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Short answer The open palms are usually seen as a gesture of openness. Background I have answered a related question, and I will use the same source as I used there, namely an interesting interview from Euro News with two communication experts, Stevens and prof. Beattie. They claim that the open-palms gesture (Fig. 1) is one of all-inclusiveness and ...


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Two major terms: "Spatial Representation": of pitch height (lower/higher): https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027705000260 emotions (down/up): https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699930500347794 "Spatial Analogy": https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5256459/ Some papers argue that even time has strong spatial ...


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Short answer Many individual papers report non-reproducible findings. I would advise you to look for review papers and meta-analysis studies to get the bigger picture. If not available, you can consider to set up a literature study yourself. Background Nature puts it down neatly (emphasis mine): Science moves forward by corroboration – when ...


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