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Questions tagged [working-memory]

For questions specific to studying/testing working memory and its capacity

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Is there any reason why chunking the digit span test would not help

Is there any reason why chunking the digit span test would not help, and what is the average score without chunking? By chunking I mean any rehearsal besides saying the numbers one time as they appear....
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Are There Any Customizable Working Memory Tests?

I've found many working memory tests online, but they all use either the digits 0-9, or the alphabet. Is there a working memory test that lets one choose the characters? Ex.: If I input the ...
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128 views

What is a Good Working Memory Test Online (or overall if none)?

By good, I mean three things: Accepted by professional doctors/psychologists/psychiatrists. Has supporting research. Has an established norm and can tell you where you are relative to the ...
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1answer
78 views

Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
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2answers
111 views

What is the term for the “knowing what you think but can't explain it” phenomenon?

I think we all experience this phenomenon once in a while, and I am experiencing it right now. It's the feeling that whatever word one tries to say it seems to be wrong (for them) or confusing (for ...
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1answer
68 views

Is there any correlation between n-back level and short-term memory?

I've been reading on n-back's non-transferable working memory training, but if it's just used as a method of measuring the subject's working memory is it a good measurement? Personally, I have a poor ...
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1answer
38 views

How likely is it that rate-of-test-taking impacts on WM tests?

Rate-of-test-taking (also known as r9) is one of the main subsets of processing speed, so is tested via e.g. the symbol digit coding task. I believe it is affected by e.g. depression. How likely is ...
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68 views

Does savant people have an Higher/Lower Working Memory?

I have searched a lot about the Working Memory Capacity and savant or eidetic people but I can´t find a paper which describes a correlation between savant/eidetic people and the working memory ...
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846 views

Link between visual-spatial + verbal working memory and intelligence/academic achievement?

What is the link between someone's visual and spatial working memory, their verbal working memory, and different types of cognitive abilities or tasks? More specifically, intelligence tests (WAIS, ...
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1answer
275 views

In the digit span test, why do some strategies work and others don't?

I got a free copy of PEBL, psych experiment software, which includes a couple of standard working memory tests. When I perform the digit span working memory test, I can repeat the numbers as they ...
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27 views

Calculating chance behavior and behavioral strategies in delayed response paradigm [closed]

I am looking for more thoughts on appropriate ways of calculating chance behavior and subsequently calculating behavioral strategies for the following two types of tasks. Both have two types of errors ...
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1answer
120 views

Does night-sleep-deprivation have any effect on cognitive performance?

Sleeping during the day might lead e.g. to vitamin D deficiency. But I am interested in what effects might night-sleep-deprivation have on cognitive faculties. Does sleeping during the day and ...
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Memory, repetition, and related tasks [duplicate]

Say I set out to do task A. What is known about whether or not repeatedly performing tasks not identical but 'related' to task A is correlated with improved ability to perform task A? Naturally this ...
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101 views

Is working memory somewhat task specific?

Working memory (WM) is often associated with intelligence and can supposedly be measured and trained by games like dual n-back. My question is if WM is task specific or has at least a task specific ...
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1answer
499 views

Is there any evidence that fluid intelligence is malleable?

So although working memory training was somewhat of a fad (and I guess some benefits did come out of training, like improved attention/executive function), reviews such as Melby-Lervåg et al. (2016) ...
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57 views

Is the feeling of consciousness simply a perceived effect of a functional working memory and focus? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge, if any, on cognitive sciences so bare with me if this question is trivial or absurd. I wonder this question because, personally, I feel less or more conscious during ...
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1answer
153 views

Is working memory equivalent to fluid intelligence?

Some report indicates that working memory capacity is equal to the g factor, so I'm wondering what is actual point of view on this among psychologists. Colom, R., Abad, F. J., Rebollo, I., & Shih,...
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2answers
733 views

What is the relationship between Working Memory and Attention, and how can one assess his WM?

If someone who had low working memory scores as a child suddenly sees in improvement in attention as he grows older, does his ability to hold and manipulate information also increase? Or does ...
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221 views

How accurate is this graph about learning curve and spaced repetition system?

This graph is taken from the article from Wired about Piotr Woźniak and his spaced repetition learning software SuperMemo: Want to Remember Everything You'll Ever Learn? Surrender to This Algorithm ...
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1answer
69 views

Models of a working (short-term) memory task that combine performance and reaction time?

I am looking for the advice regarding the modelling of the results of a working (short-term) memory test. In a typical case, performance in such tests can be characterized using the hit rate and false ...
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2answers
120 views

Cognitive Techniques to train Working Memory?

What are some practical techniques/methods which can be used to train/improve your working memory and what studies have been done on this subject?
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1answer
232 views

How is information stored in the brain

I believe information in computer is physically stored as a lattice of "boxes". Each box is either magnetized or de-magnetized. The computer reads this to retrieve and consolidate useful information. ...
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51 views

The amount of information in a human brain [duplicate]

I have little background in the life sciences. I was told by a more informed person that the human brain can store an infinite amount of information. Doesn't this violate the laws of physics. If the ...
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1answer
230 views

In ACT-R difference between declarative and working memory

I'm currently studying PRIMs within the context of ACT-R by reading these two papers. In the papers, there are references to both declarative and working memory modules of ACT-R. What is the ...
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118 views

What's the difference between short term memory and working memory? [duplicate]

What's the difference between short term memory and working memory? and how does the process work?
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358 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
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180 views

Is modality-specific working memory capacity correlated within individuals?

The multi-component model of working memory posits different processes for phonological and visual working memory storage. Working memory capacity can be measured in a variety of ways (see: How to ...
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1answer
138 views

What is general fluid intelligence?

I'm currently reading about executive control, a lot of papers (e.g. Kane and Engle 2002) discuss general fluid intelligence but don't explain it. What is general fluid intelligence?
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133 views

Reading words without pronunciation

I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
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1answer
594 views

Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
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1answer
2k views

How to measure verbal and visual working memory?

I need a task which can measure verbal also visual working memory. I am not going to run the test, this is just for theoretical interest. Which tests can be used in this research?
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1answer
88 views

Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
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2answers
168 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country (...
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1answer
274 views

What are the neural substrates of retrieval induced forgetting?

Retrieval-induced effects It is well known that practicing retrieval of remembered items increases the probability of correctly recalling that item in future tests: the testing effect. Retrieval-...
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382 views

Is there another word for 'affective control'?

In this paper, the authors use the term 'affective control' or the slightly longer form 'affective cognitive control capacity' to mean 'the ability to regulate emotions or manipulate emotional ...
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What are the most used statistical methods in WM research besides (generalized) linear modeling?

I mean, by cognitive psychologists. I skimmed over a few articles from Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience and Trends in Cognitive Science and concluded that ANOVAs and t-tests are mostly used (without ...
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1answer
42 views

Measures to study working memory level related to physical activity

I want to do a study on the effect of physical exercise on working memory. Can you suggest measures for working memory assessment that differentiate levels of memory functioning amongst "normal" ...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a difference between visual short term memory and visual working memory?

As far as I can tell the two terms are used interchangeably. Do these two separate terms exist for historical reasons, or is there a distinction I'm missing?
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1answer
398 views

Does meditation improve working memory more than exercise?

I have noticed that I feel much more mentally sharp after doing an hour of moderate exercise in the morning. On the contrary, when I meditate, I feel no such difference in my mental alertness. Isn't ...
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129 views

The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
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1answer
245 views

Why is working memory so small?

I know that the concept of working memory may be subject to discussion. Still, there is a storage capacity limit. This is a real mystery to me. Working memory is known to be positively correlated to ...
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1answer
248 views

How long could Henry Molaison keep his memory of the present?

I'm talking about Henry Molaison (HM), the famous memory research patient. I hear that he could converse normally with a researcher until he "got distracted", at which point he no longer remembered ...
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1answer
152 views

Do different methods of testing memory for character sequences result in different brain activation?

Assume a certain sequence of N characters, displayed on a screen one by one, that should be memorized. The speed of the display is such that it doesn't produce much extra stress. You may assume that ...
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61 views

Is recall for an appropriately color coded string of symbols a good measure of level of synesthesia?

The Wiki page on Grapheme–color synesthesia says: ... one recent study has documented a case of synesthesia in which synesthetic associations could be traced back to colored refrigerator magnets. ...
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1answer
305 views

Can working memory actually be improved?

I'm skeptical of the claim that brain training (dual-n back) can improve working memory; the improvement seems to be task-specific rather than generalize. The average human being can only keep 7 ...
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823 views

Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
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1answer
111 views

Enhance recollection abilites

I hope this is a good way of asking this question. I am not generally the guy with the best memory out there, so I looked a bit into it and I am concluding my recollection phase is the weakest. It's ...
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1answer
499 views

Is implicit and explicit memory a useful distinction?

In principle I understand the distinction. Implicit memory is not consciously recollected but has an automatic character i.e. while I'm solving a task in math, I'm automatically using the concept of ...
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1answer
613 views

Why does splitting attention between a primary task and another task appear to improve performance on the primary task?

I've been thinking about my performance at various tasks and where my focus is at during them and something's really got me confused. It makes sense that devoting all my focus to a task while I'm ...
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2answers
422 views

The relationship between working memory and emotion

I stumbled up on this article about working memory. Within a table of indicators of good or poor working memory, it listed the following for adult working memory: Indicators that a working memory ...