13 votes
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Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

Short answer Singing increases the duration of voiced intervals in stutterers. Background Singing is an example of one of the most effective methods to decrease stuttering* (Stager, 2003). It is a so-...
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11 votes
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Why does a person feel sad without knowing the reason?

Modern theories of emotion suggest that like many aspects of self-knowledge, emotion is "inferred" rather than "introspected". This is exemplified by a classic experiment in which men were surveyed ...
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8 votes

Is "Schizophrenic" considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

You never know what's gonna offend someone...That being said, "hallucinations in people with schizophrenia" does seem the safer option, but "schizophrenics" (not capitalized) is used plenty often. ...
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  • 9,274
8 votes

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

I came across this question whilst researching CBT for a course I am studying. The short answer As I will cover in the long answer, there has been a lot of articles stating that CBT is very effective, ...
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8 votes
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how can the development of sexual preferences be influenced?

A bit of background on me: I’m a clinical psychologist and have worked with many sexual disorders, ranging from paedophile, to gender identity disorder. I am however no expert in any of these, so my ...
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7 votes

What is the word for: "I have to do" in CBT?

You could be referring to two different things. 1) This is an example of an intermediate belief. Cognitions can be thought of as three levels: automatic thoughts (which are the first thoughts that ...
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  • 1,551
7 votes

Is art therapy really effective?

Slayton, D'Archer, and Kaplan (2010) review 35 studies conducted from 1999-2007 about the efficacy of Art Therapy. Their review covers a variety of quantitative designs, as well as a few qualitative ...
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6 votes
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Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

It appears you have heard correctly, at least in a sense: there are no peer reviewed treatments for narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) itself. On the other hand, this does not constitute evidence ...
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6 votes

Why is the initial first-line response to a psychological problem not a brain scan?

The first stop when a non-emergency medical issue evolves is, as you say, a visit to the GP. This is not a supplement to diagnosis. Instead, a visit to the GP can be a critical step in the treatment ...
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6 votes
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Is "gaslighting" a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The wikipedia article you linked to regarding the term Gaslighting has references to clinical and research literature. Dorpat, (1996) talks about the incidences of Gaslighting conducted by therapists....
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6 votes

Cannot find a journal paper on a study on caffeine, even though it is registered at clinicaltrials.gov

Short answer Haskall et al., The effects of L-theanine, caffeine and their combination on cognition and mood, Biol Psych (2008); 77: 113–22. Background Here's some of the detective work I've done: The ...
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5 votes
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What do we mean by saying: Narcissist are not empathetic?

The people you know may have narcissictic personality traits, but that doesn't mean that they meet all the criteria. Criteria lists can be very confusing. Most of the time, people who are diagnosed ...
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  • 366
5 votes

Using CBT for a justified fear?

The first option is to investigate exactly what his worries are and to put them in perspective. Often, people catastrophize their fears, imagining the worst possible scenario for a given situation. ...
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  • 1,551
5 votes
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What rules are tested during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

If you read between the lines of Evaluation of a Short-Form of the Berg Card Sorting Test, you can find that indeed the only rules tested are the simple colour, number and shape matching. This can be ...
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5 votes
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Are a lot of highly logical people (such as mathematicians) prone to depression?

Overall, based on my limited research it appears there is no evidence that people who are more logical are more likely to experience depression. There is a theory that people who see the world more ...
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5 votes

Double blindedness in a fully remote trial

Double blind basically consists when the patient does not know to which condition it belongs (control, treatment A, treatment B) and the professional does not know to which group he/she is ...
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  • 1,029
4 votes

Inducing long term low latent inhibition

Low latent inhibition is not an ideal state...Wikipedia lists several potential problems including attentional and emotional dysregulation, psychosis, and negative emotionality. Wikipedia also ...
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4 votes
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Morita therapy - does it have a western counterpart?

Reminds me a bit of existential therapy and humanistic psychology in general. Unconditional positive regard and motivational interviewing both insist on approaching undesirable feelings from the ...
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  • 9,274
4 votes

Is there a conflict between Mindfulness-based and Acceptance-based Therapies and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?

I don’t really have much in the way of scientific evidence for combining the two. I have, however, information from personal experience that many therapists tend to combine the two approaches with ...
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4 votes

Are there any circumstances where schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are not lifelong?

The current understanding, I believe, is that symptomatic psychiatric disorders may or may not be lifelong according to many factors, but that the susceptibility to them probably is lifelong. Some ...
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4 votes
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What are there neuroanatomical mappings of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

According to Wikipedia: As predicted by the acquired brain injury literature, early PET studies have shown the task involves significant activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. ...
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4 votes
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Does anyone know of any clinical psychology journals that use a double-blind review process?

My impression is that many (perhaps most) psychology journals do double-blind review (or at least give you the option). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology is one example. http://www.apa....
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4 votes
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What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

Question 1: I am unaware of any studies directly addressing the epidemiology of self-medication with cannabis in cases of treatment-resistant depression (it seems like that is what you are asking ...
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