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10 votes
Accepted

Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

Short answer Don't believe everything you read. Background The article cited (Kirsch, 2014) appears in a German journal with a mediocre impact factor. Not the most convincing platform. I'll cite ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.7k
8 votes

Do stimulants increase the IQ tests score for everyone?

IQ in ADHD sufferers indeed increases with the treatment of stimulants, such as methylphenidate (Meyes et al., 1994). This is thought to rely on the attention-narrowing effect of stimulants, i.e., ...
AliceD's user avatar
  • 20.7k
6 votes

What is the relationship between rejection sensitive dysphoria and ADHD?

You might want to look at Bondü, R. & Esser, G. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry (2015) 24: 185. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-014-0560-9 The authors found fairly compelling evidence of a latent ...
Bill McCown's user avatar
5 votes

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

This is an interesting question, and after mostly failing to find recent literature I've become fascinated at why this topic is not more heavily studied. It looks like a field ripe for disruption by ...
mightypile's user avatar
5 votes

Are ADHD and OCD under some type of mental illness?

Different diagnostic systems may assign these syndromes to different categories based on theory or clinical opinion. In the DSM-IV era, OCD was listed under the "Anxiety disorders" category; however, ...
Jeffrey Girard's user avatar
5 votes

How does one distinguish BPD anger from ADHD anger?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a complicated diagnosis to understand and treat. A painful mix of emotional trouble, unstable relationships and self-destructive behavior, including suicide ...
Dorian Townsend's user avatar
4 votes

What is the relationship between rejection sensitive dysphoria and ADHD?

Dodson distinguishes "RSD" from social anxiety in that the latter begins as an anticipatory fear and is generally lessened upon social interaction whereas the RSD flare-ups begin as in-the-moment ...
Cole's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes

Do stimulants increase the IQ tests score for everyone?

Not about IQ as a whole alas, but I found a 2010 systematic review & meta-analysis "Modafinil and methylphenidate for neuroenhancement in healthy individuals: A systematic review", apparently the ...
against very long user names's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

System 1 thinking and ADHD

I think there's very likely a connection between the two, but not a direct one. The first difficulty will be visible when you dig into the literature on Dual Process Theory — that's the overarching ...
MrRedwood's user avatar
  • 326
4 votes

Dutch RCT of mindfulness therapy vs methylphenidate in ADHD

This is the protocol study referred to: https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12888-016-0978-3 The trial only remained in a planned state: http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/...
hexadecimal's user avatar
  • 1,069
3 votes
Accepted

Best way to modeling ADHD?

The approach you would take will depend upon your level of analysis. For instance, one could choose to model an entire individual's behaviour (i.e. with heuristic models), the activity of neural ...
Abraham Nunes's user avatar
3 votes

What is the relationship between anger management difficulties and ADHD?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a type of Neuro-developmental condition whose signs can be seen during early childhood. ADHD is related to hyperactive behavior, attention ...
Dorian Townsend's user avatar
3 votes

Are there any movies or series involving someone with ADHD?

Mommy is about the problems of a mother with his child which is said to have ADHD. Anyway, I think you will get better answers on https://movies.stackexchange.com/.
user2638180's user avatar
2 votes

How well defined is ADD/ADHD?

I understand ADHD is a standard term, but I'm still a bit suspicious that it's not a useful one; Psychiatry doesn't seem like the most reliable field Okay, I know this is going to sound weird, but I ...
faustus's user avatar
  • 1,247
2 votes

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

ADHD used to be called just ADD in DSM-III (released in 1980), with the subtypes ADD/H (ADD with hyperactivity) and ADD/WO (ADD without hyperactivity). However, by 1987 when DSM-III-R was published, ...
against very long user names's user avatar
2 votes

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

Not an expert on the field, but neuro feedback seems to be even more effective than drugs, in particular regarding the long term benefits. Here I cite an additude article which summarized four studies....
sani's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

It seems that things like aerobic exercise and mindfulness meditation can help alleviate some of the symptoms of ADHD. Aerobic exercise, in particular, helps increases many of the neurotransmitters ...
NebulousReveal's user avatar
2 votes

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

Not much seems to work; psychotherapy appears questionable when the patients are re-evaluated by someone else. The only thing with a minor but generally applicable effect is free fatty acid ...
against very long user names's user avatar
2 votes

Causality regarding neurotransmitter imbalance and depression

I have what is mostly a frame-challenge to your question as an answer: the simple "neurotransmitter imbalance" hypothesis is a bit outdated, and it hasn't been strongly influential in a research ...
Bryan Krause's user avatar
  • 7,481
2 votes

Treatment and strategies for procrastination for ADHD

The problem with this question is that procrastination has many components and is not an explicit diagnostic category of ADHD. As the result, finding evidence for a phenomenon that is poorly described ...
Poidah's user avatar
  • 1,019
2 votes

Is ADHD defined too loosely?

Snippet from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html (emphasis mine): DSM-5 Criteria for ADHD People with ADHD show a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity–...
Wuschelbeutel Kartoffelhuhn's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Beyond CBT and MBI, what are effective behavioral interventions for modern lifestyle addictions during their engagement?

Alas there's not much in the way of interventions that can curb impulsivity on the spot. Quoting from a somewhat dated but widely cited review, Moeller et al., 2001: Of the operant therapies used ...
against very long user names's user avatar
2 votes

Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

Let me supplement Alice's nice answer with a few more points. Regarding there are antidepressants that do not enhance serotonin but suppress it. That seems to be tianeptine; it is often brought ...
against very long user names's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

The mechanism behind the ADHD?

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. The exact etiology of ADHD remains unclear. ...
Ali Bahrami's user avatar
1 vote

Is self-centered talk an ADHD symptom?

There are individual differences but many studies suggest a correlation between deficiencies in the frontal lobe and endowing ADHD. The frontal lobe consists of PFC (there are also studies suggesting ...
ProtoZone's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Is there good evidence that long-term stimulant usage in children has no harmful effect when stopped?

Great question. Your best bet are probably follow-up studies. These studies begin with a standard RCT to determine treatment efficacy, and are then followed up by long-term monitoring of participants ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
  • 19.8k
1 vote
Accepted

Does consumption of amino acid supplements improve human executive function and self-regulation in ADHD cases?

There's a recent negative study: Bergwerff et al. (2016) "No Tryptophan, Tyrosine and Phenylalanine Abnormalities in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder": This study is the ...
against very long user names's user avatar
1 vote

Is there a difference between ADD and ADHD?

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or is it Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)? ADHD is a neural development disability which can be related to the brain function and behavior of an ...
Dorian Townsend's user avatar
1 vote

Are there any movies or series involving someone with ADHD?

I am a layperson so take that into account, but I find several characters in anime and manga who resonate with my experiences living with ADHD, and what I've researched about it. One character ...
Ozaline's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote

Are there any movies or series involving someone with ADHD?

several characters from azumanga daioh! :) One who's name is osaka and the other I can't remember her name but I think it starts with a t. zim from invader zim, and probably GIR from this show, as ...
Liz's user avatar
  • 11

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