17

The phenomenon's called the incubation effect. Wikipedia operationally defines the incubation effect as any benefit of a break during problem solving. In Wallas’ (1926) four-stage model of innovative problem solving or creativity, the incubation stage is the stage in which one takes some time away from the problem (the stages are: preparation, incubation, ...


11

The first Google hit for "creativity training psychology" (Chamorro-Premuzic, 2013) seems to answer your question pretty thoroughly. Prof. Chamorro-Premuzic is a pretty formidable psychologist, so it's no surprise coming from him! To quote the post: In short, creativity is not 100% malleable, but it can be affected by deliberate interventions. People's ...


9

I'm afraid I have to disagree with Mozibur Ullah's answer. Instead of talking about Plato, Socrates and Picasso I'll mention one, incredibly creative and intelligent person: John Cleese. Telling people how to be creative is easy, it's only being it what's difficult. Creativity is not a talent. It is a way of operating. Creativity is not an ability you ...


8

The Torrance Test of Creative Thinking is a good place to start. It scores for fluency (number of responses) as well as originality (statistical rarity of responses) and elaboration (level of detail) on a variety of different tasks. The validity of the TTCT has been examined with several long-term studies, so there is a fair amount of data on its ...


8

The question you have asked is not a new one. In fact, from the times of classical antiquity, Plato considered artistic creativity as a result of god-given madness. When it comes to popular figures in the arts and sciences, however, it is important to note that the illness is not restricted to them by any means. Lord Byron and Beethoven are said to be manic-...


6

This is quite a well documented phenomenon - stereotypically these moments of creative insight occur in the shower. A google for 'psychology aha moment' or 'neuroscience creative aha' will give you some articles, in Psychology Today for instance, talking about this. One characterisation of thought is that links between neurons are created and by travelling ...


5

Takeuchi et al. (2011) had participants in an fMRI perform three tasks in order to measure creativity, working memory and intelligence. S-A creativity test as a measure of creativity (Society For Creative Minds, 1969). Verbal n-back as a measure of working memory (Calicott et al., 1999). Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrix as a measure of intelligence (...


5

Although this paper is not grounded in neurobiology "Up speeds you down. Awe-evoking monumental buildings trigger behavioral and perceived freezing" by Joey et al. should be a good starting point for further research into the domain of environmental psychology with a focus on human-made environments. In the paper, subjects are shown to have slower reaction ...


5

There are two sources of creativity, the within-domain analogies and the between-domain analogies. Within-domain analogies are less original but more easy to apply and use. Between-domain analogies are far more original but usually need a lot of work to apply them in the target domain. (see this book for more info) Within-domain analogies may be quite ...


5

Short answer Ideaesthesia does not comprise a theory or even a hypothesis. It is merely a term meaning 'sensing concepts' or 'perceiving meaning'. Background As Steven Jeuris also comments, ideaesthesia is not a theory, it is simply a term. It is a combination of two Greek words, namely 'concept' or 'idea', and the other is 'sensation', or 'aisthesis'. In ...


4

Although the idea that IQ only enables creativity "up to IQ 120" is widespread (and repeated in pop-psych books such as those of Gladwell etc.), large scale studies of giftedness reliably find that the IQ and creativity are associated even at the very highest-extremes of ability. IQ is linearly related to creative achievement across the range (Wai et al., ...


4

This is actually a perfect fit for the best kind of gamification that illuminates the progress you're already making (but weren't aware of) 1. Break the creative task into steps in a creative process 2. Measure that progress for the user. You don't even need to reward progress, just how them how it gets them closer to the goal. Success may not be guaranteed,...


4

Critical thinking is an ill-defined concept in the cognitive sciences, so this question most likely has as many answers as there are measures of IQ and critical thinking. An accessible introduction to the literature is available here, with the general cognitive conception of critical thinking given as follows: ... the mental activities that are typically ...


3

This is actual a pretty old and often debated question. It is called "Lady Lovelace's Objection" and first appeared in Alan Turing's seminal paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence". Below is my response to Lovelace's Objection, as well as Alan Turing's response which I wrote for a philosophy course in 2015. Perhaps it will be of interest to you? ...


3

The concept of creativity per se makes it hard to measure it in a standardized way, since creativity by definition opposes standardization. Even tests such as the one suggested by Krysta run into the problem that in order to rate answers with regard to their rarity will have to rely on some kind of standardization according to which one can rate the answers ...


3

There are some studies that seem to support your suggestion e.g.: Dream reports and creative tendencies in students of the arts, sciences, and engineering (paywalled, so I'm quoting the abstract): 105 students of arts, sciences, and engineering were asked to report a dream and to take a test which measures independence of judgment and relates to ...


3

I managed to find some newspaper articles and research that touch this topic, claiming that indeed more traditional architecture has positive influences on health and well-being, although these statements would likely require a more careful evaluation for the sake of rigor. Sources: Beautiful urban architecture boosts health as much as green spaces ...


3

I can't really answer your questions as they relate to your ability to be creative. Also I'm unsure as to how 'focus' is defined, however, I know of research linking both attention and working memory to creativity which you may be able to draw conclusions from. There is some mixed research to back the idea creativity and attention are linked; it has been ...


2

There are no known domain-general ways of formulating good questions and problems—what constitutes a good question or problem formulation depends on the field or domain. A good psychology question is different from a good literary question, which in turn is different from a good business question. Because there are no known domain-independent ways of ...


2

There is an update regarding the debate on Threshold Theory. From Jauk et al (2013) "The relationship between intelligence and creativity: New support for the threshold hypothesis by means of empirical breakpoint detection": One of the most prominent notions concerning the interplay between intelligence and creativity is the threshold hypothesis, which ...


2

There is some support for a short-term day residue effect in the literature, but no support for a more extended dream-lag effect. Nielsen and Powell (1992) published a test of the day residue effect (incorporation of material from the immediately preceding day) and the dream-lag effect (incorporation of material from 6–8 days prior). Based on dream journals ...


2

Some master mathematicians have written on the process of mathematical invention and on some methods of plausible reasoning in mathematics. Here are some references: Jacques Hadamard. An Essay on the Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field. George Polya. Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning Volume I: Induction and Analogy in Mathematics. Princeton ...


2

I think it is important here to be clear about what John is really capable of doing. If all he is able to do is manipulate the axioms of S correctly, this actually does not get him very far, for at least two reasons. (This is also why theorem proving computer programs have significant limitations.) 1) Suppose we give John a specific theorem P of S and ask ...


2

Jauk et al. (2013) talks about the relationship between intelligence and creativity whilst King, et al. (1996) talks about the the relationship between the 5-factor model and creativity. 4.2. Personality predictors of creative potential When performing separate multiple regression analyses in samples of lower and higher intelligence, we found that ...


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