All Questions

1,448 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
16
votes
0answers
2k views

How does goal-tracking and sign-tracking behaviour vary across species?

In Pavlonian (classical) conditioning, conditioned responses of an animal may vary. Some animals focus on the unconditioned stimulus (ie. food/location of food) while others may focus on the ...
14
votes
0answers
522 views

Is abstract knowledge incompatible with literal memorization?

Let me describe 2 interesting cases : Solomon Shereshevsky (Luria, 1968) had an almost perfect literal memory. He remembers strings of hundreds of digits for years after only having read them once. I ...
11
votes
0answers
6k views

Why does learning new mental skills lead to headaches?

Why is deliberate practice uncomfortable? For example, during learning college math and playing the piano. Why do we get headaches after long hours of practice? According to this question, learning is ...
10
votes
1answer
615 views

How does the Forgetting curve change after repeated exposure to the same item we would like to memorise?

There has been a long debate going on on the actual form of the Forgetting curve, but my question will be about its change when we review a previously memorised fact - Unfortunately, I couldn't seem ...
10
votes
0answers
152 views

Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
10
votes
1answer
482 views

What are the neurological differences between varying types of love?

It stands to reason that the biochemical cascade involved when a person experiences love, gives a feeling of well-being and drive. Studies in neuroscience have involved chemicals that are present ...
9
votes
0answers
406 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
9
votes
0answers
114 views

What is the effect of displayed online personal identifiers on online communication?

Online interaction provides an interesting avenue for experiment and experience. People are able to hide or fabricate their personal details including age, sex, and appearance. For the purposes of ...
9
votes
1answer
712 views

Does female attractiveness correlate with age progression?

I'm interested in Evolutionary Psychology and the male perception of female beauty. One of the ideas I'm trying to investigate is the correlation between female fertility and her attractiveness. A ...
9
votes
2answers
9k views

What adjectives can be used to describe emotional intelligence competences?

After reading the book Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman, I'm having a difficult time comparing emotional intelligence (EQ) with Intelligence Quotient (IQ). When talking about someone's IQ we ...
8
votes
0answers
482 views

EEGlab: power spectral density from a single EEG lead

I was trying to get power spectral density of a time-series data. The sleep recording software we use, doesn't allow to export EDF format of an interval, only of the whole record, but it allows to ...
8
votes
0answers
307 views

Non-computational models of cognition

There is a question on this site that asks a somewhat related question, whether there are non-physical models for cognition. However, that question still assumes a computational paradigm for the non-...
8
votes
0answers
260 views

Does Golden Hammer really exist?

Note: I am not talking about Law of the instrument. I am referring to the following (anti-)pattern of behavior: A person very competent in one area (say, Philosophy) peremptorily expressing his ...
8
votes
2answers
553 views

What can one do to permanently increase one's baseline happiness (subjective well-being)?

According to the hedonic treadmill theory of subjective well-being each human has a hedonic set point. Positive or negative life events cause relatively short-term deviations to one's happiness before ...
7
votes
0answers
141 views

Is the symbolic meaning of dark/black and light/white innate in humans?

Dark/black and light/white have symbolic meanings(1, 2). Dark/black represents, among others: Grief, evil, mystery (often with hidden threats), lack of knowledge, etc. Light/white represtents, among ...
7
votes
0answers
143 views

Supplementary Motor Area or Juxtapositional Lobule Cortex

Harvard-Oxford Cortical Structural Atlas now calls the 'Supplementary Motor Area' the 'Juxtapositional Lobule Cortex (formerly Supplementary Motor Cortex)'. I've looked for papers that explain the ...
7
votes
0answers
81 views

Is Autism associated with an increased drowning risk for adults?

I have found several popular articles (e.g. ScienceDaily, The Globe and Mail, and WebMD) indicating that children with Autism have a significantly elevated risk of drowning. The general theory seems ...
7
votes
0answers
67 views

The brain physically changes with regular coffee consumption, but at what rate does it return to normal?

Question We know adenosine receptors A1 & A2 subtypes physically increase in the basal ganglia with prolonged caffeine exposure over the period of about 1-2 weeks, but at what rate do they return ...
7
votes
0answers
1k views

Fetish development through classical conditioning?

In an older, now deleted answer to another question, it's been said that classical conditioning is a posited mechanism for fetish development. A bit more googling found a popsci article claiming ...
7
votes
0answers
225 views

Validity of the “Common Factors” perspective

Research and practice in psychotherapy has been deeply influenced by two different approaches: the Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs) movement, due to the development of Evidence Based Medicine (...
7
votes
1answer
156 views

Does this recent twin study contradict Anders Erricson's view on the hereditary basis of talent?

The Swedish Psychologist K. Anders Ericsson has published many reports stating that talent is "made and not born". In his book 'The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance', he has ...
7
votes
0answers
116 views

Is there a hierarchy of gestalt visual stimuli processing?

Let's say that we have a set of shapes. They can be grouped according to the different Gestalt laws of grouping. However, different Gestalt principles will divide the set into different groups, e.g. ...
7
votes
0answers
1k views

Have there been any recent replications of the Hofling hospital experiment?

In the original Hofling hospital experiment (1966): A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse to administer 20 mg of a ...
7
votes
0answers
285 views

Difference between Logan's Instance theory and Exemplar-Based Random Walk (EBRW) theory

I'm trying to find a clear explanation of the difference between Logan's instance theory (Logan, 2002) and the Exemplar-Based Random Walk theory (Nosofsky & Palmari, 1997). Am I mistaken that they ...
7
votes
0answers
570 views

Has there been a neuroscientific explanation of the color phi phenomenon?

The color phi phenomenon is a perceptual illusion in the visual domain which was demonstrated in an experiment by Kolers and von Grunau (1976). The experiment is as follows. A sequence of coloured (...
7
votes
0answers
210 views

Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
7
votes
0answers
115 views

Which study design to use: nested case-control or case-cohort?

I am following a cohort of patients over time from which I am planning to sub-sample a sub-group of patients to pilot a new intervention. The plan is to compare the effectiveness of the new ...
7
votes
0answers
151 views

Are there any cutting edge techniques that would enable one to acquire a foreign language at a relatively fast pace?

I am aware of immersion methods as well as mnemonics such as the one Daniel Tammet mentioned in Born on a Blue Day. I read that Kim Peek's lack of corpus callosum enabled his brain to absorb ...
7
votes
0answers
108 views

What is the correlation between self and other ratings of goal orientation?

In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies ...
6
votes
0answers
78 views

Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in Bayesian decision theory a rational ...
6
votes
0answers
104 views

Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment with women

In the (in)famous experiment by psychologist Zimbardo at Stanford, also called the Stanford Prison Experiment, my understanding is that only males were selected. Is there any other analogous ...
6
votes
0answers
63 views

Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and Social-dominance orientation (SDO) in the World Values Survey

Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and Social-dominance orientation (SDO) are two measures often used in (social) psychology studies on political orientation, see e.g. a meta-analysis of Sibley and ...
6
votes
0answers
181 views

Why do some people not remember their dreams?

Why does the ability to recall dreams varies greatly from person to person? Why Some Remember Dreams, Others Don't https://www.livescience.com/38856-why-people-recall-dreams.html I decided to ask ...
6
votes
0answers
40 views

Is there evidence for anger being a “secondary emotion”?

Some sources claim anger is in fact a "secondary emotion" that hides other emotions behind it. Is this anecdotal / up to interpretation, or is there a strong body of evidence to support this claim?
6
votes
0answers
60 views

Talking about emotional experience

In a book 59 seconds (section "Creating the perfect diary"), Richard Wiseman cited Zech & Rimé (2005) - I had impression that he suggests that according to that study talking about ...
6
votes
0answers
335 views

Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
6
votes
0answers
80 views

Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...
6
votes
0answers
114 views

Is feeling bad about being cheated on innate or learned behaviour?

For most people, if their partner cheated on them with another person they would feel devastated. But is there any evidence that this is biologically innate behaviour or if it is a socially learned ...
6
votes
0answers
211 views

Testosterone in women vs. estrogen in men?

It is known that women with higher estrogen are more likely to find men with higher testosterone as more attractive. Positive feedback is also known. But are women with higher testosterone level are ...
6
votes
0answers
127 views

Current estimates of the capacity of hippocampal episodic memory?

Let me preface this by saying I'm as skeptical as anyone about equating neural structures with traditional computing hardware (e.g. 'how many MBs is long term memory?'), but episodic memories seems ...
6
votes
0answers
1k views

Does testosterone level cause more sexual dream content?

I have long been interested in dreaming, including how dream content can shed some light on brain chemistry. I did a search on the subject of testosterone levels altering dream content and see some ...
6
votes
0answers
58 views

Is it easier/faster to recognise digits or written words?

Is there any peer-reviewed evidence which suggests whether it is faster and/or easier for a native English speaker to recognise digits (1, 2, 3, 4) vs. full written English word equivalents (one, two, ...
6
votes
0answers
92 views

Would courts sentence differently if we used a different numeral system?

I hear a lot in the media about people sentenced to go to jail for a number of years divisible by 10. Does our numeral system affect it? Would courts sentence the same if we counted - for example - ...
6
votes
0answers
67 views

Are results of various cognitive tests meaningless if the subject has achieved them through training?

What I mean by meaningless is whether or not they lose their predictive power outside of the specific test employed to evaluate some facet of cognition. I don't study the cognitive sciences, but ...
6
votes
0answers
312 views

Confirmation vs peak-end bias - when does it make sense to “save the best for last”?

This question is inspired by Should I give the interviewers surprise? on Academia.SE. The strategy of "save the best for last" seems to be affected in conflicting ways by two cognitive biases: ...
6
votes
0answers
77 views

Is it sufficient to say self control eliciting the reduced ERN (error-related negativity) in cognitive control tasks?

The limited resource model of self control suggests that the exertion of self control can impair performance in subsequent cognitive control tasks (for details on the model, check this question. Most ...
6
votes
0answers
946 views

What to do when you have a speed-accuracy trade-off in your data?

Many studies report that a speed-accuracy trade-off (SATO) did not occur in the data since there is a positive correlation between RTs and error rates. In other words, people took longer to respond ...
6
votes
0answers
96 views

Grating orientation & frequency which induces highest gamma

I am doing some research on perception and gamma activity in V1 area. To check some of my results I need to find an experimental result, from which I would know which orientations and frequencies of ...
6
votes
0answers
2k views

What traits does a man have, when he is apt to feeling threatened by strong women?

This isn't intended as a gender biased question, as both men and women can have strange hang ups when it comes to either sex. I am curious about men who are threatened by strong women. By strong ...
6
votes
0answers
50 views

What kind of feed-back scheme is there for a back-propagation feed-forward ANN for self-learning of touching a coordinate with robot arm?

I'm a beginner in this topic and are learning how to build an artificial neural network and different types of training associated with them. Right now, I'm trying to figure out self learning. For ...

15 30 50 per page
1
2 3 4 5
29