# All Questions

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18 views

### Is memory adversely affected after you stop smoking?

An answer to Can you use harmful addictions to build good habits? points to an interesting article by Heishman et al. (2010) which points out that: Short-term episodic memory-accuracy Analysis of the ...
33 views

### What psychological indicator activates the parasympathetic nervous system after fight/flight response?

I am new to neuroscience study and read recently about the brain's ability to balance parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system to achieve homeostasis following stressful stimuli. From my ...
19 views

### Attesting a burnout after mental breakdown - how?

I am writing a novel that is based on the protagonist having a mental breakdown at work after being completely drained from months of no rest, private issues etc. The idea is that she's sent to a ...
24 views

### What Action Units (AU) from the FACS can be combined together independetly of each other?

There exist many "impossible" combinations of AUs, let's say 45+46 for example or 18+27 etc. i.e. combinations of AU that can not possibly be expressed because they "occupy" the ...
24 views

### Why is threshold at 76% correct when d-prime = 1?

In signal detection theory using a 2-alternative forced choice task, when d' = 1, threshold is found at the stimulus intensity which is perceived 76% of the time (https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/...
36 views

### Why memory studies was a strong area of research during 90's?

Memory studies seemed to have flourished during nineties - particularly early nineties. Not only in Psychology, but in neuroscience, in social sciences, in History, there was a period in which a lot ...
23 views

### Why does Cross-sex hormone therapy have an opposite effect on cortical thickness?

In a recent lecture I was informed that cross-sex hormone therapy increases the cortical thickness in FtMs, but decreases CTh in MtFs. Why does this happen when studies find females have increased ...
189 views

### How does the chemical structure of a drug determine potency?

I'm rather new to neuropharmacology, and I am particularly interested in why some psychotropic medications are more potent than others despite being in the same category of one another, (i.e.: ...
22 views

I'm looking for a source to cite. I'm working on mathematical expressions that re-use the same subexpression multiple times. Intuitively someone reading such an expression only needs to understand a ...
90 views

### What is the current neuroscience perspective on the gender-equality paradox?

According to Wikipedia, the gender-equality paradox is the finding that various gender differences in personality and occupational choice are larger in more gender-equal countries. When looking for ...
48 views

### Is it possible for the human intelligence quotient to grow above 270? [duplicate]

I read about a person who had 263 IQ points, and apparently, that is the most that have ever been recorded. What is the maximum possible IQ for anyone to have? https://sciencetrends.com/highest-...
18 views

### Is how we perceive about a person a good predictor of the actual personality of that person?

Many research has been done to prove that expression (dress and body) influences others' perception on self. My following question is: Are these perceptions accurate? My guess is that humans have ...
31 views

### What makes a neural pathway relevant to a memory?

When a neural network is created for a certain memory, what makes that neural network relevant to the memory? In other words, what property of the neural network stimulates the retrieval of the memory?...
48 views

### Does something costing \$9.99 really seem cheaper than \$10 to people?

I've always hated seeing prices like this. It makes me immediately distrust the seller. I wish all prices would be "even", such as \$250 instead of \$249.98 or whatever. To me, it does not ...
18 views

### Is there a name for this emotion or emotion-related effect?

This is about a positive emotion or "wibe" (I call it here "an emotion-related effect") that a person may feel in their chest/heart in certain cases. This feeling can appear at any ...
30 views

### Why don't we wake up from thirst?

Usually, we sleep up to 7-10 hours. A healthy human drinks 2-3 cups per hour. Why don't we wake up from thirst if during the day, it is normal to drink so much? I don't think that this is because you ...
3 views

### Is there any clinical research data showing EEG changes in epileptiform activity using CBD?

Given that EEG analysis is currently the only real time way of measuring brain activity over time, I am wondering whether or not there has been any testing done in order to show changes in ...
20 views

### Why do we "Freeze" in an Adrenaline Rush?

I heard that Adrenaline stimulates the "Fight-Flight-Freeze" reaction. This is because our brains still think that we are in the wild and there are Lions that want to eat us. But why is ...
54 views

### How is the memory compressed when moving from the hippocampus to the PFC?

I have recently been intrigued by memory. I found that the hippocampus stores new memories. In sleep, the newly formed memories are moved to the neocortex. I was curious about how this transition ...
30 views

### Reference for a particular anecdote about the cultural basis of the ethics of homicide

I recently had a conversation with a friend about the psychology of ethics, and it reminded me of an anecdote that I read perhaps 10-15 years ago. The anecdote supposedly originates in the ...
21 views

### What is the purpose of having both a ground electrode and a reference electrode in EEG setups?

In almost all electroencephalography (EEG) recording setups, there are two auxiliary electrodes in addition to the ones used to record: the ground electrode and the reference electrode. I've so far ...
26 views

### Is there a significant cognitive difference between a person with 100IQ and a person 105IQ versus a person with a 150IQ and a person with a 180IQ?

So basically my question centres around cognitive differences by IQ classifications. So I saw somewhere (roughly) that the difference between someone with 150 and someone with 180 is very small ...
112 views

### Are there results on the null hypothesis of the "surgeon operating on my son" question?

There is a common question used to demonstrate the power of implicit assumptions about gender roles in our society. Including it here for reference: A man and his son had a terrible car accident and ...
18 views

### Are centre-surround antagonism and lateral inhibition synonyms?

On Wikipedia, there is one page for centre-surround antagonism and one for lateral inhibition. They both concern the activity of a neuron being reduced by stimuli present not in the center of its ...
546 views

### Why do psychologists tend to associate guilt with auditory admonition?

Can you please expound the sentence that I marked with red lines? The green underlie refers to Wolfram Eberhard's 1967 book Guilt and Sin in Traditional China, page 12. But my library is closed ...
32 views

### Can unconscious wishes be fulfilled via actions based on conscious or unconscious identification?

Suppose I unconsciously want to sleep with my mother (I'm not sure I do: it's just a hypothetical). Can that unconscious wish to do so be fulfilled by sleeping with yours, if I consciously or ...
88 views

### "Reverse Tolerance" Hypothetical

Let me use Caffeine as an example for this question, because it's a classically understood case of drug tolerance. Caffeine is an adenosine antagonist; it works by blocking the adenosine receptors in ...
120 views

### Empath vs. Covert Narcissist in high conflict context

Is it really possible to spot a narcissist under fog of war? I.e., apart from the lenses of high conflict, is there any other major difference between an empath and a covert narcissist? To the layman, ...
36 views

### Competitiveness Analysis

I have developed a fitness website where users can exercise in a video call. My claim is that the website i designed increases the level of competition when exercising together with a peer compared to ...
42 views

### Is Tinnitus caused by damage to the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) or Auditory Cortex, which can be repaired?

It is well known that loud noises can lead to hearing problems such as temporary hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and even permanent hearing loss. But this is the first time scientists ...
8 views

### Term for expectation of early defection in a collusion situation?

My background is in economics, so my apologies if my description here is unclear. In a paper, Dong (2019) mentions that: On the other hand, the anticipated costs of collusion could decrease if firms ...
48 views

### Does the wording of official ethnicity questions influence perceptions in the longer term?

It is well known that the sequence in which questions are asked in a survey can affect answers as earlier questions can influence the frame of mind in which a respondent answers a subsequent question. ...
68 views

### Can awareness directly influence activity of our immune system in certain regions?

Recently I talked with a colleague about general physical health. He revealed to me that he had not visited a dentist in 13 years. I followed up and asked the obvious if he has any complications with ...
129 views

### Do women see the phallus with the same amount of sexual excitement as a man seeing breasts?

Heterosexual men love to ogle breasts; the bigger(usually) the better and often are one of the first things they look at. Women have more erroneous zones than men and they don’t really have the ...
19 views

### What is the difference between 'upstream' and 'downstream' processes?

I hear these terms being used all the time in social science literature but do not have a clear understanding of what they mean in every context. Are they at all connected to the idea of 'top-down' vs ...
21 views

### What is willpower? Can it be called a "state"

I have read, quite a lot about willpower in the past year or so. It says that is: "willpower is the ability to resist short-term temptations in order to meet long-term goals.". Some say it's ...
67 views

### Can our beliefs change without reassessment or new evidence?

Can our beliefs change without reassessment or new evidence? I think the strength of our beliefs can change, say from 90-95% as the day wore on. But do people, people with or without psychosis, start ...
33 views

### Is there a formal name for the effect of searching an item while holding it?

I've heard some experiences of some friends in which they explained that they started searching an object to then realize that they were holding it. For example, today, a friend of mine told me that ...
17 views

### In what order are details of a learnt subject forgotten over time?

Consider the following fairly common experience: You take a course on a subject in university or on an educational website such as Coursera. Immediately before or after taking the final exam or ...
33 views

### Is there any research on predictions of future deja vus?

Since I can remember, I occasionally have a spontaneous feeling which feels like deja vu. However, the difference is that I can clearly say that such event has not happened before (or at least I don't ...
96 views

### How would human consciousness react to absence of violence stimuli?

Introduction: Survival on this planet, inherently involves violence and so do human instincts for establishing social hierarchies (reference: Social dominance theory). Virtually any human being faces ...
113 views

### Can our dreams tell us anything useful about ourselves?

This question is related to What is the current "accepted" science behind dream interpretation?, but here I am asking something more specific. Dream reports, also known as sleep mentation ...
16 views

### Is the harm of uncommon drugs more feared than is justified?

I sometimes feel very cautious about the idea of taking a substance just because it is not culturally mainstream. It is much easier for people to say “We don’t know what the longterm effects are” ...
15 views

### Any couples therapy methods which address the togetherness vs independence conflict?

Would love if you could share the method's names (and their jargon for "togetherness" and "independence"). Is there a reference to that in mainstream psychology?
51 views

### Isn't fluid intelligence necessarily influenced by crystallized intelligence?

In this article, it is said: Conversely, Gf [general fluid intelligence] represents the ability to employ a type of mental operation to independently reason and solve novel problems; it does not ...
57 views

### How do I counter the argument that since each person is different, there can't ever be a general scientific theory to blanket the minds?

I am interested in psychology and psychiatry but often a counter argument given by others when I bring up this topic is that since each person is different mentally, there can't be a general all ...
53 views

### What is the inverse of anthropomorphism?

Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities. However, one often can observe the inverse happening as well. Namely the attribution of non-human ...
24 views

### The effect of reading news on a topic you know, understanding it is misleading at best - and what this says about all other news stories [duplicate]

Sometimes you will read a news-article, and because you have deep knowledge about the topic of the article, you understand that the articles is at best half-truth - but quite often just plain wrong ...