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6
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244 views

Online datasets for the disjunction effect and violations of the sure-thing principle

The disjunction effect (or violation of the sure-thing principle) is as follows: A dis­junc­tion effect occurs when peo­ple pre­fer x over y when they know that event A obtains, and they also pre­...
5
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0answers
41 views

Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment with women

In the (in)famous experiment by psychologist Zimbardo at Stanford, also called the Stanford Prison Experiment, my understanding is that only males were selected. Is there any other analogous ...
5
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50 views

Avoidance Vs. Procrastination? Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the go-no-go task

The left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (Ldlpfc) and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmpfc) has been identified as having some positive functional correlation to procrastination. From what I ...
5
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0answers
107 views

Importance of memory on learning?

I've been studying into the important of memory and learning. I think it's undeniable that part of learning is requiring the retrieval of information at the relevant times, but the counter argument I'...
5
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56 views

Purported exorcisms - can hypnosis cause a person to temporarily experience phenomena similar to those labelled as “DID”?

I've seen several videos/documentaries featuring (usually self-proclaimed) exorcists, both Catholic and Protestant, who perform "exorcism" ceremonies in which they "cast out demons". I'm personally ...
5
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72 views

Should I make all my decisions standing up?

Does the brain work better: ...sitting rather than lying down. ...standing rather than sitting. ...walking rather than standing. I have found this research, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/...
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55 views

Why do teenage girls “fall in love” with idols?

Why do teenage girls "fall in love" with idols they never met? This behaviour is much more uncommon (if it happens at all) among teenage boys (At least in my experience. I also did a quick survey ...
5
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79 views

At what point does a human become self-aware?

What are the conditions for being self-aware? If this answer can not be answered by naming specific traits, behavior unique to a self-aware being, complexity of development or other tangible concepts, ...
5
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111 views

How do serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors work as an antidepressant?

The monoamine hypothesis postulates that the deficit of certain neurotransmitters is responsible for depression, and even that certain neurotransmitters are linked to specific symptoms. If suppose ...
5
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0answers
29 views

Do neurons involved in reflex movements process information or they just transmit a signal?

According to Reflex A reflex, or reflex action, is an involuntary and nearly instantaneous movement in response to a stimulus. A reflex is made possible by neural pathways called reflex arcs which ...
5
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34 views

Is there evidence for anger being a “secondary emotion”?

Some sources claim anger is in fact a "secondary emotion" that hides other emotions behind it. Is this anecdotal / up to interpretation, or is there a strong body of evidence to support this claim?
5
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75 views

Can extrinsic rewards successfully sustain habits in the long-term?

With 2019 right around the corner, I've been reading about forming successful habits. Many non-academic sources (and Charles Duhigg's popular book The Power of Habit) have advocated for pairing a cue ...
5
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57 views

Talking about emotional experience

In a book 59 seconds (section "Creating the perfect diary"), Richard Wiseman cited Zech & Rimé (2005) - I had impression that he suggests that according to that study talking about traumatic ...
5
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0answers
4k views

How true are Jordan Peterson's claims on IQ tests?

Disclaimer: I am aware that this topic has the potential of becoming high political, but I have asked it nevertheless in order to receive some clarification on the subject. Please back all of your ...
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0answers
61 views

Is the perception of drawings an acquired skill?

Most descriptions of visual perception explain how our brains interpret incoming visual stimuli (via feature detection, monocular depth cues, etc.). They then assume that the same process works for ...
5
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128 views

Will studying formal logic improves logical reasoning?

Reason for asking question: I am looking to see if there is any good empirical evidence or study that shows or suggests that studying former logic or maybe informal logic would actually improve ...
5
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102 views

Is feeling bad about being cheated on innate or learned behaviour?

For most people, if their partner cheated on them with another person they would feel devastated. But is there any evidence that this is biologically innate behaviour or if it is a socially learned ...
5
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28 views

Other studies of animals with sign language

Dr. Francine Patterson taught a modified form of sign language to Koko, a western lowland gorilla. Much media attention has been focused on Koko, especially after her death, and Patterson herself ...
5
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0answers
35 views

Is there a relation between the ability to recognize faces and the number of people one meets daily?

Does the average number of different people one sees daily affect one's ability to recognize faces? Compare a person who lives in a crowded city (and thus sees many different faces daily) with a ...
5
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52 views

Does the uncanny valley phenomenon apply to aural stimuli as well as visual? Addressed by research?

News of the Google AI assistant (or Google Duplex) being used to place phone calls to people in such a way that the human would not know they are speaking with AI was a little unsettling, and Google ...
5
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0answers
37 views

Research showing short-term memory interferes with motor planning

Has research shown that keeping information in short-term memory, like two words or two numbers, make planning and completing a physical task more difficult?
5
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53 views

Why do humans fail to correctly repeat the same word over and over again?

My five year old daughter asked me why we can't repeat the same word ad infinitum. I have never thought about it before but she is right. Most people when given the task of saying a word, almost any ...
5
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34 views

Converting Kendall's τ to r for meta-analysis

I'm conducting a meta-analysis of the relationship between male sexual dimorphism (masculinity) and mating/reproductive success. I'm converting all effect sizes to r and I'm a bit unsure of how to go ...
5
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74 views

Negative correlation between AQ score and EFT score

E-S theory explains the social and communication issues seen in autism and Asperger syndrome in connection, on the one hand, to delays and deficits in empathizing . The strengths in assimilating ...
5
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313 views

How does Brief Strategic Therapy (Nardone model) compare to other psychotherapies in efficacy?

Based on Paul Watzlawick et al.'s work in Brief Therapy, Giorgio Nardone & Paul Watzlawick (2005) developed specific protocols for treatment for several distinct psychological disorders, such as ...
5
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35 views

How does alcohol increase firing rate in Golgi cells?

I understood that ethanol increases Golgi cell firing by inhibiting the Na+/K+ ATPase channels, which makes granule cells receive more GABAergic input from the GABA that Golgi cells relase. Some ...
5
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0answers
56 views

Is the effect of music on stress just due to beat entrainment?

Different music genres have different beat and rhythm patterns. The lower beat and rhythm frequencies are similar to the frequency of heartbeat and this relax us. However in my opinion, it's relevant ...
5
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136 views

How can fear paralysis be overcome?

For a person with slight phobia of fear paralysis, (A fear that in critical situation when he will most need to react fast to save his (or loved ones) lives he will just be sitting there paralyzed ...
5
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306 views

How sound is the psychology of Westworld?

Disclaimer: I am very much a layman in these areas of research, so please do amend the question in order to conform to conventional usage of terminology and definitions thereof. In the series ...
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0answers
99 views

Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
5
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120 views

Is there a tangible benefit of synchronising the sample clock to the laser pulses in a resonant scanning two-photon microscope?

NI data acquisition cards offer a possibility of synchronising data acquisition with the pulses of a 80 MHz Ti:Sapphire laser. This supposedly helps improve the signal to noise ratio, since the true ...
5
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0answers
133 views

Silent speech recognition method or system with highest accuracy?

Is there any other silent speech recognition method (EEG/ECoG/Intracortical etc), with accuracy as good as the Audeo device developed by Michael Callahan and team - see the demo here, which is based ...
5
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83 views

What are the pros and cons of teaching a toddler two languages simultaneously versus sequentially?

Would it cause any speech issues if I decide to teach my toddler English and Spanish at the same time? Or should I teach one language first and then the other one?
5
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112 views

Do adversarial neural networks exist in the brain?

A recent development in Artificial Neural Networks for machine learning applications is the use of Adversarial Networks (see this paper for an example). Adversarial Networks is a network architecture ...
5
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0answers
143 views

How does the hippocampus and the “Papez” circuit form a memory?

It is admitted the hippocampus is necessary to the formation of new long term memories. At first, information goes back and forth between various parts of the cortex and the hippocampus. That's how a ...
5
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197 views

Derren Brown: “Paying with paper”. Assuming legitimacy, is this simply ideomotor suggestion?

Illusionist Derren Brown's video "Paying with Paper" supposedly demonstrates real-world instances whereby Brown pays for several items in cash: the rub being, the "cash" is blank paper. It's quite ...
5
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59 views

How are psychological bio-markers discovered?

Recently, this paper [1] claiming to be able to distinguish bipolar disorder from major depressive disorder via a urine sample has come to my attention. Despite reading the paper, I'm unable to ...
5
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0answers
110 views

Are there any mental activites that can be detrimental for intelligence?

It is well known that we get better at the things we practice, but is it possible to stimulate the brain with activites in such a way that general or spesific intelligence is weakened? Also, are ...
5
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87 views

Are there any studies on links between clothing style and personality?

Reading about on personality psychology, I have met several vague claims that different personality types prefer different clothing styles. Apparently, people who are more keen to their senses will ...
5
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0answers
30 views

Simultaneous DTI, structural MRI and 1H-MRS - Are there any examples of this?

I have been reading about recent articles relating to treatment resistant schizophrenia, and apparently there are a lack of studies using multimodal imaging. Initially I just thought that would be ...
5
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0answers
69 views

How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the mood/emotion/...
5
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0answers
62 views

How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
5
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0answers
68 views

Is movement/activity level related to serotonin availability or reuptake rates in the brain?

I'm aware of this research article that explores the relationship between motion and serotonin systems: 5-HT and motor control: a hypothesis. Based on the article above, it seems to me that a "very ...
5
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0answers
87 views

Does any theory explain the tendency for toddlers to desire objects held by other toddlers?

Very often, I observe that a toddler A who currently focuses their attention on a specific toy or activity becomes distracted if another toddler ...
5
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0answers
360 views

What are the brain regions related to tinnitus shown in this figure?

I am interested in learning about the neural mechanisms behind tinnitus, and was wondering if someone could help me to name the parts of the brain on this image that show increased activity in ...
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90 views

Learning Reading without Speech?

I have this question from wandering how a person, who does not have speech capability or is isolated from people who speaks, could learn how to read? Will a language (A) like English or (B) like ...
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0answers
445 views

Is being less emotional a bad thing for motivation?

We know that emotions increase motivation. The stronger feelings, the more motivated we get to do something about it. We know that humans differ a lot in how emotional we are. In theory that should ...
5
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0answers
182 views

What's the most effective way to learn and revise foreign language vocabulary?

Google searches have suggested to me that some sort of spaced repetition should work best, keeping in mind Ebbinghaus's "Forgetting Curve". However, it is not clear to me exactly when I should ...
5
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0answers
59 views

Research on computational models of physiological mechanisms in affective neuroscience at a biochemical level

As computational neuroscience has the mainstream on single neuron/network modelling for biochemical aspect, and computational modelling of physiological mechanism of hippocampus for analytic study of ...
5
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0answers
200 views

The accuracy & malleability of memory for color

How accurate is colour memory for the standard person? It would seem most people are quite good at remembering the colour of objects by visualising the object. But in some cases peoples visualisation ...

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