15 votes

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Short answer: Because areas of the brain needed for remembering are turned off during dreaming. Dream Amnesia: The process of converting perception into a memory construct that can be stored is ...
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  • 17.9k
13 votes
Accepted

Why do we wake up when we die in our dreams?

When you dream you're in REM sleep (rapid eye movement). REM sleep is only slightly more "deep" than stage 1 of non-REM which means it's not that hard to wake you up in the first place. Dying in a ...
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  • 373
12 votes

Is quantum tunneling required for nerve signals to cross the dendritic synaptic barrier?

I don't know what precisely "nerve signals" is supposed to refer to, but neurons exchange information mainly via one pathway: neurotransmitters. And these do not travel the synaptic cleft via quantum ...
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  • 2,414
10 votes
Accepted

How does masking work?

Apparently your question is on backward masking, which means that the masker follows the stimulus (probe) in time. Backward masking generally occurs at higher levels, typically the cortex. In case of ...
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  • 19.6k
7 votes

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

State dependent memory could play a role in quickly forgetting dreams after awakening. See my question here: What is the scientific term for unexpected, spontaneous dream recall? I ask about a ...
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  • 9,302
7 votes

How does subjective experience arise from matter?

This is partially an aspect of the binding problem. Sensory information arrives in parallel as a variety of heterogeneous hints, (shapes, colors, motions, smells and sounds) encoded in partly ...
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7 votes
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When can we say that machines are conscious?

Short answer: We don't know. Long answer: There are a few major lines of thinking on the subject currently. Cognitive closure: One common argument is that this question is simply not answerable - at ...
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  • 17.9k
7 votes

Can a sufficiently complex ANN simulate consciousness?

David Chalmers has argued against the thermostat view, suggesting that adaptation to the environment is not sufficient. John Searle also disagrees that the current state of machine learning is capable ...
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  • 628
7 votes

Does our consciousness die when we go to sleep or fall into a coma?

Q: Does our consciousness die when we go to sleep or fall into a coma? A: No, neuroscientifically speaking, the consciousness does not die when we are sleeping or are in a coma; it is just in a sleep ...
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  • 1,795
6 votes

How does subjective experience arise from matter?

what has always puzzled me is the neurobiological basis that gives rise to the phenomenon that we associate our bodies with ourselves – i.e., why does my brain think of my physical body as "me" ...
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  • 512
6 votes

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

Note: This is not intended to set a verbosity standard for answers, but to give a comprehensive example of what kind of information I am looking in order to further clarify the question. An answer ...
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6 votes

What is the relationship between the ego, amygdala and consciousness?

Assuming your question is "Is person's ego a projection of the responses of their amygdala onto the conscious experience?", I think it would translate to "Does the amygdala determines or houses the ...
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  • 19.6k
5 votes

Bringing dreams to conscious awareness

Just speaking from personal experience, I've never experienced time distortion in my dreams as extremely as you describe. I've experienced moments scattered throughout narratives that would take ...
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  • 9,274
5 votes
Accepted

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality?

Your question is about the hard problem of consciousness, which is basically the question of how qualia can be explained in a mechanistic way. As alluded to by the name of the problem, it's hard to ...
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5 votes

What would explain an intense feeling of being extremely present, for no reason?

Apparently I have a proclivity for long answers, but I thought I'd respond given the viewership on this question. We can whittle your question down to a more general form: Can my subjective ...
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  • 4,246
5 votes

Do many people have an "Accompanying Voice" - an equal they converse with?

From a quick search online I see no reason why you distantiate what you describe from auditory hallucinations: a form of hallucination that involves perceiving sounds without auditory stimulus. ...
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  • 3,461
5 votes
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Is there a name for arguing with other people in one's mind?

I'm not aware of a term specifically for this phenomenon. Having a conversation in one's head has been termed dialogic inner speech by several researchers. You didn't mention if the people you are ...
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  • 17.9k
5 votes

Is there a term in psychology for when a tool is perceived as an extension of your body?

Short answer Possible interesting terms are: distal attribution (externalization) body transfer illusion (rubber hand illusion) embodiment Background This is a very interesting, yet difficult ...
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  • 19.6k
4 votes

Assuming everything has conciousness, can technical hardware have higher level of conciousness than a rock?

There's a philosophical stance called panpsychism that addresses this question. Of course, there is no proof, but the fundamental question is really about humans. Is consciousness an intrinsic ...
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4 votes

How are qualia localized in consciousness?

This question has been unanswered for a long time and I will attempt to address the issues posed not one by one, as there are a great many questions, but with an overall working of the sensory nervous ...
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  • 19.6k
4 votes
Accepted

Relationship between oculometry/pupillometry and disorders of consciousness

I have listed several articles below for your reference: (Search terms: "oculometry pupillometry disorders of consciousness" in Google Scholar, nothing special): Grandchamp et al, 2014, DOI: 10.3389/...
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  • 19.6k
4 votes

How does masking work?

There are different types of masking that may have different mechanisms. Even backward masking may mean: noise masking - such as when white noise is presented pattern masking - when target-resembling ...
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4 votes

Is the split-brain, dual consciousness experiment from Rhawn Joseph valid?

Short answer On the basis of a cursory literature review, I conclude that Jospeh's observations were correct, but his conclusions that a callosotomy can result in a dual consciousness were far ...
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  • 19.6k
4 votes
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Color and shape arriving together in visual system

It is something of an oversimplification to say that there are separate visual pathways for both color and shape. There are many cells, even in V1, which are selective for both colour and shape (...
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  • 1,083
4 votes

Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

The answer lies in what is known of the conscious, unconscious and the presconscious parts of the mind, with preconscious is the scientific name for the subconscious, however, for the purposes of this ...
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  • 11.1k
4 votes

If reality is just hallucination, how come different people see same objects

According to Anil Seth, in this talk, consciousness is an active construction process. In that view, for the subject to have an experience about world, physical ...
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4 votes
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When does a human baby develop a consciousness?

Q: When does a human baby develop a consciousness? … Consciousness - the ability to sense the world around you in an independent way. You can think for yourself, and make choices that defy your ...
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  • 1,795
4 votes
Accepted

Does monism imply that computers can have consciousness?

Note: While "The Basic Theory of the Mind" may potentially be well researched and possibly accurate, it is (as far as I know) a self-published discourse by a non-researcher, that is not peer-reviewed. ...
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  • 17.9k
3 votes
Accepted

Finding consciousness through EEG

I don't know any such group in Italy but there is a group in Liege, Belgium which is called Coma Science Group. It consists of scientists of various disciplines and their main interest is ...
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