Questions tagged [working-memory]

For questions specific to studying/testing working memory and its capacity

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What is a formal word or term for forgetting what you were doing or saying while doing or saying it?

While running downstairs to do something important, I notice how sunny it is outside, and by the time I reach the bottom of the stairs I forgot why I ran down the stairs in the first place! Or I’m in ...
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Working memory details [duplicate]

Could you give somedetails on its capacity, duration, etc: in particular , as a linguist, I have noticed that both in poetry and in music the extension of such buffer is between 7 and 10 syllables (...
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Signal Detection with multiple signal types

I am a little unsure of whether it is ethical/rational to run a d'prime analysis on my current data set, or if I should just stick to error rates. The experiment is a change detection memory task for ...
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Concentration & music [duplicate]

When working on something that needs a lot of concentration (mathematics, chess, ...), does listening to music have an effect (positive/negative) on the work? did that depend on the type of music?
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Is memory adversely affected after you stop smoking?

An answer to Can you use harmful addictions to build good habits? points to an interesting article by Heishman et al. (2010) which points out that: Short-term episodic memory-accuracy Analysis of the ...
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How does social interaction affect the decrease in performance when multitasking?

A well known effect of multitasking is that if you have to switch to do another one, then your performance of both will decrease, in compared to the performance when you do them separately. FYI: ...
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Difference in neural activity of a thought vs. a memory

I want to understand the difference in neural activity between a "thought" and a "memory impression". Is it a "thought" while the neural activity is present in working ...
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How move Working Memory (WM) span task into a VR?

How a classic Working Memory Capacity task that can be translated into a VR Task? I want to study the effect of WM Load into resource allocation in a VR Environment. To do so I would like to move a WM ...
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2 votes
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Non-binary scores for backward digit span (BDS)

A common test of memory span is to display or utter a sequence of numbers and then request that a candidate being assessed repeat that sequence of numbers in reverse order. Typically, the candidate's ...
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2 answers
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Improving backward item retention

I am trying to improve my performance in auditory backward retention tests. The task consists in trying to repeat in the reverse order the longest possible series of digits after hearing a series of ...
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What caused psychologists to be so wrong about the size of working memory?

They used to think that the size of working memory was 7 items, on average. Now, according to fMRI, it's believed to be only 4. Source: In his TED talk, around 5:20, Peter Doolittle says the estimate ...
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Memory Retention of [submininal] information

How effective is memory retention of [subliminal] information when specifically focusing your attention on a different focal point? I.e... If I attempt to retain information from a lecture by playing ...
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What do psychologists call the ability to quickly revise and remember things that a person had previously learnt

I am someone very far away from psychology, actually an engineering student, but I came up with this curiosity a few days ago. To be specific, let's assume someone is learning physics. He previously ...
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Is short-term memory theoretically possible to with spiking neurons?

So I close my eyes, turn around, open them for just a blink and close again. I have observed a chair. I can't tell you how the chair looks like in detail, but I can more or less tell its shape and ...
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2 answers
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Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
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Can memory span be increased with training? [duplicate]

It is known that the average person can only hold 7 ± 2 items in their short term memory. Can this number be increased with training without the use of mnemonics (for example the major system or the ...
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Measure of short term memory

I'm doing a study on the impact of video quality and memory. The subject groups are going to watch a video of someone reciting 20 or so facts, and then will be asked to recall the facts or answer ...
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Why do we sometimes forget the retrospective component of a particular task?

I'm sure everyone experienced it quite a few times before. For example, sometimes when we go to the kitchen to grab something the moment we get to the kitchen you forget what you were trying to get. ...
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relationship between mood and working memory

What is the relationship between working memory and positive or negative mood as higher order affective states which can change vary slowly compared to moment-to-moment affective responses (both ...
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Importance of memory on learning?

I've been studying into the important of memory and learning. I think it's undeniable that part of learning is requiring the retrieval of information at the relevant times, but the counter argument I'...
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N-Back implementation?

I'm a programmer writing a small n-Back test/game app,and certain things are still ambiguous to me: 1-is there a standard implementation used in research(for example displaying a sequence of pictures ...
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Is it possible to segregate components of verbal and visuospatial working memory using n-back paradigm?

I am trying to segregate different components of verbal working memory and visuospatial working memory. In order to assess verbal working memory I am using an auditory version of n-back task with a ...
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The relationship between semantic memory and concepts/procedures

I try to analyse my memory and cognition while learning coding and generally interacting with a computer to develop more meta cognition. I found many times that I remember the words and some ...
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Recovery of memory especially working memory after depression

The impact of depression on memory and working memory has been discussed extensively in the thread below. I can't seem to find information about rehabilitation and recovery of memory after depression....
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Supposed 'brain training' [duplicate]

The term brain training is nothing new, however how effective is the 'N-back' method, does this work scientifically speaking? There are mixed reviews on this: one claiming it works https://www....
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3 votes
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Is it possible that information is stored based on similarity in the working memory?

Baddeley's model suggests two buffers in the working memory: a phonological loop for acoustic, and a visuospatial sketchpad for visual information. The evidence is that auditory interference caused ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How to improve working memory in adults?

Think Better on Your Feet: How to Improve Your Working Memory in: A Man's Life, Money & Career Brett and Kate McKay • September 20, 2016, Last updated: October 17, 2018 https://www.artofmanliness....
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Do we learn to improve our working memory capacity without sitting WM tests?

Do we learn to improve our working memory capacity without sitting WM tests? Working memory capacity can be measured, but I wondered whether the only way to improve it is learning techniques for ...
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4 votes
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What is a validated online tool to administer Stroop and N-back test?

I'm trying to conduct a study in the field of cognitive experimental psychiatry. I need an online tool on a PC-based setup to administer Stroop, N-back, and choice reaction time tests. I found ...
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Is there some cognitive test besides (visual) working memory in which some animals are superior to humans?

Assuming the research of Matsuzawa et al. (2007) (see also BBC video (2013)) isn't misleading, are there any other cognitive areas where chimpanzees (or other primates) have been observed to surpass ...
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3 votes
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How to train/develop photographic memory?

In this older post, @Beofett asked whether photographic memory (I don't really know if this is the correct term) was even possible... For me, photographic memory is the impressing ability to remember ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Is there any reason why chunking the digit span test would not help?

Is there any reason why chunking the digit span test would not help, and what is the average score without chunking? By chunking I mean any rehearsal besides saying the numbers one time as they appear....
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Are There Any Customizable Working Memory Tests?

I've found many working memory tests online, but they all use either the digits 0-9, or the alphabet. Is there a working memory test that lets one choose the characters? Ex.: If I input the ...
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What is a Good Working Memory Test Online (or overall if none)?

By good, I mean three things: Accepted by professional doctors/psychologists/psychiatrists. Has supporting research. Has an established norm and can tell you where you are relative to the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What is the term for the "knowing what you think but can't explain it" phenomenon?

I think we all experience this phenomenon once in a while, and I am experiencing it right now. It's the feeling that whatever word one tries to say it seems to be wrong (for them) or confusing (for ...
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1 vote
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Is there any correlation between n-back level and short-term memory?

I've been reading on n-back's non-transferable working memory training, but if it's just used as a method of measuring the subject's working memory is it a good measurement? Personally, I have a poor ...
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How likely is it that rate-of-test-taking impacts on WM tests?

Rate-of-test-taking (also known as r9) is one of the main subsets of processing speed, so is tested via e.g. the symbol digit coding task. I believe it is affected by e.g. depression. How likely is ...
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2 votes
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Does savant people have an Higher/Lower Working Memory?

I have searched a lot about the Working Memory Capacity and savant or eidetic people but I can´t find a paper which describes a correlation between savant/eidetic people and the working memory ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Link between visual-spatial + verbal working memory and intelligence/academic achievement?

What is the link between someone's visual and spatial working memory, their verbal working memory, and different types of cognitive abilities or tasks? More specifically, intelligence tests (WAIS, ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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In the digit span test, why do some strategies work and others don't?

I got a free copy of PEBL, psych experiment software, which includes a couple of standard working memory tests. When I perform the digit span working memory test, I can repeat the numbers as they ...
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1 vote
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Calculating chance behavior and behavioral strategies in delayed response paradigm [closed]

I am looking for more thoughts on appropriate ways of calculating chance behavior and subsequently calculating behavioral strategies for the following two types of tasks. Both have two types of errors ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Does night-sleep-deprivation have any effect on cognitive performance?

Sleeping during the day might lead e.g. to vitamin D deficiency. But I am interested in what effects might night-sleep-deprivation have on cognitive faculties. Does sleeping during the day and ...
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Is working memory somewhat task specific?

Working memory (WM) is often associated with intelligence and can supposedly be measured and trained by games like dual n-back. My question is if WM is task specific or has at least a task specific ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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Is there any evidence that fluid intelligence is malleable?

So although working memory training was somewhat of a fad (and I guess some benefits did come out of training, like improved attention/executive function), reviews such as Melby-Lervåg et al. (2016) ...
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Is the feeling of consciousness simply a perceived effect of a functional working memory and focus? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge, if any, on cognitive sciences so bare with me if this question is trivial or absurd. I wonder this question because, personally, I feel less or more conscious during ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is working memory equivalent to fluid intelligence?

Some report indicates that working memory capacity is equal to the g factor, so I'm wondering what is actual point of view on this among psychologists. Colom, R., Abad, F. J., Rebollo, I., & Shih,...
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6 votes
2 answers
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What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

If someone who had low working memory scores as a child suddenly sees in improvement in attention as he grows older, does his ability to hold and manipulate information also increase? Or does ...
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How accurate is this graph about learning curve and spaced repetition system?

This graph is taken from the article from Wired about Piotr Woźniak and his spaced repetition learning software SuperMemo: Want to Remember Everything You'll Ever Learn? Surrender to This Algorithm ...
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2 votes
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Models of a working (short-term) memory task that combine performance and reaction time?

I am looking for the advice regarding the modelling of the results of a working (short-term) memory test. In a typical case, performance in such tests can be characterized using the hit rate and false ...
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