not the same, but you are correct that there could be some overlap. I think you will also find that people in different schools of thought might prefer a particular term for philosophical reasons in some situations, and in others the terms are more clearly distinct. I would say that volition involves conscious decisions to do ...


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