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25
votes
2answers
3k views

Are spaced flashcards effective for learning?

Several apps and sites offer flashcard-based learning that repeat the cards you do poorly on over a period of time (the more inaccurate the answer the closer to each other the repetitions are). One ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

What tasks does Bayesian decision-making model poorly?

Bayesianism has been a relatively successful paradigm for modeling decision-making. However, not every psychologist is a bayesian, and there are tasks such as the Tversky & Shafir (1992) ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

Is there evidence that brain and mind are separate?

I've heard countless discussions about whether or not the mind is separate from the brain, but they have all been philosophical. I am looking for peer-reviewed studies that suggest the mind is not ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Research suggesting conscious control over brain region activation?

Has there been any research proving, disproving, or exploring the concept of conscious activation of specific brain regions? To elaborate on this: I've read that performing processing tasks causes ...
28
votes
2answers
3k views

What is an effective metric of complexity for an Artificial Neural Network?

After asking the question What is the most complex neural network... I realized I don't really have a good metric of "complexity" in a general sense. The simplest measure would likely be count of ...
21
votes
7answers
12k views

Difference between parallel processing done by human brain and by computers

I am asking a question regarding parallel processing as done by billions of Neurons inside our brain and parallel processing done by our computers in a cluster for example or even on a Graphics ...
19
votes
1answer
652 views

Is there a region of cortex which over a period of development becomes the seat of self?

Background Mountcastle's hypothesis, which is based on the observation of uniform cortical anatomy, suggests that the there might be a uniform cortical "algorithm". The only reason that some cortical ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Applications of computational learning theory in the cognitive sciences

Computational learning theory (CoLT) is a branch of theoretical computer science associated with the mathematical analysis of machine learning. A lot of the early ideas of the field take inspiration ...
19
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there an R implementation of the linear ballistic accumulator model or Ratcliff's diffusion model for measuring response time and accuracy?

I am looking for an implementation of the linear ballistic accumulator model or Ratcliff's diffusion model (e.g. in R, MATLAB, or Python).
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Where is the visual “image” that we “see” finally assembled?

David Hubel's online book, Eye, Brain and Vision describes in great detail our early visual system. The image that we are conscious of when we open our eyes goes through a complex path: The final ...
22
votes
3answers
18k views

Positive and negative reinforcement and punishment effectiveness

According to Skinner, positive reinforcement is superior to punishment in altering behavior. As Skinner discussed, positive reinforcement is superior to punishment in altering behavior. He ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

What is a validated single-item measure of mood?

Has anyone validated, proposed or tested a single-item state-based positive affect or happiness measure? I am particularly interested in something for tracking mood every day.
15
votes
2answers
3k views

What form might Jungian archetypes take in the brain?

Modern psychology and psychiatry are very well grounded in scientific principles. Both, however, have a history in various analytical philosophies. Jung had the notion of an archetype, a universally ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Do measures of Big 5 personality have a positive bias towards extraverted, conscientious, emotionally stable, ageeable and open individuals?

Background: One free measures of the Big 5 is the IPIP. I have noticed that IPIP items seem to have a positive bias towards items loading on the extraversion (EX), emotional stability (ES), ...
11
votes
1answer
339 views

Cognitive models for transfer of skills

Recently a question was asked about the benefit of playing chess on cognitive abilities. More specifically, how chess would improve understanding technical texts. Many other questions are also focused ...
8
votes
2answers
281 views

Predictive Experiments on Neuroscience of Free Will

It seems to be very interesting that we can use modern neuroscience and cognitive science research to inform us about the ages-old question of free-will vs. determinism. The standard experiment was ...
14
votes
1answer
305 views

Computational models of early learning in children

What are currently used biologically plausible computational models/frameworks of early learning in children? Personally, I have used cascade correlation neural nets to model pronoun acquisition in ...
13
votes
1answer
520 views

How do the brains of savants such as Orlando Serrell and Temple Grandin compare to a standard brain?

There are the examples of Orlando Serrell and Temple Grandin, who remember quite a lot, due to autism. How do their brains compare to a standard brain? See also: Partitions and Volume:
9
votes
2answers
546 views

Are different types of long term memories stored in different parts of the brain?

I recently had some questions concerning the capacity of the brain's memory: Are different types of long term-memories like know-how, your-life, etc. remembered in different parts of the brain? If ...
5
votes
3answers
355 views

How can machine possibly possess consciousness if computation is a human idea?

Suppose a computer simulates a human brain so that it passes the Turing test. Suppose that this brain is given sensory stimuli that correspond to an experience of being in an Earth-like world. From ...
4
votes
1answer
864 views

What is the capacity of the human brain?

What would a reasonable estimate be of the data capacity of the human brain expressed in bytes?
18
votes
1answer
435 views

Human behaviour in one-shot perfect information games

Background A one-shot game is one where two participants have some set of actions $\{1, ... , n\}$, they make their decision on which option to take (without knowing the decision of their partner, or ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Is there a reasonable scientific backing for Carl Jung's type theories?

I have read a lot on how most psychologists reject the Myers Briggs Type Indicator for its lack of scientific backing, but I have yet to find much information on the acceptance of Carl Jung's theories,...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

How valid are reaction times collected from online studies?

Online studies promise the possibility of greatly increased numbers of and variability in populations to study, but there are many potential concerns and need for validation, and diving in head first ...
12
votes
1answer
814 views

Is there any evidence that fluid intelligence is malleable?

So although working memory training was somewhat of a fad (and I guess some benefits did come out of training, like improved attention/executive function), reviews such as Melby-Lervåg et al. (2016) ...
11
votes
8answers
13k views

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Depending upon its activity, the brain emits waves, which represent the summation of individual neurons firing. Are these waves electromagnetic waves?
10
votes
8answers
2k views

Can the mind affect the physical brain? - a simple thought experiment

Scientists maintain that "a physical action requires a physical cause". However, if I am in deep thought about my dead spouse, for example, and a tear comes to my eye, how is it that the mind (thought)...
10
votes
2answers
153 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

What free scientific measures of Big 5 personality are available?

I'm aware of a few freely available scientific measures of Big 5 personality. IPIP: Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) Questions: What other free scientific Big 5 personality tests are ...
8
votes
2answers
252 views

Why do brains oscillate within specific frequency ranges?

Why do brains oscillate within specific frequencies? I have two specific questions: What are the physiological mechanisms which generate the oscillations within these very frequencies? What would ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Does practicing Ravens Progressive Matrices tests inflate your IQ score?

I'm 16 years old and a year ago I got obsessed about IQ. I took a Raven IQ test and scored 115. Then during the autumn and winter of last year I took some more IQ tests using RPM and scored 126 on ...
8
votes
3answers
506 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: with and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion, I have always thought without language. Some people say it's impossible and that we think with ...
6
votes
3answers
676 views

Does the brain have a 'debugging mode'?

In computer programming we have a debugger that we can use to execute a program step by step. In that mode, the program can be suspended and we can analyze the state of the hardware, modify the state ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a difference between visual short term memory and visual working memory?

As far as I can tell the two terms are used interchangeably. Do these two separate terms exist for historical reasons, or is there a distinction I'm missing?
6
votes
4answers
928 views

Getting started with EEG data

I want to get started with getting signals from EEG and learning on how I can read data. I have some programming skills, so designing a database and manipulating data with ruby (python seems also cool,...
12
votes
1answer
560 views

How does task difficulty schedule affect the rate and efficiency of perceptual learning?

In perceptual learning (line length/orientation discrimination, visual target detection, tone frequency discrimination, etc), when training people or animals to perform a task better, is there an ...
11
votes
3answers
358 views

Does a person's brain still contain a record of daily events?

Does a person's brain have a record of every event that happened during a person's lifetime? Is it possible to recall any of those events and is it possible to recall those events in detail? For ...
9
votes
2answers
522 views

Is neurolinguistic programming effective in influencing sales processes?

In my country neurolinguistic programming (NLP) has become very popular in sales departments. Therefore, I wonder if there are any experiments which examine the contribution of NLP to the sales ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

How are movements stored in the brain?

The high level flow of information through the brain for the purpose of motor control is well established. It is also known the cerebellum stores many different movements, while also participating in ...
7
votes
1answer
381 views

How does emotional pain cause as much suffering as physical pain?

Consider someone who has a serious injury. Example examples include losing a limb, being shot or falling from a great height. It is easy for the human mind and science to comprehend and explain why ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How to measure galvanic skin response with wearables?

I'm trying to measure galvanic skin response in real-time with a wrist-wearable device, similar to what is being done in the paper "Using Noninvasive Wearable Computers to Recognize Human Emotions ...
6
votes
4answers
444 views

How do memories come up for no apparent reason? Is this evidence that we remember everything?

As I was driving, all of a sudden the name "Holden Caufield" came to my mind. It sounded really familiar. I googled the name and it was the main character in The Catcher in the Rye. The last time I ...
5
votes
2answers
20k views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
5
votes
3answers
278 views

How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
5
votes
3answers
240 views

When can we say that machines are conscious?

We have already witnessed complex computing systems winning chess games and IBM Watson beat his human counterparts at a game of 'Jeopardy!'. However, so far we have not seen signs of consciousness ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What exactly is meant when it is said that only you can make yourself happy?

From Lifehack: Thinking that having a significant other will complete you. If you are not a whole person already, then having a romantic partner will not make you whole. Plus, it puts a lot of ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Can a sufficiently complex ANN simulate consciousness? [closed]

Current Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are capable of doing variational inference and learning representations and factors to explain the inputs, the outside world. When the network gets bigger ...
3
votes
4answers
715 views

Does the scarcity of female programmers, suggest that men are more intelligent than women?

Developing software is simultaneously artistic and scientific, which accounts for its appeal for some of the smartest and intuitive people on the planet There is a generally observable and most ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Are woman more Judging than men in the MBTI?

Since I lack of academic formation please be tolerant if I write something not correct. As you know the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) test is based on 4 personality dimensions (E/I, S/N, T/F, J/...
11
votes
2answers
317 views

Is it really impossible for a hypnotist to make a participant do something against their will?

Is there any evidence of a hypnotist making someone do something against their will while in a hypnotic state? I know there are many sites by practicioners that state it is impossible, but they have ...

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