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how can the development of sexual preferences be influenced?

A bit of background on me: I’m a clinical psychologist and have worked with many sexual disorders, ranging from paedophile, to gender identity disorder. I am however no expert in any of these, so my ...
user16531's user avatar
  • 106
8 votes

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

I came across this question whilst researching CBT for a course I am studying. The short answer As I will cover in the long answer, there has been a lot of articles stating that CBT is very effective, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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6 votes

Why is the initial first-line response to a psychological problem not a brain scan?

The first stop when a non-emergency medical issue evolves is, as you say, a visit to the GP. This is not a supplement to diagnosis. Instead, a visit to the GP can be a critical step in the treatment ...
AliceD's user avatar
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6 votes
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Is "gaslighting" a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The wikipedia article you linked to regarding the term Gaslighting has references to clinical and research literature. Dorpat, (1996) talks about the incidences of Gaslighting conducted by therapists....
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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6 votes

Cannot find a journal paper on a study on caffeine, even though it is registered at clinicaltrials.gov

Short answer Haskall et al., The effects of L-theanine, caffeine and their combination on cognition and mood, Biol Psych (2008); 77: 113–22. Background Here's some of the detective work I've done: The ...
AliceD's user avatar
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5 votes

Double blindedness in a fully remote trial

Double blind basically consists when the patient does not know to which condition it belongs (control, treatment A, treatment B) and the professional does not know to which group he/she is ...
hexadecimal's user avatar
  • 1,069
5 votes

How do clinicians control for their own mental disorders?

Clinical Supervision (see these articles on effectiveness) is standard practice and required in codes of practice for registered counsellors, psychotherapists, psychologists, psychiatrists, etc. and ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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5 votes
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Are social anxiety disorder and selective mutism classified as communication disorders?

One thing to remember is that classification systems, especially in the field of psychology, are not absolute. All human brains search for patterns and attempt to label them in a way that makes it ...
Rachelb's user avatar
  • 66
4 votes

Is there a conflict between Mindfulness-based and Acceptance-based Therapies and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?

I don’t really have much in the way of scientific evidence for combining the two. I have, however, information from personal experience that many therapists tend to combine the two approaches with ...
Kelly's user avatar
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4 votes
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What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

Question 1: I am unaware of any studies directly addressing the epidemiology of self-medication with cannabis in cases of treatment-resistant depression (it seems like that is what you are asking ...
Abraham Nunes's user avatar
4 votes
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What are the standard mental health tests that are available online?

There's no "standard" on-line test for mood disorders. The only standard one is [semi-]structured evaluation (e.g. SCID-5) by a mental health professional. With that disclaimer aside, there are some ...
against very long user names's user avatar
4 votes
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Cannot find a journal paper on a study on caffeine, even though it is registered at clinicaltrials.gov

See Caffeine at levels found in decaffeinated beverages is behaviourally active Appetite Volume 50, Issues 2–3, March–May 2008, Page 559. It's just a conference abstract though.
DavePhD's user avatar
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3 votes

Examples of interventions that yield large long term effect sizes in psychology

Skill acquisition: If you take a novice on a task and get them to practice that task, performance will tend to improve. See the Power Law of Practice. In many cases that I've seen, the difference ...
Jeromy Anglim's user avatar
3 votes
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What is the current status of Paraphrenia?

Paraphrenia is a late-onset mental disorder similar to schizophrenia in that it features the positive symptoms of the disease, such as delusions and/or hallucinations, but lacks the negative symptoms, ...
AliceD's user avatar
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3 votes

Double blindedness in a fully remote trial

If the investigator knows what group the subject is in and then has any interaction with the subject, it is not double blind since the investigator can, potentially unintentionally, influence the ...
StrongBad's user avatar
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3 votes
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Rationale behind an “all-or-nothing” design for a test for the purposes of diagnosis and epidemology

Many construct scales are developed with relatively little attention to the content. Researchers may start with a large set of candidate questions, versions, formats, and phrasings, and then through ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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3 votes

Do people who experience a psychotic episode ever go back to normal?

Short answer Because some neuroses can involve psychotic episodes, it depends on the cause of the psychotic behaviour. Longer Answer When looking at the difference between neuroses and psychoses, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
  • 12.2k
3 votes

How effective is cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders?

Frankly, I don't see how the meta-analysis of 70-something non-randomized studies from the self-accepted answer is such amazing evidence. On the other hand, there's a 2008 meta-analysis of just the ...
against very long user names's user avatar
3 votes

Using CBT for a justified fear?

CBT stands for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (I mention this because in the thrill of learning it, the "B" part is often ignored or forgotten). CBT integrates aspect of both cognitive psychotherapy and ...
sfxedit's user avatar
  • 278
3 votes
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Resources about relaxation training as used in CBT

As I mentioned previously in the comments, there are a wide range of relaxation techniques which can be used within CBT. Having not read the book mentioned, I looked it up and found how the ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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3 votes
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Are there any benefits to having Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

I'm guessing that OCD correlating with conscientiousness is probably an advantage. The 2015 study by Inchausti et al. that made this finding had other anxiety disorders as controls. I don't know if ...
against very long user names's user avatar
3 votes

Would a diagnosis from a layman be legitimate if it follows the definition of the disorder?

Here are some basics on the diagnostic process: There are two main sources of disagreement in assessing psychiatric disorder or, as Feinstein (1985) wrote, 'two different phases of the ...
against very long user names's user avatar
3 votes

Cases of psychopathy

Psychopathy and the MacDonald triad Just keep in mind that psychopathy is often used as a more popular term for the characteristics of Anti-Social Personality Disorder (Davey, 2014). The three ...
Halls of Justice's user avatar
3 votes

What is the difference between personality disorder and other types of mental illness?

There may not be one: it is impossible to conclude with confidence that personality disorders are, or are not, mental illnesses; there are ambiguities in the definitions and basic information ...
Maria's user avatar
  • 158
3 votes
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Default Mode Network and: hyper-connectivity, hypo-connectivity, interconnectivity and intraconnectivity

The default mode network (DMN) is a collection of brain structures identified in human functional neuroimaging. Specifically, a type of neuroimaging called BOLD indirectly measures local metabolism in ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,425
3 votes

Term for how anxiety makes people think abnormally?

A general term is cognitive distortion: ... an exaggerated or irrational thought pattern involved in the onset or perpetuation of psychopathological states, such as depression and anxiety. Not sure ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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2 votes
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Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Some research which may help is as follows: Fingelkurts, A. A., Fingelkurts, A. A., Rytsälä, H., Suominen, K., Isometsä, E., & Kähkönen, S. (2007). Impaired functional connectivity at EEG alpha ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
  • 12.2k
2 votes

What safeguards are in place to prevent abuse of power?

As @ArnonWeinberg mentioned, clinical supervision, detailed in my answer to the previous question will prevent abuse of position. Clinical supervisors have a duty of care, not only to the supervisee (...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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2 votes

Does risk of developing depression continue to increase after age 60?

In addition to the articles that @Seanny provided in the comments, I think this study addresses your question pretty well. A couple of idiosyncrasies about the sample: from rural Germany, primary care ...
mflo-ByeSE's user avatar
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2 votes
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How can a narcissist be given negative feedback without triggering aggressive behavior?

To want to have a normal relationship with another person is commendable. Unfortunately, they can't. Their inability to receive feedback is a part of their diagnosis. Attempts to do so will also cause ...
Regional Director's user avatar

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