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Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a complicated diagnosis to understand and treat. A painful mix of emotional trouble, unstable relationships and self-destructive behavior, including suicide attempts are associated with BPD. Experts have given a new name to BPD as Biosocial disorder. People who develop BPD are highly emotional, sensitive and reactive,...


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A quick Google search reveals some answers such as Atkinson, J. R. (2006). Around half of all deaf people diagnosed with schizophrenia report experiencing “voices,” during which they sense someone communicating with them in the absence of any external stimulus. This closely parallels prevalence rates of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in hearing ...


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Sounds like you have had a distressing encounter with "learned helplessness" as madsun also described. Learned helplessness is a well-studied psychological phenomenon and reaction that explains the terrible situation that you have described. It is situational and explains the "fatalism" that is so difficult to understand. The simplest explanation I can find ...


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You can think of "abnormal" in two basic ways: Statistical abnormality - The extent to which an individual is high or low on some trait compared to the average of the population. This use of the term is value-neutral, meaning that there is nothing inherently good or bad about being close to the average (i.e., "normal") or far from the average (i.e., "...


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Cognitive dissonance is often a problem when trying to convince someone of your position. Depending on the subject matter and how closely the position is held for the opposing party it can be very difficult to follow even logical well reasoned arguments. The opposing party often has a framework of reality in which they make sense of various situations or ...


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So let me start off by saying that the word dyslexia is a well-defined term describing a condition typically affecting the left angular gyrus. If you're looking for a biological condition that leaves a similar effect on reasoning, I'm afraid you've got in backwards. Humans are rational beings, but that doesn't mean we always, or even often, behave ...


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In his 2003 psycholinguistics book, John Field has summarized (pp. 70-72) his own typing errors and combined them with an older corpus of Hotopf. Missing words were among the frequent errors, but alas no numerical frequencies are given. But what he says he noticed is that short function words like "are" or "it" (these are his examples) are more likely to ...


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I think the studies that you were after have only recently been published earlier this year. 38 subjects with ADHD had fMRI scans and compared with a database. The study found that - More severe hyperactivity was associated with increased functional connectivity in the left putamen, right caudate nucleus, right central operculum and a portion of the ...


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This question is a bit broad. The main reason it can be easily answered is that the answer is mostly no. According to a 2016 recent review: for cluster A personality disorders, which among other things feature low empathy and social aversion there's not a lot going on regarding pharmacotherapy: Patients with schizotypal personality disorder have been ...


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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a type of Neuro-developmental condition whose signs can be seen during early childhood. ADHD is related to hyperactive behavior, attention difficulties or difficulty in controlling behavior. ADHD can affect an individual’s ability, whether at school or work depending on the symptoms. Usually, the majority ...


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Just a reminder that Stack Exchange is not an appropriate place to get a diagnosis; a vague description of symptoms may indicate a variety of possible outcomes. See a doctor instead. That said: One general term for disorders that affect some language modalities and not others, when the cause is psychological rather than physical (ie, not deafness, muscle ...


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I had a look on scopus and there were no hits for "High conflict people". So I imagine you'd want to turn to other literature; a few thoughts: Dark Triad Agreeableness from the Big 5 Conflict styles literature Personality disorders literture Literature on aggression


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Yes, the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score can be used for all psychiatric disorders. The GAF is not commonly used now as the DSM V has opted for the WHODAS 2.0 instead of GAF. There were fundamental problems with GAF including poor reliability with people who were less trained, cross-cultural variations and symptom severity tended to influence ...


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I found your question hard to answer because of the multiple disorders involved. I hope my answers contains some information that is usefull to you. However, it is likely not the satifsying answers you are looking for. According to Hansen, Oerbeck, Skirbekk, Petrovski, & Kristensen (2018) about 21 percent of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (...


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Coulrophobia is a fear of clowns. It is a phobia not (yet?) acknowledged by the WHO or the APA as a disorder. Nonetheless it seems to be an accepted phobia in hospitalized children (Meiri et al, 2017). The Guardian has a very interesting popular scientific account on the causes of coulrophobia. The author brings up the following two convincing arguments ...


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Prefrontal cortex is most closely associated with the group of cognitive functions termed "executive function" - measures of executive function do not measure prefrontal cortex per se because (almost all) brain functions are not simply localized to one area, but one would expect major lesions of the prefrontal cortex to impair executive function, as would ...


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Frankly, I don't see how the meta-analysis of 70-something non-randomized studies from the self-accepted answer is such amazing evidence. On the other hand, there's a 2008 meta-analysis of just the randomized (and double-blind) studies (RCTs), and these are not so few either: We included studies that randomly assigned adult patients meeting DSM-III-R or ...


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Gas chambers were decorated as normal showers and massacres as a morning walk. They were simply not told that they are going to be executed. However, once they realized what was about to happen, their instincts typically kicked in and chaos broke out. A lot of people tried to run away and they got shot. Mothers tried to protect their children, but there was ...


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What you seem to be talking about here are cultural influences affecting your judgement on what is right and wrong to say and do in certain situations. Ecologies shape cultures, and cultures influence the development of personalities (Triandis & Suh, 2002). The conceptualization of culture is by no means a simple matter. One possible way to think ...


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Glutamate availability in the brain is strictly dependent on de novo synthesis of glutamine in astrocytes. This process requires the enzymes pyruvate carboxylase and glutamine synthetase to form glutamine, which is then converted into glutamate by deamidation via phosphate-activated glutaminase in a reaction that also yields ammonia (Schousboe et al., 2014)....


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Generally this is known as rumination. I don't know if there has been a more specific name for the specific type you mention, but it has been studied somewhat: Certain characteristics of rumination, such as compulsion to continue ruminating, occurrence of unproductive thoughts, and "why" and "what if" type questions, as well as negative emotions before ...


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Bullis, at al. (2019) tackled this very question this month, and outlined criteria to determine what an emotional disorder is: The disorder is characterised by the experience of frequent and intense negative emotions; There is an aversive reaction to the emotional experience itself that is driven by the individual's diminished sense of control and negative ...


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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a type of neurological developmental condition that affects in the childhood and can continue in adulthood. It is a particular set of how the brain functions and related behaviors of an individual with ADHD. Children with ADHD are hyperactive, have trouble paying attention and unable to control their ...


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