14 votes

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

Short answer: Dual-process, mindfulness and flow theory are related by way of attention theory. Two previous posts that may be of interest are "What is the relation between concepts, constructs ...
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7 votes

Why do people look in the face or eyes while communicating?

Eye contact is one of the principal cues humans use to evaluate where other people direct their attention. A special issue on the use of eye tracking in the Infancy journal and other studies reported ...
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6 votes

Is our attention attracted by bright lights?

In general, evidence suggests that we are attracted to contrast rather than brightness (luminance). For example, the onset of a bright light on a dark background is often used as an exogenous cue for ...
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  • 101
6 votes

What is "Attention" in terms of brain activity?

Firstly its important to note that attention basically the outcome of automatic processes, although attention may easily be directed by conscious choices. As a previous poster mentioned the ...
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  • 1,125
6 votes
Accepted

Mapping Sustained Attention on the brain (EEG)

You should consider using subject-specific alpha channels and frequency ranges. There are differences between individuals in alpha peak frequency. Also the placement of the EEG cap as well as small ...
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5 votes

Why do some students find it difficult to focus on study when at home?

The answer to this question could be found in the mind-wandering literature (see this for a review). Figure 1 in the paper really nicely depicts the possible situations possible when looking at task ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

I think your references are good examples of the way that some of this research is covered in the media (World of Warcraft is good for you! Yay!) as opposed to the academic research which is much more ...
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  • 1,083
5 votes

Why do people look in the face or eyes while communicating?

I don't have a complete answer, but I'll add on to Christian's comment. I'm not really familiar with an evolutionary account of facial expressions, but folks like Adam K. Anderson have implied that ...
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  • 4,256
5 votes
Accepted

Rated model of driving-related processes and objects

A 2006 study by Horrey, Wickens and Consalus implemented a computational SEEV (Salience, Effort, Effort, Value) model for driving behavior that predicted scanning behavior, which I surmise is what was ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Does mindfulness meditation work for highly inattentive individuals?

The most up-to-date research I can find at the moment specifically looking at children with ADHD is a systematic review and meta-analysis by Chimiklis et al (2018), and they point out that yoga, ...
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  • 11.1k
5 votes

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

This is an interesting question, and after mostly failing to find recent literature I've become fascinated at why this topic is not more heavily studied. It looks like a field ripe for disruption by ...
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4 votes

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? There is no such diagnosis in the DSM. Based on your definition (the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through), it is ...
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  • 5,418
4 votes
Accepted

What is the scientific term for information overload?

If what you are seeking is how to present material so that cognitive overload does not occur, you are in the realm of learning theory.[1] Cognitive load theory and schema (learning) theory go hand in ...
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4 votes

Any ideas about the neural mechanism underlying the ASMR sensation?

I found one study that looked at ASMR and the Default Mode Network (DNM). The DMN consists of the medial prefrontal cortex, medial temporal gyri, bilateral inferior parietal cortices, precuneus and ...
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  • 2,396
4 votes
Accepted

How to measure and quantify concentration or focus?

Short answer Attention can be quantified with a sustained attention to response task. Background I think with focus or concentration you mean sustained attention to a certain task. A sustained ...
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  • 19.6k
4 votes
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Is there evidence for “because it’s boring, it’s very easy to make errors”

Short answer There is scientific evidence that boredom can increase error rates. Background My gut feeling would tell me that boredom decreases vigilance, which then would increase the chance of ...
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  • 19.6k
4 votes

Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

The answer lies in what is known of the conscious, unconscious and the presconscious parts of the mind, with preconscious is the scientific name for the subconscious, however, for the purposes of this ...
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  • 11.1k
4 votes

"Dyslexia" in reasoning?

Cognitive dissonance is often a problem when trying to convince someone of your position. Depending on the subject matter and how closely the position is held for the opposing party it can be very ...
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3 votes
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Why can't hemineglect patients be trained to actively pay attention to their neglected side?

Short answer Symptoms of hemi-neglect are often accompanied by additional layers of cognitive deficits that make rehabilitation challenging. Logic reason is often dissociated from these patients' ...
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  • 19.6k
3 votes

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Digital Marketing often produces 'content' for users to consume. That content is ment to catch and keep the attention of the user, in an attempt to make the user trust and follow the sender (usually ...
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  • 3,729
3 votes
Accepted

Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan?

Q: Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan? A: It depends on the processes in progress, characteristics of the subject and characteristics of the signal to produce ...
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  • 1,039
3 votes

What is the relationship between visual attention network and visual stream (Two-streams hypothesis)?

My short answer would be that there is no clear relationship between these two models about how visual information processing works in the brain. However, the terminology and evidence overlaps ...
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  • 1,083
3 votes

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

Engle has published extensive papers about this topic and if you are interested I suggest looking him up. In 2001 Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle (In Engle, 2002) attempted to directly measure ...
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  • 2,396
3 votes
Accepted

Is there a known mechanism by which people fall asleep less easy after watching TV?

What you describe is rather common for a certain type of insomnia, called psychophysiologic. The patient has evidence of conditioned sleep difficulty and/ or heightened arousal in bed as ...
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  • 9,915
3 votes

"Dyslexia" in reasoning?

So let me start off by saying that the word dyslexia is a well-defined term describing a condition typically affecting the left angular gyrus. If you're looking for a biological condition that ...
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3 votes

what is the difference between mindfulness meditations and focusing on other things?

It is question I've been asking myself as well in my experience with mindfulness meditation. Meditation is not manipulating experience, it is simple noticing it. Furthermore it focuses on sensory ...
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3 votes
Accepted

The clock stop when switching focus

Yes, there is a term for this phenomenon. It is called stopped-clock illusion. It’s a type of chronostasis or a kind of temporal illusion, that the time interval is perceived to be longer than it ...
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  • 1,795
3 votes
Accepted

Sources on P1/N1 modulation with checkerboard probe

For the fundamentals, I always go back to the more dated literature that is heavily cited (in this field of research, which is pretty big given it uses visual evoked potentials, say >1k times). I ...
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  • 19.6k
2 votes

How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

I am not aware of any use in using "high audio frequencies" in commercials, but there is a history of making commercials louder (presumably to attract attention). There are laws prohibiting increasing ...
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  • 2,617
2 votes

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

This is a great question on a highly fascinating topic for which evidence seemingly abounds among many species. From the standpoint of an evolutionary approach, the fight or flight stress response ...
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  • 141

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