# All Questions

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137 views

### Is the fight or flight response considered voluntarily or involuntarily?

I look in my rearview and see someone feet from me still speeding up and my heart rate feels like it doubles. It stayed like that for an hour. Had troubles concentrating and working well into the ...
31 views

### Multiple “levels” of association in classical conditioning?

Sorry if this appears a silly question - If I understand correctly, the objective of classical conditioning, is to pair a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, so the neutral stimulus ...
8 views

### Surface Laplacian using x and y data

I have eeg data with the channel names and locations in the x and y direction - 2D projection Is this possible to do a surface laplacian on? If not, would it be feasible to use someone elses 3D ...
433 views

### Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
402 views

### Conscious basis for gender identification

What conscious experiences lead a transgender person to identify with the opposite sex? Physiology is clearly not determining. Sexual orientation is not determining (homosexuality). Clothing ...
75 views

### what causes an action potential to propagate exactly and why should it propagate?

Hello I am taking a neurophysiology course and learned about the action potential and that it propagates in one direction from axon hillock down along the axon. I understand that action potential is ...
65 views

### Is it conceivable that even basic human behavior is genetically determinined only to a very limited extent?

I'm wondering whether even basic human behavior (beyond what appears to be directly wired into our nervous systems, like swallowing and face-related mirror neurons) are indeed facilitated by ...
47 views

### What is the independent variable in this memory experiment?

I am planning the following memory experiment: Participants study a list of words, a random half of which are followed by an instruction to remember and the other half by an instruction to forget. ...
14k views

### What is the difference between hypnosis and meditation?

It seems that many people say that hypnosis and meditation are very similar. But what are their key differences (both in a soft and hard way)?
19 views

### What is the mechanism behind the intergenerational cycle of abuse?

People who were beaten as children are significantly more likely to grow up to be violent. People who were sexually abused as children are significantly more likely to become a sexual abuser ...
51 views

### Why did humans evolve to be traumatizable?

Why did humans evolve to be traumatizable, instead of being more resilient and treating trauma in a detached manner? Don't symptoms of trauma reduce a person's biological fitness? Is PTSD an ...
9 views

### What are some examples prepotent responses/behaviours?

I am reading a book about the Behavioural Inhibition System (which is linked to anxiety) posited by Gray and McNaughton (2003) and I have come across the term "prepotent reponses". I have ...
46 views

### When does authentic pride become hubris pride?

There are two kinds of pride: hubris pride and authentic pride¹. "Authentic pride is tied to adaptive achievement and goal engagement, whereas hubristic pride is tied to extrinsic values of ...
16 views

### Requirements and development of depth and spatial orientation sensing

I'm trying to understand from the signal processing perspective how the perception of depth and the ability of spatial orientation is calculated by our brains. One possible explanation seems to be ...
17 views

### Crowd's psychology

Can you suggest me books about crowd's psychology? I know it's commonly used in marketing or in politics so I am interested why this works so good. In my country (Georgia, Near the black sea) this is ...
69 views

### Explaining mathematically why most people chose 7 when asked to chose a number between 1-10

Last day, I watched a video at ‘Numberphile’ which made a strange demand. According to the video, if you ask people to randomly pick any one integer between 1 and 10 (both inclusive), people are more ...
223 views

### Is there time in dreams? [closed]

Thanks to his studies on schizophrenic thoughts, Matte Blanco (The Unconscious as Infinite Sets. An essay in Bi-Logic, 1975) introduced an important modification of Freud's notion of the unconscious. ...
73 views

### Moral neuroscience

There are many studies done on how the brains of psychopaths and criminals are different from the brains of normal people. e.g. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2273857/Neurologist-...
18 views

### Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test- item 19- Belongings Delayed Recall scoring

OT student here scoring the RBMT and for the Belongings Delayed recall section the manual does not describe a common situation I have encountered: The client requires prompting to recall there are two ...
11 views

### Predicting cognitive decline on RBANS test

The RBANS (Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)) is used to evaluate cognitive function in patients with cognitive impairment, stroke or traumatic brain injury. ...
36 views

### Why does the Elaboration Likelihood Model not account for truthfulness of the message?

This is a sample problem with the answer I am stuck on: Question: According to the elaboration likelihood model, which of the following does NOT predict whether a message will be persuasive? A....
32 views

### Equivalent Circuit of cell membrane potential

From chapter $7$ of Kandel et all's Principles of Neural Science:, Go to page 12, Box 7-2 (particular image attached below) The author claims that $$V_m = E_{Na} + I_{Na} / g_{Na}$$ on one side of ...
335 views

### The computer model of the brain

I am a computer programmer or computer engineer, and am interested in comparing the brain to a classical computer in some way. How well does this comparison hold up? This is a general introduction ...
8 views

### References for how we perceive, process and give attention to news on social media

According to this popular science article, on most people read a social media article for 15 seconds or less, and watch a video for 10 seconds or less. I tried to go down the link rabbit hole, but ...
110 views

### Term for remembering the location/position of text on a page as part of the memory recall process?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of remembering the position on a page or location in a book as part of the process of recalling a memory? For example, knowing that something was on the left side ...
180 views

### Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
81 views

### How is memory structured (from a modeling perspective)?

My understanding is that memory is neither purely associationist (fully connected graph with weights) nor purely hierarchical (tree). What structure does biological evidence point towards? I'm ...
17 views

### Can Krashen's Input Hypotheses be applied to areas other than Language Acquisition?

Background Stephen Krashen and Tracy Tarrell have given an interesting approach to learning new languages which they call Natural Approach. In this approach, they bring the naturalistic approach of ...
34 views

### Are there surveys and results on degree of support for different theories of consciousness with correlations to demographic or other characteristics?

I am looking for two things that I an unable to find. A "survey" or "quiz" that attempts to determine the degree one's support for various theories of consciousness. I could ...
52 views

### Why is the occipital lobe behind instead of in front?

These are regions of our brain: Our eyes are in front below our forehead, however, the visual area Occipital Lobe is behind. Are there any biological reasons for this? why shouldn't Occipital Lobe be ...
22 views

### Why do so many people ruin their video game experience by cheating? [closed]

Ever since I was a kid, I've been baffled by the existence of people who buy a video game for a ton of money, and a glossy "strategy guide" to go with it. Then they get home and read the &...
12 views

### How is the weight of Weschler subscales calculated towards general IQ?

How do the Wechsler IQ (e.g. WAIS III) tests indices (e.g. verbal IQ, performance IQ) and sub-scales contribute to overall IQ? What are the weights of each? If a person scores above 99.9th (maximum) ...
20 views

### Why do Na+/K+ ion pumps in neurons have a ratio of 3 to 2

As I understand it the resting potential is maintained due to the different permeabilities of K+ and Na+ and in fact at the resting potential the sum of the Na+ and K+ currents is zero. The pump's job ...
15 views

### Alternative hypotheses to Hebb's rule

I was reading on wikipedia that there are exceptions to the hebbian rule, and I was curious about the possibilities of other hypotheses of how learning occur in the brain. So I would like to know: ...
30 views

### What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
13 views

### name of the phenomenon: accepting accusations and transformation of a character into the accused one

I am looking for the general name or literature examples of the following fictionally common (but not sure of its reality) psychological phenomenon, its nomenclature: When someone is accused of ...
2k views

### Do people “subvocalize” during thinking or “internal monologue”?

I've recently became aware of the concept of subvocalization, where people make tiny motions with their vocal cords when reading. I'm looking for a clarification on the subject: Does subvocalization ...
3k views

### Would the Milgram Experiment results be replicated in Eastern cultures?

When the Milgram Experiment was performed in the 1960s and replicated multiple times up until the 1980s, it was performed in Western cultures. When it was replicated in 2006, it was again performed in ...
38 views

### Looking for a source for Valence/Arousal values Russell's advance circumplex model of emotion?

I've been looking for a chart/table of Valence and Arousal values from the advanced Russell's model such as the one referenced in this article https://www.researchgate.net/publication/...
42 views

### How can we measure the levels of Frustration? [closed]

Any technique or Matrix or Questionnaires, Qualitative or Quantitative Analysis
42 views

### At what age are 95% of people mentally able to give consent?

People under the age of consent still lack the mental ability to give informed consent. but the age of consent varies across countries and states from puberty in Yemen to 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 ( France, ...
8k views

### What adjectives can be used to describe emotional intelligence competences?

After reading the book Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman, I'm having a difficult time comparing emotional intelligence (EQ) with Intelligence Quotient (IQ). When talking about someone's IQ we ...
38 views

### Identify kind of descriptive role playing game for self-discovery

There's a comic book called "Knights of the Dinner Table" about a bunch of rpg players. In one issue, the only girl at the table GM's some kind of self-discovery game she learnt in her ...
13 views

### Is it possible to use mixed-effect models on averages dataset?

I have an EEG dataset with participant ids and averaged signal to noise ratios for different different conditions and regions. Can I use a mixed effect model for this dataset (e.g., lmm(SNR ~ ...
44 views

### What heuristic or bias is at play when drawing conclusions from headlines only?

I'm wondering why many people just read headlines when they scroll through social media and make up their minds based on this? What bias or heuristic is at play? Why don't people read the article? I ...
62 views

### Why humans like to rank things, make lists etc.?

I was wondering if anyone can provide some scientific explanation on why humans seem to like organising (cultural) items in arrangements such as lists, rankings, best-ofs etc. Some reference to ...
24 views

### Sublimation & Cathexis

I was aware about a term called Sublimation. Recently, I came along a word called Cathexis. After looking for its meaning in the dictionary, I realised, that it is not the synonym of Sublimation ...
25 views

### What are ERP components such as N400?

A lot of research uses ERP, which is time-locked EEG. I am reading about semantic and syntactic anomalies. So when a semantic anomaly occurs there is supposed to be a negative peak in ERP at 400ms. I ...
23 views

### What is a background assumption? [closed]

What is meant by background assumption?
33 views

### Is it scientifically backed that sensory signals always go through limbic/emotional brain system?

From the book Emotional Intelligence 2.0 by Travis Bradberry & Jean Greaves: The daily challenge of dealing effectively with emotions is critical to the human condition because our brains are ...

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