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1answer
5k views

What is a “delayed match-to-sample task”?

This question talked about how a "delayed match-to-sample task" can be used to measure an animal's working memory. What is a delayed match-to-sample task and how can it be used to measure working ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Are we actually seeing black colored objects?

We know that black objects absorb light with almost all the frequencies of the visible spectrum. This means there will not be any frequency of light reflected and falling on our retina, in order for ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user?

What is the difference in cognitive effects on the user between simply showing that there are 'some' unattended notifications, or showing how many notifications there are? Take Facebook's ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

A question on synapses

we are looking into running simulations of the nervous system of C. Elegans. It is believed by most people that the worm's nervous system encodes information through graded potentials and/or plateau ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?

In my answer here, to this question : Does hypnotherapy/hypnosis, in any form, for any type of disorder, work? It brought up the valid question of why people quit therapy. Obviously, if the therapy ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Are animal instincts and preferences based on some brain micro structures?

I'm thinking about the mechanism by which an animal has built in preferences for some visual objects in the real world. The most well known example is the seagull chicks and pecking at a red dot or ...
5
votes
3answers
160 views

Is cognitive science a concentration of psychology?

Is cognitive science apart of psychology? If I major in psychology, will it be easy for me to be a cognitive scientist?
5
votes
1answer
814 views

Do repressed memories exist?

Is there such a thing as repressed memories? Suppose a person undergoes a traumatic event (e.g failing out of school, having a relative die suddenly). Is it normal for the person to act as if ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is learning to do a task automatically an example of intuition?

I'm looking for some examples to understand what people call their intuition at work when making their decisions. For example: We learn to type and then after some time we begin to type by ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Are there mental reflexes?

Similar to knee-jerk or withdrawal, are there any innate reflexes in cognition? Are they based on personality, or are there any that are universal?
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What science or psychology is behind the Landmark Forum's coursework?

The Landmark Forum is a self-help seminar focusing on helping individuals to make positive changes in their lives by chaing their point of view and using logic to break down emotions to change the way ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Can music be addictive?

As playing games for a prolonged period, tend to develop a addictive behavior in humans, Is there any possibility for addiction to music? I.e., when a person listens to certain list of songs and gets ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

What characterises people who stay calm in crisis situations?

When something critical and bad happens, like a house on fire with people inside it, people react very differently. Some persons will usually panic, cry and can barely be soothed. Some persons will ...
4
votes
1answer
562 views

Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

What science-based strategies can slow down dementia?

What are some science-based strategies that could slow down dementia? For example, do cognitive demanding tasks like solving crosswords, playing with the Rubic's cube, chess, or perhaps stuff like ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Are there distinct visual perception themes that have been recognized in dreams?

I'm not aware of a distinct term for what I'm trying to describe, so I will attempt to describe this in hopes that someone can help me find if there's a term or research done in this direction. I ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the correlations between HEXACO and NEO-PI factors?

My background is more strongly grounded in the Big 5 model of personality. I'm gradually getting familiar with the HEXACO model of personality. I realise that HEXACO is not just the Big 5 plus honesty-...
4
votes
3answers
155 views

How does the brain process generalizations?

What is the current thinking on how the brain processes generalizations? For example, the abstract idea of a right angled triangle vs specific instances of right angled triangles? Or the general idea ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Mental rotation test in a virtual environment

Parsons et al. (2004) found that the widely reported sex difference in performance in the pen-and-paper mental rotation test could not be reproduced in a virtual environment: The visuospatial ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Reducing adverse impact, discrimination and unfairness when using psychological assessments for selection purposes

How can we reduce adverse impacts such as bias, discrimination, and unfairness when using cognitive ability tests and personality tests for selection purposes in an international context?
4
votes
0answers
311 views

Measuring short-term, long-term and sensory memory in adolescents?

I would like to measure the short-term memory, long-term memory and sensory memory of children between 10 and 15. If possible, I would prefer a single test or battery. What tests are used to measure ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How to use a QUEST staircase in 2-AFC?

Firstly, I need to declare that I am not psychologyst, however I am currently working on visual recognition research. To be precise, I working on face recognition deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder. ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

What is the study that identified that kids growing up without fathers were angrier and more depressed?

I read in an article recently: This study identified that kids growing up without fathers had a higher proportion of people developing depression, increased tendency towards anger and a higher ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the difference between cognitive distortions and logical fallacies?

I'm doing some reading on said topics, but I struggle to really make a difference between them. I've gathered that logical fallacies are flaws in reasoning, or arguments that serve poorly to arrive ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Can the brain work better in stressful conditions?

I was watching a documentary about the brain the other day, BBC's Human Body - Brain Power. It said that the perception power of the brain increases when you are in a tense situation. For example; if ...
4
votes
3answers
199 views

Why aren't any advancements being made in physically diagnosing Bipolar and other psychiatric disorders?

I was involved in a discussion where somebody had asked if others had thoughts of doing risky things during their manic episodes. Two people commented, including myself. I worried that only relying on ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Can reduced cognitive load lead to some kind of mental or physical “atrophy”?

Muscles, if you don't use them, degenerate. Everyone who has had a broken leg in a cast for a few weeks and then seen the thin stick that reemerged once the cast was removed, can attest to that fact. ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Whats the difference between BDD and hypochondriasis?

I'm a new psychiatry trainee. I've run through the literature available to me (plus google), and the descriptions of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and hypochondriasis seem too similar. Here's what I'...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Punishment v.s Negative Reinforcement

Consider the following scenario: Every time I do the groceries with my son he constantly asks for a packet of lollies. I find this constant asking for lollies very annoying, so I always end up ...
4
votes
1answer
350 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
4
votes
2answers
135 views

Does a more ergonomic and user friendly interface/device make the human brain work less?

There was an interesting discussion on UX.StackExchange related to washing machines and their front windows. I was very surprised that it took me like 2 minutes or so to figure out why the washing ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Are connections in the human brain directed?

Do connections in our brain have a direction, or do they behave equally in both directions? I am especially interested in the structures responsible for memory.
4
votes
1answer
459 views

where can i find preprocessed fmri data set for alzheimer's disease

I want to work on identification of Alzheimer's patients based on given fMRI data.Basically, I want to implement the following paper https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25907414. Where can I get ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Where in the Big5 does shyness belong?

I just stumbled upon something contradicting: Some sources claim that shyness is a trait of extroversion(introvert) Some sources claim that shyness is a trait of neuroticism #4, self-consciousness. ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

What physical process governs which details are retained in memory?

With long term memory, there is loss of information. For example, we don't seem to retain all the details of every image we see. What is the physical process those details undergo which cause them to ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Do fetuses exhibit pattern recognition in utero?

I've heard that fetuses exhibit "likes", such as preferring sweeter amniotic fluid or the sound of their mother's voice. To show preference for specific voices as opposed to inborn stimuli like sweet, ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

Does pain reduce cognitive abilities?

Does subjecting a person to pain reduce his cognitive abilities? If so, what is the process that reduces the ability? (By process, I mean the changes happening in the nervous system as a result of ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Does stimulus-independent ERP make sense/ exist?

Is anyone aware of any concept of stimulus independent ERP (an apparent oxymororn, an event related potential that is neither sensory, cognitive nor motor elicited) ...or a procedure that looks ...
4
votes
1answer
501 views

How to randomise order of survey items in Qualtrics where some items have to appear together?

I have a quick question regarding survey construction that I'm hoping to get some clarification on. Here's my current survey set-up: Question 1 Question 1a (i.e., a question that relates to ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between psychosis and neurosis?

Given such a sentence by a Test of English as a Foreign Language textbook, Mental disorder include psychosis and neurosis. I googled and found a page In introduction, the pages says, Psychosis ...
4
votes
1answer
494 views

Which personality traits are proved to correlate with any facial features?

I pretty certain I have read somewhere about certain personality traits that correlate with certain facial features, but I can't remember just what or where I read. I think the personality traits may ...
4
votes
2answers
263 views

Which term is meant in this example of defence mechanism?

The very popular Russian blog author evo_lutio gives examples of three defence mechanisms, which she describes as "gnomes, or rather gnome-like pointed hats we put on our counterparts to explain their ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Is there a game-theoretic explanation for why people do (or don't) participate in community policing/moderation?

My question is closely related to this Meta post about what drives individual participation in "community policing" on Stack Exchange sites (e.g. downvoting, voting to close, participating in review ...
4
votes
1answer
543 views

What is the meaning of the peak polarity in EEG data?

I wish to define neuronal activities by analyzing the peaks of each channel in EEG signals. Some papers use the negative peaks as a measure of neuronal activity and others deploy the positive peaks. ...
3
votes
1answer
362 views

Effective sampling rate in human visual system

The [stroboscopic effect][1] is often explained as one of the problems of sampling. If sample rate is too low, you might have the impression of the signal frequency being low or even reverse. There ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Physiologically speaking is anxiety and adrenaline the same?

I am wondering from a physiological perspective what is anxiety. From my experience anxiety feels like muscle tension and lots of suppressed energy. For what I know the only thing that can make the ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

What is the purpose of hemispheric specialisation in the brain?

What is the benefit or purpose of having different hemispheres of the brain contribute more to different cognitive processes?
3
votes
3answers
140 views

What is the appropriate action when using poorly worded scales from previous literature?

I work with questionnaire data and am fairly sensitive to good practice in questionnaire construction. Usually I generate my own, but when I draw on existing literature to use reliably reproduced ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

What is the frequency range of electrotactile stimulation?

I have been trying to find out what the (human) electrotactile frequency range is. Since this is a much more experimental method (and more unpleasant) than the traditional vibrotactile method, the ...

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