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7 votes

What is "Attention" in terms of brain activity?

Firstly its important to note that attention basically the outcome of automatic processes, although attention may easily be directed by conscious choices. As a previous poster mentioned the ...
Comte's user avatar
  • 1,196
5 votes

Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

The answer lies in what is known of the conscious, unconscious and the presconscious parts of the mind, with preconscious is the scientific name for the subconscious, however, for the purposes of this ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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5 votes
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Does mindfulness meditation work for highly inattentive individuals?

The most up-to-date research I can find at the moment specifically looking at children with ADHD is a systematic review and meta-analysis by Chimiklis et al (2018), and they point out that yoga, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

How to measure and quantify concentration or focus?

Short answer Attention can be quantified with a sustained attention to response task. Background I think with focus or concentration you mean sustained attention to a certain task. A sustained ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.7k
5 votes

Why do some students find it difficult to focus on study when at home?

The answer to this question could be found in the mind-wandering literature (see this for a review). Figure 1 in the paper really nicely depicts the possible situations possible when looking at task ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
5 votes

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

This is an interesting question, and after mostly failing to find recent literature I've become fascinated at why this topic is not more heavily studied. It looks like a field ripe for disruption by ...
mightypile's user avatar
4 votes

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Digital Marketing often produces 'content' for users to consume. That content is ment to catch and keep the attention of the user, in an attempt to make the user trust and follow the sender (usually ...
Berit Larsen's user avatar
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4 votes

Any ideas about the neural mechanism underlying the ASMR sensation?

I found one study that looked at ASMR and the Default Mode Network (DNM). The DMN consists of the medial prefrontal cortex, medial temporal gyri, bilateral inferior parietal cortices, precuneus and ...
queenslug's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is there evidence for “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors”

Short answer There is scientific evidence that boredom can increase error rates. Background My gut feeling would tell me that boredom decreases vigilance, which then would increase the chance of ...
AliceD's user avatar
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4 votes

"Dyslexia" in reasoning?

Cognitive dissonance is often a problem when trying to convince someone of your position. Depending on the subject matter and how closely the position is held for the opposing party it can be very ...
Byron Stevens's user avatar
3 votes

"Dyslexia" in reasoning?

So let me start off by saying that the word dyslexia is a well-defined term describing a condition typically affecting the left angular gyrus. If you're looking for a biological condition that ...
Andrew Wiest's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Is there a known mechanism by which people fall asleep less easy after watching TV?

What you describe is rather common for a certain type of insomnia, called psychophysiologic. The patient has evidence of conditioned sleep difficulty and/ or heightened arousal in bed as ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
3 votes

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

Engle has published extensive papers about this topic and if you are interested I suggest looking him up. In 2001 Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle (In Engle, 2002) attempted to directly measure ...
queenslug's user avatar
  • 2,416
3 votes

What is the relationship between visual attention network and visual stream (Two-streams hypothesis)?

My short answer would be that there is no clear relationship between these two models about how visual information processing works in the brain. However, the terminology and evidence overlaps ...
splint's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why can't hemineglect patients be trained to actively pay attention to their neglected side?

Short answer Symptoms of hemi-neglect are often accompanied by additional layers of cognitive deficits that make rehabilitation challenging. Logic reason is often dissociated from these patients' ...
AliceD's user avatar
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3 votes
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Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan?

Q: Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan? A: It depends on the processes in progress, characteristics of the subject and characteristics of the signal to produce ...
hexadecimal's user avatar
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3 votes

what is the difference between mindfulness meditations and focusing on other things?

It is question I've been asking myself as well in my experience with mindfulness meditation. Meditation is not manipulating experience, it is simple noticing it. Furthermore it focuses on sensory ...
Borut Flis's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

The clock stop when switching focus

Yes, there is a term for this phenomenon. It is called stopped-clock illusion. It’s a type of chronostasis or a kind of temporal illusion, that the time interval is perceived to be longer than it ...
user287279's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Sources on P1/N1 modulation with checkerboard probe

For the fundamentals, I always go back to the more dated literature that is heavily cited (in this field of research, which is pretty big given it uses visual evoked potentials, say >1k times). I ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.7k
2 votes

What is "Attention" in terms of brain activity?

I'm unsure if there are necessarily specific areas for focusing on body parts, but I would assume that what you are talking about would function as part of the attentional system, which is a form of ...
queenslug's user avatar
  • 2,416
2 votes

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

There does not seem to be any research on your exact question on: the effect of "low attention tasks" and "high attention tasks" on the comprehension and memory of speech modality ...
shivams's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes

What is the effect of Daylight Saving Time on attentiveness and productivity?

Short answer The amount of sleep that people get affects people attentiveness and their productivity to a large extent, as discussed by Rosekind et al. (2015). When switching to DST, many people ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
2 votes

What is considered an error in the sustained attention to response task (SART)?

Both are errors indeed. Pressing when a 3 is shown is called a false alarm, and not pressing when a three is shown is a miss. Correct responses are (1) hits (pressing when anything but a three is ...
Robin Kramer-ten Have's user avatar
2 votes

Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I think the studies that you were after have only recently been published earlier this year. 38 subjects with ADHD had fMRI scans and compared with a database. The study found that - More severe ...
Poidah's user avatar
  • 1,019
2 votes

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

Working memory (WM) and attention are interrelated, as a precondition for WM to operate is attention. In addition to attention we need awareness. The general view is that WM is explicit - conscious - ...
noumenal's user avatar
  • 628
2 votes
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Analysis of accuracy data?

ANOVA and linear regression are inappropriate when your outcome is a percentage of correct trials, especially so if numbers are near the boundaries 0% or 100%. Mixed effects logistic regression may ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,586
2 votes

Can the mind be trained to equanimously observe compulsive urges/cravings (without giving in / acting out)?

According to the article "Brief meditation training induces smoking reduction" one kind of mediation-training reduced smoking by 60% while a control group (relaxation training) showed no such effect. ...
jerlich's user avatar
  • 199
2 votes

Analysis of accuracy data?

Based on the percentage of published papers that I read, and those that I review, that use un-transformed accuracy scores, I am going to guess that is what most cogsci people do. When your accuracy is ...
StrongBad's user avatar
  • 2,633
2 votes

what is the difference between mindfulness meditations and focusing on other things?

First, mindfulness meditation is a practice that involves attention regulation and adopting a particular orientation toward one's experiences in the present moment [1]. Your example has largely ...
Sophy's user avatar
  • 1,151
2 votes

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

The problem with this question is that procrastination has many components and is not an explicit diagnostic category of ADHD. As the result, finding evidence for a phenomenon that is poorly described ...
Poidah's user avatar
  • 1,019

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